Faculty

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Berislav V Zlokovic, MD, PhD
Chair and Professor of Physiology & Biophysics
Mary Hayley and Selim Zilkha Chair in Alzheimer's Disease Research
Director, Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute
Physiology and Biophysics
ZNI 101 1501 San Pablo Street Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 442 2722

Overview

Berislav V. Zlokovic is the director of the Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute and Professor and Chair of the Department of Physiology & Biophysics at the Keck School of Medicine of USC, and a Professor of Biological Sciences at the Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences. Zlokovic has a life-long career in studying the role of cerebral blood vessels in the pathogenesis and treatment of neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders and stroke. Using animal models and studying human brain, his laboratory has shown that dysfunction in the blood-brain barrier and brain microcirculation can accumulate before neuronal dysfunction and contribute to the onset and progression of different neurological disorders and symptoms including dementia. His research team has identified the cellular and molecular mechanisms in cerebral blood vessels causing disruption of the blood-brain barrier and neurovascular unit, which leads to neurodegeneration in models of Alzheimer’s disease, pericyte-deficient rodents and stroke. His group has also identified molecular mechanisms at the blood-brain barrier that maintain clearance of Alzheimer’s toxin amyloid-beta from the brain into the circulation, and its influx or re-entry from the circulation into the brain, reflecting an important physiological function of the blood-brain barrier in maintaining brain amyloid-beta homeostasis. Discoveries of his research team have contributed to the development of clinical trials for Alzheimer’s disease (Phase 2 and 3 studies) based on clearance of amyloid-beta and/or blockade of its re-entry into the brain, and stroke based on activated protein C treatment that is currently under assessment in stroke patients (Phase 2) as a neuroprotective agent.

Zlokovic’s more recent research interests are focused on genes that influence the risk for Alzheimer’s disease (e.g., APOE4, PICALM, CLU), particularly how these genes affect the cerebrovascular system. In these studies he uses different transgenic animal models, and human inducible pluripotent stem cell-derived neuronal and blood-brain barrier in vitro models of neurological disorders. He and his research team have also developed novel neuroimaging methods in the living human brain and animal models and novel molecular biomarkers of the neurovascular unit to evaluate how blood-brain barrier and cerebral blood flow functions influence brain connectivity and cognition. He also remains interested in developing advanced approaches with activated protein C therapy for stroke and other neurological disorders.

Zlokovic is recognized internationally as a leader in the fields of Alzheimer’s disease and stroke. He has published more than 300 articles in journals such as Nature, Nature Medicine, Nature Cell Biology, Nature Neuroscience, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Neuron, Cell, Science and Journal of Clinical Investigation. Thomson Reuters listed Zlokovic as one of “The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds” in 2014 for ranking in one percent of the most-cited authors in the field of neurosciences from 2002 to 2012. He is the recipient of many awards, including the MetLife Award for Medical Research for “significant contributions to our understanding of Alzheimer’s disease and for bringing us closer to a cure”, the Potamkin Prize from the American Academy of Neurology " in recognition of outstanding achievements in research on Alzheimer’s and related neurodegenerative diseases”, the Javits Award from the National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke "in recognition of distinguished record of substantial contributions in a field of neurological sciences”, and the MERIT Award from the National Institute on Aging "in recognition of sustained contribution to aging and leadership and commitment to the field”. He is a fellow of the American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS) and a member of The Dana Alliance for Brain Initiative, the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts and The European Academy of Sciences (Academia Europeae) - the Life Sciences Class. Zlokovic is an active entrepreneur and inventor. He co-founded ZZ Biotech, a biotechnology company that is dedicated to developing new treatments for stroke and neurological disorders.

Featured Publications:

i-10 index: 198; h-index: 75; >350 publications; > 22,000 citations (Google Scholar, May 2016); complete list in Google Scholar: https://goo.gl/2Npcj2

Selected Publications representing interests of the Zlokovic laboratory.

Sweeney MD, Ayyadurai S, Zlokovic BV (2016) Pericytes of the neurovascular unit: key functions and signaling pathways. Nature Neuroscience (in press)

Zhao Z, Nelson A, Betsholtz C, Zlokovic BV (2015) Establishment and dysfunction of blood-brain barrier. Cell 163, Nov 19;163(5):1064-78. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.10.067.

Zhao Z, Sagare AP, Ma Q, Halliday MR, Kong P, Kisler K, Winkler EA, Ramanathan A, Kanekiyo T, Bu G, Owens NQ, Rege SV, Si G, Ahuja A, Zhu D, Miller CA, Schneider JA, Maeda M, Maeda T, Sugawara T, Ichida JK, Zlokovic BV (2015) Central role for PICALM in amyloid-? blood-brain barrier transcytosis and clearance. Nature Neuroscience 18, 978-987.

Winkler EA, Nishida Y, Sagare AP, Rege SV, Bell RD, Perlmutter D, Sengillo JD, Hillman S, Kong P, Nelson AR, Sullivan JS, Zhao Z, Meiselman HJ, Wendy RB, Soto J, Abel ED, Makshanoff J, Zuniga E, De Vivo DC, Zlokovic BV (2015) GLUT1 reductions exacerbate Alzheimer’s disease vasculo-neuronal dysfunction and degeneration. Nature Neuroscience 18, 521-530.

Montagne A, Barnes SR, Sweeney MD, Halliday MR, Sagare AP, Zhao Z, Toga AW, Jacobs RE, Liu CY, Amezcua L, Harrington MG, Chui HC, Law M, Zlokovic BV (2015) Blood-brain barrier breakdown in the aging human hippocampus. Neuron 85, 296-302.

Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV, Mosnier LO (2015) Activated Protein C: Biased for Translation. Blood 125 (19), 2898-2907.

Zhao Z and Zlokovic BV (2014) Blood-Brain Barrier: A Dual Life of MFSD2A? Neuron 82, 728–730.

Winkler EA, Sengillo JD, Sagare AP, Zhao Z, Ma Q, Zuniga E, Wang Y, Zhong G, Sullivan JS, Griffin JH, Cleveland DW, Zlokovic BV (2014) Blood-spinal cord barrier disruption contributes to early motor neuron degeneration in ALS model mice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111(11), E1035-42.

