Frank F. Ing, MD 2017-04-19T14:08:16+00:00


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Frank F. Ing, MD
Professor of Clinical Pediatrics and Medicine
CHL Mail Stop 34 Off Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 361 5473


Frank F. Ing, MD, FAAP, FACC, FSCAI, one of the nation's leading cardiologists, is associate chief of the Division of Cardiology and director of the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory. As a distinguished researcher and interventional cardiologists, he is also professor of Clinical Pediatrics in the Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics in the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.


Yale University: Magna cum laude, 1980

Pediatrics Resident: Teacher of the Year, 1988-1989

Pediatrics Resident: Teacher of the Year , 1988-1989


Travelli FC, Sullivan PM, Takao C, Ing FF. The Valeo stent: a pre-mounted, open-cell, large stent for use in small children with CHD. Cardiol Young. 2016 Aug; 26(6):1187-93. View in: PubMed

Parekh DR, Cabrera MS, Ing FF. Simultaneous transcatheter implantation of systemic and pulmonary venous baffle stents after mustard operation for d-transposition of the great arteries. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2015 Oct; 86(4):708-13. View in: PubMed

Ermis P, Franklin W, Mulukutla V, Parekh D, Ing F. Left ventricular hemodynamic changes and clinical outcomes after transcatheter atrial septal defect closure in adults. Congenit Heart Dis. 2015 Mar; 10(2):E48-53. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Khan A, Kobayashi D, Hagler DJ, Forbes TJ. Pulmonary artery stents in the recent era: Immediate and intermediate follow-up. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2014 Dec 1; 84(7):1123-30. View in: PubMed

Armsby L, Beekman RH, Benson L, Fagan T, Hagler DJ, Hijazi ZM, Holzer R, Ing F, Kreutzer J, Lang P, Levi DS, Latson L, Moore P, Mullins C, Ruiz C, Vincent R. SCAI expert consensus statement for advanced training programs in pediatric and congenital interventional cardiac catheterization. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2014 Nov 1; 84(5):779-84. View in: PubMed

Travelli FC, Herrington CS, Ing FF. A novel hybrid technique for transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation within a dilated native right ventricular outflow tract. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Aug; 148(2):e145-6. View in: PubMed

Petit CJ, Justino H, Ing FF. Melody valve implantation in the pulmonary and tricuspid position. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Dec 1; 82(7):E944-6. View in: PubMed

Zhorne D, Petit CJ, Ing FF, Justino H, Jefferies JL, Dreyer WJ, Kearney D, Crystal MA. A 25-year experience of endomyocardial biopsy safety in infants. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Nov 1; 82(5):797-801. View in: PubMed

Crystal MA, Rivenes SM, Ing FF. Unmasking of an isolated right subclavian artery from the pulmonary artery after device occlusion of a patent arterial duct. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Oct 1; 82(4):581-4. View in: PubMed

Petit CJ, Maskatia SA, Justino H, Mattamal RJ, Crystal MA, Ing FF. Repeat balloon aortic valvuloplasty effectively delays surgical intervention in children with recurrent aortic stenosis. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Oct 1; 82(4):549-55. View in: PubMed

Takao CM, El Said H, Connolly D, Hamzeh RK, Ing FF. Impact of stent implantation on pulmonary artery growth. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Sep 1; 82(3):445-52. View in: PubMed

Petit CJ, Justino H, Pignatelli RH, Crystal MA, Payne WA, Ing FF. Percutaneous atrial septal defect closure in infants and toddlers: predictors of success. Pediatr Cardiol. 2013 Feb; 34(2):220-5. View in: PubMed

Maskatia SA, Justino H, Ing FF, Crystal MA, Mattamal RJ, Petit CJ. Aortic valve morphology is associated with outcomes following balloon valvuloplasty for congenital aortic stenosis. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Jan 1; 81(1):90-5. View in: PubMed

Petit CJ, Ing FF, Mattamal R, Pignatelli RH, Mullins CE, Justino H. Diminished left ventricular function is associated with poor mid-term outcomes in neonates after balloon aortic valvuloplasty. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2012 Dec 1; 80(7):1190-9. View in: PubMed

Macicek SL, Cannon BC, Kyle WB, Krishnamurthy R, Breinholt JP, Ing FF. Dynamic coronary artery compression by pacemaker lead. Circulation. 2011 Oct 18; 124(16):1792-4. View in: PubMed

Maskatia SA, Ing FF, Justino H, Crystal MA, Mullins CE, Mattamal RJ, O'Brian Smith E, Petit CJ. Twenty-five year experience with balloon aortic valvuloplasty for congenital aortic stenosis. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Oct 1; 108(7):1024-8. View in: PubMed

