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Chih Ping Chou, PhD
Professor of Preventive Medicine
Institute for Health Promotion & Disease Prevention
SSB 302X 2001 N. Soto Street Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 442 8239


Dr. Chou is a Professor of Preventive Medicine. Â His research focuses on the advancement of research methodology and statistical techniques in social and health behavioral research. His research interest falls into three distinct areas: evaluation of prevention intervention of substance use among adolescents; evaluation of substance abuse treatment, and statistical and methodological application and development for prevention research. Â Dr. Chou is an internationally recognized researcher on structural equation modeling. Â He has a well-established record on the application and development of statistical models and research methodologies in prevention research, and has extensive experience in longitudinal analyses of the effects of health promotion interventions, structural equation modeling, multilevel modeling, growth curve modeling and psychometrics analysis. Â Dr. Chou received the Research Scientist Development Award and several research projects from NIH to study advanced statistical methods for prevention research. Â He has also been serving as the directors of measurement core and statistics core for four NIH funded transdisciplinary research centers based at USC. Â Dr. Chou also holds a joint appointment in School of Social Work.


Liao Y, Chou CP, Huh J, Leventhal A, Dunton G. Associations of Affective Responses During Free-Living Physical Activity and Future Physical Activity Levels: an Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. Int J Behav Med. 2016 Dec 22. View in: PubMed

Liao Y, Chou CP, Huh J, Leventhal A, Dunton G. Examining acute bi-directional relationships between affect, physical feeling states, and physical activity in free-living situations using electronic ecological momentary assessment. J Behav Med. 2016 Oct 20. View in: PubMed

Barrington-Trimis JL, Berhane K, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Urman R, Chou CP, Howland S, Wang K, Pentz MA, Gilreath TD, Huh J, Leventhal AM, Samet JM, McConnell R. The E-cigarette Social Environment, E-cigarette Use, and Susceptibility to Cigarette Smoking. J Adolesc Health. 2016 Jul; 59(1):75-80. View in: PubMed

Sussman S, Chou CP, Pang RD, Kirkpatrick M, Guillot CR, Stone M, Khoddam R, Riggs NR, Unger JB, Leventhal AM. Social Self-Control Is a Statistically Nonredundant Correlate of Adolescent Substance Use. Subst Use Misuse. 2016 May 11; 51(6):788-94. View in: PubMed

Li MJ, Frank HG, Harawa NT, Williams JK, Chou CP, Bluthenthal RN. Racial Pride and Condom Use in Post-Incarcerated African-American Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women: Test of a Conceptual Model for the Men in Life Environments Intervention. Arch Sex Behav. 2016 Apr 26. View in: PubMed

An Z, Chou CP. Social Support for First-Time Chinese Mothers in Contexts of Provider-Recipient Relationships. Health Commun. 2016 Apr; 31(4):504-12. View in: PubMed

Tanenbaum HC, Felicitas JQ, Li Y, Tobias M, Chou CP, Palmer PH, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds KD, Anderson Johnson C, Xie B. Overweight Perception: Associations with Weight Control Goals, Attempts, and Practices among Chinese Female College Students. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Mar; 116(3):458-66. View in: PubMed

Gilreath TD, Leventhal A, Barrington-Trimis JL, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Berhane K, Huh J, Urman R, Wang K, Howland S, Pentz MA, Chou CP, McConnell R. Patterns of Alternative Tobacco Product Use: Emergence of Hookah and E-cigarettes as Preferred Products Amongst Youth. J Adolesc Health. 2016 Feb; 58(2):181-5. View in: PubMed

Palinkas LA, Spear SE, Mendon SJ, Villamar J, Valente T, Chou CP, Landsverk J, Kellam SG, Brown CH. Measuring sustainment of prevention programs and initiatives: a study protocol. Implement Sci. 2016; 11(1):95. View in: PubMed

Masood S, Cappelli C, Li Y, Tanenbaum H, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Palmer PH, Johnson CA, Xie B. Cigarette smoking is associated with unhealthy patterns of food consumption, physical activity, sleep impairment, and alcohol drinking in Chinese male adults. Int J Public Health. 2015 Dec; 60(8):891-9. View in: PubMed

