Faculty

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Howard Neil Hodis, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harry J. Bauer and Dorothy Bauer Rawlins Professorship in Cardiology
Medicine
CSC 132 Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 442 1478

Overview

Dr. Hodis' clinical interests include lipid and atherosclerosis treatment and vascular screenings. His current research includes air pollution and atherosclerosis, characterization of the atherogenicity of cholesterol oxidation products, and development of non-invasive technologies for measuring atherosclerosis and vascular function, among others.

Dr. Hodis earned his medical degree Keck School of Medicine. He then went on to complete his internship and residency at LAC+USC Medical Center followed by an Edmondson Medical Research Fellowship.

Awards

North American Menopause Society: Thomas Clarkson Outstanding Clinical and Basic Science Research Award, 2010

Western Society for Clinical Investigation: Member, 2008

Association of American Physicians: Member, 2008

Department of Family Medicine, USC: Outstanding Teacher Award, 1991

American Heart Association: Fellow, 1991

Phi Beta Kappa

USC: Outstanding Young Men of America Award, Phi Kappa Phi, 1976

USC: Alpha Mu Gamma, 1976

Publications

Menopausal hormone therapy for primary prevention: why the USPSTF is wrong. Menopause. 2017 Sep 04. View in: PubMed

Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Women With Remote Histories of Preeclampsia: Results From a Rochester Epidemiology Project-Based Study and Meta-analysis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2017 Sep; 92(9):1328-1340. View in: PubMed

Effects of Oral vs Transdermal Estrogen Therapy on Sexual Function in Early Postmenopause: Ancillary Study of the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (KEEPS). JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Aug 28. View in: PubMed

Association of Macrophage Inflammation Biomarkers With Progression of Subclinical Carotid Artery Atherosclerosis in HIV-Infected Women and Men. J Infect Dis. 2017 May 01; 215(9):1352-1361. View in: PubMed

Longitudinal changes in menopausal symptoms comparing women randomized to low-dose oral conjugated estrogens or transdermal estradiol plus micronized progesterone versus placebo: the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Menopause. 2017 Mar; 24(3):238-246. View in: PubMed

Association of macrophage inflammation biomarkers with progression of subclinical carotid artery atherosclerosis in HIV-infected women and men. J Infect Dis. 2017 Feb 12. View in: PubMed

Effect of Reproductive History and Exogenous Hormone Use on Cognitive Function in Mid- and Late Life. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Dec; 64(12):2448-2456. View in: PubMed

Prenatal Air Pollution Exposures, DNA Methyl Transferase Genotypes, and Associations with Newborn LINE1 and Alu Methylation and Childhood Blood Pressure and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in the Children's Health Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Dec; 124(12):1905-1912. View in: PubMed

Back to the future: Hormone replacement therapy as part of a prevention strategy for women at the onset of menopause. Atherosclerosis. 2016 Nov; 254:282-290. View in: PubMed

Longitudinal changes in menopausal symptoms comparing women randomized to low-dose oral conjugated estrogens or transdermal estradiol plus micronized progesterone versus placebo: the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Menopause. 2016 Oct 24. View in: PubMed

Back to the future: Hormone replacement therapy as part of a prevention strategy for women at the onset of menopause. Atherosclerosis. 2016 Oct 6. View in: PubMed

Association of bilateral oophorectomy with cognitive function in healthy, postmenopausal women. Fertil Steril. 2016 Sep 01; 106(3):749-756. e2. View in: PubMed

Association of bilateral oophorectomy with cognitive function in healthy, postmenopausal women. Fertil Steril. 2016 Sep 1; 106(3):749-756. e2. View in: PubMed

Cognitive effects of estradiol after menopause: A randomized trial of the timing hypothesis. Neurology. 2016 Aug 16; 87(7):699-708. View in: PubMed

HIV Infection and Carotid Artery Intima-media Thickness: Pooled Analyses Across 5 Cohorts of the NHLBI HIV-CVD Collaborative. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Jul 15; 63(2):249-56. View in: PubMed

