Faculty

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Edward David Crandall, PhD, MD
Chair and Professor of Medicine
Kenneth T. Norris, Jr., Chair in Medicine
Hastings Foundation Professorship in Medicine
Medicine
IRD 620 Off Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 226 7593

Overview

Dr. Crandall's research is focused on the following topics: markers of rat alveolar epithelial cell development and differentiation, regulation of pulmonary epithelial cell differentiation, acute and chronic lung injury and the factors that influence recovery, transport properties of pulmonary alveolar epithelium, cell pathophysiology of alveolar epithelium (e.g., lung injury and pathogenesis of alveolar pulmonary edema, and stem cell biology in lung injury.

Dr. Crandall received his B.Ch.E. from Cooper Union, his M.S. and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Northwestern University, and his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. His training in internal medicine and pulmonary/critical care medicine was undertaken at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

Publications

Flodby P, Kim YH, Beard LL, Gao D, Ji Y, Kage H, Liebler JM, Minoo P, Kim KJ, Borok Z, Crandall ED. Knockout Mice Reveal a Major Role for Alveolar Epithelial Type I Cells in Alveolar Fluid Clearance. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2016 Sep; 55(3):395-406. View in: PubMed

Rieger ME, Zhou B, Solomon N, Sunohara M, Li C, Nguyen C, Liu Y, Pan JH, Minoo P, Crandall ED, Brody SL, Kahn M, Borok Z. p300/ß-Catenin Interactions Regulate Adult Progenitor Cell Differentiation Downstream of WNT5a/Protein Kinase C (PKC). J Biol Chem. 2016 Mar 18; 291(12):6569-82. View in: PubMed

Catalán MA, Kondo Y, Peña-Munzenmayer G, Jaramillo Y, Liu F, Choi S, Crandall E, Borok Z, Flodby P, Shull GE, Melvin JE. A fluid secretion pathway unmasked by acinar-specific Tmem16A gene ablation in the adult mouse salivary gland. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Feb 17; 112(7):2263-8. View in: PubMed

Kage H, Flodby P, Gao D, Kim YH, Marconett CN, DeMaio L, Kim KJ, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Claudin 4 knockout mice: normal physiological phenotype with increased susceptibility to lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Oct 1; 307(7):L524-36. View in: PubMed

Li G, Flodby P, Luo J, Kage H, Sipos A, Gao D, Ji Y, Beard LL, Marconett CN, DeMaio L, Kim YH, Kim KJ, Laird-Offringa IA, Minoo P, Liebler JM, Zhou B, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Knockout mice reveal key roles for claudin 18 in alveolar barrier properties and fluid homeostasis. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2014 Aug; 51(2):210-22. View in: PubMed

Liu CC, Tseng YT, Li W, Wu CY, Mayzus I, Rzhetsky A, Sun F, Waterman M, Chen JJ, Chaudhary PM, Loscalzo J, Crandall E, Zhou XJ. DiseaseConnect: a comprehensive web server for mechanism-based disease-disease connections. Nucleic Acids Res. 2014 Jul; 42(Web Server issue):W137-46. View in: PubMed

Negoda A, Kim KJ, Crandall ED, Worden RM. Polystyrene nanoparticle exposure induces ion-selective pores in lipid bilayers. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Sep; 1828(9):2215-22. View in: PubMed

Fazlollahi F, Kim YH, Sipos A, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Nanoparticle translocation across mouse alveolar epithelial cell monolayers: species-specific mechanisms. Nanomedicine. 2013 Aug; 9(6):786-94. View in: PubMed

Xia T, Hamilton RF, Bonner JC, Crandall ED, Elder A, Fazlollahi F, Girtsman TA, Kim K, Mitra S, Ntim SA, Orr G, Tagmount M, Taylor AJ, Telesca D, Tolic A, Vulpe CD, Walker AJ, Wang X, Witzmann FA, Wu N, Xie Y, Zink JI, Nel A, Holian A. Interlaboratory evaluation of in vitro cytotoxicity and inflammatory responses to engineered nanomaterials: the NIEHS Nano GO Consortium. Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Jun; 121(6):683-90. View in: PubMed