Bell RD, Winkler E, Sagare A, Singh I, Deane R, Wu Z, Holtzman DM, Betsholtz C, Armulik A, Sallstrom J, Berk B, Zlokovic BV (2012) Apolipoprotein E controls cerebrovascular integrity via cyclophilin A. Nature 485, 512-516.

Deane R, Singh I, Sagare A, Bell R, Ross NT, Larue B, Love R, Perry S, Deane RJ, Thiyagarajan M, Zarcone T, Friedman A, Miller BL, Zlokovic BV (2012) A novel multi-modal RAGE-specific inhibitor controls amyloid-beta-mediated brain disorder in mice. Journal of Clinical Investigation 122 (4), 1377-1392.

Winkler E, Bell R, Zlokovic BV (2011) Functions of CNS pericytes in health and disease. Nature Neuroscience 14, 1398-1405.

Zlokovic BV (2011) Neurovascular pathways to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease and other disorders. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 12, 723-738.

Winkler EA, Bell RD, Zlokovic BV (2011) Lack of Smad and Notch Leads to a Fatal Game of Brain Pericyte Hopscotch. Developmental Cell (Cell) 20 (3), 279-281.

Zlokovic BV, Griffin JH (2011) Activated protein C cytoprotective pathways and implications for stroke and neurological disorders. Trends in Neurosciences 34 (4), 1198-2009.

Zlokovic BV (2010) Neurodegeneration and the neurovascular unit. Nature Medicine 16(12), 1370-71.
Bell RD, Winkler EA, Sagare A, Singh I, LaRue B, Deane R, Zlokovic BV (2010) Pericytes control key neurovascular functions and the neuronal phenotype in the adult brain and during brain aging. Neuron 68, 409-427.

Zhu D, Wang Y, Singh I, Bell RD, Deane R, Zhong Z, Sagare A, Winkler EA, Zlokovic BV (2010) Protein S controls hypoxic/ischemic blood-brain barrier disruption through the TAM receptor Tyro3 and sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor. Blood 115, 4963-4972.

Bell RD , Deane R, Chow N, Long X, Sagare A, Singh I, Streb JW, Guo H, Rubio A, Van Nostrand W, Miano JP, Zlokovic BV (2009) SRF and myocardin regulate LRP-mediated amyloid-beta clearance in brain vascular cells. Nature Cell Biology 11(2), 143-153.

Zhong Z, Ilieva H, Hallagan L, Bell R, Singh I, Paquette N, Thiyagarajan M, Deane R, Fernandez JA, Lane S, Zlokovic AB, Liu T, Griffin JH, Chow N, Castellino F, Stojanovic K, Cleveland DW, Zlokovic BV (2009) Activated protein C slows ALS-like disease by transcrptionally inhibiting SOD1 in motor neurons and microglial cells. Journal of Clinical Investigation 119(11), 3437-3440.

Deane R, Sagare A, Hamm K, Parisi M, Lane S, Finn MB, Holtzman DM, Zlokovic BV (2008) Apolipoprotein E isoform-specific disruption of Alzheimer’s amyloid ?-peptide clearance from mouse brain Journal of Clinical Investigation 118(12), 4002-4013.

Zhong Z, Deane R, Zarina A, Parisi M, Shapovalov Y, 0’Banion K, Stojanovic K, Sagare A, Boillee S, Cleveland DW, Zlokovic BV (2008) ALS-causing SOD1 mutants generate vascular changes prior to motor neuron degeneration. Nature Neuroscience 11(4), 420-422.

Zlokovic BV (2008) Blood-brain barrier in health and chronic neurodegenerative disorders. Neuron, 57, 178-201.

Sagare A, Deane R, Bell RD, Johnson B, Hamm K, Pendu R, Marky A, Lenting PJ, Wu Z, Zarcone T, Goate A, Mayo K, Pelmutter D, Coma M, Zhong Z, Zlokovic BV (2007) Clearance of amyloid-beta by circulating lipoprotein receptors. Nature Medicine 13 (9), 1029-1031.

Chow N, Bell RD, Deane R, Streb JW, Chen J, Brooks A, Van Nostrand W, Miano JM, Zlokovic BV (2007). Serum response factor and myocardin mediate cerebral arterial hypercontractility and blood flow dysregulation in Alzheimer’s phenotype. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104, 823-828.

Mosnier L, Zlokovic BV, Griffin JH (2007) The cellular protein C pathway. Blood 109(8), 161-172.

Cheng T, Petraglia A, Li Z, Meedakshisudaram T, Wu Z, Zhong Z, Liu D, Maggirwar SB, Deane R, Fernandez J, LaRue B, Griffin J, Chopp M, Zlokovic BV (2006) Activated protein C inhibits tissue plasminogen activator-induced brain hemorrhage. Nature Medicine 12 (11), 1278-1285.
Zlokovic BV (2006) Remodeling after stroke. Nature Medicine 12 (4) 390-391.

Wu Z, Guo H, Chow N, Sallstrom J, Bell RD, Deane R, Brooks A, Kanagala S, Rubio A, Sagare A, Liu D, Li F, Armstrong D, Gasiewicz T, Zidovetski R, Song H, Hofman F, Zlokovic BV (2005) Role of MEOX2 homeobox gene in neurovascular dysfunction in Alzheimer disease. Nature Medicine 11(9), 959-965.

Zlokovic BV (2005) Neurovascular mechanisms of Alzheimer’s neurodegeneration. Trends in Neurosciences 28, 202-208.

Deane R, Wu Z, Davis J, Yan SD, Hamm K, Sagare A, Xu F, Spijkers P, Lenting PJ, Van Nostrand WE, Zlokovic BV (2004) LRP-amyloid-beta interaction mediates differential brain efflux of Abeta isoforms Neuron 43, 33-44.

Liu D, Cheng T, Guo H, Fernandez AJ, Griffin JH, Song X, Zlokovic BV (2004) Tissue plasminogen activator neurovascular toxicity is controlled by activated protein C. Nature Medicine 10, (12), 1379-1383.

Guo H, Liu D, Gelbard H, Cheng T, Fernandez JA, Insalaca R, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV (2004) Activated protein C prevents neuronal apoptosis via protease activated receptors 1 and 3. Neuron 41, 563-572.

Deane R, Yan SD, Kumar R, Jovanovic S, LaRue B, Welch D, Maness L, Yu J, Zhu H, Ghiso J, Frangione B, Schmidt AM, Arnold B, Liliensiek B, Nawroth P, Hofman F, Kindy M, Stern D, Zlokovic BV (2003) RAGE mediates amyloid-ß peptide transport across the blood-brain barrier and accumulation in brain. Nature Medicine 9(7), 907-913.

