Faculty

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Andrea A.S. Kovacs, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Pediatrics
HRA 300 1640 Marengo Off Campus Los Angeles

Overview

Dr. Kovacs is the founder and director of LAC+USC’s Maternal, Child and Adolescent Center for Infectious Disease and Virology (MCA) as well as a Professor of Pediatrics and Pathology and the Division Head of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine. She also directs the MCA Research Virology Laboratory, which is certified by the NIH to perform clinical trials and natural history studies.

Dr. Kovacs has over 20 years’ experience in clinical and translational research projects that include laboratory based research projects, clinical trials design and conduct, epidemiologic studies that involve small and large cohorts and translation studies that go from the bench to bedside. Most recently, she was invited to be a member of the NIH AIDS Research Advisory Committee and the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group (IMPAACT) Network Executive Committee.

Dr. Kovacs’ major areas of research are the pathogenesis, transmission, and treatment of HIV and associated co-infections including Hepatitis C, HPV and CMV. Her current research focuses on pathogenesis of disease and the role of viral infections. Specifically, she assesses the impact on immunopathogenesis of three viruses: human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human cytomegalovirus (CMV). She is also currently evaluating the impact of CMV on the developing immune system and is interested in understanding the role of regulatory T cells. In adult HIV+ women, she is evaluating the impact of immune activation on HIV disease and HCV disease.

Publications

Kerzerho J, McIlvaine EJ, Anthony P, Mack WJ, Wang CH, Frederick T, Operskalski E, Chen Z, Al-Harthi L, Landay A, Young MA, Tien PC, Augenbraun M, Strickler HD, Akbari O, Golub ET, Sharp GB, Kovacs A. Impact of Hepatitis C Virus on the Circulating Levels of IL-7 in HIV-1 Coinfected Women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Feb 1; 71(2):172-80. View in: PubMed

Spencer LY, Christiansen S, Wang CH, Mack WJ, Young M, Strickler HD, Anastos K, Minkoff H, Cohen M, Geenblatt RM, Karim R, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Homans JD, Landay A, Kovacs A. Systemic Immune Activation and HIV Shedding in the Female Genital Tract. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Feb 1; 71(2):155-62. View in: PubMed

Neely M, Louie S, Xu J, Anthony P, Thuvamontolrat K, Mordwinkin N, Kovacs A. Simultaneous plasma and genital pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of atazanavir and efavirenz in HIV-infected women starting therapy. J Clin Pharmacol. 2015 Feb 12. View in: PubMed

Kapetanovic S, Aaron L, Montepiedra G, Anthony P, Thuvamontolrat K, Pahwa S, Burchett S, Weinberg A, Kovacs A. Effect of Cytomegalovirus Co-Infection on Normalization of Selected T-Cell Subsets in Children with Perinatally Acquired HIV Infection Treated with Combination Antiretroviral Therapy. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0120474. View in: PubMed

Karim R, Mack WJ, Kono N, Tien PC, Anastos K, Lazar J, Young M, Desai S, Golub ET, Kaplan RC, Hodis HN, Kovacs A. T-Cell Activation, Both Pre- and Post-HAART Levels, Correlates With Carotid Artery Stiffness Over 6. 5 Years Among HIV-Infected Women in the WIHS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Nov 1; 67(3):349-56. View in: PubMed

Kuniholm MH, Xie X, Anastos K, Kaplan RC, Xue X, Kovacs A, Peters MG, Seaberg EC, French AL, Young MA, Augenbraun M, Martinson JA, Bush KA, Landay AL, Strickler HD. Association of Chronic Hepatitis C Infection With T-Cell Phenotypes in HIV-Negative and HIV-Positive Women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Nov 1; 67(3):295-303. View in: PubMed

Ghartey J, Kovacs A, Burk RD, Stewart Massad L, Minkoff H, Xie X, D'souza G, Xue X, Heather Watts D, Levine AM, Einstein MH, Colie C, Anastos K, Eltoum IE, Herold BC, Palefsky JM, Strickler HD. Genital Tract HIV RNA Levels and Their Associations With Human Papillomavirus Infection and Risk of Cervical Precancer. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Jul 1; 66(3):316-23. View in: PubMed

