Faculty

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Karen Christine Johnson, PhD
Associate Professor of Clinical Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Otolaryngology
JTC 806 W. Adams Boulevard Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
+1 213 764 2809

Publications

Wang A, Qin F, Hedlin H, Desai M, Chlebowski R, Gomez S, Eaton CB, Johnson KC, Qi L, Wactawski-Wende J, Womack C, Wakelee HA, Stefanick ML. Physical activity and sedentary behavior in relation to lung cancer incidence and mortality in older women: The Women's Health Initiative. Int J Cancer. 2016 Nov 15; 139(10):2178-92. View in: PubMed

Pownall HJ, Schwartz AV, Bray GA, Berkowitz RI, Lewis CE, Boyko EJ, Jakicic JM, Chen H, Heshka S, Gregg EW, Johnson KC. Changes in regional body composition over 8 years in a randomized lifestyle trial: The look AHEAD study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Sep; 24(9):1899-905. View in: PubMed

Arnold M, Jiang L, Stefanick ML, Johnson KC, Lane DS, LeBlanc ES, Prentice R, Rohan TE, Snively BM, Vitolins M, Zaslavsky O, Soerjomataram I, Anton-Culver H. Duration of Adulthood Overweight, Obesity, and Cancer Risk in the Women's Health Initiative: A Longitudinal Study from the United States. PLoS Med. 2016 Aug; 13(8):e1002081. View in: PubMed

Tabung FK, Steck SE, Liese AD, Zhang J, Ma Y, Johnson KC, Lane DS, Qi L, Snetselaar L, Vitolins MZ, Ockene JK, Hebert JR. Patterns of change over time and history of the inflammatory potential of diet and risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2016 Aug; 159(1):139-49. View in: PubMed

Ramsey TM, Snyder JK, Lovato LC, Roumie CL, Glasser SP, Cosgrove NM, Olney CM, Tang RH, Johnson KC, Still CH, Gren LH, Childs JC, Crago OL, Summerson JH, Walsh SM, Perdue LH, Bankowski DM, Goff DC. Recruitment strategies and challenges in a large intervention trial: Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial. Clin Trials. 2016 Jun; 13(3):319-30. View in: PubMed

Parikh NI, Jeppson RP, Berger JS, Eaton CB, Kroenke CH, LeBlanc ES, Lewis CE, Loucks EB, Parker DR, Rillamas-Sun E, Ryckman KK, Waring ME, Schenken RS, Johnson KC, Edstedt-Bonamy AK, Allison MA, Howard BV. Reproductive Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Circulation. 2016 May 31; 133(22):2149-58. View in: PubMed

Carbone L, Johnson KC, Huang Y, Pettinger M, Thomas F, Cauley J, Crandall C, Tinker L, LeBoff MS, Wactawski-Wende J, Bethel M, Li W, Prentice R. Sodium Intake and Osteoporosis. Findings From the Women's Health Initiative. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Apr; 101(4):1414-21. View in: PubMed

Zaslavsky O, Woods NF, LaCroix AZ, Cauley JA, Johnson KC, Cochrane BB, Sagi SZ. Identification of Risk Factors for Mortality and Poor-Quality-of-Life Survival in Frail Older Women Participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Apr; 64(4):831-7. View in: PubMed

Woods NF, Rillamas-Sun E, Cochrane BB, La Croix AZ, Seeman TE, Tindle HA, Zaslavsky O, Bird CE, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Ockene JK, Seguin RA, Wallace RB. Aging Well: Observations From the Women's Health Initiative Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Mar; 71 Suppl 1:S3-S12. View in: PubMed

Stefanick ML, Brunner RL, Leng X, Limacher MC, Bird CE, Garcia DO, Hogan PE, LaMonte MJ, Mackey RH, Johnson KC, LaCroix A, Robinson JG, Seguin RA, Tindle HA, Wassertheil-Smoller S. The Relationship of Cardiovascular Disease to Physical Functioning in Women Surviving to Age 80 and Above in the Women's Health Initiative. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Mar; 71 Suppl 1:S42-53. View in: PubMed