Cheng T, Liu D, Fernández JA, Griffin JH, Castellino F, Rosen E, Fukudome K, Zlokovic BV (2003) Activated protein C blocks P53-mediated apoptosis in ischemic human brain endothelium and is neuroportective. Nature Medicine 9, 338-342.

Domotor E, Benzakour O, Griffin JH, Yule D, Fukudome K, Zlokovic BV (2003) Activated protein C alters cytosolic Ca2+ flux in human brain endothelium via binding to endothelial protein C receptor and activation of protease-activated receptor-1. Blood 101, 4797-4801.

Shibata M, Subramanyan RK, Amar A, Fernandez J, Griffin J, Zlokovic BV (2001) Anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic and neuroprotective effects of activated protein C in a murine model of focal ischemic stroke with cerebrovascular thrombosis. Circulation 103, 1799-1805.

Shibata M, Yamada S, Kumar RS, Calero M, Bading B, Frangione B, Holtzman DM, Miller CA, Strickland DK, Ghiso J, Zlokovic BV (2000) Clearance of Alzheimer’s amyloid-ß1-40 peptide from brain by LDL receptor-related protein-1 at the blood-brain barrier. Journal of Clinical Investigation 106(12), 1489-1499.

Zlokovic BV, Shinya Y, Holtzman D, Ghiso J, Frangione B (2000) Clearance of amyloid ß-peptide from brain: transport or metabolism? Nature Medicine 6, 718-719.

Mackic JB, Stins M, McComb JG, Calero M, Ghiso J, Kim KS, Yan SD, Stern D, Schmidt AM, Frangione B, Zlokovic BV (1998) Human blood-brain barrier receptors for Alzheimer's amyloid-? 1-40: Asymmetrical binding, endocytosis and transcytosis at the apical side of brain microvascular endothelial cell monolayer. Journal of Clinical Investigation 102, 734-743.

Zlokovic BV, Martel CL, Matsubara E, McComb JG, Zheng G, McCluskey RT, Frangione B, Ghiso J (1996) Glycoprotein 330/megalin: Porbable role in receptor-mediated transport of apolipoprotein J alone and in a complex with Alzheimer's Disease amyloid-? at the blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 93, 4229-4236.

Publications

Wang Y, Zhao Z, Rege SV, Wang M, Si G, Zhou Y, Wang S, Griffin JH, Goldman SA, Zlokovic BV. 3K3A-activated protein C stimulates postischemic neuronal repair by human neural stem cells in mice. Nat Med. 2016 Sep; 22(9):1050-5. View in: PubMed

Sweeney MD, Ayyadurai S, Zlokovic BV. Pericytes of the neurovascular unit: key functions and signaling pathways. Nat Neurosci. 2016 May 26; 19(6):771-83. View in: PubMed

Nelson AR, Sweeney MD, Sagare AP, Zlokovic BV. Neurovascular dysfunction and neurodegeneration in dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 May; 1862(5):887-900. View in: PubMed

Griffin JH, Fernández JA, Lyden PD, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C promotes neuroprotection: mechanisms and translation to the clinic. Thromb Res. 2016 May; 141 Suppl 2:S62-4. View in: PubMed

Tarasoff-Conway JM, Carare RO, Osorio RS, Glodzik L, Butler T, Fieremans E, Axel L, Rusinek H, Nicholson C, Zlokovic BV, Frangione B, Blennow K, Ménard J, Zetterberg H, Wisniewski T, de Leon MJ. Clearance systems in the brain-implications for Alzheimer diseaser. Nat Rev Neurol. 2016 Apr; 12(4):248. View in: PubMed

Montagne A, Nation DA, Pa J, Sweeney MD, Toga AW, Zlokovic BV. Brain imaging of neurovascular dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. Acta Neuropathol. 2016 Apr 1. View in: PubMed

Akassoglou K, Agalliu D, Chang CJ, Davalos D, Grutzendler J, Hillman EM, Khakh BS, Kleinfeld D, McGavern DB, Nelson SJ, Zlokovic BV. Neurovascular and Immuno-Imaging: From Mechanisms to Therapies. Proceedings of the Inaugural Symposium. Front Neurosci. 2016; 10:46. View in: PubMed

Montagne A, Toga AW, Zlokovic BV. Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability and Gadolinium: Benefits and Potential Pitfalls in Research. JAMA Neurol. 2016 Jan 1; 73(1):13-4. View in: PubMed

Halliday MR, Rege SV, Ma Q, Zhao Z, Miller CA, Winkler EA, Zlokovic BV. Accelerated pericyte degeneration and blood-brain barrier breakdown in apolipoprotein E4 carriers with Alzheimer's disease. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2016 Jan; 36(1):216-27. View in: PubMed

Rosenberg GA, Wallin A, Wardlaw JM, Markus HS, Montaner J, Wolfson L, Iadecola C, Zlokovic BV, Joutel A, Dichgans M, Duering M, Schmidt R, Korczyn AD, Grinberg LT, Chui HC, Hachinski V. Consensus statement for diagnosis of subcortical small vessel disease. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2016 Jan; 36(1):6-25. View in: PubMed

Zhao Z, Nelson AR, Betsholtz C, Zlokovic BV. Establishment and Dysfunction of the Blood-Brain Barrier. Cell. 2015 Nov 19; 163(5):1064-78. View in: PubMed

Sagare AP, Sweeney MD, Makshanoff J, Zlokovic BV. Shedding of soluble platelet-derived growth factor receptor-ß from human brain pericytes. Neurosci Lett. 2015 Oct 21; 607:97-101. View in: PubMed

Tarasoff-Conway JM, Carare RO, Osorio RS, Glodzik L, Butler T, Fieremans E, Axel L, Rusinek H, Nicholson C, Zlokovic BV, Frangione B, Blennow K, Ménard J, Zetterberg H, Wisniewski T, de Leon MJ. Clearance systems in the brain-implications for Alzheimer disease. Nat Rev Neurol. 2015 Aug; 11(8):457-70. View in: PubMed