Zhou B, Liu Y, Kahn M, Ann DK, Han A, Wang H, Nguyen C, Flodby P, Zhong Q, Krishnaveni MS, Liebler JM, Minoo P, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Interactions Between ß-Catenin and Transforming Growth Factor-ß Signaling Pathways Mediate Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and Are Dependent on the Transcriptional Co-activator cAMP-response Element-binding Protein (CREB)-binding Protein (CBP). J Biol Chem. 2012 Mar 2; 287(10):7026-38. View in: PubMed

Demaio L, Buckley ST, Krishnaveni MS, Flodby P, Dubourd M, Banfalvi A, Xing Y, Ehrhardt C, Minoo P, Zhou B, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Ligand-independent transforming growth factor-ß type I receptor signalling mediates type I collagen-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition. J Pathol. 2012 Mar; 226(4):633-44. View in: PubMed

Zhou B, Buckley ST, Patel V, Liu Y, Luo J, Krishnaveni MS, Ivan M, Demaio L, Kim KJ, Ehrhardt C, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Troglitazone Attenuates TGF-ß1-Induced EMT in Alveolar Epithelial Cells via a PPAR? -Independent Mechanism. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e38827. View in: PubMed

Fazlollahi F, Angelow S, Yacobi NR, Marchelletta R, Yu AS, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Polystyrene nanoparticle trafficking across MDCK-II. Nanomedicine. 2011 Oct; 7(5):588-94. View in: PubMed

Zhong Q, Zhou B, Ann DK, Minoo P, Liu Y, Banfalvi A, Krishnaveni MS, Dubourd M, Demaio L, Willis BC, Kim KJ, duBois RM, Crandall ED, Beers MF, Borok Z. Role of endoplasmic reticulum stress in epithelial-mesenchymal transition of alveolar epithelial cells: effects of misfolded surfactant protein. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2011 Sep; 45(3):498-509. View in: PubMed

Yacobi NR, Fazllolahi F, Kim YH, Sipos A, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Nanomaterial interactions with and trafficking across the lung alveolar epithelial barrier: implications for health effects of air-pollution particles. Air Qual Atmos Health. 2011 Mar 1; 4(1):65-78. View in: PubMed

Fazlollahi F, Sipos A, Kim YH, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Translocation of PEGylated quantum dots across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Int J Nanomedicine. 2011; 6:2849-57. View in: PubMed

Kim YH, Fazlollahi F, Kennedy IM, Yacobi NR, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Alveolar epithelial cell injury due to zinc oxide nanoparticle exposure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Dec 1; 182(11):1398-409. View in: PubMed

Flodby P, Borok Z, Banfalvi A, Zhou B, Gao D, Minoo P, Ann DK, Morrisey EE, Crandall ED. Directed expression of Cre in alveolar epithelial type 1 cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2010 Aug; 43(2):173-8. View in: PubMed

Yacobi NR, Malmstadt N, Fazlollahi F, DeMaio L, Marchelletta R, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Mechanisms of alveolar epithelial translocation of a defined population of nanoparticles. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2010 May; 42(5):604-14. View in: PubMed

Borok Z, Crandall ED. More life for a "terminal" cell. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Dec; 297(6):L1042-4. View in: PubMed

Demaio L, Tseng W, Balverde Z, Alvarez JR, Kim KJ, Kelley DG, Senior RM, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Characterization of mouse alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Jun; 296(6):L1051-8. View in: PubMed

Patel LN, Wang J, Kim KJ, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Shen WC. Conjugation with cationic cell-penetrating peptide increases pulmonary absorption of insulin. Mol Pharm. 2009 Mar-Apr; 6(2):492-503. View in: PubMed