Serrao E, Wang CH, Frederick T, Lee CL, Anthony P, Arribas-Layton D, Baker K, Millstein J, Kovacs A, Neamati N. Alteration of select gene expression patterns in individuals infected with HIV-1. J Med Virol. 2014 Apr; 86(4):678-86. View in: PubMed

Atrio J, Stanczyk FZ, Neely M, Cherala G, Kovacs A, Mishell DR. Effect of Protease Inhibitors on Steady-State Pharmacokinetics of Oral Norethindrone Contraception in HIV-Infected Women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Jan 1; 65(1):72-7. View in: PubMed

Karim R, Mack WJ, Stiller T, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Landay A, Young MA, Tien PC, Augenbraun M, Strickler HD, Kovacs A. Association of HIV clinical disease progression with profiles of early immune activation: results from a cluster analysis approach. AIDS. 2013 Jun 1; 27(9):1473-81. View in: PubMed

Frederick T, Homans J, Spencer L, Kramer F, Stek A, Operskalski E, Kovacs A. The Effect of Prenatal Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on the Transmission of Congenital and Perinatal/Early Postnatal Cytomegalovirus Among HIV-Infected and HIV-Exposed Infants. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Sep; 55(6):877-84. View in: PubMed

Kapetanovic S, Aaron L, Montepiedra G, Burchett SK, Kovacs A. T-cell activation and neurodevelopmental outcomes in perinatally HIV-infected children. AIDS. 2012 May 15; 26(8):959-69. View in: PubMed

Homans J, Christensen S, Stiller T, Wang CH, Mack W, Anastos K, Minkoff H, Young M, Greenblatt R, Cohen M, Strickler H, Karim R, Spencer LY, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Kovacs A. Permissive and protective factors associated with presence, level, and longitudinal pattern of cervicovaginal HIV shedding. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 May 1; 60(1):99-110. View in: PubMed

Crystal H, Kleyman I, Anastos K, Lazar J, Cohen M, Liu C, Pearce L, Golub E, Valcour V, Ho A, Strickler H, Peters M, Kovacs A, Holman S, Kreek MJ, Manly J. Effects of hepatitis C and HIV on cognition in women: data from the Women's Interagency HIV Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Feb 1; 59(2):149-54. View in: PubMed

Kuniholm MH, Gao X, Xue X, Kovacs A, Anastos K, Marti D, Greenblatt RM, Cohen MH, Minkoff H, Gange SJ, Fazzari M, Young MA, Strickler HD, Carrington M. Human leukocyte antigen genotype and risk of HIV disease progression before and after initiation of antiretroviral therapy. J Virol. 2011 Oct; 85(20):10826-33. View in: PubMed

Kuniholm MH, Gao X, Xue X, Kovacs A, Marti D, Thio CL, Peters MG, Greenblatt RM, Goedert JJ, Cohen MH, Minkoff H, Gange SJ, Anastos K, Fazzari M, Young MA, Strickler HD, Carrington M. The relation of HLA genotype to hepatitis C viral load and markers of liver fibrosis in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women. J Infect Dis. 2011 Jun 15; 203(12):1807-14. View in: PubMed

Wahl SM, Redford M, Christensen S, Mack W, Cohn J, Janoff EN, Mestecky J, Jenson HB, Navazesh M, Cohen M, Reichelderfer P, Kovacs A. Systemic and mucosal differences in HIV burden, immune, and therapeutic responses. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Apr 15; 56(5):401-11. View in: PubMed

Operskalski EA, Kovacs A. HIV/HCV co-infection: pathogenesis, clinical complications, treatment, and new therapeutic technologies. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2011 Mar; 8(1):12-22. View in: PubMed

Saitoh A, Capparelli E, Aweeka F, Sarles E, Singh KK, Kovacs A, Burchett SK, Wiznia A, Nachman S, Fenton T, Spector SA. CYP2C19 genetic variants affect nelfinavir pharmacokinetics and virologic response in HIV-1-infected children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Jul; 54(3):285-9. View in: PubMed

Howard AA, Hoover DR, Anastos K, Wu X, Shi Q, Strickler HD, Cole SR, Cohen MH, Kovacs A, Augenbraun M, Latham PS, Tien PC. The effects of opiate use and hepatitis C virus infection on risk of diabetes mellitus in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Jun; 54(2):152-9. View in: PubMed