Zhao Z, Sagare AP, Ma Q, Halliday MR, Kong P, Kisler K, Winkler EA, Ramanathan A, Kanekiyo T, Bu G, Owens NC, Rege SV, Si G, Ahuja A, Zhu D, Miller CA, Schneider JA, Maeda M, Maeda T, Sugawara T, Ichida JK, Zlokovic BV. Central role for PICALM in amyloid-ß blood-brain barrier transcytosis and clearance. Nat Neurosci. 2015 Jul; 18(7):978-87. View in: PubMed

Sweeney MD, Sagare AP, Zlokovic BV. Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of neurovascular dysfunction in mild dementia and Alzheimer's disease. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2015 Jul; 35(7):1055-68. View in: PubMed

Barnes SR, Ng TS, Montagne A, Law M, Zlokovic BV, Jacobs RE. Optimal acquisition and modeling parameters for accurate assessment of low Ktrans blood-brain barrier permeability using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. Magn Reson Med. 2015 Jun 16. View in: PubMed

Snyder HM, Corriveau RA, Craft S, Faber JE, Greenberg SM, Knopman D, Lamb BT, Montine TJ, Nedergaard M, Schaffer CB, Schneider JA, Wellington C, Wilcock DM, Zipfel GJ, Zlokovic B, Bain LJ, Bosetti F, Galis ZS, Koroshetz W, Carrillo MC. Vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia including Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimers Dement. 2015 Jun; 11(6):710-7. View in: PubMed

Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV, Mosnier LO. Activated protein C: biased for translation. Blood. 2015 May 7; 125(19):2898-907. View in: PubMed

Montagne A, Pa J, Zlokovic BV. Vascular plasticity and cognition during normal aging and dementia. JAMA Neurol. 2015 May 1; 72(5):495-6. View in: PubMed

Winkler EA, Nishida Y, Sagare AP, Rege SV, Bell RD, Perlmutter D, Sengillo JD, Hillman S, Kong P, Nelson AR, Sullivan JS, Zhao Z, Meiselman HJ, Wenby RB, Soto J, Abel ED, Makshanoff J, Zuniga E, De Vivo DC, Zlokovic BV. GLUT1 reductions exacerbate Alzheimer's disease vasculo-neuronal dysfunction and degeneration. Nat Neurosci. 2015 Apr; 18(4):521-30. View in: PubMed

Montagne A, Barnes SR, Sweeney MD, Halliday MR, Sagare AP, Zhao Z, Toga AW, Jacobs RE, Liu CY, Amezcua L, Harrington MG, Chui HC, Law M, Zlokovic BV. Blood-brain barrier breakdown in the aging human hippocampus. Neuron. 2015 Jan 21; 85(2):296-302. View in: PubMed

Amar AP, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Combined neurothrombectomy or thrombolysis with adjunctive delivery of 3K3A-activated protein C in acute ischemic stroke. Front Cell Neurosci. 2015; 9:344. View in: PubMed

Barnes SR, Ng TS, Santa-Maria N, Montagne A, Zlokovic BV, Jacobs RE. ROCKETSHIP: a flexible and modular software tool for the planning, processing and analysis of dynamic MRI studies. BMC Med Imaging. 2015; 15(1):19. View in: PubMed

Ramanathan A, Nelson AR, Sagare AP, Zlokovic BV. Impaired vascular-mediated clearance of brain amyloid beta in Alzheimer's disease: the role, regulation and restoration of LRP1. Front Aging Neurosci. 2015; 7:136. View in: PubMed

Mosnier LO, Zlokovic BV, Griffin JH. Cytoprotective-selective activated protein C therapy for ischaemic stroke. Thromb Haemost. 2014 Nov 3; 112(5):883-92. View in: PubMed

Montine TJ, Koroshetz WJ, Babcock D, Dickson DW, Galpern WR, Glymour MM, Greenberg SM, Hutton ML, Knopman DS, Kuzmichev AN, Manly JJ, Marder KS, Miller BL, Phelps CH, Seeley WW, Sieber BA, Silverberg NB, Sutherland M, Torborg CL, Waddy SP, Zlokovic BV, Corriveau RA. Recommendations of the Alzheimer's disease-related dementias conference. Neurology. 2014 Aug 26; 83(9):851-60. View in: PubMed

Winkler EA, Sagare AP, Zlokovic BV. The pericyte: a forgotten cell type with important implications for Alzheimer's disease? Brain Pathol. 2014 Jul; 24(4):371-86. View in: PubMed

Zhao Z, Zlokovic BV. Blood-Brain Barrier: A Dual Life of MFSD2A? Neuron. 2014 May 21; 82(4):728-30. View in: PubMed

Winkler EA, Sengillo JD, Sagare AP, Zhao Z, Ma Q, Zuniga E, Wang Y, Zhong Z, Sullivan JS, Griffin JH, Cleveland DW, Zlokovic BV. Blood-spinal cord barrier disruption contributes to early motor-neuron degeneration in ALS-model mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Mar 18; 111(11):E1035-42. View in: PubMed

Shi M, Cho H, Inn KS, Yang A, Zhao Z, Liang Q, Versteeg GA, Amini-Bavil-Olyaee S, Wong LY, Zlokovic BV, Park HS, García-Sastre A, Jung JU. Negative regulation of NF-?B activity by brain-specific TRIpartite Motif protein 9. Nat Commun. 2014; 5:4820. View in: PubMed

Sagare AP, Bell RD, Zhao Z, Ma Q, Winkler EA, Ramanathan A, Zlokovic BV. Pericyte loss influences Alzheimer-like neurodegeneration in mice. Nat Commun. 2013 Dec 13; 4:2932. View in: PubMed

Wang Y, Zhao Z, Chow N, Rajput PS, Griffin JH, Lyden PD, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C analog protects from ischemic stroke and extends the therapeutic window of tissue-type plasminogen activator in aged female mice and hypertensive rats. Stroke. 2013 Dec; 44(12):3529-36. View in: PubMed

Halliday MR, Pomara N, Sagare AP, Mack WJ, Frangione B, Zlokovic BV. Relationship between cyclophilin a levels and matrix metalloproteinase 9 activity in cerebrospinal fluid of cognitively normal apolipoprotein e4 carriers and blood-brain barrier breakdown. JAMA Neurol. 2013 Sep 1; 70(9):1198-200. View in: PubMed

Wang Y, Sinha RK, Mosnier LO, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Neurotoxicity of the anticoagulant-selective E149A-activated protein C variant after focal ischemic stroke in mice. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2013 Aug; 51(2):104-8. View in: PubMed

