Faculty

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David L. Skaggs, MD
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Director of Scoliosis and Spinal Deformity
Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
CHL 4650 W Sunset Blvd Off Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 361 4658

Overview

Dr. Skaggs received his undergraduate degree from Amherst College and his medical degree from Columbia University of Physicians and Surgeons. Dr. Skaggs is on the Board of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, a member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, and the Scoliosis Research Society. Dr. Skaggs is the director of the Scoliosis and Spinal Deformity Program at Children's Hospital Los Angeles. Dr. Skaggs is renowned for his expertise in the treatment of children with spinal deformity, and has been featured on numerous television shows, published over 70 peer-reviewed articles and three textbooks, and has served as a visiting professor at many of the nation’s top medical schools.

Awards

American Orthopaedic Assocation American-British-Canadian Travelling Fellowship

Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America Traveling Fellowship

Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America Young Investigator Award

Columbia University College of Physicians : Rosamond Kane Award, 1994

Publications

Benign Natural History of Spondylolysis in Adolescence With Midterm Follow-Up. Spine Deform. 2017 Mar; 5(2):134-138. View in: PubMed

Use of a Novel Pathway for Early Discharge Was Associated With a 48% Shorter Length of Stay After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Mar; 37(2):92-97. View in: PubMed

Chance Fractures in the Pediatric Population are Often Misdiagnosed. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Dec 23. View in: PubMed

Return of motor evoked potentials after knee flexion in the setting of high-grade spondylolisthesis. Eur Spine J. 2016 Nov 17. View in: PubMed

Continuing Delay in the Diagnosis of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis. J Pediatr. 2016 Oct; 177:250-4. View in: PubMed

Intraoperative Hypothermia is Common, but not Associated With Blood Loss or Transfusion in Pediatric Posterior Spinal Fusion. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Sep 03. View in: PubMed

Small vertebral cross-sectional area and tall intervertebral disc in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Sep; 46(10):1424-9. View in: PubMed

The Effect of Growing Rod Treatment on Hemoglobin and Hematocrit Levels in Early-onset Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Sep; 36(6):618-20. View in: PubMed

Age at Initiation and Deformity Magnitude Influence Complication Rates of Surgical Treatment With Traditional Growing Rods in Early-Onset Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2016 Sep; 4(5):344-350. View in: PubMed

Management of Spinal Implants in Acute Pediatric Surgical Site Infections: A Multicenter Study. Spine Deform. 2016 Jul; 4(4):277-282. View in: PubMed

Variability of Reviewers' Comments in the Peer Review Process for Orthopaedic Research. Spine Deform. 2016 Jul; 4(4):268-271. View in: PubMed

Removal of Infected Posterior Spinal Implants: Be Prepared to Transfuse. Spine Deform. 2016 Jul; 4(4):283-287. View in: PubMed

The Final 24-Item Early Onset Scoliosis Questionnaires (EOSQ-24): Validity, Reliability and Responsiveness. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Jun 13. View in: PubMed

Does the Type of Metal Instrumentation Affect the Risk of Surgical Site Infection in Pediatric Scoliosis Surgery? Spine Deform. Does the Type of Metal Instrumentation Affect the Risk of Surgical Site Infection in Pediatric Scoliosis Surgery? Spine Deform. 2016 May; 4(3):206-210. View in: PubMed

Outcomes of Pelvic Fixation in Growing Rod Constructs: An Analysis of Patients With a Minimum of 4 Years of Follow-up. Spine Deform. 2016 May; 4(3):211-216. View in: PubMed

Assessment of Lowest Instrumented Vertebra Tilt on Radiographic Measurements in Lenke "C" Modifier Curves Undergoing Selective Thoracic Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2016 Mar; 4(2):125-130. View in: PubMed

Sacral Alar Iliac (SAI) Screws Fail 75% Less Frequently Than Iliac Screws in Neuromuscular Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Jan 11. View in: PubMed

Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Review of History, Current Treatment, and Future Directions. Pediatrics. 2016 Jan; 137(1):1-12. View in: PubMed

A New Classification System to Report Complications in Growing Spine Surgery: A Multicenter Consensus Study. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Dec; 35(8):798-803. View in: PubMed

Measurement Variability in the Evaluation of the Proximal Junction in Distraction-based Growing Rods Patients. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Sep; 35(6):624-7. View in: PubMed

