Faculty

Back to Index
David L. Skaggs, MD
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Director of Scoliosis and Spinal Deformity
Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
4650 Sunset Blvd Off Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 361 4658

Overview

Dr. Skaggs received his undergraduate degree from Amherst College and his medical degree from Columbia University of Physicians and Surgeons. Dr. Skaggs is on the Board of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, a member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, and the Scoliosis Research Society. Dr. Skaggs is the director of the Scoliosis and Spinal Deformity Program at Children's Hospital Los Angeles. Dr. Skaggs is renowned for his expertise in the treatment of children with spinal deformity, and has been featured on numerous television shows, published over 70 peer-reviewed articles and three textbooks, and has served as a visiting professor at many of the nation’s top medical schools.

Awards

American Orthopaedic Assocation American-British-Canadian Travelling Fellowship

Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America Traveling Fellowship

Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America Young Investigator Award

Columbia University College of Physicians: Rosamond Kane Award, 1994

Columbia University College of Physicians : Rosamond Kane Award, 1994

Publications

Barrett KK, Lee C, Myung K, Johnston C, Shah SA, Akbarnia BA, Skaggs DL. The Effect of Growing Rod Treatment on Hemoglobin and Hematocrit Levels in Early-onset Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Sep; 36(6):618-20. View in: PubMed

Ponrartana S, Fisher CL, Aggabao PC, Chavez TA, Broom AM, Wren TA, Skaggs DL, Gilsanz V. Small vertebral cross-sectional area and tall intervertebral disc in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Sep; 46(10):1424-9. View in: PubMed

Yang S, Andras LM, Redding GJ, Skaggs DL. Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Review of History, Current Treatment, and Future Directions. Pediatrics. 2016 Jan; 137(1):1-12. View in: PubMed

Smith JT, Johnston C, Skaggs D, Flynn J, Vitale M. A New Classification System to Report Complications in Growing Spine Surgery: A Multicenter Consensus Study. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Dec; 35(8):798-803. View in: PubMed

Barrett KK, Andras LM, Tolo VT, Choi PD, Skaggs DL. Measurement Variability in the Evaluation of the Proximal Junction in Distraction-based Growing Rods Patients. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Sep; 35(6):624-7. View in: PubMed

Badkoobehi H, Choi PD, Bae DS, Skaggs DL. Management of the pulseless pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jun 3; 97(11):937-43. View in: PubMed

Ryan DD, Lightdale-Miric NR, Joiner ER, Wren TA, Spragg L, Heffernan MJ, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Variability of the Anterior Humeral Line in Normal Pediatric Elbows. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 May 16. View in: PubMed

Myung KS, Lee C, Skaggs DL. Early pelvic fixation failure in neuromuscular scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Apr-May; 35(3):258-65. View in: PubMed

Blumstein GW, Andras LM, Seehausen DA, Harris L, Ross PA, Skaggs DL. Fever is common postoperatively following posterior spinal fusion: infection is an uncommon cause. J Pediatr. 2015 Mar; 166(3):751-5. View in: PubMed

Seehausen DA, Kay RM, Ryan DD, Skaggs DL. Foam padding in casts accommodates soft tissue swelling and provides circumferential strength after fixation of supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Jan; 35(1):24-7. View in: PubMed

Goldstein RY, Joiner ER, Skaggs DL. Insurance status does not predict curve magnitude in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis at first presentation to an orthopaedic surgeon. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Jan; 35(1):39-42. View in: PubMed

Barrett KK, Skaggs DL, Sawyer JR, Andras L, Moisan A, Goodbody C, Flynn JM. Supracondylar humeral fractures with isolated anterior interosseous nerve injuries: is urgent treatment necessary? J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Nov 5; 96(21):1793-7. View in: PubMed

Goldstein RY, Sunde CD, Assaad P, Grimm J, Skaggs DL, Andras L. Location of the vertebral artery at c1 in children: how far out laterally can one safely dissect? J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Sep 17; 96(18):1552-6. View in: PubMed

Williams BA, Matsumoto H, McCalla DJ, Akbarnia BA, Blakemore LC, Betz RR, Flynn JM, Johnston CE, McCarthy RE, Roye DP, Skaggs DL, Smith JT, Snyder BD, Sponseller PD, Sturm PF, Thompson GH, Yazici M, Vitale MG. Development and Initial Validation of the Classification of Early-Onset Scoliosis (C-EOS). J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Aug 20; 96(16):1359-67. View in: PubMed