Sagare AP, Bell RD, Srivastava A, Sengillo JD, Singh I, Nishida Y, Chow N, Zlokovic BV. A lipoprotein receptor cluster IV mutant preferentially binds amyloid-ß and regulates its clearance from the mouse brain. J Biol Chem. 2013 May 24; 288(21):15154-66. View in: PubMed

Sengillo JD, Winkler EA, Walker CT, Sullivan JS, Johnson M, Zlokovic BV. Deficiency in mural vascular cells coincides with blood-brain barrier disruption in Alzheimer's disease. Brain Pathol. 2013 May; 23(3):303-10. View in: PubMed

Wang Y, Zhao Z, Chow N, Ali T, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C analog promotes neurogenesis and improves neurological outcome after focal ischemic stroke in mice via protease activated receptor 1. Brain Res. 2013 Apr 24; 1507:97-104. View in: PubMed

Guo H, Zhao Z, Yang Q, Wang M, Bell RD, Wang S, Chow N, Davis TP, Griffin JH, Goldman SA, Zlokovic BV. An activated protein C analog stimulates neuronal production by human neural progenitor cells via a PAR1-PAR3-S1PR1-Akt pathway. J Neurosci. 2013 Apr 3; 33(14):6181-90. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. A gliovascular idea for the white matter repair? J Neurochem. 2013 Apr; 125(2):172-4. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. Cerebrovascular effects of apolipoprotein E: implications for Alzheimer disease. JAMA Neurol. 2013 Apr; 70(4):440-4. View in: PubMed

Lyden P, Levy H, Weymer S, Pryor K, Kramer W, Griffin JH, Davis TP, Zlokovic B. Phase 1 Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of 3K3A-APC in Healthy Adult Volunteers. Curr Pharm Des. 2013; 19(42):7479-85. View in: PubMed

Sagare AP, Bell RD, Zlokovic BV. Neurovascular defects and faulty amyloid-ß vascular clearance in Alzheimer's disease. J Alzheimers Dis. 2013; 33 Suppl 1:S87-100. View in: PubMed

Winkler EA, Sengillo JD, Sullivan JS, Henkel JS, Appel SH, Zlokovic BV. Blood-spinal cord barrier breakdown and pericyte reductions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Acta Neuropathol. 2013 Jan; 125(1):111-20. View in: PubMed

Sagare AP, Deane R, Zlokovic BV. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1: A physiological Aß homeostatic mechanism with multiple therapeutic opportunities. Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Oct; 136(1):94-105. View in: PubMed

Winkler EA, Sengillo JD, Bell RD, Wang J, Zlokovic BV. Blood-spinal cord barrier pericyte reductions contribute to increased capillary permeability. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2012 Oct; 32(10):1841-52. View in: PubMed

Castellano JM, Deane R, Gottesdiener AJ, Verghese PB, Stewart FR, West T, Paoletti AC, Kasper TR, Demattos RB, Zlokovic BV, Holtzman DM. Low-density lipoprotein receptor overexpression enhances the rate of brain-to-blood Aß clearance in a mouse model of ß-amyloidosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Sep 18; 109(38):15502-7. View in: PubMed

Wang Y, Zhang Z, Chow N, Davis TP, Griffin JH, Chopp M, Zlokovic BV. An activated protein C analog with reduced anticoagulant activity extends the therapeutic window of tissue plasminogen activator for ischemic stroke in rodents. Stroke. 2012 Sep; 43(9):2444-9. View in: PubMed

Carnevale D, Mascio G, D'Andrea I, Fardella V, Bell RD, Branchi I, Pallante F, Zlokovic B, Yan SS, Lembo G. Hypertension Induces Brain ß-Amyloid Accumulation, Cognitive Impairment, and Memory Deterioration Through Activation of Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products in Brain Vasculature. Hypertension. 2012 Jul; 60(1):188-97. View in: PubMed

Bell RD, Winkler EA, Singh I, Sagare AP, Deane R, Wu Z, Holtzman DM, Betsholtz C, Armulik A, Sallstrom J, Berk BC, Zlokovic BV. Apolipoprotein E controls cerebrovascular integrity via cyclophilin A. Nature. 2012 May 24; 485(7399):512-6. View in: PubMed

Deane R, Singh I, Sagare AP, Bell RD, Ross NT, Larue B, Love R, Perry S, Paquette N, Deane RJ, Thiyagarajan M, Zarcone T, Fritz G, Friedman AE, Miller BL, Zlokovic BV. A multimodal RAGE-specific inhibitor reduces amyloid ß-mediated brain disorder in a mouse model of Alzheimer disease. J Clin Invest. 2012 Apr 2; 122(4):1377-92. View in: PubMed

Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV, Mosnier LO. Protein C anticoagulant and cytoprotective pathways. Int J Hematol. 2012 Apr; 95(4):333-45. View in: PubMed

Sagare AP, Bell RD, Zlokovic BV. Neurovascular Dysfunction and Faulty Amyloid ß-Peptide Clearance in Alzheimer Disease. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2012; 2(10). View in: PubMed

Williams PD, Zlokovic BV, Griffin JH, Pryor KE, Davis TP. Preclinical Safety and Pharmacokinetic Profile of 3K3A-APC, a Novel, Modified Activated Protein C for Ischemic Stroke. Curr Pharm Des. 2012; 18(27):4215-22. View in: PubMed

Winkler EA, Bell RD, Zlokovic BV. Central nervous system pericytes in health and disease. Nat Neurosci. 2011 Nov; 14(11):1398-405. View in: PubMed

Sagare AP, Winkler EA, Bell RD, Deane R, Zlokovic BV. From the liver to the blood-brain barrier: an interconnected system regulating brain amyloid-ß levels. J Neurosci Res. 2011 Jul; 89(7):967-8. View in: PubMed

Zhong Z, Winkler EA, Zlokovic BV. Microhemorrhages: undetectable but clinically meaningful the question persists. Amyotroph Lateral Scler. 2011 May; 12(3):231-2; author reply 233-4. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV, Griffin JH. Cytoprotective protein C pathways and implications for stroke and neurological disorders. Trends Neurosci. 2011 Apr; 34(4):198-209. View in: PubMed

Winkler EA, Bell RD, Zlokovic BV. Lack of Smad or Notch leads to a fatal game of brain pericyte hopscotch. Dev Cell. 2011 Mar 15; 20(3):279-80. View in: PubMed