Management of the pulseless pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jun 3; 97(11):937-43. View in: PubMed

Variability of the Anterior Humeral Line in Normal Pediatric Elbows. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 May 16. View in: PubMed

Growing Rods Versus Shilla Growth Guidance: Better Cobb Angle Correction and T1-S1 Length Increase But More Surgeries. Spine Deform. 2015 May; 3(3):246-252. View in: PubMed

Early pelvic fixation failure in neuromuscular scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Apr-May; 35(3):258-65. View in: PubMed

Fever is common postoperatively following posterior spinal fusion: infection is an uncommon cause. J Pediatr. 2015 Mar; 166(3):751-5. View in: PubMed

Cobalt Chrome Spinal Constructs Trigger Airport Security Screening in 24% of Pediatric Patients. Spine Deform. 2015 Mar; 3(2):188-191. View in: PubMed

Safety and Efficacy of Power-Assisted Pedicle Tract Preparation and Screw Placement. Spine Deform. 2015 Mar; 3(2):159-165. View in: PubMed

Insurance status does not predict curve magnitude in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis at first presentation to an orthopaedic surgeon. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Jan; 35(1):39-42. View in: PubMed

Foam padding in casts accommodates soft tissue swelling and provides circumferential strength after fixation of supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Jan; 35(1):24-7. View in: PubMed

Spinal Deformity in Russell-Silver Syndrome. Spine Deform. 2015 Jan; 3(1):95-97. View in: PubMed

Supracondylar humeral fractures with isolated anterior interosseous nerve injuries: is urgent treatment necessary? J Bone Joint Surg Am. Supracondylar humeral fractures with isolated anterior interosseous nerve injuries: is urgent treatment necessary? J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Nov 5; 96(21):1793-7. View in: PubMed

Is There an Optimal Time to Distract Dual Growing Rods? Spine Deform. Is There an Optimal Time to Distract Dual Growing Rods? Spine Deform. 2014 Nov; 2(6):467-470. View in: PubMed

Are Rib Versus Spine Anchors Protective Against Breakage of Growing Rods? Spine Deform. Are Rib Versus Spine Anchors Protective Against Breakage of Growing Rods? Spine Deform. 2014 Nov; 2(6):489-492. View in: PubMed

Traditional Growing Rods Versus Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods for the Surgical Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Case-Matched 2-Year Study. Spine Deform. 2014 Nov; 2(6):493-497. View in: PubMed

The Use of Pedicle Screws in Children 10 Years of Age and Younger With Growing Rods. Spine Deform. 2014 Nov; 2(6):471-474. View in: PubMed

Location of the vertebral artery at c1 in children: how far out laterally can one safely dissect? J Bone Joint Surg Am. Location of the vertebral artery at c1 in children: how far out laterally can one safely dissect? J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Sep 17; 96(18):1552-6. View in: PubMed

Best Practices in Intraoperative Neuromonitoring in Spine Deformity Surgery: Development of an Intraoperative Checklist to Optimize Response. Spine Deform. 2014 Sep; 2(5):333-339. View in: PubMed

Development and Initial Validation of the Classification of Early-Onset Scoliosis (C-EOS). J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Aug 20; 96(16):1359-67. View in: PubMed

Deep Surgical Site Infection Following 2344 Growing-Rod Procedures for Early-Onset Scoliosis: Risk Factors and Clinical Consequences. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Aug 06; 96(15):e128. View in: PubMed

Iatrogenic nerve injuries in the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures: are we really just missing nerve injuries on preoperative examination? J Pediatr Orthop. Iatrogenic nerve injuries in the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures: are we really just missing nerve injuries on preoperative examination? J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Jun; 34(4):388-92. View in: PubMed

Nutritional improvement following growing rod surgery in children with early onset scoliosis. J Child Orthop. 2014 May; 8(3):251-6. View in: PubMed

Weak or Absent Ankle Dorsiflexion: The Most Sensitive Indicator of Motor Deficits Following Spinal Deformity Surgery. Spine Deform. 2014 May; 2(3):198-202. View in: PubMed

A Line Drawn Along the Radial Shaft Misses the Capitellum in 16% of Radiographs of Normal Elbows. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Apr 29. View in: PubMed

A classification of growth friendly spine implants. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Apr-May; 34(3):260-74. View in: PubMed