Impaired coronary artery distensibility is an endothelium-dependent process and is associated with vulnerable plaque composition. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2016 Jul; 36(4):261-8. View in: PubMed

Non-classical monocytes predict progression of carotid artery bifurcation intima-media thickness in HIV-infected individuals on stable antiretroviral therapy. HIV Clin Trials. 2016 May; 17(3):114-22. View in: PubMed

Identifying postmenopausal women at risk for cognitive decline within a healthy cohort using a panel of clinical metabolic indicators: potential for detecting an at-Alzheimer's risk metabolic phenotype. Neurobiol Aging. 2016 Apr; 40:155-63. View in: PubMed

Vascular Effects of Early versus Late Postmenopausal Treatment with Estradiol. N Engl J Med. 2016 Mar 31; 374(13):1221-31. View in: PubMed

Specific cell-derived microvesicles: Linking endothelial function to carotid artery intima-media thickness in low cardiovascular risk menopausal women. Atherosclerosis. 2016 Mar; 246:21-8. View in: PubMed

Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure and Early Cardiovascular Phenotypes in Young Adults. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0150825. View in: PubMed

Pharmacogenomics of estrogens on changes in carotid artery intima-medial thickness and coronary arterial calcification: Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Physiol Genomics. 2016 Jan; 48(1):33-41. View in: PubMed

Telmisartan to reduce cardiovascular risk in older HIV-infected adults: a pilot study. HIV Clin Trials. 2015 Nov; 16(5):197-206. View in: PubMed

Telmisartan to reduce cardiovascular risk in older HIV-infected adults: a pilot study. HIV Clin Trials. 2015 Oct; 16(5):197-206. View in: PubMed

A prospective, randomized clinical trial of antiretroviral therapies on carotid wall thickness. AIDS. 2015 Sep 10; 29(14):1775-83. View in: PubMed

Extended-Release Niacin Versus Fenofibrate in HIV-Infected Participants With Low High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol: Effects on Endothelial Function, Lipoproteins, and Inflammation. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Sep 1; 61(5):840-9. View in: PubMed

Extended-Release Niacin Versus Fenofibrate in HIV-Infected Participants With Low High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol: Effects on Endothelial Function, Lipoproteins, and Inflammation. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Sep 01; 61(5):840-9. View in: PubMed

HIV Infection Is Associated With Progression of Subclinical Carotid Atherosclerosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Aug 15; 61(4):640-50. View in: PubMed

Effects of Testosterone Administration for 3 Years on Subclinical Atherosclerosis Progression in Older Men With Low or Low-Normal Testosterone Levels: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2015 Aug 11; 314(6):570-81. View in: PubMed

Effects of Hormone Therapy on Cognition and Mood in Recently Postmenopausal Women: Findings from the Randomized, Controlled KEEPS-Cognitive and Affective Study. PLoS Med. 2015 Jun; 12(6):e1001833; discussion e1001833. View in: PubMed

Effects of Hormone Therapy on Cognition and Mood in Recently Postmenopausal Women: Findings from the Randomized, Controlled KEEPS-Cognitive and Affective Study. PLoS Med. 2015 Jun; 12(6):e1001833. View in: PubMed

Hormone therapy and risk of all-cause mortality in women treated with statins. Menopause. 2015 Apr; 22(4):363-4. View in: PubMed

Methods and baseline cardiovascular data from the Early versus Late Intervention Trial with Estradiol testing the menopausal hormone timing hypothesis. Menopause. 2015 Apr; 22(4):391-401. View in: PubMed

Abnormal blood rheology and chronic low grade inflammation: possible risk factors for accelerated atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease in Lewis negative subjects. Atherosclerosis. 2015 Mar; 239(1):248-51. View in: PubMed

Echolucency of the carotid artery intima-media complex and intima-media thickness have different cardiovascular risk factor relationships: the Women's Interagency HIV Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015 Feb 19; 4(2). View in: PubMed

Association of endogenous sex hormones with adipokines and ghrelin in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Feb; 100(2):508-15. View in: PubMed