Johnson KC, Aragaki AK, Jackson R, Reiner A, Sandset PM, Rosing J, Dahm AE, Rosendaal F, Manson JE, Martin LW, Liu S, Kuller LH, Cushman M, Rossouw JE. Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor, Activated Protein C Resistance, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease Due To Combined Estrogen Plus Progestin Therapy. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2016 Feb; 36(2):418-24. View in: PubMed

Eisenberg LS, Fisher LM, Johnson KC, Ganguly DH, Grace T, Niparko JK. Sentence Recognition in Quiet and Noise by Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users: Relationships to Spoken Language. Otol Neurotol. 2016 Feb; 37(2):e75-81. View in: PubMed

Chen JC, Espeland MA, Brunner RL, Lovato LC, Wallace RB, Leng X, Phillips LS, Robinson JG, Kotchen JM, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Sarto GE, Mysiw WJ. Sleep duration, cognitive decline, and dementia risk in older women. Alzheimers Dement. 2016 Jan; 12(1):21-33. View in: PubMed

Espeland MA, Brinton RD, Hugenschmidt C, Manson JE, Craft S, Yaffe K, Weitlauf J, Vaughan L, Johnson KC, Padula CB, Jackson RD, Resnick SM. Impact of Type 2 Diabetes and Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy on Incidence of Cognitive Impairment in Older Women. Diabetes Care. 2015 Dec; 38(12):2316-24. View in: PubMed

A Randomized Trial of Intensive versus Standard Blood-Pressure Control. N Engl J Med. 2015 Nov 26; 373(22):2103-16. View in: PubMed

Carbone LD, Hovey KM, Andrews CA, Thomas F, Sorensen MD, Crandall CJ, Watts NB, Bethel M, Johnson KC. Urinary Tract Stones and Osteoporosis: Findings From the Women's Health Initiative. J Bone Miner Res. 2015 Nov; 30(11):2096-102. View in: PubMed

Sullivan SD, Lehman A, Thomas F, Johnson KC, Jackson R, Wactawski-Wende J, Ko M, Chen Z, Curb JD, Howard BV. Effects of self-reported age at nonsurgical menopause on time to first fracture and bone mineral density in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Menopause. 2015 Oct; 22(10):1035-44. View in: PubMed

Alonso A, Bahnson JL, Gaussoin SA, Bertoni AG, Johnson KC, Lewis CE, Vetter M, Mantzoros CS, Jeffery RW, Soliman EZ. Effect of an intensive lifestyle intervention on atrial fibrillation risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes: the Look AHEAD randomized trial. Am Heart J. 2015 Oct; 170(4):770-777. e5. View in: PubMed

Espeland MA, Beavers KM, Gibbs BB, Johnson KC, Hughes TM, Baker LD, Jakicic J, Korytkowski M, Miller M, Bray GA. Ankle-brachial index and inter-artery blood pressure differences as predictors of cognitive function in overweight and obese older adults with diabetes: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes movement and memory study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 Oct; 30(10):999-1007. View in: PubMed

Kingsley SL, Eliot MN, Whitsel EA, Wang Y, Coull BA, Hou L, Margolis HG, Margolis KL, Mu L, Wu WC, Johnson KC, Allison MA, Manson JE, Eaton CB, Wellenius GA. Residential proximity to major roadways and incident hypertension in post-menopausal women. Environ Res. 2015 Oct; 142:522-8. View in: PubMed

Espeland MA, Probstfield J, Hire D, Redmon JB, Evans GW, Coday M, Lewis CE, Johnson KC, Wilmoth S, Bahnson J, Dulin MF, Green JB, Knowler WC, Kitabchi A, Murillo AL, Osei K, Rehman SU, Cushman WC. Systolic Blood Pressure Control Among Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis of Three Interventions. Am J Hypertens. 2015 Aug; 28(8):995-1009. View in: PubMed