Rohrbach LA, Berglas NF, Jerman P, Angulo-Olaiz F, Chou CP, Constantine NA. A Rights-Based Sexuality Education Curriculum for Adolescents: 1-Year Outcomes From a Cluster-Randomized Trial. J Adolesc Health. 2015 Oct; 57(4):399-406. View in: PubMed

Ameringer KJ, Chou CP, Sussman S, Unger JB, Leventhal AM. Identifying Shared Latent Dimensions of Psychological Symptoms: Implications for the Psychological Correlates of Smoking. J Psychopathol Behav Assess. 2015 Sep 1; 37(3):454-468. View in: PubMed

Barrington-Trimis JL, Berhane K, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Huh J, Leventhal AM, Urman R, Wang K, Howland S, Gilreath TD, Chou CP, Pentz MA, McConnell R. Psychosocial Factors Associated With Adolescent Electronic Cigarette and Cigarette Use. Pediatrics. 2015 Aug; 136(2):308-17. View in: PubMed

Ameringer KJ, Chou CP, Leventhal AM. Shared versus specific features of psychological symptoms and cigarettes per day: structural relations and mediation by negative- and positive-reinforcement smoking. J Behav Med. 2015 Apr; 38(2):224-36. View in: PubMed

Tate EB, Unger JB, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Pentz MA, Riggs NR. Children's Executive Function and High-Calorie, Low-Nutrient Food Intake: Mediating Effects of Child-Perceived Adult Fast Food Intake. Health Educ Behav. 2015 Apr; 42(2):163-70. View in: PubMed

Pentz MA, Shin H, Riggs N, Unger JB, Collison KL, Chou CP. Parent, peer, and executive function relationships to early adolescent e-cigarette use: A substance use pathway? Addict Behav. 2015 Mar; 42:73-8. View in: PubMed

Yang Y, Zhao X, Qiu P, Ma X, Chou CP. Integrating spatial technology into studying the generational differences of migrants' health protection status in urban China. Int J Equity Health. 2015; 14(1):27. View in: PubMed

Constantine NA, Jerman P, Berglas NF, Angulo-Olaiz F, Chou CP, Rohrbach LA. Short-term effects of a rights-based sexuality education curriculum for high-school students: a cluster-randomized trial. BMC Public Health. 2015; 15(1):293. View in: PubMed

Felicitas JQ, Tanenbaum HC, Li Y, Chou CP, Palmer PH, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds KD, Johnson CA, Xie B. A Longitudinal Analysis of the Effects of Socioeconomic Factors, Foreign Media, and Attitude toward Appearance on General and Central Adiposity in Chinese Adolescents. Prev Med Rep. 2015; 2:608-214. View in: PubMed

Shen E, Chou CP, Pentz MA, Berhane K. Quantile Mediation Models: A Comparison of Methods for Assessing Mediation Across the Outcome Distribution. Multivariate Behav Res. 2014 Sep-Oct; 49(5):471-85. View in: PubMed

Hsu YW, Chou CP, Belcher BR, Nguyen-Rodriguez ST, Weigensberg MJ, McClain AD, Spruijt-Metz D. Double Jeopardy: Metabolic Syndrome Leads to Increased Sedentary Behavior in Peri-Pubertal Minority Females. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2014 Apr 10. View in: PubMed

Wu S, Ell K, Gross-Schulman SG, Sklaroff LM, Katon WJ, Nezu AM, Lee PJ, Vidyanti I, Chou CP, Guterman JJ. Technology-facilitated depression care management among predominantly Latino diabetes patients within a public safety net care system: Comparative effectiveness trial design. Contemp Clin Trials. 2014 Mar; 37(2):342-54. View in: PubMed

Shin HS, Valente TW, Riggs NR, Huh J, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou CP, Ann Pentz M. The interaction of social networks and child obesity prevention program effects: The pathways trial. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Feb 25. View in: PubMed

Dunton GF, Liao Y, Grana R, Lagloire R, Riggs N, Chou CP, Robertson T. State-wide dissemination of a school-based nutrition education programme: a RE-AIM (Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) analysis. Public Health Nutr. 2014 Feb; 17(2):422-30. View in: PubMed