Joiner ER, Skaggs DL, Arkader A, Andras LM, Lightdale-Miric NR, Pace JL, Ryan DD. Iatrogenic nerve injuries in the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures: are we really just missing nerve injuries on preoperative examination? J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Jun; 34(4):388-92. View in: PubMed

Myung KS, Skaggs DL, Thompson GH, Emans JB, Akbarnia BA. Nutritional improvement following growing rod surgery in children with early onset scoliosis. J Child Orthop. 2014 May; 8(3):251-6. View in: PubMed

Ramirez RN, Ryan DD, Williams J, Wren TA, Ibrahim D, Weiss JM, Kay RM, Lightdale-Miric N, Skaggs DL. A Line Drawn Along the Radial Shaft Misses the Capitellum in 16% of Radiographs of Normal Elbows. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Apr 29. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Akbarnia BA, Flynn JM, Myung KS, Sponseller PD, Vitale MG. A classification of growth friendly spine implants. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Apr-May; 34(3):260-74. View in: PubMed

Joiner ER, Andras LM, Skaggs DL. Screening for hip dysplasia in congenital muscular torticollis: is physical exam enough? J Child Orthop. 2014 Mar; 8(2):115-9. View in: PubMed

Milewski MD, Skaggs DL, Bishop GA, Pace JL, Ibrahim DA, Wren TA, Barzdukas A. Chronic Lack of Sleep is Associated With Increased Sports Injuries in Adolescent Athletes. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Mar; 34(2):129-33. View in: PubMed

Myung KS, Glassman DM, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Simple steps to minimize spine infections in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Jan; 34(1):29-33. View in: PubMed

Joiner ER, Andras LM, Skaggs DL. Mechanisms and risk factors of brachial plexus injury in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis with distraction-based growing implants. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Nov 6; 95(21):e1611-7. View in: PubMed

Ibrahim DA, Choi PD, Skaggs DL. Bilateral proximal femur and femoral head regrowth following proximal femoral resection in a child with spastic cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2013 Sep; 22(5):437-9. View in: PubMed

Iobst C, Arango D, Segal D, Skaggs DL. National access to care for children with fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Sep; 33(6):587-91. View in: PubMed

Vitale MG, Riedel MD, Glotzbecker MP, Matsumoto H, Roye DP, Akbarnia BA, Anderson RC, Brockmeyer DL, Emans JB, Erickson M, Flynn JM, Lenke LG, Lewis SJ, Luhmann SJ, McLeod LM, Newton PO, Nyquist AC, Richards BS, Shah SA, Skaggs DL, Smith JT, Sponseller PD, Sucato DJ, Zeller RD, Saiman L. Building consensus: development of a Best Practice Guideline (BPG) for surgical site infection (SSI) prevention in high-risk pediatric spine surgery. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jul-Aug; 33(5):471-8. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Flynn JM, Vitale M. The pediatric polytrauma patient: current concepts. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2013 Jul; 21(7):383. View in: PubMed

Ibrahim DA, Skaggs DL, Choi PD. Abduction bracing after Pavlik harness failure: an effective alternative to closed reduction and spica casting? J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jul-Aug; 33(5):536-9. View in: PubMed

Corona J, Miller DJ, Downs J, Akbarnia BA, Betz RR, Blakemore LC, Campbell RM, Flynn JM, Johnston CE, McCarthy RE, Roye DP, Skaggs DL, Smith JT, Snyder BD, Sponseller PD, Sturm PF, Thompson GH, Yazici M, Vitale MG. Evaluating the extent of clinical uncertainty among treatment options for patients with early-onset scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 May 15; 95(10):e67. View in: PubMed

Ibrahim DA, Myung KS, Skaggs DL. Ten percent of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis have variations in the number of thoracic or lumbar vertebrae. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 May 1; 95(9):828-33. View in: PubMed

Mackenzie WG, Matsumoto H, Williams BA, Corona J, Lee C, Cody SR, Covington L, Saiman L, Flynn JM, Skaggs DL, Roye DP, Vitale MG. Surgical site infection following spinal instrumentation for scoliosis: a multicenter analysis of rates, risk factors, and pathogens. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 May 1; 95(9):800-6, S1-2. View in: PubMed