Echolucency of the Carotid Artery Intima-Media Complex and Intima-Media Thickness Have Different Cardiovascular Risk Factor Relationships: The Women's Interagency HIV Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015; 4(2). View in: PubMed

T-Cell Activation, Both Pre- and Post-HAART Levels, Correlates With Carotid Artery Stiffness Over 6. 5 Years Among HIV-Infected Women in the WIHS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Nov 1; 67(3):349-56. View in: PubMed

T-cell activation, both pre- and post-HAART levels, correlates with carotid artery stiffness over 6. 5 years among HIV-infected women in the WIHS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Nov 01; 67(3):349-56. View in: PubMed

Arterial imaging outcomes and cardiovascular risk factors in recently menopausal women: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Aug 19; 161(4):249-60. View in: PubMed

Hormone replacement therapy and the association with coronary heart disease and overall mortality: clinical application of the timing hypothesis. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2014 Jul; 142:68-75. View in: PubMed

NOS1 Methylation and Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness in Children. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2014 Apr 1; 7(2):116-22. View in: PubMed

Effect of prior oophorectomy on changes in bone mineral density and carotid artery intima-media thickness in postmenopausal women. Fertil Steril. 2014 Apr; 101(4):1117-22. View in: PubMed

NOS1 methylation and carotid artery intima-media thickness in children. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2014 Apr; 7(2):116-22. View in: PubMed

Associations between urine excretion of isoflavonoids and cognition in postmenopausal women in the Women's Isoflavone Soy Health clinical trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Apr; 62(4):629-35. View in: PubMed

Immunologic predictors of coronary artery calcium progression in a contemporary HIV cohort. AIDS. 2014 Mar 27; 28(6):831-40. View in: PubMed

Menopausal hormone therapy and prevention of chronic diseases: IMS members react to the recent JAMA paper. Climacteric. 2014 Feb; 17(1):99-101. View in: PubMed

The KEEPS-Cognitive and Affective Study: baseline associations between vascular risk factors and cognition. J Alzheimers Dis. 2014; 40(2):331-41. View in: PubMed

Predictors of subclinical atherosclerosis in women with spinal cord injury. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil. 2014; 20(2):90-5. View in: PubMed

The KEEPS-Cognitive and Affective Study: Baseline Associations between Vascular Risk Factors and Cognition. J Alzheimers Dis. 2014 Jan 1; 40(2):331-41. View in: PubMed

Reduced CD14 expression on classical monocytes and vascular endothelial adhesion markers independently associate with carotid artery intima media thickness in chronically HIV-1 infected adults on virologically suppressive anti-retroviral therapy. Atherosclerosis. 2014 Jan; 232(1):52-8. View in: PubMed

Components of air pollution and cognitive function in middle-aged and older adults in Los Angeles. Neurotoxicology. 2014 Jan; 40:1-7. View in: PubMed

Response letter to Dr. Timo Strandberg. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Jan; 62(1):206-7. View in: PubMed

Cognition, mood, and physiological concentrations of sex hormones in the early and late postmenopause. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Dec 10; 110(50):20290-5. View in: PubMed

Blunted nocturnal cortisol rise is associated with higher carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) in overweight African American and Latino youth. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013 Sep; 38(9):1658-67. View in: PubMed

Ectopic fat and adipokines in metabolically benign overweight/obese women: the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Aug; 21(8):1726-33. View in: PubMed

Effect of isoflavone soy protein supplementation on endometrial thickness, hyperplasia, and endometrial cancer risk in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. Menopause. 2013 Aug; 20(8):840-4. View in: PubMed

Response to letter regarding article, “Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima–media thickness in young adults”. Circulation. 2013 Jun 4; 127(22):e659. View in: PubMed

Response to letter regarding article, “Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima–media thickness in young adults”. Circulation. 2013 Jun 04; 127(22):e659. View in: PubMed

The timing hypothesis and hormone replacement therapy: a paradigm shift in the primary prevention of coronary heart disease in women. Part 2: comparative risks. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun; 61(6):1011-8. View in: PubMed