Spruijt-Metz D, Belcher BR, Hsu YW, McClain AD, Chou CP, Nguyen-Rodriguez S, Weigensberg MJ, Goran MI. Temporal relationship between insulin sensitivity and the pubertal decline in physical activity in peripubertal Hispanic and African American females. Diabetes Care. 2013 Nov; 36(11):3739-45. View in: PubMed

Huh J, Huang Z, Liao Y, Pentz M, Chou CP. Transitional life events and trajectories of cigarette and alcohol use during emerging adulthood: latent class analysis and growth mixture modeling. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2013 Sep; 74(5):727-35. View in: PubMed

Liao Y, Huang Z, Huh J, Pentz MA, Chou CP. Changes in friends' and parental influences on cigarette smoking from early through late adolescence. J Adolesc Health. 2013 Jul; 53(1):132-8. View in: PubMed

Wong CF, Schrager SM, Chou CP, Weiss G, Kipke MD. Changes in developmental contexts as predictors of transitions in HIV-risk behaviors among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Am J Community Psychol. 2013 Jun; 51(3-4):439-50. View in: PubMed

Forster M, Dyal SR, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Chou CP, Soto DW, Unger JB. Bullying victimization as a mediator of associations between cultural/familial variables, substance use, and depressive symptoms among Hispanic youth. Ethn Health. 2013; 18(4):415-32. View in: PubMed

Guo Q, Unger JB, Palmer PH, Chou CP, Johnson CA. The role of cognitive attributions for smoking in subsequent smoking progression and regression among adolescents in China. Addict Behav. 2013 Jan; 38(1):1493-8. View in: PubMed

Chang MC, Parham LD, Blanche EI, Schell A, Chou CP, Dawson M, Clark F. Autonomic and behavioral responses of children with autism to auditory stimuli. Am J Occup Ther. 2012 Sep; 66(5):567-76. View in: PubMed

Clark F, Jackson J, Carlson M, Chou CP, Cherry BJ, Jordan-Marsh M, Knight BG, Mandel D, Blanchard J, Granger DA, Wilcox RR, Lai MY, White B, Hay J, Lam C, Marterella A, Azen SP. Effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention in promoting the well-being of independently living older people: results of the Well Elderly 2 Randomised Controlled Trial. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Sep; 66(9):782-90. View in: PubMed

Dunton GF, Liao Y, Almanza E, Jerrett M, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou CP, Pentz MA. Joint physical activity and sedentary behavior in parent-child pairs. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Aug; 44(8):1473-80. View in: PubMed

Ell K, Katon W, Lee PJ, Kapetanovic S, Guterman J, Xie B, Chou CP. Depressive Symptom Deterioration among Predominantly Hispanic Diabetes Patients in Safety Net Care. Psychosomatics. 2012 Jul; 53(4):347-55. View in: PubMed

Hasson RE, Adam TC, Davis JN, Kelly LA, Ventura EE, Byrd-Williams CE, Toledo-Corral CM, Roberts CK, Lane CJ, Azen SP, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Weigensberg MJ, Berhane K, Goran MI. Randomized controlled trial to improve adiposity, inflammation, and insulin resistance in obese african-american and latino youth. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Apr; 20(4):811-8. View in: PubMed

Riggs NR, Huh J, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Pentz MA. Executive function and latent classes of childhood obesity risk. J Behav Med. 2012 Jan 5. View in: PubMed

Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou CP, Pentz MA. Relationships between executive cognitive function and lifetime substance use and obesity-related behaviors in fourth grade youth. Child Neuropsychol. 2012 Jan; 18(1):1-11. View in: PubMed

Pentz MA, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou CP, Riggs NR. High calorie, low nutrient food/beverage intake and video gaming in children as potential signals for addictive behavior. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 Dec; 8(12):4406-24. View in: PubMed

Ell K, Katon W, Xie B, Lee PJ, Kapetanovic S, Guterman J, Chou CP. One-year postcollaborative depression care trial outcomes among predominantly Hispanic diabetes safety net patients. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2011 Sep-Oct; 33(5):436-42. View in: PubMed