Kuniholm MH, Kovacs A, Gao X, Xue X, Marti D, Thio CL, Peters MG, Terrault NA, Greenblatt RM, Goedert JJ, Cohen MH, Minkoff H, Gange SJ, Anastos K, Fazzari M, Harris TG, Young MA, Strickler HD, Carrington M. Specific human leukocyte antigen class I and II alleles associated with hepatitis C virus viremia. Hepatology. 2010 May; 51(5):1514-22. View in: PubMed

Kovacs A, Karim R, Mack WJ, Xu J, Chen Z, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Landay A, Voris J, Spencer LS, Young MA, Tien PC, Augenbraun M, Strickler HD, Al-Harthi L. Activation of CD8 T cells predicts progression of HIV infection in women coinfected with hepatitis C virus. J Infect Dis. 2010 Mar 15; 201(6):823-34. View in: PubMed

Neely M, Rushing T, Kovacs A, Jelliffe R, Hoffman J. Voriconazole pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in children. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Jan 1; 50(1):27-36. View in: PubMed

Valente TW, Zogg JB, Christensen S, Richardson J, Kovacs A, Operskalski E. Using social networks to recruit an HIV vaccine preparedness cohort. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Dec 1; 52(4):514-23. View in: PubMed

Frederick T, Burian P, Terrault N, Cohen M, Augenbraun M, Young M, Seaberg E, Justman J, Levine AM, Mack WJ, Kovacs A. Factors associated with prevalent hepatitis C infection among HIV-infected women with no reported history of injection drug use: the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2009 Nov; 23(11):915-23. View in: PubMed

Neely M, Kovacs A. Managing treatment-experienced pediatric and adolescent HIV patients: role of darunavir. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2009 Jun; 5(3):595-615. View in: PubMed

Kovacs A. Early immune activation predicts central nervous system disease in HIV-infected infants: implications for early treatment. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Feb 1; 48(3):347-9. View in: PubMed

Kapetanovic S, Christensen S, Karim R, Lin F, Mack WJ, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Spencer L, Stek A, Kramer F, Kovacs A. Correlates of perinatal depression in HIV-infected women. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2009 Feb; 23(2):101-8. View in: PubMed

Kovacs A, Al-Harthi L, Christensen S, Mack W, Cohen M, Landay A. CD8(+) T cell activation in women coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and hepatitis C virus. J Infect Dis. 2008 May 15; 197(10):1402-7. View in: PubMed

Spencer L, Ukwu M, Alexander T, Valadez K, Liu L, Frederick T, Kovacs A, Morris A. Epidemiology of Pneumocystis colonization in families. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Apr 15; 46(8):1237-40. View in: PubMed

Operskalski EA, Mack WJ, Strickler HD, French AL, Augenbraun M, Tien PC, Villacres MC, Spencer LY, Degiacomo M, Kovacs A. Factors associated with hepatitis C viremia in a large cohort of HIV-infected and -uninfected women. J Clin Virol. 2008 Apr; 41(4):255-63. View in: PubMed

Strickler HD, Howard AA, Peters M, Fazzari M, Yu H, Augenbraun M, French AL, Young M, Gange S, Anastos K, Kovacs A. The insulin-like growth factor axis and risk of liver disease in hepatitis C virus/HIV-co-infected women. AIDS. 2008 Feb 19; 22(4):527-31. View in: PubMed

Strickler HD, Fazzari M, Kovacs A, Isasi C, Napolitano LA, Minkoff H, Gange S, Young M, Sharp GB, Kaplan RC, Cohen M, Gunter MJ, Harris TG, Yu H, Schoenbaum E, Landay AL, Anastos K. Associations of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding protein-3 with HIV disease progression in women. J Infect Dis. 2008 Jan 15; 197(2):319-27. View in: PubMed

Saitoh A, Sarles E, Capparelli E, Aweeka F, Kovacs A, Burchett SK, Wiznia A, Nachman S, Fenton T, Spector SA. CYP2B6 genetic variants are associated with nevirapine pharmacokinetics and clinical response in HIV-1-infected children. AIDS. 2007 Oct 18; 21(16):2191-9. View in: PubMed