Screening for hip dysplasia in congenital muscular torticollis: is physical exam enough? J Child Orthop. Screening for hip dysplasia in congenital muscular torticollis: is physical exam enough? J Child Orthop. 2014 Mar; 8(2):115-9. View in: PubMed

Chronic Lack of Sleep is Associated With Increased Sports Injuries in Adolescent Athletes. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Mar; 34(2):129-33. View in: PubMed

Simple steps to minimize spine infections in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Jan; 34(1):29-33. View in: PubMed

Neuromonitoring Changes Are Common and Reversible With Temporary Internal Distraction for Severe Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2014 Jan; 2(1):61-69. View in: PubMed

Mechanisms and risk factors of brachial plexus injury in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis with distraction-based growing implants. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Nov 6; 95(21):e1611-7. View in: PubMed

Bilateral proximal femur and femoral head regrowth following proximal femoral resection in a child with spastic cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2013 Sep; 22(5):437-9. View in: PubMed

National access to care for children with fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Sep; 33(6):587-91. View in: PubMed

Building consensus: development of a Best Practice Guideline (BPG) for surgical site infection (SSI) prevention in high-risk pediatric spine surgery. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jul-Aug; 33(5):471-8. View in: PubMed

The pediatric polytrauma patient: current concepts. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2013 Jul; 21(7):383. View in: PubMed

Abduction bracing after Pavlik harness failure: an effective alternative to closed reduction and spica casting? J Pediatr Orthop. Abduction bracing after Pavlik harness failure: an effective alternative to closed reduction and spica casting? J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jul-Aug; 33(5):536-9. View in: PubMed

Evaluating the extent of clinical uncertainty among treatment options for patients with early-onset scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 May 15; 95(10):e67. View in: PubMed

Ten percent of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis have variations in the number of thoracic or lumbar vertebrae. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 May 1; 95(9):828-33. View in: PubMed

Surgical site infection following spinal instrumentation for scoliosis: a multicenter analysis of rates, risk factors, and pathogens. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 May 1; 95(9):800-6, S1-2. View in: PubMed

Intensive care unit versus hospital floor: a comparative study of postoperative management of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Apr 3; 95(7):e40. View in: PubMed

Some Connectors in Distraction-based Growing Rods Fail More Than Others. Spine Deform. 2013 Mar; 1(2):148-156. View in: PubMed

Approach to the pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture with neurovascular compromise. Instr Course Lect. 2013; 62:429-33. View in: PubMed

Upper thoracic pedicle screw loss of fixation causing spinal cord injury: a review of the literature and multicenter case series. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jan; 33(1):75-9. View in: PubMed

Improvement of Kyphoscoliosis in a 9-Year-Old Using Growth Modulation With a Posterior Tether: A Case Report. Spine Deform. 2013 Jan; 1(1):79-83. View in: PubMed

Surgical technique for balancing posterior spinal fusions to the pelvis using the T square of Tolo. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Dec; 32(8):e63-6. View in: PubMed

Evidence-based Review: Management of Open Pediatric Fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Sep; 32 Suppl 2:S123-7. View in: PubMed

Spondylolysis is frequently missed by MRI in adolescents with back pain. J Child Orthop. 2012 Jul; 6(3):237-40. View in: PubMed

Access to care for the adolescent anterior cruciate ligament patient with medicaid versus private insurance. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Apr; 32(3):245-8. View in: PubMed

Orthopedic Surgeons are Less Likely to See Children Now for Fracture Care Compared with 10 Years Ago. J Pediatr. 2012 Mar; 160(3):505-7. View in: PubMed

Use of mineral oil aids scoliosis correction by decreasing implant friction. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2012 Jan; 41(1):41-3. View in: PubMed

Pediatric chance fractures: a multicenter perspective. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Oct-Nov; 31(7):741-4. View in: PubMed

Perioperative ketorolac use in children undergoing lower extremity osteotomies. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Oct-Nov; 31(7):783-6. View in: PubMed

A new surgical technique for the treatment of supracondylar humerus fracture malunions in children. J Child Orthop. 2011 Aug; 5(4):305-12. View in: PubMed

Safety and efficacy of growing rod technique for pediatric congenital spinal deformities. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb; 31(1):1-5. View in: PubMed

Complications of growing-rod treatment for early-onset scoliosis: analysis of one hundred and forty patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Nov 3; 92(15):2533-43. View in: PubMed