Wagner KD, Lankenau SE, Palinkas LA, Richardson JL, Chou CP, Unger JB. The influence of the perceived consequences of refusing to share injection equipment among injection drug users: balancing competing risks. Addict Behav. 2011 Aug; 36(8):835-42. View in: PubMed

Hsu YW, Johnson CA, Chou CP, Unger JB, Sun P, Xie B, Palmer PH, Gallaher PE, Spruijt-Metz D. Correlates of overweight status in Chinese youth: an East-West paradox. Am J Health Behav. 2011 Jul; 35(4):496-506. View in: PubMed

Fujimoto K, Chou CP, Valente TW. The Network Autocorrelation Model using Two-mode Data: Affiliation Exposure and Potential Bias in the Autocorrelation Parameter. Soc Networks. 2011 Jul 1; 33(3):231-243. View in: PubMed

Palmer PH, Xie B, Lee L, Chou CP, Sun P, Hemingway B, Johnson CA. The China Seven Cities Study (CSCS) consortium: adapting evidence-based prevention science from west to east. Transl Behav Med. 2011 Jun; 1(2):283-8. View in: PubMed

Carlson M, Wilcox R, Chou CP, Chang M, Yang F, Blanchard J, Marterella A, Kuo A, Clark F. Psychometric properties of reverse-scored items on the CES-D in a sample of ethnically diverse older adults. Psychol Assess. 2011 Jun; 23(2):558-62. View in: PubMed

Li D, London SJ, Liu J, Lee W, Jiang X, Van Den Berg D, Bergen AW, Nishita D, Waleh N, Swan GE, Gallaher P, Chou CP, Shih JC, Unger JB, Gauderman WJ, Gilliland F, Johnson CA, Conti DV. Association of the calcyon neuron-specific vesicular protein gene (CALY) with adolescent smoking initiation in China and California. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 May 1; 173(9):1039-48. View in: PubMed

Rollins BY, Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, McClain AD, Chou CP, Pentz MA. Psychometrics of the Eating in Emotional Situations Questionnaire (EESQ) among low-income Latino elementary-school children. Eat Behav. 2011 Apr; 12(2):156-9. View in: PubMed

Huh J, Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou CP, Huang Z, Pentz M. Identifying patterns of eating and physical activity in children: a latent class analysis of obesity risk. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Mar; 19(3):652-8. View in: PubMed

Hsu YW, Chou CP, Nguyen-Rodriguez ST, McClain AD, Belcher BR, Spruijt-Metz D. Influences of social support, perceived barriers, and negative meanings of physical activity on physical activity in middle school students. J Phys Act Health. 2011 Feb; 8(2):210-9. View in: PubMed

Ell K, Xie B, Kapetanovic S, Quinn DI, Lee PJ, Wells A, Chou CP. One-year follow-up of collaborative depression care for low-income, predominantly Hispanic patients with cancer. Psychiatr Serv. 2011 Feb; 62(2):162-70. View in: PubMed

Xie B, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Palmer PH, Wu Q, Gallaher P, Johnson CA. Longitudinal analysis of weight perception and psychological factors in Chinese adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2011 Jan-Feb; 35(1):92-104. View in: PubMed

Sattler F, Bhasin S, He J, Chou CP, Castaneda-Sceppa C, Yarasheski K, Binder E, Schroeder ET, Kawakubo M, Zhang A, Roubenoff R, Azen S. Testosterone threshold levels and lean tissue mass targets needed to enhance skeletal muscle strength and function: the HORMA trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011 Jan; 66(1):122-9. View in: PubMed

Chou CP, Chi F, Weisner C, Pentz M, Hser YI. Initial Status in Growth Curve Modeling for Randomized Trials. J Drug Issues. 2010 Dec; 40(1):155-172. View in: PubMed

Belcher BR, Berrigan D, Dodd KW, Emken BA, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D. Physical activity in US youth: effect of race/ethnicity, age, gender, and weight status. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010 Dec; 42(12):2211-21. View in: PubMed

Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, Sakuma KL, Chou CP, Pentz MA. Executive cognitive function and food intake in children. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2010 Nov-Dec; 42(6):398-403. View in: PubMed