Shan LQ, Skaggs DL, Lee C, Kissinger C, Myung KS. Intensive care unit versus hospital floor: a comparative study of postoperative management of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Apr 3; 95(7):e40. View in: PubMed

Franklin CC, Skaggs DL. Approach to the pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture with neurovascular compromise. Instr Course Lect. 2013; 62:429-33. View in: PubMed

Skaggs KF, Brasher AE, Johnston CE, Purvis JM, Smith JT, Myung KS, Skaggs DL. Upper thoracic pedicle screw loss of fixation causing spinal cord injury: a review of the literature and multicenter case series. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jan; 33(1):75-9. View in: PubMed

Andras L, Yamaguchi KT, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. Surgical technique for balancing posterior spinal fusions to the pelvis using the T square of Tolo. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Dec; 32(8):e63-6. View in: PubMed

Pace JL, Kocher MS, Skaggs DL. Evidence-based Review: Management of Open Pediatric Fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Sep; 32 Suppl 2:S123-7. View in: PubMed

Yamaguchi KT, Skaggs DL, Acevedo DC, Myung KS, Choi P, Andras L. Spondylolysis is frequently missed by MRI in adolescents with back pain. J Child Orthop. 2012 Jul; 6(3):237-40. View in: PubMed

Pierce TR, Mehlman CT, Tamai J, Skaggs DL. Access to care for the adolescent anterior cruciate ligament patient with medicaid versus private insurance. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Apr; 32(3):245-8. View in: PubMed

Sabatini CS, Skaggs KF, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Orthopedic Surgeons are Less Likely to See Children Now for Fracture Care Compared with 10 Years Ago. J Pediatr. 2012 Mar; 160(3):505-7. View in: PubMed

Hoernschemeyer DG, Skaggs DL, Sucher M. Use of mineral oil aids scoliosis correction by decreasing implant friction. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2012 Jan; 41(1):41-3. View in: PubMed

Arkader A, Warner WC, Tolo VT, Sponseller PD, Skaggs DL. Pediatric chance fractures: a multicenter perspective. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Oct-Nov; 31(7):741-4. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Leathers M, Directo MP, Myung K, Skaggs DL. Perioperative ketorolac use in children undergoing lower extremity osteotomies. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Oct-Nov; 31(7):783-6. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Glassman D, Weiss JM, Kay RM. A new surgical technique for the treatment of supracondylar humerus fracture malunions in children. J Child Orthop. 2011 Aug; 5(4):305-12. View in: PubMed

Elsebai HB, Yazici M, Thompson GH, Emans JB, Skaggs DL, Crawford AH, Karlin LI, McCarthy RE, Poe-Kochert C, Kostial P, Akbarnia BA. Safety and efficacy of growing rod technique for pediatric congenital spinal deformities. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb; 31(1):1-5. View in: PubMed

Bess S, Akbarnia BA, Thompson GH, Sponseller PD, Shah SA, El Sebaie H, Boachie-Adjei O, Karlin LI, Canale S, Poe-Kochert C, Skaggs DL. Complications of growing-rod treatment for early-onset scoliosis: analysis of one hundred and forty patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Nov 3; 92(15):2533-43. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Directo MP, Leathers M, Myung K, Skaggs DL. Complications of ketorolac use in children undergoing operative fracture care. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Oct-Nov; 30(7):655-8. View in: PubMed

Iobst C, King W, Baitner A, Tidwell M, Swirsky S, Skaggs DL. Access to care for children with fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Apr-May; 30(3):244-7. View in: PubMed

Yang JS, McElroy MJ, Akbarnia BA, Salari P, Oliveira D, Thompson GH, Emans JB, Yazici M, Skaggs DL, Shah SA, Kostial PN, Sponseller PD. Growing rods for spinal deformity: characterizing consensus and variation in current use. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Apr-May; 30(3):264-70. View in: PubMed

Choi PD, Melikian R, Skaggs DL. Risk factors for vascular repair and compartment syndrome in the pulseless supracondylar humerus fracture in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jan-Feb; 30(1):50-6. View in: PubMed

Weiss JM, Kay RM, Waters P, Yang S, Skaggs DL. Distal humerus osteotomy for supracondylar fracture malunion in children: a study of perioperative complications. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2010 Jan; 39(1):22-5. View in: PubMed

Karlen JW, Skaggs DL, Ramachandran M, Kay RM. The Dega osteotomy: a versatile osteotomy in the treatment of developmental and neuromuscular hip pathology. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Oct-Nov; 29(7):676-82. View in: PubMed