Feltes TF, Bacha E, Beekman RH, Cheatham JP, Feinstein JA, Gomes AS, Hijazi ZM, Ing FF, de Moor M, Morrow WR, Mullins CE, Taubert KA, Zahn EM. Indications for cardiac catheterization and intervention in pediatric cardiac disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011 Jun 7; 123(22):2607-52. View in: PubMed

Law MA, Breinholt JP, Shamszad P, Justino H, Mullins CE, Ing FF. The outcome of pulmonary artery stents following surgical manipulation. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Feb 15; 77(3):390-4. View in: PubMed

Dimas VV, Takao C, Ing FF, Mattamal R, Nugent AW, Grifka RG, Mullins CE, Justino H. Outcomes of transcatheter occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus in infants weighing = 6 kg. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Dec; 3(12):1295-9. View in: PubMed

Crystal MA, Ing FF. Pediatric interventional cardiology: 2009. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2010 Oct; 22(5):567-72. View in: PubMed

Law MA, Shamszad P, Nugent AW, Justino H, Breinholt JP, Mullins CE, Ing FF. Pulmonary artery stents: long-term follow-up. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Apr 1; 75(5):757-64. View in: PubMed

Martin GR, Beekman RH, Ing FF, Jenkins KJ, McKay CR, Moore JW, Ringel RE, Rome JJ, Ruiz CE, Vincent RN. The IMPACT registry: IMproving Pediatric and Adult Congenital Treatments. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2010; 13(1):20-5. View in: PubMed

Stapleton GE, Hamzeh R, Mullins CE, Zellers TM, Justino H, Nugent A, Nihill MR, Grifka RG, Ing FF. Simultaneous stent implantation to treat bifurcation stenoses in the pulmonary arteries: Initial results and long-term follow up. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2009 Mar 1; 73(4):557-63. View in: PubMed

Law MA, Josey J, Justino H, Mullins CE, Ing FF, Nugent AW. Long-term follow-up of the STARFlex device for closure of secundum atrial septal defect. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2009 Feb 1; 73(2):190-5. View in: PubMed

Frazer JR, Ing FF. Stenting of stenotic or occluded iliofemoral veins, superior and inferior vena cavae in children with congenital heart disease: acute results and intermediate follow up. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2009 Feb 1; 73(2):181-8. View in: PubMed

Breinholt JP, Nugent AW, Law MA, Justino H, Mullins CE, Ing FF. Stent fractures in congenital heart disease. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2008 Dec 1; 72(7):977-82. View in: PubMed

Breinholt JP, Moffett BS, Texter KM, Ing FF. Successful use of bivalirudin for superior vena cava recanalization and stent placement in a child with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Jul; 29(4):804-7. View in: PubMed

Studer MA, Jefferies JL, McKenzie ED, Ing FF. Traumatic cardiac rupture and left ventricular aneurismal formation in childhood. Am J Cardiol. 2008 Feb 1; 101(3):413-4. View in: PubMed

Scott JW, Karamichalis JM, Ing F, Shirai L, Bichell D. Staged hybrid left pulmonary artery rehabilitation in post-fontan left pulmonary artery hypoplasia. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Dec; 84(6):2112-4. View in: PubMed

Laving A, Khanna A, Rubin L, Ing F, Dohil R, Lavine JE. Successful liver transplantation in a child with severe portopulmonary hypertension treated with epoprostenol. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Oct; 41(4):466-8. View in: PubMed

Ing FF. Delivery of stents to target lesions: techniques of intraoperative stent implantation and intraoperative angiograms. Pediatr Cardiol. 2005 May-Jun; 26(3):260-6. View in: PubMed

Bichell DP, Lamberti JJ, Pelletier GJ, Hoecker C, Cocalis MW, Ing FF, Jensen RA. Late left pulmonary artery stenosis after the Norwood procedure is prevented by a modification in shunt construction. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 May; 79(5):1656-60; discussion 1660-1. View in: PubMed

Mathewson JW, Bichell D, Rothman A, Ing FF. Absent posteroinferior and anterosuperior atrial septal defect rims: Factors affecting nonsurgical closure of large secundum defects using the Amplatzer occluder. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2004 Jan; 17(1):62-9. View in: PubMed

Perry JC, Boramanand NK, Ing FF. "Transseptal" technique through atrial baffles for 3-dimensional mapping and ablation of atrial tachycardia in patients with d-transposition of the great arteries. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2003 Dec; 9(3):365-9. View in: PubMed

Ing F. Stents: what's available to the pediatric interventional cardiologist? Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2002 Nov; 57(3):374-86. View in: PubMed