LeBlanc ES, Hedlin H, Qin F, Desai M, Wactawski-Wende J, Perrin N, Manson JE, Johnson KC, Masaki K, Tylavsky FA, Stefanick ML. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation do not influence menopause-related symptoms: Results of the Women's Health Initiative Trial. Maturitas. 2015 Jul; 81(3):377-83. View in: PubMed

Barnard JM, Fisher LM, Johnson KC, Eisenberg LS, Wang NY, Quittner AL, Carson CM, Niparko JK. A Prospective Longitudinal Study of U. S. Children Unable to Achieve Open-Set Speech Recognition 5 Years After Cochlear Implantation. Otol Neurotol. 2015 Jul; 36(6):985-92. View in: PubMed

Gourlay ML, Overman RA, Fine JP, Ensrud KE, Crandall CJ, Gass ML, Robbins J, Johnson KC, LeBlanc ES, Womack CR, Schousboe JT, LaCroix AZ. Baseline age and time to major fracture in younger postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2015 Jun; 22(6):589-97. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Rohan TE, Manson JE, Aragaki AK, Kaunitz A, Stefanick ML, Simon MS, Johnson KC, Wactawski-Wende J, O'Sullivan MJ, Adams-Campbell LL, Nassir R, Lessin LS, Prentice RL. Breast Cancer After Use of Estrogen Plus Progestin and Estrogen Alone: Analyses of Data From 2 Women's Health Initiative Randomized Clinical Trials. JAMA Oncol. 2015 Jun 1; 1(3):296-305. View in: PubMed

Blondon M, Rodabough RJ, Budrys N, Johnson KC, Berger JS, Shikany JM, Raiesdana A, Heckbert SR, Manson JE, LaCroix AZ, Siscovick D, Kestenbaum B, Smith NL, de Boer IH. The effect of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation on the risk of venous thromboembolism. From the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Trial. Thromb Haemost. 2015 Apr 29; 113(5):999-1009. View in: PubMed

Vyas A, Rubenstein L, Robinson J, Seguin RA, Vitolins MZ, Kazlauskaite R, Shikany JM, Johnson KC, Snetselaar L, Wallace R. Diet Drink Consumption and the Risk of Cardiovascular Events: A Report from the Women's Health Initiative. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Apr; 30(4):462-8. View in: PubMed

Pownall HJ, Bray GA, Wagenknecht LE, Walkup MP, Heshka S, Hubbard VS, Hill J, Kahn SE, Nathan DM, Schwartz AV, Johnson KC. Changes in body composition over 8 years in a randomized trial of a lifestyle intervention: the look AHEAD study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Mar; 23(3):565-72. View in: PubMed

Tabung FK, Steck SE, Ma Y, Liese AD, Zhang J, Caan B, Hou L, Johnson KC, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Shivappa N, Wactawski-Wende J, Ockene JK, Hebert JR. The association between dietary inflammatory index and risk of colorectal cancer among postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Causes Control. 2015 Mar; 26(3):399-408. View in: PubMed

Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Hovey KM, Andrews CA, Robinson JG, Johnson KC, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Crawford S, Qi L, Martin LW, Ockene J, Manson JE. Statin use and risk of haemorrhagic stroke in a community-based cohort of postmenopausal women: an observational study from the Women's Health Initiative. BMJ Open. 2015; 5(2):e007075. View in: PubMed

Crandall CJ, Yildiz VO, Wactawski-Wende J, Johnson KC, Chen Z, Going SB, Wright NC, Cauley JA. Postmenopausal weight change and incidence of fracture: post hoc findings from Women's Health Initiative Observational Study and Clinical Trials. BMJ. 2015; 350:h25. View in: PubMed