Treatment-related changes in serum lipids and inflammation: clinical relevance remains unclear. Analyses from the Women's Interagency HIV study. AIDS. 2013 Jun 1; 27(9):1516-9. View in: PubMed

Treatment-related changes in serum lipids and inflammation: clinical relevance remains unclear. Analyses from the Women's Interagency HIV study. AIDS. 2013 Jun 01; 27(9):1516-9. View in: PubMed

The timing hypothesis and hormone replacement therapy: a paradigm shift in the primary prevention of coronary heart disease in women. Part 1: comparison of therapeutic efficacy. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun; 61(6):1005-10. View in: PubMed

Perturbations of circulating levels of RANKL-osteoprotegerin axis in relation to lipids and progression of atherosclerosis in HIV-infected and -uninfected adults: ACTG NWCS 332/A5078 Study. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Jun; 29(6):938-48. View in: PubMed

Birth weight and carotid artery intima-media thickness. J Pediatr. 2013 May; 162(5):906-11. e1-2. View in: PubMed

Self-reported menopausal symptoms, coronary artery calcification, and carotid intima-media thickness in recently menopausal women screened for the Kronos early estrogen prevention study (KEEPS). Fertil Steril. 2013 Apr; 99(5):1385-91. View in: PubMed

Gonadotropin and sex steroid levels in HIV-infected premenopausal women and their association with subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected and -uninfected women in the women's interagency HIV study (WIHS). J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Apr; 98(4):E610-8. View in: PubMed

Ultrasonographic measures of cardiovascular disease risk in antiretroviral treatment-naive individuals with HIV infection. AIDS. 2013 Mar 27; 27(6):929-37. View in: PubMed

Dysfunctional HDL and progression of atherosclerosis in HIV-1-infected and -uninfected adults. Lipids Health Dis. 2013 Mar 05; 12:23. View in: PubMed

Pioglitazone slows progression of atherosclerosis in prediabetes independent of changes in cardiovascular risk factors. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2013 Feb; 33(2):393-9. View in: PubMed

Genetic polymorphisms associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness and coronary artery calcification in women of the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Physiol Genomics. 2013 Jan 15; 45(2):79-88. View in: PubMed

Characterization of vascular disease risk in postmenopausal women and its association with cognitive performance. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e68741. View in: PubMed

Dysfunctional HDL and progression of atherosclerosis in HIV-1-infected and -uninfected adults. Lipids Health Dis. 2013; 12:23. View in: PubMed

Association of subclinical atherosclerosis with lipid levels amongst antiretroviral-treated and untreated HIV-infected women in the Women's Interagency HIV study. Atherosclerosis. 2012 Dec; 225(2):408-11. View in: PubMed

Biomarkers of microbial translocation and macrophage activation: association with progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-1 infection. J Infect Dis. 2012 Nov 15; 206(10):1558-67. View in: PubMed

Biomarkers of Microbial Translocation and Macrophage Activation: Association With Progression of Subclinical Atherosclerosis in HIV-1 Infection. J Infect Dis. 2012 Nov; 206(10):1558-67. View in: PubMed

Associations among vascular risk factors, carotid atherosclerosis, and cortical volume and thickness in older adults. Stroke. 2012 Nov; 43(11):2865-70. View in: PubMed

Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima-media thickness in young adults. Circulation. 2012 Sep 25; 126(13):1614-20. View in: PubMed

Potential cardiovascular disease risk markers among HIV-infected women initiating antiretroviral treatment. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Aug 01; 60(4):359-68. View in: PubMed

Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) as a coronary atherosclerosis risk factor in HIV-infected men: multicenter AIDS cohort study. Atherosclerosis. 2012 Aug; 223(2):433-6. View in: PubMed

Vitamin D levels and markers of arterial dysfunction in HIV. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2012 Aug; 28(8):793-7. View in: PubMed

Potential cardiovascular disease risk markers among HIV-infected women initiating antiretroviral treatment. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Aug 1; 60(4):359-68. View in: PubMed

Cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin G antibody is associated with subclinical carotid artery disease among HIV-infected women. J Infect Dis. 2012 Jun 15; 205(12):1788-96. View in: PubMed

Equol production changes over time in postmenopausal women. J Nutr Biochem. 2012 Jun; 23(6):573-9. View in: PubMed

Cytomegalovirus Immunoglobulin G Antibody Is Associated With Subclinical Carotid Artery Disease Among HIV-Infected Women. J Infect Dis. 2012 Jun; 205(12):1788-96. View in: PubMed

Associations between retinol-binding protein 4 and cardiometabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis in recently postmenopausal women: cross-sectional analyses from the KEEPS study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2012 May 15; 11:52. View in: PubMed

Intra-thoracic fat, cardiometabolic risk factors, and subclinical cardiovascular disease in healthy, recently menopausal women screened for the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (KEEPS). Atherosclerosis. 2012 Mar; 221(1):198-205. View in: PubMed

Associations between retinol-binding protein 4 and cardiometabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis in recently postmenopausal women: cross-sectional analyses from the KEEPS study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2012; 11:52. View in: PubMed

Alterations in platelet function and cell-derived microvesicles in recently menopausal women: relationship to metabolic syndrome and atherogenic risk. J Cardiovasc Transl Res. 2011 Dec; 4(6):811-22. View in: PubMed

Hip fracture in postmenopausal women after cessation of hormone therapy: results from a prospective study in a large health management organization. Menopause. 2011 Nov; 18(11):1172-7. View in: PubMed

Isoflavone soy protein supplementation and atherosclerosis progression in healthy postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. Stroke. 2011 Nov; 42(11):3168-75. View in: PubMed

Physical activity and sex hormone levels in estradiol- and placebo-treated postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2011 Oct; 18(10):1079-86. View in: PubMed

Progression of carotid intima-media thickness in a contemporary human immunodeficiency virus cohort. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Oct; 53(8):826-35. View in: PubMed

The role of progestogens in regulating matrix metalloproteinase activity in macrophages and microglial cells. Neurochem Res. 2011 Oct; 36(10):1870-5. View in: PubMed

Carotid artery intima-media thickness in college students: race/ethnicity matters. Atherosclerosis. 2011 Aug; 217(2):441-6. View in: PubMed

T cell activation predicts carotid artery stiffness among HIV-infected women. Atherosclerosis. 2011 Jul; 217(1):207-13. View in: PubMed

Subclinical atherosclerosis in Latino youth: progression of carotid intima-media thickness and its relationship to cardiometabolic risk factors. J Pediatr. 2011 Jun; 158(6):935-40. View in: PubMed

Pioglitazone for diabetes prevention in impaired glucose tolerance. N Engl J Med. 2011 Mar 24; 364(12):1104-15. View in: PubMed

A "window of opportunity:" the reduction of coronary heart disease and total mortality with menopausal therapies is age- and time-dependent. Brain Res. 2011 Mar 16; 1379:244-52. View in: PubMed

T cell activation and senescence predict subclinical carotid artery disease in HIV-infected women. J Infect Dis. 2011 Feb 15; 203(4):452-63. View in: PubMed

Association between human immunodeficiency virus infection and stiffness of the common carotid artery. Stroke. 2010 Oct; 41(10):2163-70. View in: PubMed

Associations between markers of inflammation and physiological and pharmacological levels of circulating sex hormones in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2010 Jul; 17(4):785-90. View in: PubMed

Urine accurately reflects circulating isoflavonoids and ascertains compliance during soy intervention. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Jul; 19(7):1775-83. View in: PubMed

Drug firm conflicting interests. If only WHI was done well. BMJ. 2010 Feb 16; 340:c591. View in: PubMed

Ambient air pollution and the progression of atherosclerosis in adults. PLoS One. 2010 Feb 08; 5(2):e9096. View in: PubMed

Drug firm conflicting interests. If only WHI was done well. BMJ. 2010; 340:c591. View in: PubMed