Zhou B, Francis TA, Yang H, Tseng W, Zhong Q, Frenkel B, Morrisey EE, Ann DK, Minoo P, Crandall ED, Borok Z. GATA-6 mediates transcriptional activation of aquaporin-5 through interactions with Sp1. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2008 Nov; 295(5):C1141-50. View in: PubMed

Bahhady R, Kim KJ, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Shen WC. Characterization of protein factor(s) in rat bronchoalveolar lavage fluid that enhance insulin transport via transcytosis across primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2008 Aug; 69(3):808-16. View in: PubMed

Liebler JM, Lutzko C, Banfalvi A, Senadheera D, Aghamohammadi N, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Retention of human bone marrow-derived cells in murine lungs following bleomycin-induced lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2008 Aug; 295(2):L285-92. View in: PubMed

Zhou B, Ann DK, Flodby P, Minoo P, Liebler JM, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Rat aquaporin-5 4. 3-kb 5'-flanking region differentially regulates expression in salivary gland and lung in vivo. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2008 Jul; 295(1):C111-20. View in: PubMed

Yacobi NR, Demaio L, Xie J, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Polystyrene nanoparticle trafficking across alveolar epithelium. Nanomedicine. 2008 Jun; 4(2):139-45. View in: PubMed

Zhou B, Zhong Q, Minoo P, Li C, Ann DK, Frenkel B, Morrisey EE, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Foxp2 inhibits Nkx2. 1-mediated transcription of SP-C via interactions with the Nkx2. 1 homeodomain. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2008 Jun; 38(6):750-8. View in: PubMed

Patel LN, Uchiyama T, Kim KJ, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Shen WC, Lee VH. Molecular and functional expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein-1 in primary cultured rat alveolar epithelial cells. J Pharm Sci. 2008 Jun; 97(6):2340-9. View in: PubMed

Uchiyama T, Fujita T, Gukasyan HJ, Kim KJ, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Lee VH. Functional characterization and cloning of amino acid transporter B(0,+) (ATB(0,+)) in primary cultured rat pneumocytes. J Cell Physiol. 2008 Mar; 214(3):645-54. View in: PubMed

Bates SR, Tao JQ, Yu KJ, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Collins HL, Rothblat GH. Expression and biological activity of ABCA1 in alveolar epithelial cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2008 Mar; 38(3):283-92. View in: PubMed

Qiao R, Yan W, Clavijo C, Mehrian-Shai R, Zhong Q, Kim KJ, Ann D, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Effects of KGF on alveolar epithelial cell transdifferentiation are mediated by JNK signaling. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2008 Feb; 38(2):239-46. View in: PubMed

Yacobi NR, Phuleria HC, Demaio L, Liang CH, Peng CA, Sioutas C, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Nanoparticle effects on rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayer barrier properties. Toxicol In Vitro. 2007 Dec; 21(8):1373-81. View in: PubMed

Bahhady R, Kim KJ, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Shen WC. Enhancement of insulin transport across primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers by endogenous cellular factor(s). Pharm Res. 2007 Sep; 24(9):1713-9. View in: PubMed

Flodby P, Zhou B, Ann DK, Kim KJ, Minoo P, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Conserved elements within first intron of aquaporin-5 (Aqp5) function as transcriptional enhancers. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Apr 27; 356(1):26-31. View in: PubMed

Zhou B, Ann DK, Li X, Kim KJ, Lin H, Minoo P, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Hypertonic induction of aquaporin-5: novel role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Apr; 292(4):C1280-90. View in: PubMed

Nguyen HV, Chen JL, Zhong J, Kim KJ, Crandall ED, Borok Z, Chen Y, Ann DK. SUMOylation attenuates sensitivity toward hypoxia- or desferroxamine-induced injury by modulating adaptive responses in salivary epithelial cells. Am J Pathol. 2006 May; 168(5):1452-63. View in: PubMed

Willis BC, Liebler JM, Luby-Phelps K, Nicholson AG, Crandall ED, du Bois RM, Borok Z. Induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in alveolar epithelial cells by transforming growth factor-beta1: potential role in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Pathol. 2005 May; 166(5):1321-32. View in: PubMed