Complications of ketorolac use in children undergoing operative fracture care. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Oct-Nov; 30(7):655-8. View in: PubMed

Access to care for children with fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Apr-May; 30(3):244-7. View in: PubMed

Growing rods for spinal deformity: characterizing consensus and variation in current use. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Apr-May; 30(3):264-70. View in: PubMed

Distal humerus osteotomy for supracondylar fracture malunion in children: a study of perioperative complications. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2010 Jan; 39(1):22-5. View in: PubMed

Risk factors for vascular repair and compartment syndrome in the pulseless supracondylar humerus fracture in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jan-Feb; 30(1):50-6. View in: PubMed

The Dega osteotomy: a versatile osteotomy in the treatment of developmental and neuromuscular hip pathology. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Oct-Nov; 29(7):676-82. View in: PubMed

A new classification system predictive of complications in surgically treated pediatric humeral lateral condyle fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Sep; 29(6):602-5. View in: PubMed

Efficacy of intraoperative neurologic monitoring in surgery involving a vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib for early-onset spinal deformity. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jul; 91(7):1657-63. View in: PubMed

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the lumbar spine. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2009 May; 38(5):E89-92. View in: PubMed

Prior treatment of fracture patients in a tertiary pediatric emergency department: informal referrals from other emergency departments. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Mar; 29(2):137-41. View in: PubMed

Orthopaedic conditions in the newborn. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2009 Feb; 17(2):112-22. View in: PubMed

Complications with flexible nailing of femur fractures more than double with child obesity and weight >50 kg. J Child Orthop. 2009 Feb; 3(1):53-8. View in: PubMed

Aprotinin in pediatric neuromuscular scoliosis surgery. Eur Spine J. 2008 Dec; 17(12):1671-5. View in: PubMed

Shortening of growing-rod spinal instrumentation reverses cardiac failure in child with Marfan syndrome and scoliosis. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Dec; 90(12):2745-50. View in: PubMed

Delaying treatment of supracondylar fractures in children: has the pendulum swung too far? J Bone Joint Surg Br. Delaying treatment of supracondylar fractures in children: has the pendulum swung too far? J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2008 Sep; 90(9):1228-33. View in: PubMed

Incidence of occult fracture in children with acute ankle injuries. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Jul-Aug; 28(5):500-1. View in: PubMed

Supracondylar humeral fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 May; 90(5):1121-32. View in: PubMed

Health-related quality of life in children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Mar; 28(2):239-43. View in: PubMed

How safe is the operative treatment of Gartland type 2 supracondylar humerus fractures in children? J Pediatr Orthop. How safe is the operative treatment of Gartland type 2 supracondylar humerus fractures in children? J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Mar; 28(2):139-41. View in: PubMed

Scoliosis in-brace curve correction and patient preference of CAD/CAM versus plaster molded TLSOs. J Child Orthop. 2007 Dec; 1(6):345-9. View in: PubMed

Abduction pillow immobilization following hip surgery: a welcome alternative for selected patients. J Child Orthop. 2007 Nov; 1(5):299-305. View in: PubMed

Cell Saver: is it beneficial in scoliosis surgery? J Child Orthop. Cell Saver: is it beneficial in scoliosis surgery? J Child Orthop. 2007 Oct; 1(4):221-7. View in: PubMed

Compartment syndrome of the thigh in an infant: a case report. J Orthop Trauma. 2007 Sep; 21(8):587-90. View in: PubMed

Temporary internal distraction as an aid to correction of severe scoliosis. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Sep; 89 Suppl 2 Pt. 2:297-309. View in: PubMed

Loss of pin fixation in displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in children: causes and prevention. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Apr; 89(4):713-7. View in: PubMed

Insurance status and delay in orthotic treatment in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Jan-Feb; 27(1):94-7. View in: PubMed

Treatment of hip dislocation in Kabuki syndrome: a report of three hips in two patients. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Jan-Feb; 27(1):37-40. View in: PubMed

Developmental dysplasia of the hip. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Oct 15; 74(8):1310-6. View in: PubMed

Posterior spinal fusion was not improved by supplemental bone graft in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Oct; 88(10):2313. View in: PubMed

Causes of intoeing gait in children with cerebral palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Oct; 88(10):2175-80. View in: PubMed