Polesskaya O, Silva J, Sanfilippo C, Desrosiers T, Sun A, Shen J, Feng C, Polesskiy A, Deane R, Zlokovic B, Kasischke K, Dewhurst S. Methamphetamine causes sustained depression in cerebral blood flow. Brain Res. 2011 Feb 10; 1373:91-100. View in: PubMed

Guo H, Barrett TM, Zhong Z, Fernández JA, Griffin JH, Freeman RS, Zlokovic BV. Protein S blocks the extrinsic apoptotic cascade in tissue plasminogen activator/N-methyl D-aspartate-treated neurons via Tyro3-Akt-FKHRL1 signaling pathway. Mol Neurodegener. 2011; 6:13. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. Neurovascular pathways to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease and other disorders. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2011; 12(12):723-38. View in: PubMed

Sagare AP, Deane R, Zetterberg H, Wallin A, Blennow K, Zlokovic BV. Impaired lipoprotein receptor-mediated peripheral binding of plasma amyloid-ß is an early biomarker for mild cognitive impairment preceding Alzheimer's disease. J Alzheimers Dis. 2011; 24(1):25-34. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. Neurodegeneration and the neurovascular unit. Nat Med. 2010 Dec; 16(12):1370-1. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV, Deane R, Sagare AP, Bell RD, Winkler EA. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1: a serial clearance homeostatic mechanism controlling Alzheimer's amyloid ß-peptide elimination from the brain. J Neurochem. 2010 Dec; 115(5):1077-89. View in: PubMed

Zhong Z, Wang Y, Guo H, Sagare A, Fernández JA, Bell RD, Barrett TM, Griffin JH, Freeman RS, Zlokovic BV. Protein S protects neurons from excitotoxic injury by activating the TAM receptor Tyro3-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt pathway through its sex hormone-binding globulin-like region. J Neurosci. 2010 Nov 17; 30(46):15521-34. View in: PubMed

Bell RD, Winkler EA, Sagare AP, Singh I, LaRue B, Deane R, Zlokovic BV. Pericytes control key neurovascular functions and neuronal phenotype in the adult brain and during brain aging. Neuron. 2010 Nov 4; 68(3):409-27. View in: PubMed

Vates GE, Takano T, Zlokovic B, Nedergaard M. Pericyte constriction after stroke: the jury is still out. Nat Med. 2010 Sep; 16(9):959; author reply 960. View in: PubMed

Walker CT, Marky AH, Petraglia AL, Ali T, Chow N, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C analog with reduced anticoagulant activity improves functional recovery and reduces bleeding risk following controlled cortical impact. Brain Res. 2010 Aug 6; 1347:125-31. View in: PubMed

Zhu D, Wang Y, Singh I, Bell RD, Deane R, Zhong Z, Sagare A, Winkler EA, Zlokovic BV. Protein S controls hypoxic/ischemic blood-brain barrier disruption through the TAM receptor Tyro3 and sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor. Blood. 2010 Jun 10; 115(23):4963-72. View in: PubMed

Menon P, Deane R, Sagare A, Lane SM, Zarcone TJ, O'Dell MR, Yan C, Zlokovic BV, Berk BC. Impaired spine formation and learning in GPCR kinase 2 interacting protein-1 (GIT1) knockout mice. Brain Res. 2010 Mar 4; 1317:218-26. View in: PubMed

Winkler EA, Bell RD, Zlokovic BV. Pericyte-specific expression of PDGF beta receptor in mouse models with normal and deficient PDGF beta receptor signaling. Mol Neurodegener. 2010; 5:32. View in: PubMed

Petraglia AL, Marky AH, Walker C, Thiyagarajan M, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C is neuroprotective and mediates new blood vessel formation and neurogenesis after controlled cortical impact. Neurosurgery. 2010 Jan; 66(1):165-71; discussion 171-2. View in: PubMed

Fernández JA, Heeb MJ, Xu X, Singh I, Zlokovic BV, Griffin JH. Species-specific anticoagulant and mitogenic activities of murine protein S. Haematologica. 2009 Dec; 94(12):1721-31. View in: PubMed

Zhong Z, Ilieva H, Hallagan L, Bell R, Singh I, Paquette N, Thiyagarajan M, Deane R, Fernandez JA, Lane S, Zlokovic AB, Liu T, Griffin JH, Chow N, Castellino FJ, Stojanovic K, Cleveland DW, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C therapy slows ALS-like disease in mice by transcriptionally inhibiting SOD1 in motor neurons and microglia cells. J Clin Invest. 2009 Nov; 119(11):3437-49. View in: PubMed

Bell RD, Zlokovic BV. Neurovascular mechanisms and blood-brain barrier disorder in Alzheimer's disease. Acta Neuropathol. 2009 Jul; 118(1):103-13. View in: PubMed

Wang Y, Thiyagarajan M, Chow N, Singh I, Guo H, Davis TP, Zlokovic BV. Differential neuroprotection and risk for bleeding from activated protein C with varying degrees of anticoagulant activity. Stroke. 2009 May; 40(5):1864-9. View in: PubMed

Guo H, Wang Y, Singh I, Liu D, Fernández JA, Griffin JH, Chow N, Zlokovic BV. Species-dependent neuroprotection by activated protein C mutants with reduced anticoagulant activity. J Neurochem. 2009 Apr; 109(1):116-24. View in: PubMed

Guo H, Singh I, Wang Y, Deane R, Barrett T, Fernández JA, Chow N, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Neuroprotective activities of activated protein C mutant with reduced anticoagulant activity. Eur J Neurosci. 2009 Mar; 29(6):1119-30. View in: PubMed

Bell RD, Deane R, Chow N, Long X, Sagare A, Singh I, Streb JW, Guo H, Rubio A, Van Nostrand W, Miano JM, Zlokovic BV. SRF and myocardin regulate LRP-mediated amyloid-beta clearance in brain vascular cells. Nat Cell Biol. 2009 Feb; 11(2):143-53. View in: PubMed

Deane R, LaRue B, Sagare AP, Castellino FJ, Zhong Z, Zlokovic BV. Endothelial protein C receptor-assisted transport of activated protein C across the mouse blood-brain barrier. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2009 Jan; 29(1):25-33. View in: PubMed