Stika CJ, Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Henning SC, Colson BG, Ganguly DH, DesJardin JL. Developmental outcomes of early-identified children who are hard of hearing at 12 to 18months of age. Early Hum Dev. 2015 Jan; 91(1):47-55. View in: PubMed

Houston DK, Leng X, Bray GA, Hergenroeder AL, Hill JO, Jakicic JM, Johnson KC, Neiberg RH, Marsh AP, Rejeski WJ, Kritchevsky SB. A long-term intensive lifestyle intervention and physical function: The look AHEAD Movement and Memory Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Jan; 23(1):77-84. View in: PubMed

Iannaccone A, Giorgianni F, New DD, Hollingsworth TJ, Umfress A, Alhatem AH, Neeli I, Lenchik NI, Jennings BJ, Calzada JI, Satterfield S, Mathews D, Diaz RI, Harris T, Johnson KC, Charles S, Kritchevsky SB, Gerling IC, Beranova-Giorgianni S, Radic MZ. Circulating Autoantibodies in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Recognize Human Macular Tissue Antigens Implicated in Autophagy, Immunomodulation, and Protection from Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0145323. View in: PubMed

Krukowski RA, Hare ME, Talcott GW, Johnson KC, Richey PA, Kocak M, Balderas J, Colvin L, Keller PL, Waters TM, Klesges RC. Dissemination of the Look AHEAD intensive lifestyle intervention in the United States Air Force: Study rationale, design and methods. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015 Jan; 40:232-9. View in: PubMed

Thomson CA, Van Horn L, Caan BJ, Aragaki AK, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Rohan TE, Tinker LF, Kuller LH, Hou L, Lane DS, Johnson KC, Vitolins MZ, Prentice RL. Cancer Incidence and Mortality during the Intervention and Postintervention Periods of the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014 Dec; 23(12):2924-35. View in: PubMed

LeBlanc ES, Desai M, Perrin N, Wactawski-Wende J, Manson JE, Cauley JA, Michael YL, Tang J, Womack C, Song Y, Johnson KC, O'Sullivan MJ, Woods N, Stefanick ML. Vitamin D levels and menopause-related symptoms. Menopause. 2014 Nov; 21(11):1197-203. View in: PubMed

Lipkin EW, Schwartz AV, Anderson AM, Davis C, Johnson KC, Gregg EW, Bray GA, Berkowitz R, Peters AL, Hodges A, Lewis C, Kahn SE. The Look AHEAD Trial: Bone Loss at 4-Year Follow-up in Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014 Oct; 37(10):2822-9. View in: PubMed

Ambrosius WT, Sink KM, Foy CG, Berlowitz DR, Cheung AK, Cushman WC, Fine LJ, Goff DC, Johnson KC, Killeen AA, Lewis CE, Oparil S, Reboussin DM, Rocco MV, Snyder JK, Williamson JD, Wright JT, Whelton PK. The design and rationale of a multicenter clinical trial comparing two strategies for control of systolic blood pressure: the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). Clin Trials. 2014 Oct; 11(5):532-46. View in: PubMed

Espeland MA, Glick HA, Bertoni A, Brancati FL, Bray GA, Clark JM, Curtis JM, Egan C, Evans M, Foreyt JP, Ghazarian S, Gregg EW, Hazuda HP, Hill JO, Hire D, Horton ES, Hubbard VS, Jakicic JM, Jeffery RW, Johnson KC, Kahn SE, Killean T, Kitabchi AE, Knowler WC, Kriska A, Lewis CE, Miller M, Montez MG, Murillo A, Nathan DM, Nyenwe E, Patricio J, Peters AL, Pi-Sunyer X, Pownall H, Redmon JB, Rushing J, Ryan DH, Safford M, Tsai AG, Wadden TA, Wing RR, Yanovski SZ, Zhang P. Impact of an intensive lifestyle intervention on use and cost of medical services among overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes: the action for health in diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014 Sep; 37(9):2548-56. View in: PubMed