Bourke S, Mason HS, Borok Z, Kim KJ, Crandall ED, Kemp PJ. Development of a lung slice preparation for recording ion channel activity in alveolar epithelial type I cells. Respir Res. 2005; 6:40. View in: PubMed

Chen SP, Zhou B, Willis BC, Sandoval AJ, Liebler JM, Kim KJ, Ann DK, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Effects of transdifferentiation and EGF on claudin isoform expression in alveolar epithelial cells. J Appl Physiol. 2005 Jan; 98(1):322-8. View in: PubMed

Kim KJ, Borok Z, Ehrhardt C, Willis BC, Lehr CM, Crandall ED. Estimation of paracellular conductance of primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. J Appl Physiol. 2005 Jan; 98(1):138-43. View in: PubMed

Kim KJ, Fandy TE, Lee VH, Ann DK, Borok Z, Crandall ED. Net absorption of IgG via FcRn-mediated transcytosis across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Sep; 287(3):L616-22. View in: PubMed

Liebler JM, Borok Z, Li X, Zhou B, Sandoval AJ, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Alveolar epithelial type I cells express beta2-adrenergic receptors and G-protein receptor kinase 2. J Histochem Cytochem. 2004 Jun; 52(6):759-67. View in: PubMed

Qiao R, Zhou B, Harboe-Schmidt E, Kasahara N, Kim KJ, Liebler JM, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Subunit-specific coordinate upregulation of sodium pump activity in alveolar epithelial cells by lentivirus-mediated gene transfer. Hum Gene Ther. 2004 May; 15(5):457-68. View in: PubMed

Kelley MA, Angus D, Chalfin DB, Crandall ED, Ingbar D, Johanson W, Medina J, Sessler CN, Vender JS. The critical care crisis in the United States: a report from the profession. Chest. 2004 Apr; 125(4):1514-7. View in: PubMed

Willis BC, Kim KJ, Li X, Liebler J, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Modulation of ion conductance and active transport by TGF-beta 1 in alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Dec; 285(6):L1192-200. View in: PubMed

Widera A, Kim KJ, Crandall ED, Shen WC. Transcytosis of GCSF-transferrin across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Pharm Res. 2003 Aug; 20(8):1231-8. View in: PubMed

Qiao R, Zhou B, Liebler JM, Li X, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Identification of three genes of known function expressed by alveolar epithelial type I cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2003 Jul; 29(1):98-105. View in: PubMed

Kim KJ, Matsukawa Y, Yamahara H, Kalra VK, Lee VH, Crandall ED. Absorption of intact albumin across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Mar; 284(3):L458-65. View in: PubMed

Crandall ED, Effros RM. Historical perspectives on lung edema clearance. J Appl Physiol. 2002 Oct; 93(4):1527-32. View in: PubMed

Joseph D, Tirmizi O, Zhang XL, Crandall ED, Lubman RL. Polarity of alveolar epithelial cell acid-base permeability. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2002 Apr; 282(4):L675-83. View in: PubMed

Borok Z, Liebler JM, Lubman RL, Foster MJ, Zhou B, Li X, Zabski SM, Kim KJ, Crandall ED. Na transport proteins are expressed by rat alveolar epithelial type I cells. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2002 Apr; 282(4):L599-608. View in: PubMed

Mairbäurl H, Mayer K, Kim KJ, Borok Z, Bärtsch P, Crandall ED. Hypoxia decreases active Na transport across primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2002 Apr; 282(4):L659-65. View in: PubMed

Flodby P, Liebler JM, Sunohara M, Ran D, McConnell AM, Krishnaveni MS, Banfalvi A, Li M, Stripp BR, Zhou B, Crandall ED, Minoo P, Borok Z. Region-specific role for Pten in maintenance of epithelial phenotype and integrity. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2016 Nov 18; ajplung. 00005. 2015. View in: PubMed

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