Deane R, Sagare A, Hamm K, Parisi M, Lane S, Finn MB, Holtzman DM, Zlokovic BV. apoE isoform-specific disruption of amyloid beta peptide clearance from mouse brain. J Clin Invest. 2008 Dec; 118(12):4002-13. View in: PubMed

Thiyagarajan M, Fernández JA, Lane SM, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C promotes neovascularization and neurogenesis in postischemic brain via protease-activated receptor 1. J Neurosci. 2008 Nov 26; 28(48):12788-97. View in: PubMed

Long X, Bell RD, Gerthoffer WT, Zlokovic BV, Miano JM. Myocardin is sufficient for a smooth muscle-like contractile phenotype. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2008 Aug; 28(8):1505-10. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. New therapeutic targets in the neurovascular pathway in Alzheimer's disease. Neurotherapeutics. 2008 Jul; 5(3):409-14. View in: PubMed

Teng H, Zhang ZG, Wang L, Zhang RL, Zhang L, Morris D, Gregg SR, Wu Z, Jiang A, Lu M, Zlokovic BV, Chopp M. Coupling of angiogenesis and neurogenesis in cultured endothelial cells and neural progenitor cells after stroke. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2008 Apr; 28(4):764-71. View in: PubMed

Zhong Z, Deane R, Ali Z, Parisi M, Shapovalov Y, O'Banion MK, Stojanovic K, Sagare A, Boillee S, Cleveland DW, Zlokovic BV. ALS-causing SOD1 mutants generate vascular changes prior to motor neuron degeneration. Nat Neurosci. 2008 Apr; 11(4):420-2. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. The blood-brain barrier in health and chronic neurodegenerative disorders. Neuron. 2008 Jan 24; 57(2):178-201. View in: PubMed

Sagare A, Deane R, Bell RD, Johnson B, Hamm K, Pendu R, Marky A, Lenting PJ, Wu Z, Zarcone T, Goate A, Mayo K, Perlmutter D, Coma M, Zhong Z, Zlokovic BV. Clearance of amyloid-beta by circulating lipoprotein receptors. Nat Med. 2007 Sep; 13(9):1029-31. View in: PubMed

Bell RD, Sagare AP, Friedman AE, Bedi GS, Holtzman DM, Deane R, Zlokovic BV. Transport pathways for clearance of human Alzheimer's amyloid beta-peptide and apolipoproteins E and J in the mouse central nervous system. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2007 May; 27(5):909-18. View in: PubMed

Mosnier LO, Zlokovic BV, Griffin JH. The cytoprotective protein C pathway. Blood. 2007 Apr 15; 109(8):3161-72. View in: PubMed

Deane R, Zlokovic BV. Role of the blood-brain barrier in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Curr Alzheimer Res. 2007 Apr; 4(2):191-7. View in: PubMed

Thiyagarajan M, Cheng T, Zlokovic BV. Endothelial cell protein C receptor: role beyond endothelium? Circ Res. 2007 Feb 2; 100(2):155-7. View in: PubMed

Takano T, Han X, Deane R, Zlokovic B, Nedergaard M. Two-photon imaging of astrocytic Ca2+ signaling and the microvasculature in experimental mice models of Alzheimer's disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Feb; 1097:40-50. View in: PubMed

Chow N, Bell RD, Deane R, Streb JW, Chen J, Brooks A, Van Nostrand W, Miano JM, Zlokovic BV. Serum response factor and myocardin mediate arterial hypercontractility and cerebral blood flow dysregulation in Alzheimer's phenotype. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jan 16; 104(3):823-8. View in: PubMed

Cheng T, Petraglia AL, Li Z, Thiyagarajan M, Zhong Z, Wu Z, Liu D, Maggirwar SB, Deane R, Fernández JA, LaRue B, Griffin JH, Chopp M, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C inhibits tissue plasminogen activator-induced brain hemorrhage. Nat Med. 2006 Nov; 12(11):1278-85. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. Remodeling after stroke. Nat Med. 2006 Apr; 12(4):390-1. View in: PubMed

Griffin JH, Fernández JA, Mosnier LO, Liu D, Cheng T, Guo H, Zlokovic BV. The promise of protein C. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2006 Mar-Apr; 36(2):211-6. View in: PubMed

Deane R, Sagare A, Hamm K, Parisi M, LaRue B, Guo H, Wu Z, Holtzman DM, Zlokovic BV. IgG-assisted age-dependent clearance of Alzheimer's amyloid beta peptide by the blood-brain barrier neonatal Fc receptor. J Neurosci. 2005 Dec 14; 25(50):11495-503. View in: PubMed

Cirrito JR, Deane R, Fagan AM, Spinner ML, Parsadanian M, Finn MB, Jiang H, Prior JL, Sagare A, Bales KR, Paul SM, Zlokovic BV, Piwnica-Worms D, Holtzman DM. P-glycoprotein deficiency at the blood-brain barrier increases amyloid-beta deposition in an Alzheimer disease mouse model. J Clin Invest. 2005 Nov; 115(11):3285-90. View in: PubMed

Wu Z, Guo H, Chow N, Sallstrom J, Bell RD, Deane R, Brooks AI, Kanagala S, Rubio A, Sagare A, Liu D, Li F, Armstrong D, Gasiewicz T, Zidovetzki R, Song X, Hofman F, Zlokovic BV. Role of the MEOX2 homeobox gene in neurovascular dysfunction in Alzheimer disease. Nat Med. 2005 Sep; 11(9):959-65. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV, Zhang C, Liu D, Fernandez J, Griffin JH, Chopp M. Functional recovery after embolic stroke in rodents by activated protein C. Ann Neurol. 2005 Sep; 58(3):474-7. View in: PubMed

Giri RK, Rajagopal V, Shahi S, Zlokovic BV, Kalra VK. Mechanism of amyloid peptide induced CCR5 expression in monocytes and its inhibition by siRNA for Egr-1. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2005 Aug; 289(2):C264-76. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. Neurovascular mechanisms of Alzheimer's neurodegeneration. Trends Neurosci. 2005 Apr; 28(4):202-8. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV, Deane R, Sallstrom J, Chow N, Miano JM. Neurovascular pathways and Alzheimer amyloid beta-peptide. Brain Pathol. 2005 Jan; 15(1):78-83. View in: PubMed