Temporary internal distraction as an aid to correction of severe scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Sep; 88(9):2035-41. View in: PubMed

Consultation with the specialist: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatr Rev. 2006 Aug; 27(8):299-306. View in: PubMed

Poststabilization care for pediatric fractures: a follow-up survey. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 Aug; 22(8):562-5. View in: PubMed

Use of flexible intramedullary nails in pediatric femur fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Jul-Aug; 26(4):497-504. View in: PubMed

Treatment of multidirectionally unstable supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A modified Gartland type-IV fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 May; 88(5):980-5. View in: PubMed

Access to orthopaedic care for children with medicaid versus private insurance: results of a national survey. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 May-Jun; 26(3):400-4. View in: PubMed

Back pain and backpacks in school children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 May-Jun; 26(3):358-63. View in: PubMed

Towards a National Pediatric Musculoskeletal Trauma Outcomes Registry: the Pediatric Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Research Group (POTORG) experience. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Mar-Apr; 26(2):151-6. View in: PubMed

Pediatric polytrauma management. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Mar-Apr; 26(2):268-77. View in: PubMed

Pearls and pitfalls in the evaluation of pediatric congenital and developmental disorders. Instr Course Lect. 2006; 55:615-23. View in: PubMed

Comparison of the volume of scoliosis surgery between spine and pediatric orthopaedic fellowship-trained surgeons in New York and California. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Dec; 87(12):2687-92. View in: PubMed

Open fractures in children. Principles of evaluation and management. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Dec; 87(12):2784-98. View in: PubMed

Preoperative predictors of prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation in children following scoliosis repair. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2005 Nov; 40(5):414-9. View in: PubMed

Pelvic fractures in children: an exploration of practice patterns and patient outcomes. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Sep-Oct; 25(5):581-7. View in: PubMed

Access to urologic care for children in California: Medicaid versus private insurance. Urology. 2005 Jul; 66(1):170-3. View in: PubMed

The contribution of hospital volume, payer status, and other factors on the surgical outcomes of scoliosis patients: a review of 3,606 cases in the State of California. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 May-Jun; 25(3):393-9. View in: PubMed

The effect of surgical delay on acute infection following 554 open fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Jan; 87(1):8-12. View in: PubMed

Results of tibial rotational osteotomy without concomitant fibular osteotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Jan-Feb; 25(1):84-8. View in: PubMed

Botulinum toxin as an adjunct to serial casting treatment in children with cerebral palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Nov; 86-A(11):2377-84. View in: PubMed

Preoperative polysomnograms and infant pulmonary function tests do not predict prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation in children following scoliosis repair. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2004 Sep; 38(3):256-60. View in: PubMed

Effect of surgical delay on perioperative complications and need for open reduction in supracondylar humerus fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 May-Jun; 24(3):245-8. View in: PubMed

Changes in pelvic rotation after soft tissue and bony surgery in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 May-Jun; 24(3):278-82. View in: PubMed

Lateral-entry pin fixation in the management of supracondylar fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Apr; 86-A(4):702-7. View in: PubMed

Report on the 2002 Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America Traveling Fellowship. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 Mar-Apr; 24(2):231-4. View in: PubMed

Less access to care for children with Medicaid. Orthopedics. 2003 Dec; 26(12):1184, 1186. View in: PubMed

Delayed neurologic injury due to bone graft migration into the spinal canal following scoliosis surgery. Orthopedics. 2003 May; 26(5):515-6. View in: PubMed

Comparison of proximal and distal rotational femoral osteotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Mar-Apr; 23(2):150-4. View in: PubMed

The surgical management of pediatric fractures of the lower extremity. Instr Course Lect. 2003; 52:647-59. View in: PubMed

Thoracoscopic anterior spinal release and fusion: evolution of a faster, improved approach. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Dec; 37(12):1732-5. View in: PubMed

Fracture stability after pinning of displaced supracondylar distal humerus fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002 Sep-Oct; 22(5):697; author reply 697-8. View in: PubMed

Orthopaedic manifestations of neurofibromatosis in children: an update. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2002 Aug; (401):107-18. View in: PubMed

Outcome of medial versus combined medial and lateral hamstring lengthening surgery in cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002 Mar-Apr; 22(2):169-72. View in: PubMed