Ambient air pollution and the progression of atherosclerosis in adults. PLoS One. 2010; 5(2):e9096. View in: PubMed

Coronary heart disease and menopause management: the swinging pendulum of HRT. Atherosclerosis. 2009 Dec; 207(2):336-40. View in: PubMed

Influence of age and obesity on serum estradiol, estrone, and sex hormone binding globulin concentrations following oral estrogen administration in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Nov; 94(11):4136-43. View in: PubMed

Persistence of the metabolic syndrome and its influence on carotid artery intima media thickness in overweight Latino children. Atherosclerosis. 2009 Oct; 206(2):594-8. View in: PubMed

Association of hepatitis C virus and HIV infection with subclinical atherosclerosis in the women's interagency HIV study. AIDS. 2009 Aug 24; 23(13):1781-4. View in: PubMed

Replication of calpain-10 genetic association with carotid intima-media thickness. Atherosclerosis. 2009 Aug; 205(2):503-5. View in: PubMed

Subclinical atherosclerosis is weakly associated with lower cognitive function in healthy hyperhomocysteinemic adults without clinical cardiovascular disease. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2009 Apr; 24(4):390-9. View in: PubMed

High-dose B vitamin supplementation and progression of subclinical atherosclerosis: a randomized controlled trial. Stroke. 2009 Mar; 40(3):730-6. View in: PubMed

Mildly elevated TSH and cognition in middle-aged and older adults. Thyroid. 2009 Feb; 19(2):111-7. View in: PubMed

Polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular disease: implications for nutrigenetics. J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics. 2009; 2(3):140-8. View in: PubMed

Relation of Framingham risk score to subclinical atherosclerosis evaluated across three arterial sites. Am J Cardiol. 2008 Oct 01; 102(7):825-30. View in: PubMed

Relation of Framingham risk score to subclinical atherosclerosis evaluated across three arterial sites. Am J Cardiol. 2008 Oct 1; 102(7):825-30. View in: PubMed

Postmenopausal hormone therapy and cardiovascular disease in perspective. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Sep; 51(3):564-80. View in: PubMed

Metabolic syndrome and cognitive function in healthy middle-aged and older adults without diabetes. Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2008 Sep; 15(5):627-41. View in: PubMed

Low CD4+ T-cell count as a major atherosclerosis risk factor in HIV-infected women and men. AIDS. 2008 Aug 20; 22(13):1615-24. View in: PubMed

Can menopausal hormone therapy prevent coronary heart disease? Trends Endocrinol Metab. Can menopausal hormone therapy prevent coronary heart disease? Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Aug; 19(6):206-12. View in: PubMed

Estrogen and progestogen use in postmenopausal women: July 2008 position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2008 Jul-Aug; 15(4 Pt 1):584-602. View in: PubMed

Effect of pioglitazone on progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in non-diabetic premenopausal Hispanic women with prior gestational diabetes. Atherosclerosis. 2008 Jul; 199(1):207-14. View in: PubMed

Putting the latest data into practice: case studies and clinical considerations in menopausal management. Cleve Clin J Med. 2008 May; 75 Suppl 4:S25-33. View in: PubMed

Assessing benefits and risks of hormone therapy in 2008: new evidence, especially with regard to the heart. Cleve Clin J Med. 2008 May; 75 Suppl 4:S3-12. View in: PubMed

Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) cosegregates with blood pressure and renal function in hypertensive Hispanic families. Atherosclerosis. 2008 May; 198(1):160-5. View in: PubMed

Inflammatory markers and progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in healthy postmenopausal women (from the Estrogen in the Prevention of Atherosclerosis Trial). Am J Cardiol. 2008 Apr 15; 101(8):1131-3. View in: PubMed

In Perspective: Estrogen Therapy Proves to Safely and Effectively Reduce Total Mortality and Coronary Heart Disease in Recently Postmenopausal Women. Menopause Manag. 2008 Mar; 17(2):27-32. View in: PubMed