Espeland MA, Rapp SR, Bray GA, Houston DK, Johnson KC, Kitabchi AE, Hergenroeder AL, Williamson J, Jakicic JM, van Dorsten B, Kritchevsky SB. Long-term impact of behavioral weight loss intervention on cognitive function. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Sep; 69(9):1101-8. View in: PubMed

Zaslavsky O, Cochrane BB, Woods NF, LaCroix AZ, Liu J, Herting JR, Goveas JS, Johnson KC, Kuller LH, Martin LW, Michael YL, Robinson JG, Stefanick M, Tinker LF. Trajectories of positive aging: observations from the women's health initiative study. Int Psychogeriatr. 2014 Aug; 26(8):1351-62. View in: PubMed

Bavry AA, Thomas F, Allison M, Johnson KC, Howard BV, Hlatky M, Manson JE, Limacher MC. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cardiovascular outcomes in women: results from the women's health initiative. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Jul; 7(4):603-10. View in: PubMed

Rubin RR, Wadden TA, Bahnson JL, Blackburn GL, Brancati FL, Bray GA, Coday M, Crow SJ, Curtis JM, Dutton G, Egan C, Evans M, Ewing L, Faulconbridge L, Foreyt J, Gaussoin SA, Gregg EW, Hazuda HP, Hill JO, Horton ES, Hubbard VS, Jakicic JM, Jeffery RW, Johnson KC, Kahn SE, Knowler WC, Lang W, Lewis CE, Montez MG, Murillo A, Nathan DM, Patricio J, Peters A, Pi-Sunyer X, Pownall H, Rejeski WJ, Rosenthal RH, Ruelas V, Toledo K, Van Dorsten B, Vitolins M, Williamson D, Wing RR, Yanovski SZ, Zhang P. Impact of intensive lifestyle intervention on depression and health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetes: the Look AHEAD Trial. Diabetes Care. 2014 Jun; 37(6):1544-53. View in: PubMed

Roth JA, Etzioni R, Waters TM, Pettinger M, Rossouw JE, Anderson GL, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Hlatky M, Johnson KC, Ramsey SD. Economic return from the Women's Health Initiative estrogen plus progestin clinical trial: a modeling study. Ann Intern Med. 2014 May 6; 160(9):594-602. View in: PubMed

Beasley JM, LaCroix AZ, Larson JC, Huang Y, Neuhouser ML, Tinker LF, Jackson R, Snetselaar L, Johnson KC, Eaton CB, Prentice RL. Biomarker-calibrated protein intake and bone health in the Women's Health Initiative clinical trials and observational study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Apr; 99(4):934-40. View in: PubMed

Espeland MA, Lewis CE, Bahnson J, Knowler WC, Regensteiner JG, Gaussoin SA, Beavers D, Johnson KC. Impact of weight loss on ankle-brachial index and interartery blood pressures. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Apr; 22(4):1032-41. View in: PubMed

Wing RR, Leahey T, Jeffery R, Johnson KC, Hill JO, Coday M, Espeland MA. Do weight loss and adherence cluster within behavioral treatment groups? Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Mar; 22(3):638-44. View in: PubMed

McTigue KM, Chang YF, Eaton C, Garcia L, Johnson KC, Lewis CE, Liu S, Mackey RH, Robinson J, Rosal MC, Snetselaar L, Valoski A, Kuller LH. Severe obesity, heart disease, and death among white, African American, and Hispanic postmenopausal women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Mar; 22(3):801-10. View in: PubMed

Robbins JA, Aragaki A, Crandall CJ, Manson JE, Carbone L, Jackson R, Lewis CE, Johnson KC, Sarto G, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J. Women's Health Initiative clinical trials: interaction of calcium and vitamin D with hormone therapy. Menopause. 2014 Feb; 21(2):116-23. View in: PubMed