Wagner KD, Lankenau SE, Palinkas LA, Richardson JL, Chou CP, Unger JB. The perceived consequences of safer injection: an exploration of qualitative findings and gender differences. Psychol Health Med. 2010 Oct; 15(5):560-73. View in: PubMed

Spruijt-Metz D, Wolch J, Jerrett M, Byrne J, Hsieh S, Myles R, Xie B, Wang L, Chou CP, Reynolds KD. Development, reliability, and validity of an urban trail use survey. Am J Health Promot. 2010 Sep-Oct; 25(1):2-11. View in: PubMed

Xie B, Unger JB, Gallaher P, Johnson CA, Wu Q, Chou CP. Overweight, body image, and depression in Asian and Hispanic adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2010 Jul-Aug; 34(4):476-88. View in: PubMed

Ell K, Aranda MP, Xie B, Lee PJ, Chou CP. Collaborative depression treatment in older and younger adults with physical illness: pooled comparative analysis of three randomized clinical trials. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010 Jun; 18(6):520-30. View in: PubMed

Ell K, Katon W, Xie B, Lee PJ, Kapetanovic S, Guterman J, Chou CP. Collaborative care management of major depression among low-income, predominantly Hispanic subjects with diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2010 Apr; 33(4):706-13. View in: PubMed

Wu Q, Xie B, Chou CP, Palmer PH, Gallaher PE, Johnson CA. Understanding the effect of social capital on the depression of urban Chinese adolescents: an integrative framework. Am J Community Psychol. 2010 Mar; 45(1-2):1-16. View in: PubMed

Wagner KD, Ritt-Olson A, Chou CP, Pokhrel P, Duan L, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Soto DW, Unger JB. Associations between family structure, family functioning, and substance use among Hispanic/Latino adolescents. Psychol Addict Behav. 2010 Mar; 24(1):98-108. View in: PubMed

Guo Q, Unger JB, Azen SP, Li C, Spruijt-Metz D, Palmer PH, Chou CP, Lee L, Sun P, Johnson CA. Cognitive attributions for smoking among adolescents in China. Addict Behav. 2010 Feb; 35(2):95-101. View in: PubMed

Riggs N, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Pentz MA. Executive cognitive function as a correlate and predictor of child food intake and physical activity. Child Neuropsychol. 2010; 16(3):279-92. View in: PubMed

Riggs NR, Chou CP, Pentz MA. Preventing growth in amphetamine use: long-term effects of the Midwestern Prevention Project (MPP) from early adolescence to early adulthood. Addiction. 2009 Oct; 104(10):1691-9. View in: PubMed

Valente TW, Fujimoto K, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D. Adolescent affiliations and adiposity: a social network analysis of friendships and obesity. J Adolesc Health. 2009 Aug; 45(2):202-4. View in: PubMed

Davis JN, Kelly LA, Lane CJ, Ventura EE, Byrd-Williams CE, Alexandar KA, Azen SP, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Weigensberg MJ, Berhane K, Goran MI. Randomized control trial to improve adiposity and insulin resistance in overweight Latino adolescents. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Aug; 17(8):1542-8. View in: PubMed

Dunton GF, Spruijt-Metz D, Wolch J, Chou CP, Jerrett M, Byrne J, Weaver S, Reynolds KD. Reasons for urban trail use predict levels of trail-related physical activity. J Phys Act Health. 2009 Jul; 6(4):426-34. View in: PubMed

Myers R, Chou CP, Sussman S, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Pachon H, Valente TW. Acculturation and substance use: social influence as a mediator among Hispanic alternative high school youth. J Health Soc Behav. 2009 Jun; 50(2):164-79. View in: PubMed

Spruijt-Metz D, Belcher B, Anderson D, Lane CJ, Chou CP, Salter-Venzon D, Davis JN, Hsu YW, Neuhouser ML, Richey JM, McKenzie TL, McClain A, Goran MI, Weigensberg MJ. A high-sugar/low-fiber meal compared with a low-sugar/high-fiber meal leads to higher leptin and physical activity levels in overweight Latina females. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Jun; 109(6):1058-63. View in: PubMed