Weiss JM, Graves S, Yang S, Mendelsohn E, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. A new classification system predictive of complications in surgically treated pediatric humeral lateral condyle fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Sep; 29(6):602-5. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Choi PD, Rice C, Emans J, Song KM, Smith JT, Campbell RM. Efficacy of intraoperative neurologic monitoring in surgery involving a vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib for early-onset spinal deformity. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jul; 91(7):1657-63. View in: PubMed

Ogawa BK, Skaggs DL, Kay RM. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the lumbar spine. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2009 May; 38(5):E89-92. View in: PubMed

Wren TA, Chen AY, Wang VJ, Claudius IA, Skaggs DL. Prior treatment of fracture patients in a tertiary pediatric emergency department: informal referrals from other emergency departments. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Mar; 29(2):137-41. View in: PubMed

Weiss JM, Choi P, Ghatan C, Skaggs DL, Kay RM. Complications with flexible nailing of femur fractures more than double with child obesity and weight >50 kg. J Child Orthop. 2009 Feb; 3(1):53-8. View in: PubMed

Sankar WN, Weiss J, Skaggs DL. Orthopaedic conditions in the newborn. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2009 Feb; 17(2):112-22. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Bushman G, Grunander T, Wong PC, Sankar WN, Tolo VT. Shortening of growing-rod spinal instrumentation reverses cardiac failure in child with Marfan syndrome and scoliosis. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Dec; 90(12):2745-50. View in: PubMed

Kasimian S, Skaggs DL, Sankar WN, Farlo J, Goodarzi M, Tolo VT. Aprotinin in pediatric neuromuscular scoliosis surgery. Eur Spine J. 2008 Dec; 17(12):1671-5. View in: PubMed

Ramachandran M, Skaggs DL, Crawford HA, Eastwood DM, Lalonde FD, Vitale MG, Do TT, Kay RM. Delaying treatment of supracondylar fractures in children: has the pendulum swung too far? J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2008 Sep; 90(9):1228-33. View in: PubMed

Sankar WN, Chen J, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Incidence of occult fracture in children with acute ankle injuries. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Jul-Aug; 28(5):500-1. View in: PubMed

Omid R, Choi PD, Skaggs DL. Supracondylar humeral fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 May; 90(5):1121-32. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Sankar WN, Albrektson J, Vaishnav S, Choi PD, Kay RM. How safe is the operative treatment of Gartland type 2 supracondylar humerus fractures in children? J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Mar; 28(2):139-41. View in: PubMed

Vitale MG, Matsumoto H, Roye DP, Gomez JA, Betz RR, Emans JB, Skaggs DL, Smith JT, Song KM, Campbell RM. Health-related quality of life in children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Mar; 28(2):239-43. View in: PubMed

Sankar WN, Albrektson J, Lerman L, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Scoliosis in-brace curve correction and patient preference of CAD/CAM versus plaster molded TLSOs. J Child Orthop. 2007 Dec; 1(6):345-9. View in: PubMed

Albrektson J, Kay RM, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Abduction pillow immobilization following hip surgery: a welcome alternative for selected patients. J Child Orthop. 2007 Nov; 1(5):299-305. View in: PubMed

Weiss JM, Skaggs D, Tanner J, Tolo V. Cell Saver: is it beneficial in scoliosis surgery? J Child Orthop. 2007 Oct; 1(4):221-7. View in: PubMed

Buchowski JM, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD. Temporary internal distraction as an aid to correction of severe scoliosis. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Sep; 89 Suppl 2 Pt. 2:297-309. View in: PubMed

Choi PD, Rose RK, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Compartment syndrome of the thigh in an infant: a case report. J Orthop Trauma. 2007 Sep; 21(8):587-90. View in: PubMed

Sankar WN, Hebela NM, Skaggs DL, Flynn JM. Loss of pin fixation in displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in children: causes and prevention. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Apr; 89(4):713-7. View in: PubMed

Ramachandran M, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Treatment of hip dislocation in Kabuki syndrome: a report of three hips in two patients. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Jan-Feb; 27(1):37-40. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Oda JE, Lerman L, McGoldrick E, Rice C, Weiss J, Kay RM. Insurance status and delay in orthotic treatment in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Jan-Feb; 27(1):94-7. View in: PubMed