Hlatky MA, Ray RM, Burwen DR, Margolis KL, Johnson KC, Kucharska-Newton A, Manson JE, Robinson JG, Safford MM, Allison M, Assimes TL, Bavry AA, Berger J, Cooper-DeHoff RM, Heckbert SR, Li W, Liu S, Martin LW, Perez MV, Tindle HA, Winkelmayer WC, Stefanick ML. Use of Medicare data to identify coronary heart disease outcomes in the Women's Health Initiative. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Jan; 7(1):157-62. View in: PubMed

Franceschini N, Hu Y, Reiner AP, Buyske S, Nalls M, Yanek LR, Li Y, Hindorff LA, Cole SA, Howard BV, Stafford JM, Carty CL, Sethupathy P, Martin LW, Lin DY, Johnson KC, Becker LC, North KE, Dehghan A, Bis JC, Liu Y, Greenland P, Manson JE, Maeda N, Garcia M, Harris TB, Becker DM, O'Donnell C, Heiss G, Kooperberg C, Boerwinkle E. Prospective Associations of Coronary Heart Disease Loci in African Americans Using the MetaboChip: The PAGE Study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e113203. View in: PubMed

Dumitrescu L, Carty CL, Franceschini N, Hindorff LA, Cole SA, Bužková P, Schumacher FR, Eaton CB, Goodloe RJ, Duggan DJ, Haessler J, Cochran B, Henderson BE, Cheng I, Johnson KC, Carlson CS, Love SA, Brown-Gentry K, Nato AQ, Quibrera M, Shohet RV, Ambite JL, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L, Haiman CA, Buyske S, Kooperberg C, North KE, Fornage M, Crawford DC. No evidence of interaction between known lipid-associated genetic variants and smoking in the multi-ethnic PAGE population. Hum Genet. 2013 Dec; 132(12):1427-31. View in: PubMed

Haring B, Leng X, Robinson J, Johnson KC, Jackson RD, Beyth R, Wactawski-Wende J, von Ballmoos MW, Goveas JS, Kuller LH, Wassertheil-Smoller S. Cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline in postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Dec; 2(6):e000369. View in: PubMed

Ma Y, Hébert JR, Balasubramanian R, Wedick NM, Howard BV, Rosal MC, Liu S, Bird CE, Olendzki BC, Ockene JK, Wactawski-Wende J, Phillips LS, Lamonte MJ, Schneider KL, Garcia L, Ockene IS, Merriam PA, Sepavich DM, Mackey RH, Johnson KC, Manson JE. All-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality rates in postmenopausal white, black, Hispanic, and Asian women with and without diabetes in the United States: the Women's Health Initiative, 1993-2009. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Nov 15; 178(10):1533-41. View in: PubMed

Cauley JA, Chlebowski RT, Wactawski-Wende J, Robbins JA, Rodabough RJ, Chen Z, Johnson KC, O'Sullivan MJ, Jackson RD, Manson JE. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and health outcomes five years after active intervention ended: the Women's Health Initiative. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2013 Nov; 22(11):915-29. View in: PubMed

Manson JE, Chlebowski RT, Stefanick ML, Aragaki AK, Rossouw JE, Prentice RL, Anderson G, Howard BV, Thomson CA, LaCroix AZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Jackson RD, Limacher M, Margolis KL, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Beresford SA, Cauley JA, Eaton CB, Gass M, Hsia J, Johnson KC, Kooperberg C, Kuller LH, Lewis CE, Liu S, Martin LW, Ockene JK, O'Sullivan MJ, Powell LH, Simon MS, Van Horn L, Vitolins MZ, Wallace RB. Menopausal hormone therapy and health outcomes during the intervention and extended poststopping phases of the Women's Health Initiative randomized trials. JAMA. 2013 Oct 2; 310(13):1353-68. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Pettinger M, Johnson KC, Wallace R, Womack C, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Stefanick M, Wactawski-Wende J, Carbone L, Lu B, Eaton C, Walitt B, Kooperberg CL. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and joint symptoms in postmenopausal women in the women's health initiative randomized trial. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Oct; 113(10):1302-10. View in: PubMed