Liu D, Cheng T, Guo H, Fernández JA, Griffin JH, Song X, Zlokovic BV. Tissue plasminogen activator neurovascular toxicity is controlled by activated protein C. Nat Med. 2004 Dec; 10(12):1379-83. View in: PubMed

Deane R, Wu Z, Zlokovic BV. RAGE (yin) versus LRP (yang) balance regulates alzheimer amyloid beta-peptide clearance through transport across the blood-brain barrier. Stroke. 2004 Nov; 35(11 Suppl 1):2628-31. View in: PubMed

LaRue B, Hogg E, Sagare A, Jovanovic S, Maness L, Maurer C, Deane R, Zlokovic BV. Method for measurement of the blood-brain barrier permeability in the perfused mouse brain: application to amyloid-beta peptide in wild type and Alzheimer's Tg2576 mice. J Neurosci Methods. 2004 Sep 30; 138(1-2):233-42. View in: PubMed

Deane R, Wu Z, Sagare A, Davis J, Du Yan S, Hamm K, Xu F, Parisi M, LaRue B, Hu HW, Spijkers P, Guo H, Song X, Lenting PJ, Van Nostrand WE, Zlokovic BV. LRP/amyloid beta-peptide interaction mediates differential brain efflux of Abeta isoforms. Neuron. 2004 Aug 5; 43(3):333-44. View in: PubMed

Filbrandt CR, Wu Z, Zlokovic B, Opanashuk L, Gasiewicz TA. Presence and functional activity of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in isolated murine cerebral vascular endothelial cells and astrocytes. Neurotoxicology. 2004 Jun; 25(4):605-16. View in: PubMed

Davis J, Xu F, Deane R, Romanov G, Previti ML, Zeigler K, Zlokovic BV, Van Nostrand WE. Early-onset and robust cerebral microvascular accumulation of amyloid beta-protein in transgenic mice expressing low levels of a vasculotropic Dutch/Iowa mutant form of amyloid beta-protein precursor. J Biol Chem. 2004 May 7; 279(19):20296-306. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. Clearing amyloid through the blood-brain barrier. J Neurochem. 2004 May; 89(4):807-11. View in: PubMed

Griffin JH, Fernández JA, Liu D, Cheng T, Guo H, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C and ischemic stroke. Crit Care Med. 2004 May; 32(5 Suppl):S247-53. View in: PubMed

Guo H, Liu D, Gelbard H, Cheng T, Insalaco R, Fernández JA, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C prevents neuronal apoptosis via protease activated receptors 1 and 3. Neuron. 2004 Feb 19; 41(4):563-72. View in: PubMed

Deane R, Zheng W, Zlokovic BV. Brain capillary endothelium and choroid plexus epithelium regulate transport of transferrin-bound and free iron into the rat brain. J Neurochem. 2004 Feb; 88(4):813-20. View in: PubMed

Wu Z, Hofman FM, Zlokovic BV. A simple method for isolation and characterization of mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells. J Neurosci Methods. 2003 Nov 30; 130(1):53-63. View in: PubMed

Deane R, Du Yan S, Submamaryan RK, LaRue B, Jovanovic S, Hogg E, Welch D, Manness L, Lin C, Yu J, Zhu H, Ghiso J, Frangione B, Stern A, Schmidt AM, Armstrong DL, Arnold B, Liliensiek B, Nawroth P, Hofman F, Kindy M, Stern D, Zlokovic B. RAGE mediates amyloid-beta peptide transport across the blood-brain barrier and accumulation in brain. Nat Med. 2003 Jul; 9(7):907-13. View in: PubMed

Dömötör E, Benzakour O, Griffin JH, Yule D, Fukudome K, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C alters cytosolic calcium flux in human brain endothelium via binding to endothelial protein C receptor and activation of protease activated receptor-1. Blood. 2003 Jun 15; 101(12):4797-801. View in: PubMed

Fernández JA, Xu X, Liu D, Zlokovic BV, Griffin JH. Recombinant murine-activated protein C is neuroprotective in a murine ischemic stroke model. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2003 May-Jun; 30(3):271-6. View in: PubMed

Liu D, Guo H, Griffin JH, Fernández JA, Zlokovic BV. Protein S confers neuronal protection during ischemic/hypoxic injury in mice. Circulation. 2003 Apr 8; 107(13):1791-6. View in: PubMed

Cheng T, Liu D, Griffin JH, Fernández JA, Castellino F, Rosen ED, Fukudome K, Zlokovic BV. Activated protein C blocks p53-mediated apoptosis in ischemic human brain endothelium and is neuroprotective. Nat Med. 2003 Mar; 9(3):338-42. View in: PubMed

Amar AP, Zlokovic BV, Apuzzo ML. Endovascular restorative neurosurgery: a novel concept for molecular and cellular therapy of the nervous system. Neurosurgery. 2003 Feb; 52(2):402-12; discussion 412-3. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. Current treatments and therapeutic targets in Alzheimer's disease. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2002 Dec 7; 54(12):1533-7. View in: PubMed

Zlokovic BV. Vascular disorder in Alzheimer's disease: role in pathogenesis of dementia and therapeutic targets. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2002 Dec 7; 54(12):1553-9. View in: PubMed

Giri R, Selvaraj S, Miller CA, Hofman F, Yan SD, Stern D, Zlokovic BV, Kalra VK. Effect of endothelial cell polarity on beta-amyloid-induced migration of monocytes across normal and AD endothelium. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2002 Sep; 283(3):C895-904. View in: PubMed

Griffin JH, Zlokovic B, Fernández JA. Activated protein C: potential therapy for severe sepsis, thrombosis, and stroke. Semin Hematol. 2002 Jul; 39(3):197-205. View in: PubMed

Mackic JB, Bading J, Ghiso J, Walker L, Wisniewski T, Frangione B, Zlokovic BV. Circulating amyloid-beta peptide crosses the blood-brain barrier in aged monkeys and contributes to Alzheimer's disease lesions. Vascul Pharmacol. 2002 Jun; 38(6):303-13. View in: PubMed

Bading JR, Yamada S, Mackic JB, Kirkman L, Miller C, Calero M, Ghiso J, Frangione B, Zlokovic BV. Brain clearance of Alzheimer's amyloid-beta40 in the squirrel monkey: a SPECT study in a primate model of cerebral amyloid angiopathy. J Drug Target. 2002 Jun; 10(4):359-68. View in: PubMed

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