Storer SK, Skaggs DL. Developmental dysplasia of the hip. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Oct 15; 74(8):1310-6. View in: PubMed

Skaggs D. Posterior spinal fusion was not improved by supplemental bone graft in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Oct; 88(10):2313. View in: PubMed

Rethlefsen SA, Healy BS, Wren TA, Skaggs DL, Kay RM. Causes of intoeing gait in children with cerebral palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Oct; 88(10):2175-80. View in: PubMed

Buchowski JM, Bhatnagar R, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD. Temporary internal distraction as an aid to correction of severe scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Sep; 88(9):2035-41. View in: PubMed

Claudius I, Skaggs D, Nager A. Poststabilization care for pediatric fractures: a follow-up survey. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 Aug; 22(8):562-5. View in: PubMed

Stewart DG, Skaggs DL. Consultation with the specialist: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatr Rev. 2006 Aug; 27(8):299-306. View in: PubMed

Ho CA, Skaggs DL, Tang CW, Kay RM. Use of flexible intramedullary nails in pediatric femur fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Jul-Aug; 26(4):497-504. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Early SD, D'Ambra P, Tolo VT, Kay RM. Back pain and backpacks in school children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 May-Jun; 26(3):358-63. View in: PubMed

Leitch KK, Kay RM, Femino JD, Tolo VT, Storer SK, Skaggs DL. Treatment of multidirectionally unstable supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A modified Gartland type-IV fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 May; 88(5):980-5. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Lehmann CL, Rice C, Killelea BK, Bauer RM, Kay RM, Vitale MG. Access to orthopaedic care for children with medicaid versus private insurance: results of a national survey. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 May-Jun; 26(3):400-4. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Pediatric polytrauma management. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Mar-Apr; 26(2):268-77. View in: PubMed

Vitale MG, Vitale MA, Lehmann CL, Hyman JE, Roye DP, Skaggs DL, Schmitz ML, Sponseller PD, Flynn JM. Towards a National Pediatric Musculoskeletal Trauma Outcomes Registry: the Pediatric Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Research Group (POTORG) experience. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Mar-Apr; 26(2):151-6. View in: PubMed

Storer SK, Skaggs DL. Pearls and pitfalls in the evaluation of pediatric congenital and developmental disorders. Instr Course Lect. 2006; 55:615-23. View in: PubMed

Vitale MA, Heyworth BE, Skaggs DL, Roye DP, Lipton CB, Vitale MG. Comparison of the volume of scoliosis surgery between spine and pediatric orthopaedic fellowship-trained surgeons in New York and California. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Dec; 87(12):2687-92. View in: PubMed

Stewart DG, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Open fractures in children. Principles of evaluation and management. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Dec; 87(12):2784-98. View in: PubMed

Yuan N, Skaggs DL, Dorey F, Keens TG. Preoperative predictors of prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation in children following scoliosis repair. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2005 Nov; 40(5):414-9. View in: PubMed

Vitale MG, Kessler MW, Choe JC, Hwang MW, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Pelvic fractures in children: an exploration of practice patterns and patient outcomes. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Sep-Oct; 25(5):581-7. View in: PubMed

Hwang AH, Hwang MM, Xie HW, Hardy BE, Skaggs DL. Access to urologic care for children in California: Medicaid versus private insurance. Urology. 2005 Jul; 66(1):170-3. View in: PubMed

Vitale MA, Arons RR, Hyman JE, Skaggs DL, Roye DP, Vitale MG. The contribution of hospital volume, payer status, and other factors on the surgical outcomes of scoliosis patients: a review of 3,606 cases in the State of California. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 May-Jun; 25(3):393-9. View in: PubMed

Ryan DD, Rethlefsen SA, Skaggs DL, Kay RM. Results of tibial rotational osteotomy without concomitant fibular osteotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Jan-Feb; 25(1):84-8. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Friend L, Alman B, Chambers HG, Schmitz M, Leake B, Kay RM, Flynn JM. The effect of surgical delay on acute infection following 554 open fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Jan; 87(1):8-12. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Fern-Buneo A, Wren TA, Skaggs DL. Botulinum toxin as an adjunct to serial casting treatment in children with cerebral palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Nov; 86-A(11):2377-84. View in: PubMed