Quality of evaluation and management of children requiring timely orthopaedic surgery before admission to a tertiary pediatric facility. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002 Mar-Apr; 22(2):265-7. View in: PubMed

Growth arrest of the distal radius following a metaphyseal fracture: case report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2002 Jan; 11(1):89-92. View in: PubMed

Bilateral hip dislocations in a father and son with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Orthopedics. 2001 Dec; 24(12):1165-6. View in: PubMed

Differentiation between bone infarction and acute osteomyelitis in children with sickle-cell disease with use of sequential radionuclide bone-marrow and bone scans. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 Dec; 83-A(12):1810-3. View in: PubMed

Developmental dysplasia of the hip from six months to four years of age. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2001 Nov-Dec; 9(6):401-11. View in: PubMed

Prediction of postoperative gait velocity in cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2001 Oct; 10(4):275-8. View in: PubMed

Referrals from scoliosis screenings. Am Fam Physician. 2001 Jul 1; 64(1):32, 34-5. View in: PubMed

Increased body weight and decreased radial cross-sectional dimensions in girls with forearm fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2001 Jul; 16(7):1337-42. View in: PubMed

Access to orthopedic care for children with medicaid versus private insurance in California. Pediatrics. 2001 Jun; 107(6):1405-8. View in: PubMed

Operative treatment of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children. The consequences of pin placement. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 May; 83-A(5):735-40. View in: PubMed

Elbow aspiration and arthrogram: an alternative method. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2001 Mar; 30(3):256. View in: PubMed

Reliability of a modified Gartland classification of supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001 Jan-Feb; 21(1):27-30. View in: PubMed

Variability in gait analysis interpretation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Nov-Dec; 20(6):759-64. View in: PubMed

The effect of femoral rotation on the projected femoral neck-shaft angle. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Nov-Dec; 20(6):736-9. View in: PubMed

Unilateral absence of the clavicle with rapidly progressive scoliosis in an 8-year-old. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2000 May; 29(5):383-6. View in: PubMed

Impact of postoperative gait analysis on orthopaedic care. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 May; (374):259-64. View in: PubMed

A simplified valgus osteotomy of the proximal femur in children. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2000 Apr; 9(2):114-8. View in: PubMed

The effect of preoperative gait analysis on orthopaedic decision making. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 Mar; (372):217-22. View in: PubMed

Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica of the acetabulum. A report of two cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000 Mar; 82(3):409-14. View in: PubMed

Evaluation of the acutely limping child. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Feb 15; 61(4):1011-8. View in: PubMed

Mild gait abnormality and leg discomfort in a child secondary to extradural ganglioneuroma. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2000 Feb; 29(2):111-4. View in: PubMed

Effect of delay of surgical treatment on rate of infection in open fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Jan-Feb; 20(1):19-22. View in: PubMed

The posterior fat pad sign in association with occult fracture of the elbow in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999 Oct; 81(10):1429-33. View in: PubMed

Secondary fractures associated with external fixation in pediatric femur fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1999 Sep-Oct; 19(5):582-6. View in: PubMed

Lengthening of pediatric forearm deformities using the Ilizarov technique: functional and cosmetic results. J Hand Surg Am. 1999 Mar; 24(2):331-8. View in: PubMed

Variability in measurement of acetabular index in normal and dysplastic hips, before and after reduction. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998 Nov-Dec; 18(6):799-801. View in: PubMed

The pediatric Monteggia fracture. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 1998 Sep; 27(9):606-9. View in: PubMed

Use of a hybrid external fixator for a severely comminuted juxta-articular fracture of the distal humerus. J Orthop Trauma. 1998 Aug; 12(6):439-42. View in: PubMed

Supracondylar humerus fractures in children. AORN J. 1998 Aug; 68(2):186-99; quiz 203, 205-6, 208-10. View in: PubMed

Differential effect of race on the axial and appendicular skeletons of children. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 May; 83(5):1420-7. View in: PubMed

Laser Doppler flowmetry during open reduction for developmental dysplasia of the hip. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Jul; (340):158-64. View in: PubMed

Psoas over the brim lengthenings. Anatomic investigation and surgical technique. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Jun; (339):174-9. View in: PubMed

Screening for idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. Am Fam Physician. 1997 Mar; 55(4):1073-4. View in: PubMed

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: an update. Am Fam Physician. 1996 May 15; 53(7):2327-35. View in: PubMed