Duan L, Chou CP, Andreeva VA, Pentz MA. Trajectories of peer social influences as long-term predictors of drug use from early through late adolescence. J Youth Adolesc. 2009 Mar; 38(3):454-65. View in: PubMed

Riggs NR, Chou CP, Pentz MA. Protecting against intergenerational problem behavior: mediational effects of prevented marijuana use on second-generation parent-child relationships and child impulsivity. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009 Feb 1; 100(1-2):153-60. View in: PubMed

Jackson J, Mandel D, Blanchard J, Carlson M, Cherry B, Azen S, Chou CP, Jordan-Marsh M, Forman T, White B, Granger D, Knight B, Clark F. Confronting challenges in intervention research with ethnically diverse older adults: the USC Well Elderly II Trial. Clin Trials. 2009 Feb; 6(1):90-101. View in: PubMed

Ma H, Unger JB, Chou CP, Sun P, Palmer PH, Zhou Y, Yao J, Xie B, Gallaher PE, Guo Q, Wei Y, Chen B, Wang Z, Wang X, Duan H, Song Y, Gong J, Azen SP, Lee L, Johnson CA. Risk factors for adolescent smoking in urban and rural China: findings from the China seven cities study. Addict Behav. 2008 Aug; 33(8):1081-5. View in: PubMed

Andreeva VA, Reynolds KD, Buller DB, Chou CP, Yaroch AL. Concurrent psychosocial predictors of sun safety among middle school youth. J Sch Health. 2008 Jul; 78(7):374-81; quiz 408-10. View in: PubMed

Nguyen-Rodriguez ST, Chou CP, Unger JB, Spruijt-Metz D. BMI as a moderator of perceived stress and emotional eating in adolescents. Eat Behav. 2008 Apr; 9(2):238-46. View in: PubMed

Jasuja GK, Chou CP, Riggs NR, Pentz MA. Early cigarette use and psychological distress as predictors of obesity risk in adulthood. Nicotine Tob Res. 2008 Feb; 10(2):325-35. View in: PubMed

Weiss JW, Palmer PH, Chou CP, Mouttapa M, Johnson CA. Association between psychological factors and adolescent smoking in seven cities in China. Int J Behav Med. 2008; 15(2):149-56. View in: PubMed

Spruijt-Metz D, Nguyen-Michel ST, Goran MI, Chou CP, Huang TT. Reducing sedentary behavior in minority girls via a theory-based, tailored classroom media intervention. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2008; 3(4):240-8. View in: PubMed

Hser YI, Huang D, Chou CP, Anglin MD. Trajectories of heroin addiction: growth mixture modeling results based on a 33-year follow-up study. Eval Rev. 2007 Dec; 31(6):548-63. View in: PubMed

Liu C, Xie B, Chou CP, Koprowski C, Zhou D, Palmer P, Sun P, Guo Q, Duan L, Sun X, Anderson Johnson C. Perceived stress, depression and food consumption frequency in the college students of China Seven Cities. Physiol Behav. 2007 Nov 23; 92(4):748-54. View in: PubMed

Sun P, Unger JB, Guo Q, Gong J, Ma H, Palmer PH, Chou CP, Li Y, Sussman S, Ritt-Olson A, Xiao L, Johnson CA. Comorbidity between depression and smoking moderates the effect of a smoking prevention program among boys in China. Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Nov; 9 Suppl 4:S599-609. View in: PubMed

Riggs NR, Chou CP, Li C, Pentz MA. Adolescent to emerging adulthood smoking trajectories: when do smoking trajectories diverge, and do they predict early adulthood nicotine dependence? Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Nov; 9(11):1147-54. View in: PubMed

Hoffman BR, Monge PR, Chou CP, Valente TW. Perceived peer influence and peer selection on adolescent smoking. Addict Behav. 2007 Aug; 32(8):1546-54. View in: PubMed

Xie B, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Clark F, Palmer PH, Gallaher P, Sun P, Guo Q, Johnson CA. Socio-demographic and economic correlates of overweight status in Chinese adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2007 Jul-Aug; 31(4):339-52. View in: PubMed