Yuan N, Skaggs DL, Davidson Ward SL, Platzker AC, Keens TG. Preoperative polysomnograms and infant pulmonary function tests do not predict prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation in children following scoliosis repair. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2004 Sep; 38(3):256-60. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Rethlefsen S, Reed M, Do KP, Skaggs DL, Wren TA. Changes in pelvic rotation after soft tissue and bony surgery in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 May-Jun; 24(3):278-82. View in: PubMed

Gupta N, Kay RM, Leitch K, Femino JD, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Effect of surgical delay on perioperative complications and need for open reduction in supracondylar humerus fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 May-Jun; 24(3):245-8. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Cluck MW, Mostofi A, Flynn JM, Kay RM. Lateral-entry pin fixation in the management of supracondylar fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Apr; 86-A(4):702-7. View in: PubMed

Noonan KJ, Flynn JM, Skaggs DL. Report on the 2002 Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America Traveling Fellowship. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 Mar-Apr; 24(2):231-4. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL. Less access to care for children with Medicaid. Orthopedics. 2003 Dec; 26(12):1184, 1186. View in: PubMed

Early SD, Kay RM, Maguire MF, Skaggs DL. Delayed neurologic injury due to bone graft migration into the spinal canal following scoliosis surgery. Orthopedics. 2003 May; 26(5):515-6. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Hale JM, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. Comparison of proximal and distal rotational femoral osteotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Mar-Apr; 23(2):150-4. View in: PubMed

Flynn JM, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD, Ganley TJ, Kay RM, Leitch KK. The surgical management of pediatric fractures of the lower extremity. Instr Course Lect. 2003; 52:647-59. View in: PubMed

Huang EY, Acosta JM, Gardocki RJ, Danielson PD, Skaggs DL, Reynolds RA, Tolo VT, Stein JE. Thoracoscopic anterior spinal release and fusion: evolution of a faster, improved approach. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Dec; 37(12):1732-5. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Fracture stability after pinning of displaced supracondylar distal humerus fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002 Sep-Oct; 22(5):697; author reply 697-8. View in: PubMed

Vitale MG, Guha A, Skaggs DL. Orthopaedic manifestations of neurofibromatosis in children: an update. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2002 Aug; (401):107-18. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Skaggs D, Leet A. Outcome of medial versus combined medial and lateral hamstring lengthening surgery in cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002 Mar-Apr; 22(2):169-72. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Roy AK, Vitale MG, Pfiefer C, Baird G, Femino D, Kay RM. Quality of evaluation and management of children requiring timely orthopaedic surgery before admission to a tertiary pediatric facility. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002 Mar-Apr; 22(2):265-7. View in: PubMed

Tang CW, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Growth arrest of the distal radius following a metaphyseal fracture: case report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2002 Jan; 11(1):89-92. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Bilateral hip dislocations in a father and son with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Orthopedics. 2001 Dec; 24(12):1165-6. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kim SK, Greene NW, Harris D, Miller JH. Differentiation between bone infarction and acute osteomyelitis in children with sickle-cell disease with use of sequential radionuclide bone-marrow and bone scans. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 Dec; 83-A(12):1810-3. View in: PubMed

Vitale MG, Skaggs DL. Developmental dysplasia of the hip from six months to four years of age. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2001 Nov-Dec; 9(6):401-11. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Dennis SW, Skaggs DL. Prediction of postoperative gait velocity in cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2001 Oct; 10(4):275-8. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL. Referrals from scoliosis screenings. Am Fam Physician. 2001 Jul 1; 64(1):32, 34-5. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Loro ML, Pitukcheewanont P, Tolo V, Gilsanz V. Increased body weight and decreased radial cross-sectional dimensions in girls with forearm fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2001 Jul; 16(7):1337-42. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Clemens SM, Vitale MG, Femino JD, Kay RM. Access to orthopedic care for children with medicaid versus private insurance in California. Pediatrics. 2001 Jun; 107(6):1405-8. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Hale JM, Bassett J, Kaminsky C, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Operative treatment of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children. The consequences of pin placement. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 May; 83-A(5):735-40. View in: PubMed

Tang CW, Skaggs DL, Kay RM. Elbow aspiration and arthrogram: an alternative method. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2001 Mar; 30(3):256. View in: PubMed