Laskus T, Wilkinson J, Karim R, Mack W, Radkowski M, deGiacomo M, Nasseri J, Chen Z, Xu J, Kovacs A. Hepatitis C virus quasispecies in HIV-infected women: role of injecting drug use and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Hepatology. 2007 Aug; 46(2):359-70. View in: PubMed

French AL, Operskalski E, Peters M, Strickler HD, Tien PC, Sharp GB, Glesby MJ, Young M, Augenbraun M, Seaberg E, Kovacs A. Isolated hepatitis B core antibody is associated with HIV and ongoing but not resolved hepatitis C virus infection in a cohort of US women. J Infect Dis. 2007 May 15; 195(10):1437-42. View in: PubMed

Tien PC, Barrón Y, Justman JE, Hyman C, Cohen MH, Young M, Kovacs A, Cole SR. Antiretroviral therapies associated with lipoatrophy in HIV-infected women. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007 May; 21(5):297-305. View in: PubMed

Neely MN, Benning L, Xu J, Strickler HD, Greenblatt RM, Minkoff H, Young M, Bremer J, Levine AM, Kovacs A. Cervical shedding of HIV-1 RNA among women with low levels of viremia while receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Jan 1; 44(1):38-42. View in: PubMed

Laskus T, Operskalski EA, Radkowski M, Wilkinson J, Mack WJ, deGiacomo M, Al-Harthi L, Chen Z, Xu J, Kovacs A. Negative-strand hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from anti-HCV-positive/HIV-infected women. J Infect Dis. 2007 Jan 1; 195(1):124-33. View in: PubMed

Fiscus SA, Kovacs A, Petch LA, Hu C, Wiznia AA, Mofenson LM, Yogev R, McIntosh K, Pelton SI, Napravnik S, Stanley K, Nachman SA. Baseline resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors fails to predict virologic response to combination therapy in children (PACTG 338). AIDS Res Ther. 2007; 4:2. View in: PubMed

Halvas EK, Aldrovandi GM, Balfe P, Beck IA, Boltz VF, Coffin JM, Frenkel LM, Hazelwood JD, Johnson VA, Kearney M, Kovacs A, Kuritzkes DR, Metzner KJ, Nissley DV, Nowicki M, Palmer S, Ziermann R, Zhao RY, Jennings CL, Bremer J, Brambilla D, Mellors JW. Blinded, multicenter comparison of methods to detect a drug-resistant mutant of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 at low frequency. J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Jul; 44(7):2612-4. View in: PubMed

Wohl AR, Garland WH, Valencia R, Squires K, Witt MD, Kovacs A, Larsen R, Hader S, Anthony MN, Weidle PJ. A randomized trial of directly administered antiretroviral therapy and adherence case management intervention. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Jun 1; 42(11):1619-27. View in: PubMed

Al-Harthi L, Voris J, Du W, Wright D, Nowicki M, Frederick T, Landay A, Kovacs A. Evaluating the impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) on highly active antiretroviral therapy-mediated immune responses in HCV/HIV-coinfected women: role of HCV on expression of primed/memory T cells. J Infect Dis. 2006 May 1; 193(9):1202-10. View in: PubMed

Vaamonde CM, Hoover DR, Anastos K, Tan T, Shi Q, Gao W, Kovacs A, Cohen M, DeHovitz J, Glesby MJ. Factors associated with poor immunologic response to virologic suppression by highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected women. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2006 Mar; 22(3):222-31. View in: PubMed

Napolitano LA, Burt TD, Bacchetti P, Barrón Y, French AL, Kovacs A, Anastos K, Young M, McCune JM, Greenblatt RM. Increased circulating interleukin-7 levels in HIV-1-infected women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Dec 15; 40(5):581-4. View in: PubMed

Kovacs A, Villacres MC. The role of race and gender in T cell responses in children perinatally infected with HIV-1. J Infect Dis. 2005 Nov 15; 192(10):1683-5. View in: PubMed

Nowicki MJ, Laskus T, Nikolopoulou G, Radkowski M, Wilkinson J, Du WB, Rakela J, Kovacs A. Presence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA in the genital tracts of HCV/HIV-1-coinfected women. J Infect Dis. 2005 Nov 1; 192(9):1557-65. View in: PubMed