McMahon CJ, El Said HG, Vincent JA, Grifka RG, Nihill MR, Ing FF, Fraley JK, Mullins CE. Refinements in the implantation of pulmonary arterial stents: impact on morbidity and mortality of the procedure over the last two decades. Cardiol Young. 2002 Oct; 12(5):445-52. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Fagan TE, Grifka RG, Clapp S, Nihill MR, Cocalis M, Perry J, Mathewson J, Mullins CE. Reconstruction of stenotic or occluded iliofemoral veins and inferior vena cava using intravascular stents: re-establishing access for future cardiac catheterization and cardiac surgery. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Jan; 37(1):251-7. View in: PubMed

El-Said HG, Ing FF, Grifka RG, Nihill MR, Morris C, Getty-Houswright D, Mullins CE. 18-year experience with transseptal procedures through baffles, conduits, and other intra-atrial patches. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2000 Aug; 50(4):434-9; discussion 440. View in: PubMed

Fagan TE, Ing FF, Edens RE, Caldarone CA, Scholz TD. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty in a 1,600-gram infant. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2000 Jul; 50(3):322-5. View in: PubMed

Moore JW, Ing FF, Drummond D, Berdjis F, Clapp SK, Grifka RG, Nihill MR, Mullins CE. Transcatheter closure of surgical shunts in patients with congenital heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Mar 1; 85(5):636-40. View in: PubMed

Recto MR, Ing FF, Grifka RG, Nihill MR, Mullins CE. A technique to prevent newly implanted stent displacement during subsequent catheter and sheath manipulation. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2000 Mar; 49(3):297-300. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Sommer RJ. The snare-assisted technique for transcatheter coil occlusion of moderate to large patent ductus arteriosus: immediate and intermediate results. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 May; 33(6):1710-8. View in: PubMed

Stromberg D, Pignatelli R, Rosenthal GL, Ing FF. Does ductal occlusion with the gianturco coil cause left pulmonary artery and/or descending aorta obstruction? Am J Cardiol. 1999 Apr 15; 83(8):1229-35. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Mullins CE, Wolfe SB, Grifka RG. Relief of factitious coarctation following occlusion of large patent ductus arteriosus with Gianturco-Grifka vascular occluder. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1998 Dec; 45(4):409-12. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Mullins CE, Grifka RG, Nihill MR, Fenrich AL, Collins EL, Friedman RA. Stent dilation of superior vena cava and innominate vein obstructions permits transvenous pacing lead implantation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1998 Aug; 21(8):1517-30. View in: PubMed

Shaffer KM, Mullins CE, Grifka RG, O'Laughlin MP, McMahon W, Ing FF, Nihill MR. Intravascular stents in congenital heart disease: short- and long-term results from a large single-center experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Mar 1; 31(3):661-7. View in: PubMed

Hsu DT, Quaegebeur JM, Ing FF, Selber EJ, Lamour JM, Gersony WM. Outcome after the single-stage, nonfenestrated Fontan procedure. Circulation. 1997 Nov 4; 96(9 Suppl):II-335-40. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Recto MR, Saidi A, Denfield S, Mullins CE. A method providing bidirectional control of coil delivery in occlusions of patent ductus arteriosus with shallow ampulla and Pott's shunts. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Jun 1; 79(11):1561-3. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, McMahon WS, Johnson GL, Vick GW, Mullins CE. Single therapeutic catheterization to treat coexisting coarctation of the aorta and patent ductus arteriosus. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Feb 15; 79(4):535-7. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Mullins CE, Rose M, Shapir Y, Bierman FZ. Transcatheter closure of the patient ductus arteriosus in adults using the Gianturco coil. Clin Cardiol. 1996 Nov; 19(11):875-9. View in: PubMed

Grifka RG, Vincent JA, Nihill MR, Ing FF, Mullins CE. Transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus closure in an infant using the Gianturco-Grifka Vascular Occlusion Device. Am J Cardiol. 1996 Sep 15; 78(6):721-3. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Laskari C, Bierman FZ. Additional aortopulmonary collaterals in patients referred for coil occlusion of a patent ductus arteriosus. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1996 Jan; 37(1):5-8; discussion 9. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Goldberg B, Siegel DH, Trachtman H, Bierman FZ. Arterial stents in the management of neurofibromatosis and renovascular hypertension in a pediatric patient: case report of a new treatment modality. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 1995 Nov-Dec; 18(6):414-8. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Grifka RG, Nihill MR, Mullins CE. Repeat dilation of intravascular stents in congenital heart defects. Circulation. 1995 Aug 15; 92(4):893-7. View in: PubMed

Ing FF, Bierman FZ. Percutaneous transcatheter coil occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus aided by the nitinol snare: further observations. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 1995 Jul-Aug; 18(4):222-6. View in: PubMed

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