Barton KL, Kaminsky CK, Green DW, Shean CJ, Kautz SM, Skaggs DL. Reliability of a modified Gartland classification of supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001 Jan-Feb; 21(1):27-30. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Jaki KA, Skaggs DL. The effect of femoral rotation on the projected femoral neck-shaft angle. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Nov-Dec; 20(6):736-9. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM, Dennis SW, Reynolds RA, Tolo VT. Variability in gait analysis interpretation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Nov-Dec; 20(6):759-64. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. Impact of postoperative gait analysis on orthopaedic care. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 May; (374):259-64. View in: PubMed

Codsi MJ, Kay RM, Masso P, Skaggs DL. Unilateral absence of the clavicle with rapidly progressive scoliosis in an 8-year-old. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2000 May; 29(5):383-6. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, DuBois B, Kay RM, Hale JM, Tolo VT. A simplified valgus osteotomy of the proximal femur in children. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2000 Apr; 9(2):114-8. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Reynolds RA, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. The effect of preoperative gait analysis on orthopaedic decision making. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 Mar; (372):217-22. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Moon CN, Kay RM, Peterson HA. Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica of the acetabulum. A report of two cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000 Mar; 82(3):409-14. View in: PubMed

Leet AI, Skaggs DL. Evaluation of the acutely limping child. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Feb 15; 61(4):1011-8. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Roberts JM, Codsi MJ, Meyer BC, Moral LA, Masso PD. Mild gait abnormality and leg discomfort in a child secondary to extradural ganglioneuroma. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2000 Feb; 29(2):111-4. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kautz SM, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Effect of delay of surgical treatment on rate of infection in open fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Jan-Feb; 20(1):19-22. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Mirzayan R. The posterior fat pad sign in association with occult fracture of the elbow in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999 Oct; 81(10):1429-33. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Leet AI, Money MD, Shaw BA, Hale JM, Tolo VT. Secondary fractures associated with external fixation in pediatric femur fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1999 Sep-Oct; 19(5):582-6. View in: PubMed

Raimondo RA, Skaggs DL, Rosenwasser MP, Dick HM. Lengthening of pediatric forearm deformities using the Ilizarov technique: functional and cosmetic results. J Hand Surg Am. 1999 Mar; 24(2):331-8. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kaminsky C, Tolo VT, Kay RM, Reynolds RA. Variability in measurement of acetabular index in normal and dysplastic hips, before and after reduction. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998 Nov-Dec; 18(6):799-801. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Skaggs DL. The pediatric Monteggia fracture. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 1998 Sep; 27(9):606-9. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Hale JM, Buggay S, Kay RM. Use of a hybrid external fixator for a severely comminuted juxta-articular fracture of the distal humerus. J Orthop Trauma. 1998 Aug; 12(6):439-42. View in: PubMed

Hammond WA, Kay RM, Skaggs DL. Supracondylar humerus fractures in children. AORN J. 1998 Aug; 68(2):186-99; quiz 203, 205-6, 208-10. View in: PubMed

Gilsanz V, Skaggs DL, Kovanlikaya A, Sayre J, Loro ML, Kaufman F, Korenman SG. Differential effect of race on the axial and appendicular skeletons of children. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 May; 83(5):1420-7. View in: PubMed

Bassett GS, Barton KL, Skaggs DL. Laser Doppler flowmetry during open reduction for developmental dysplasia of the hip. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Jul; (340):158-64. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kaminsky CK, Eskander-Rickards E, Reynolds RA, Tolo VT, Bassett GS. Psoas over the brim lengthenings. Anatomic investigation and surgical technique. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Jun; (339):174-9. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Bassett GS. Screening for idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. Am Fam Physician. 1997 Mar; 55(4):1073-4. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Bassett GS. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: an update. Am Fam Physician. 1996 May 15; 53(7):2327-35. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL. Effectiveness of treatment with a brace in girl who have adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A prospective, controlled study based on data from the brace study of the scoliosis research society. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996 Jan; 78(1):151. View in: PubMed

McElroy MJ, Shaner AC, Crawford TO, Thompson GH, Kadakia RV, Akbarnia BA, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Sponseller PD. Growing rods for scoliosis in spinal muscular atrophy: structural effects, complications, and hospital stays. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jul 15; 36(16):1305-11. View in: PubMed

Heffernan MJ, Seehausen DA, Andras LM, Skaggs DL. Comparison of Outcomes After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic and Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Does the Surgical First Assistant's Level of Training Matter? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Apr 15; 39(8):648-55. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Weidenbaum M, Iatridis JC, Ratcliffe A, Mow VC. Regional variation in tensile properties and biochemical composition of the human lumbar anulus fibrosus. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Jun 15; 19(12):1310-9. View in: PubMed