Huang DD, Bremer JW, Brambilla DJ, Palumbo PE, Aldrovandi G, Eshleman S, Brown C, Fiscus S, Frenkel L, Hamdan H, Hart S, Kovacs A, Krogstad P, LaRussa P, Sullivan J, Weinberg A, Zhao YQ. Model for assessment of proficiency of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 sequencing-based genotypic antiretroviral assays. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Aug; 43(8):3963-70. View in: PubMed

Kovacs A, Montepiedra G, Carey V, Pahwa S, Weinberg A, Frenkel L, Capparelli E, Mofenson L, Smith E, McIntosh K, Burchett SK. Immune reconstitution after receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy in children with advanced or progressive HIV disease and complete or partial viral load response. J Infect Dis. 2005 Jul 15; 192(2):296-302. View in: PubMed

Cohn JA, Hashemi FB, Camarca M, Kong F, Xu J, Beckner SK, Kovacs AA, Reichelderfer PS, Spear GT. HIV-inducing factor in cervicovaginal secretions is associated with bacterial vaginosis in HIV-1-infected women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Jul 1; 39(3):340-6. View in: PubMed

Kapadia F, Cook JA, Cohen MH, Sohler N, Kovacs A, Greenblatt RM, Choudhary I, Vlahov D. The relationship between non-injection drug use behaviors on progression to AIDS and death in a cohort of HIV seropositive women in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy use. Addiction. 2005 Jul; 100(7):990-1002. View in: PubMed

Kovacs A, Cowles MK, Britto P, Capparelli E, Fowler MG, Moye J, McIntosh K, Rathore MH, Pitt J, Husson RN. Pharmacokinetics of didanosine and drug resistance mutations in infants exposed to zidovudine during gestation or postnatally and treated with didanosine or zidovudine in the first three months of life. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005 Jun; 24(6):503-9. View in: PubMed

Schuval S, Lindsey JC, Stapleton JT, Van Dyke RB, Palumbo P, Mofenson LM, Oleske JM, Cervia J, Kovacs A, Dankner WN, Smith E, Nowak B, Ciupak G, Webb N, Eagle M, Smith D, Hennessey R, Goodman-Kerkau M, Klinzman D, Hess G, Zdunek D, Levin MJ. GB virus C infection in children with perinatal human immunodeficiency virus infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005 May; 24(5):417-22. View in: PubMed

Nikolopoulou GB, Nowicki MJ, Du W, Homans J, Stek A, Kramer F, Kovacs A. HCV viremia is associated with drug use in young HIV-1 and HCV coinfected pregnant and non-pregnant women. Addiction. 2005 May; 100(5):626-35. View in: PubMed

Villacres MC, Literat O, Degiacomo M, Du W, La Rosa C, Diamond DJ, Kovacs A. Reduced type 1 and type 2 cytokines in antiviral memory T helper function among women coinfected with HIV and HCV. J Clin Immunol. 2005 Mar; 25(2):134-41. View in: PubMed

Yogev R, Kovacs A, Chadwick EG, Homans JD, Lou Y, Symonds WT. Single-dose safety and pharmacokinetics of amprenavir (141W94), a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease inhibitor, in HIV-infected children. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2005 Jan; 49(1):336-41. View in: PubMed

Nag P, Kim J, Sapiega V, Landay AL, Bremer JW, Mestecky J, Reichelderfer P, Kovacs A, Cohn J, Weiser B, Baum LL. Women with cervicovaginal antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity have lower genital HIV-1 RNA loads. J Infect Dis. 2004 Dec 1; 190(11):1970-8. View in: PubMed

Tien PC, Kovacs A, Bacchetti P, French AL, Augenbraun M, Cole SR, Hessol N, Justman J. Association between syphilis, antibodies to herpes simplex virus type 2, and recreational drug use and hepatitis B virus infection in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Nov 1; 39(9):1363-70. View in: PubMed

Schuval S, Van Dyke RB, Lindsey JC, Palumbo P, Mofenson LM, Oleske JM, Cervia J, Kovacs A, Dankner WN, Smith E, Nowak B, Ciupak G, Webb N, Eagle M, Smith D, Hennessey R, Goodman-Kerkau M, Levin MJ. Hepatitis C prevalence in children with perinatal human immunodeficiency virus infection enrolled in a long-term follow-up protocol. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Oct; 158(10):1007-13. View in: PubMed