Brachial artery vasoreactivity is associated with cross-sectional and longitudinal anatomical measures of atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women with coronary artery disease. Atherosclerosis. 2008 Feb; 196(2):674-81. View in: PubMed

Relationship between serum levels of sex hormones and progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Jan; 93(1):131-8. View in: PubMed

Estrogen therapy and coronary-artery calcification. N Engl J Med. 2007 Sep 20; 357(12):1252-3; author reply 1254. View in: PubMed

Postmenopausal hormone therapy in clinical perspective. Menopause. 2007 Sep-Oct; 14(5):944-57. View in: PubMed

Progression of carotid artery intima-media thickening in HIV-infected and uninfected adults. AIDS. 2007 May 31; 21(9):1137-45. View in: PubMed

Effect of antihypertensive therapy on progression of carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Apr 1; 99(7):956-60. View in: PubMed

Effect of antihypertensive therapy on progression of carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Apr 01; 99(7):956-60. View in: PubMed

Carotid artery intima-media thickness after raloxifene treatment. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2007 Apr; 16(3):370-8. View in: PubMed

Unopposed estradiol therapy in postmenopausal women: results from two randomized trials. Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Mar; 109(3):581-7. View in: PubMed

Role of annexin II in estrogen-induced macrophage matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity: the modulating effect of statins. Atherosclerosis. 2006 Nov; 189(1):76-82. View in: PubMed

17beta-Estradiol reverses shear-stress-mediated low density lipoprotein modifications. Free Radic Biol Med. 2006 Aug 15; 41(4):568-78. View in: PubMed

Effect of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonist treatment on subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with insulin-requiring type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006 Jul; 29(7):1545-53. View in: PubMed

Response to: 'carotid intima-media thickness: assessment of sub-clinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected patients'. AIDS. 2006 Jan 09; 20(2):311. View in: PubMed

Response to: 'carotid intima-media thickness: assessment of sub-clinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected patients'. AIDS. 2006 Jan 9; 20(2):311. View in: PubMed

Postmenopausal oral estrogen therapy and blood pressure in normotensive and hypertensive subjects: the Estrogen in the Prevention of Atherosclerosis Trial. Menopause. 2005 Nov-Dec; 12(6):728-33. View in: PubMed

Long-term effect of estrogen replacement on plasma nitric oxide levels: results from the estrogen in the prevention of atherosclerosis trial (EPAT). Atherosclerosis. 2005 Aug; 181(2):375-80. View in: PubMed

Determinants of the effect of estrogen on the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis: Estrogen in the Prevention of Atherosclerosis Trial. Menopause. 2005 Jul-Aug; 12(4):366-73. View in: PubMed

Carotid artery intima-media thickness and HIV infection: traditional risk factors overshadow impact of protease inhibitor exposure. AIDS. 2005 Jun 10; 19(9):927-33. View in: PubMed

Relation of progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis to risk of cardiovascular events (from the Monitored Atherosclerosis Regression Study). Am J Cardiol. 2005 Jun 1; 95(11):1277-82. View in: PubMed

Relation of progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis to risk of cardiovascular events (from the Monitored Atherosclerosis Regression Study). Am J Cardiol. 2005 Jun 01; 95(11):1277-82. View in: PubMed

Association of the diabetes gene calpain-10 with subclinical atherosclerosis: the Mexican-American Coronary Artery Disease Study. Diabetes. 2005 Apr; 54(4):1228-32. View in: PubMed

Effect of thiazolidinedione treatment on progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in premenopausal women at high risk for type 2 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Apr; 90(4):1986-91. View in: PubMed

A genome-wide scan for carotid artery intima-media thickness: the Mexican-American Coronary Artery Disease family study. Stroke. 2005 Mar; 36(3):540-5. View in: PubMed

Ambient air pollution and atherosclerosis in Los Angeles. Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Feb; 113(2):201-6. View in: PubMed

Polymorphisms in genes involved in estrogen and progesterone metabolism and mammographic density changes in women randomized to postmenopausal hormone therapy: results from a pilot study. Breast Cancer Res. 2005; 7(3):R336-44. View in: PubMed