Ho C, Skaggs DL, Weiss JM, Tolo VT. Management of infection after instrumented posterior spine fusion in pediatric scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Nov 15; 32(24):2739-44. View in: PubMed

Limpaphayom N, Skaggs DL, McComb G, Krieger M, Tolo VT. Complications of halo use in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Apr 15; 34(8):779-84. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Samuelson MA, Hale JM, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Complications of posterior iliac crest bone grafting in spine surgery in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Sep 15; 25(18):2400-2. View in: PubMed

Sankar WN, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Marks DS, Dormans JP, Thompson GH, Shah SA, Sponseller PD, Akbarnia BA. Neurologic risk in growing rod spine surgery in early onset scoliosis: is neuromonitoring necessary for all cases? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 15; 34(18):1952-5. View in: PubMed

Sponseller PD, Yang JS, Thompson GH, McCarthy RE, Emans JB, Skaggs DL, Asher MA, Yazici M, Poe-Kochert C, Kostial P, Akbarnia BA. Pelvic fixation of growing rods: comparison of constructs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jul 15; 34(16):1706-10. View in: PubMed

Lewis ND, Keshen SG, Lenke LG, Zywiel MG, Skaggs DL, Dear TE, Strantzas S, Lewis SJ. The Deformity Angular Ratio: Does It Correlate With High-Risk Cases for Potential Spinal Cord Monitoring Alerts in Pediatric 3-Column Thoracic Spinal Deformity Corrective Surgery? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Aug 1; 40(15):E879-85. View in: PubMed

Yuan N, Fraire JA, Margetis MM, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT, Keens TG. The effect of scoliosis surgery on lung function in the immediate postoperative period. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Oct 1; 30(19):2182-5. View in: PubMed

Yang JS, Sponseller PD, Thompson GH, Akbarnia BA, Emans JB, Yazici M, Skaggs DL, Shah SA, Salari P, Poe-Kochert C. Growing rod fractures: risk factors and opportunities for prevention. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Sep 15; 36(20):1639-44. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Lerman LD, Albrektson J, Lerman M, Stewart DG, Tolo VT. Use of a noninvasive halo in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Jul 1; 33(15):1650-4. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Sankar WN, Albrektson J, Wren TA, Campbell RM. Weight gain following vertical expandable prosthetic titanium ribs surgery in children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Nov 1; 34(23):2530-3. View in: PubMed

Ziv ET, Gordon McComb J, Krieger MD, Skaggs DL. Iatrogenic intraspinal epidermoid tumor: two cases and a review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Jan 1; 29(1):E15-8. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Avramis I, Myung K, Weiss J. Sacral facet fractures in elite athletes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Apr 15; 37(8):E514-7. View in: PubMed

Sankar WN, Skaggs DL, Yazici M, Johnston CE, Shah SA, Javidan P, Kadakia RV, Day TF, Akbarnia BA. Lengthening of dual growing rods and the law of diminishing returns. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 May 1; 36(10):806-9. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Weiss J, Storer S. Re: Kakushima M, Miyamoto K, Shimizu K. The effect of leg length discrepancy on spinal motion during gait: three-dimensional analysis in healthy volunteers. Spine. 2003;28:2472-2476. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Aug 15; 29(16):1838; author reply 1838-9. View in: PubMed

Codsi MJ, Keens TG, Stein JE, Miyasaka K, Skaggs DL. Respiratory failure in postpneumonectomy syndrome complicated by thoracic lordoscoliosis: treatment with prosthetic implants, partial vertebrectomies, and spinal fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Oct 1; 25(19):2531-6. View in: PubMed

Sankar WN, Acevedo DC, Skaggs DL. Comparison of complications among growing spinal implants. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 1; 35(23):2091-6. View in: PubMed

Cluck MW, Skaggs DL. Cobalt chromium sublaminar wires for spinal deformity surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Sep 1; 31(19):2209-12. View in: PubMed

Yamaguchi KT, Myung KS, Alonso MA, Skaggs DL. Clay-shoveler's fracture equivalent in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Dec 15; 37(26):E1672-5. View in: PubMed

Roach JW, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD, Macleod LM. Is research presented at the scoliosis research society annual meeting influenced by industry funding? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Sep 15; 33(20):2208-12. View in: PubMed

Powered bySC CTSI