Guo Q, Johnson CA, Unger JB, Lee L, Xie B, Chou CP, Palmer PH, Sun P, Gallaher P, Pentz M. Utility of the theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior for predicting Chinese adolescent smoking. Addict Behav. 2007 May; 32(5):1066-81. View in: PubMed

Reynolds KD, Wolch J, Byrne J, Chou CP, Feng G, Weaver S, Jerrett M. Trail characteristics as correlates of urban trail use. Am J Health Promot. 2007 Mar-Apr; 21(4 Suppl):335-45. View in: PubMed

Sun W, Chou CP, Stacy AW, Ma H, Unger J, Gallaher P. SAS and SPSS macros to calculate standardized Cronbach's alpha using the upper bound of the phi coefficient for dichotomous items. Behav Res Methods. 2007 Feb; 39(1):71-81. View in: PubMed

Johnson CA, Xie B, Liu C, Reynolds KD, Chou CP, Koprowski C, Gallaher P, Spruitj-Metz D, Guo Q, Sun P, Gong J, Palmer P. Socio-demographic and cultural comparison of overweight and obesity risk and prevalence in adolescents in Southern California and Wuhan, China. J Adolesc Health. 2006 Dec; 39(6):925. e1-8. View in: PubMed

Anderson Johnson C, Palmer PH, Chou CP, Pang Z, Zhou D, Dong L, Xiang H, Yang P, Xu H, Wang J, Fu X, Guo Q, Sun P, Ma H, Gallaher PE, Xie B, Lee L, Fang T, Unger JB. Tobacco use among youth and adults in Mainland China: the China Seven Cities Study. Public Health. 2006 Dec; 120(12):1156-69. View in: PubMed

Sun W, Andreeva VA, Unger JB, Conti DV, Chou CP, Palmer PH, Sun P, Johnson CA. Age-related smoking progression among adolescents in China. J Adolesc Health. 2006 Nov; 39(5):686-93. View in: PubMed

Grenard JL, Guo Q, Jasuja GK, Unger JB, Chou CP, Gallaher PE, Sun P, Palmer P, Anderson Johnson C. Influences affecting adolescent smoking behavior in China. Nicotine Tob Res. 2006 Apr; 8(2):245-55. View in: PubMed

Chou CP, Li Y, Unger JB, Xia J, Sun P, Guo Q, Shakib S, Gong J, Xie B, Liu C, Azen S, Shan J, Ma H, Palmer P, Gallaher P, Johnson CA. A randomized intervention of smoking for adolescents in urban Wuhan, China. Prev Med. 2006 Apr; 42(4):280-5. View in: PubMed

Xie B, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Clark F, Palmer PH, Gallaher P, Sun P, Guo Q, Johnson CA. Weight perception, academic performance, and psychological factors in Chinese adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2006 Mar-Apr; 30(2):115-24. View in: PubMed

Xie B, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Clark F, Palmer PH, Gallaher P, Sun P, Guo Q, Johnson CA. Weight perception and weight-related sociocultural and behavioral factors in Chinese adolescents. Prev Med. 2006 Mar; 42(3):229-34. View in: PubMed

Weiss JW, Spruijt-Metz D, Palmer PH, Chou CP, Johnson CA. Smoking among adolescents in China: an analysis based upon the meanings of smoking theory. Am J Health Promot. 2006 Jan-Feb; 20(3):171-8. View in: PubMed

Sun P, Unger JB, Palmer PH, Gallaher P, Chou CP, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Sussman S, Johnson CA. Internet accessibility and usage among urban adolescents in Southern California: implications for web-based health research. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2005 Oct; 8(5):441-53. View in: PubMed

Johnson CA, Unger JB, Ritt-Olson A, Palmer PH, Cen SY, Gallaher P, Chou CP. Smoking prevention for ethnically diverse adolescents: 2-year outcomes of a multicultural, school-based smoking prevention curriculum in Southern California. Prev Med. 2005 Jun; 40(6):842-52. View in: PubMed