Effectiveness of treatment with a brace in girl who have adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A prospective, controlled study based on data from the brace study of the scoliosis research society. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996 Jan; 78(1):151. View in: PubMed

Use of a noninvasive halo in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Jul 1; 33(15):1650-4. View in: PubMed

Complications of halo use in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Apr 15; 34(8):779-84. View in: PubMed

Neurologic risk in growing rod spine surgery in early onset scoliosis: is neuromonitoring necessary for all cases? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). Neurologic risk in growing rod spine surgery in early onset scoliosis: is neuromonitoring necessary for all cases? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 15; 34(18):1952-5. View in: PubMed

Pelvic fixation of growing rods: comparison of constructs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jul 15; 34(16):1706-10. View in: PubMed

Growing rods for scoliosis in spinal muscular atrophy: structural effects, complications, and hospital stays. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jul 15; 36(16):1305-11. View in: PubMed

Growing rod fractures: risk factors and opportunities for prevention. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Sep 15; 36(20):1639-44. View in: PubMed

Sacral facet fractures in elite athletes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Apr 15; 37(8):E514-7. View in: PubMed

Lengthening of dual growing rods and the law of diminishing returns. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 May 1; 36(10):806-9. View in: PubMed

Comparison of complications among growing spinal implants. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 1; 35(23):2091-6. View in: PubMed

Weight gain following vertical expandable prosthetic titanium ribs surgery in children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Nov 1; 34(23):2530-3. View in: PubMed

Respiratory failure in postpneumonectomy syndrome complicated by thoracic lordoscoliosis: treatment with prosthetic implants, partial vertebrectomies, and spinal fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Oct 1; 25(19):2531-6. View in: PubMed

The effect of scoliosis surgery on lung function in the immediate postoperative period. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Oct 1; 30(19):2182-5. View in: PubMed

Is research presented at the scoliosis research society annual meeting influenced by industry funding? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). Is research presented at the scoliosis research society annual meeting influenced by industry funding? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Sep 15; 33(20):2208-12. View in: PubMed

Regional variation in tensile properties and biochemical composition of the human lumbar anulus fibrosus. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Jun 15; 19(12):1310-9. View in: PubMed

Management of infection after instrumented posterior spine fusion in pediatric scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Nov 15; 32(24):2739-44. View in: PubMed

Complications of posterior iliac crest bone grafting in spine surgery in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Sep 15; 25(18):2400-2. View in: PubMed

Accelerated Discharge Protocol for Posterior Spinal Fusion Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Decreases Hospital Postoperative Charges 22. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Jan 15; 42(2):92-97. View in: PubMed

Clay-shoveler's fracture equivalent in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Dec 15; 37(26):E1672-5. View in: PubMed

Iatrogenic intraspinal epidermoid tumor: two cases and a review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Jan 1; 29(1):E15-8. View in: PubMed

Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Palsy After Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Oct 1; 41(19):E1164-7. View in: PubMed

Pain is the Greatest Preoperative Concern for Patients and Parents Prior to Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Mar 03. View in: PubMed

Comparison of Outcomes After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic and Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Does the Surgical First Assistant's Level of Training Matter? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). Comparison of Outcomes After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic and Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Does the Surgical First Assistant's Level of Training Matter? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Apr 15; 39(8):648-55. View in: PubMed

Re: Kakushima M, Miyamoto K, Shimizu K. The effect of leg length discrepancy on spinal motion during gait: three-dimensional analysis in healthy volunteers. Spine. 2003;28:2472-2476. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Aug 15; 29(16):1838; author reply 1838-9. View in: PubMed

Accelerated Discharge Protocol for Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Decreases Hospital Post-operative Charges 22. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Apr 26. View in: PubMed

Cobalt chromium sublaminar wires for spinal deformity surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Sep 1; 31(19):2209-12. View in: PubMed

The Deformity Angular Ratio: Does It Correlate With High-Risk Cases for Potential Spinal Cord Monitoring Alerts in Pediatric 3-Column Thoracic Spinal Deformity Corrective Surgery? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). The Deformity Angular Ratio: Does It Correlate With High-Risk Cases for Potential Spinal Cord Monitoring Alerts in Pediatric 3-Column Thoracic Spinal Deformity Corrective Surgery? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Aug 1; 40(15):E879-85. View in: PubMed

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