Association between monocyte Fcgamma subclass expression and acute coronary syndrome. Immun Ageing. 2004 Nov 12; 1(1):4. View in: PubMed

Early onset of subclinical atherosclerosis in young persons with type 1 diabetes. J Pediatr. 2004 Oct; 145(4):452-7. View in: PubMed

Elevated subclinical atherosclerosis associated with oophorectomy is related to time since menopause rather than type of menopause. Fertil Steril. 2004 Aug; 82(2):391-7. View in: PubMed

Pharmacological treatment of insulin resistance at two different stages in the evolution of type 2 diabetes: impact on glucose tolerance and beta-cell function. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jun; 89(6):2846-51. View in: PubMed

Time from diagnosis of type 2 diabetes to initiation of insulin therapy is related to carotid artery intima-media thickness. Atherosclerosis. 2003 Oct; 170(2):293-9. View in: PubMed

Hormone therapy and the progression of coronary-artery atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 2003 Aug 7; 349(6):535-45. View in: PubMed

Hormone therapy and the progression of coronary-artery atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 2003 Aug 07; 349(6):535-45. View in: PubMed

Environmental tobacco smoke and carotid arterial stiffness. Prev Med. 2003 Aug; 37(2):148-54. View in: PubMed

Randomized controlled trial evidence that estrogen replacement therapy reduces the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in healthy postmenopausal women without preexisting cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2003 Jul 08; 108(1):e5; author reply e5. View in: PubMed

Randomized controlled trial evidence that estrogen replacement therapy reduces the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in healthy postmenopausal women without preexisting cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2003 Jul 8; 108(1):e5; author reply e5. View in: PubMed

The phytoestrogen equol increases nitric oxide availability by inhibiting superoxide production: an antioxidant mechanism for cell-mediated LDL modification. Free Radic Biol Med. 2003 May 15; 34(10):1271-82. View in: PubMed

Does elevated body mass modify the influence of postmenopausal estrogen replacement on atherosclerosis progression: results from the estrogen in the prevention of atherosclerosis trial. Atherosclerosis. 2003 May; 168(1):91-8. View in: PubMed

What is the cardioprotective role of hormone replacement therapy? Curr Atheroscler Rep. What is the cardioprotective role of hormone replacement therapy? Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2003 Jan; 5(1):56-66. View in: PubMed

Potential role of platelet FcgammaRIIA in collagen-mediated platelet activation associated with atherothrombosis. Atherosclerosis. 2002 Oct; 164(2):261-7. View in: PubMed

Alpha-tocopherol supplementation in healthy individuals reduces low-density lipoprotein oxidation but not atherosclerosis: the Vitamin E Atherosclerosis Prevention Study (VEAPS). Circulation. 2002 Sep 17; 106(12):1453-9. View in: PubMed

Preservation of pancreatic beta-cell function and prevention of type 2 diabetes by pharmacological treatment of insulin resistance in high-risk hispanic women. Diabetes. 2002 Sep; 51(9):2796-803. View in: PubMed

The ratio of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 activity to the concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 protein in diabetes: adding insult to injury. Coron Artery Dis. 2002 Aug; 13(5):275-81. View in: PubMed

Antiatherosclerosis interventions in women. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Jul 3; 90(1A):17F-21F. View in: PubMed

Antiatherosclerosis interventions in women. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Jul 03; 90(1A):17F-21F. View in: PubMed

Atherosclerosis imaging methods: assessing cardiovascular disease and evaluating the role of estrogen in the prevention of atherosclerosis. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Jun 20; 89(12A):19E-27E; discussion 27E. View in: PubMed

Heritability of subclinical atherosclerosis in Latino families ascertained through a hypertensive parent. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2002 May 1; 22(5):843-8. View in: PubMed

Heritability of subclinical atherosclerosis in Latino families ascertained through a hypertensive parent. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2002 May 01; 22(5):843-8. View in: PubMed

Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy as antiatherosclerotic therapy. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2002 Jan; 4(1):52-8. View in: PubMed

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