Weiss JW, Mouttapa M, Chou CP, Nezami E, Anderson Johnson C, Palmer PH, Cen S, Gallaher P, Ritt-Olson A, Azen S, Unger JB. Hostility, depressive symptoms, and smoking in early adolescence. J Adolesc. 2005 Feb; 28(1):49-62. View in: PubMed

Trinidad DR, Unger JB, Chou CP, Johnson CA. Emotional intelligence and acculturation to the United States: interactions on the perceived social consequences of smoking in early adolescents. Subst Use Misuse. 2005; 40(11):1697-706. View in: PubMed

Ritt-Olson A, Unger J, Valente T, Nezami E, Chou CP, Trinidad D, Milam J, Earleywine M, Tan S, Johnson CA. Exploring peers as a mediator of the association between depression and smoking in young adolescents. Subst Use Misuse. 2005; 40(1):77-98. View in: PubMed

Reynolds KD, Bishop DB, Chou CP, Xie B, Nebeling L, Perry CL. Contrasting mediating variables in two 5-a-day nutrition intervention programs. Prev Med. 2004 Nov; 39(5):882-93. View in: PubMed

Marie-Mitchell A, Leuchter AF, Chou CP, James Gauderman W, Azen SP. Predictors of improved mood over time in clinical trials for major depression. Psychiatry Res. 2004 Jun 30; 127(1-2):73-84. View in: PubMed

Richardson JL, Milam J, McCutchan A, Stoyanoff S, Bolan R, Weiss J, Kemper C, Larsen RA, Hollander H, Weismuller P, Chou CP, Marks G. Effect of brief safer-sex counseling by medical providers to HIV-1 seropositive patients: a multi-clinic assessment. AIDS. 2004 May 21; 18(8):1179-86. View in: PubMed

Unger JB, Chou CP, Palmer PH, Ritt-Olson A, Gallaher P, Cen S, Lichtman K, Azen S, Johnson CA. Project FLAVOR: 1-Year Outcomes of a Multicultural, School-Based Smoking Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents. Am J Public Health. 2004 Feb; 94(2):263-5. View in: PubMed

Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Azen SP. How can statistical approaches enhance transdisciplinary study of drug misuse prevention? Subst Use Misuse. 2004; 39(10-12):1867-906. View in: PubMed

Spruijt-Metz D, Chou CP. The most critical unresolved issues associated with transdisciplinary substance use prevention research: programs, models, paradigms, concepts, and processes. Subst Use Misuse. 2004; 39(10-12):2071-2. View in: PubMed

Trinidad DR, Unger JB, Chou CP, Azen SP, Johnson CA. Emotional intelligence and smoking risk factors in adolescents: interactions on smoking intentions. J Adolesc Health. 2004 Jan; 34(1):46-55. View in: PubMed

Xie B, Liu C, Chou CP, Xia J, Spruijt-Metz D, Gong J, Li Y, Wang H, Johnson CA. Weight perception and psychological factors in Chinese adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2003 Sep; 33(3):202-10. View in: PubMed

Crawford AM, Pentz MA, Chou CP, Li C, Dwyer JH. Parallel developmental trajectories of sensation seeking and regular substance use in adolescents. Psychol Addict Behav. 2003 Sep; 17(3):179-92. View in: PubMed

Chou CP, Hser YI, Anglin MD. Longitudinal treatment effects among cocaine users: a growth curve modeling approach. Subst Use Misuse. 2003 Jul; 38(9):1323-43. View in: PubMed

Trinidad DR, Chou CP, Unger JB, Johnson CA, Li Y. Family harmony as a protective factor against adolescent tobacco and alcohol use in Wuhan, China. Subst Use Misuse. 2003 Jun; 38(8):1159-71. View in: PubMed

Li C, Pentz MA, Chou CP. Parental substance use as a modifier of adolescent substance use risk. Addiction. 2002 Dec; 97(12):1537-50. View in: PubMed

Unger JB, Yan L, Shakib S, Rohrbach LA, Chen X, Qian G, Chou CP, Jianguo S, Azen S, Zheng H, Johnson CA. Peer influences and access to cigarettes as correlates of adolescent smoking: a cross-cultural comparison of Wuhan, China, and California. Prev Med. 2002 Apr; 34(4):476-84. View in: PubMed

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