Philpott S, Burger H, Tarwater PM, Lu M, Gange SJ, Anastos K, Cohen M, Greenblatt RM, Kovacs A, Minkoff H, Young M, Miotti P, Dupuis M, Weiser B. CCR2 genotype and disease progression in a treated population of HIV type 1-infected women. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Sep 15; 39(6):861-5. View in: PubMed

Silverberg MJ, Gore ME, French AL, Gandhi M, Glesby MJ, Kovacs A, Wilson TE, Young MA, Gange SJ. Prevalence of clinical symptoms associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Sep 1; 39(5):717-24. View in: PubMed

Lurain NS, Robert ES, Xu J, Camarca M, Landay A, Kovacs AA, Reichelderfer PS. HIV type 1 and cytomegalovirus coinfection in the female genital tract. J Infect Dis. 2004 Aug 1; 190(3):619-23. View in: PubMed

Weinberg A, Pahwa S, Oyomopito R, Carey VJ, Zimmer B, Mofenson L, Kovacs A, Burchett SK. Antimicrobial-specific cell-mediated immune reconstitution in children with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Jul 1; 39(1):107-14. View in: PubMed

Wohl AR, Garland WH, Squires K, Witt M, Larsen R, Kovacs A, Hader S, Weidle PJ. The feasibility of a community-based directly administered antiretroviral therapy program. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Jun 1; 38 Suppl 5:S388-92. View in: PubMed

Neely M, Kovacs A. Management of antiretroviral therapy in neonates, children, and adolescents. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2004 Jun; 1(2):97-104. View in: PubMed

Kovacs A, Connors M. HIV-1 and immune control: can we change the course of HIV-1? Lancet. 2004 Mar 13; 363(9412):833-4. View in: PubMed

Kemal KS, Foley B, Burger H, Anastos K, Minkoff H, Kitchen C, Philpott SM, Gao W, Robison E, Holman S, Dehner C, Beck S, Meyer WA, Landay A, Kovacs A, Bremer J, Weiser B. HIV-1 in genital tract and plasma of women: compartmentalization of viral sequences, coreceptor usage, and glycosylation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Oct 28; 100(22):12972-7. View in: PubMed

Landay A, Benning L, Bremer J, Weiser B, Burger H, Nowicki M, Kovacs A. Correlates of immune activation marker changes in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive and high-risk HIV-seronegative women who use illicit drugs. J Infect Dis. 2003 Jul 15; 188(2):209-18. View in: PubMed

Wohl AR, Lu S, Turner J, Kovacs A, Witt M, Squires K, Towner W, Beer V. Risk of opportunistic infection in the HAART era among HIV-infected Latinos born in the United States compared to Latinos born in Mexico and Central America. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2003 Jun; 17(6):267-75. View in: PubMed

Philpott S, Weiser B, Tarwater P, Vermund SH, Kleeberger CA, Gange SJ, Anastos K, Cohen M, Greenblatt RM, Kovacs A, Minkoff H, Young MA, Miotti P, Dupuis M, Chen CH, Burger H. CC chemokine receptor 5 genotype and susceptibility to transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in women. J Infect Dis. 2003 Feb 15; 187(4):569-75. View in: PubMed

Falusi O, French AL, Seaberg EC, Tien PC, Watts DH, Minkoff H, Piessens E, Kovacs A, Anastos K, Cohen MH. Prevalence and predictors of Toxoplasma seropositivity in women with and at risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Dec 1; 35(11):1414-7. View in: PubMed

Reichelderfer PS, Kovacs A, Wright DJ, Landay A, Cu-Uvin S, Burns DN, Cohn J, Coombs RW. The menstrual cycle does not affect human immunodeficiency virus type 1 levels in vaginal secretions. J Infect Dis. 2002 Sep 1; 186(5):726-8; author reply 728-9. View in: PubMed

Cohen MH, French AL, Benning L, Kovacs A, Anastos K, Young M, Minkoff H, Hessol NA. Causes of death among women with human immunodeficiency virus infection in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy. Am J Med. 2002 Aug 1; 113(2):91-8. View in: PubMed

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