Dumitrescu L, Carty CL, Franceschini N, Hindorff LA, Cole SA, Bužková P, Schumacher FR, Eaton CB, Goodloe RJ, Duggan DJ, Haessler J, Cochran B, Henderson BE, Cheng I, Johnson KC, Carlson CS, Love SA, Brown-Gentry K, Nato AQ, Quibrera M, Anderson G, Shohet RV, Ambite JL, Wilkens LR, Marchand LL, Haiman CA, Buyske S, Kooperberg C, North KE, Fornage M, Crawford DC. Post-Genome-Wide Association Study Challenges for Lipid Traits: Describing Age as a Modifier of Gene-Lipid Associations in the Population Architecture Using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Study. Ann Hum Genet. 2013 Sep; 77(5):416-25. View in: PubMed

Cardiovascular effects of intensive lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jul 11; 369(2):145-54. View in: PubMed

Chomistek AK, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Lu B, Sands-Lincoln M, Going SB, Garcia L, Allison MA, Sims ST, LaMonte MJ, Johnson KC, Eaton CB. Relationship of sedentary behavior and physical activity to incident cardiovascular disease: results from the Women's Health Initiative. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Jun 11; 61(23):2346-54. View in: PubMed

Monda KL, Chen GK, Taylor KC, Palmer C, Edwards TL, Lange LA, Ng MC, Adeyemo AA, Allison MA, Bielak LF, Chen G, Graff M, Irvin MR, Rhie SK, Li G, Liu Y, Liu Y, Lu Y, Nalls MA, Sun YV, Wojczynski MK, Yanek LR, Aldrich MC, Ademola A, Amos CI, Bandera EV, Bock CH, Britton A, Broeckel U, Cai Q, Caporaso NE, Carlson CS, Carpten J, Casey G, Chen WM, Chen F, Chen YD, Chiang CW, Coetzee GA, Demerath E, Deming-Halverson SL, Driver RW, Dubbert P, Feitosa MF, Feng Y, Freedman BI, Gillanders EM, Gottesman O, Guo X, Haritunians T, Harris T, Harris CC, Hennis AJ, Hernandez DG, McNeill LH, Howard TD, Howard BV, Howard VJ, Johnson KC, Kang SJ, Keating BJ, Kolb S, Kuller LH, Kutlar A, Langefeld CD, Lettre G, Lohman K, Lotay V, Lyon H, Manson JE, Maixner W, Meng YA, Monroe KR, Morhason-Bello I, Murphy AB, Mychaleckyj JC, Nadukuru R, Nathanson KL, Nayak U, N'diaye A, Nemesure B, Wu SY, Leske MC, Neslund-Dudas C, Neuhouser M, Nyante S, Ochs-Balcom H, Ogunniyi A, Ogundiran TO, Ojengbede O, Olopade OI, Palmer JR, Ruiz-Narvaez EA, Palmer ND, Press MF, Rampersaud E, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Rodriguez-Gil JL, Salako B, Schadt EE, Schwartz AG, Shriner DA, Siscovick D, Smith SB, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Speliotes EK, Spitz MR, Sucheston L, Taylor H, Tayo BO, Tucker MA, Van Den Berg DJ, Edwards DR, Wang Z, Wiencke JK, Winkler TW, Witte JS, Wrensch M, Wu X, Yang JJ, Levin AM, Young TR, Zakai NA, Cushman M, Zanetti KA, Zhao JH, Zhao W, Zheng Y, Zhou J, Ziegler RG, Zmuda JM, Fernandes JK, Gilkeson GS, Kamen DL, Hunt KJ, Spruill IJ, Ambrosone CB, Ambs S, Arnett DK, Atwood L, Becker DM, Berndt SI, Bernstein L, Blot WJ, Borecki IB, Bottinger EP, Bowden DW, Burke G, Chanock SJ, Cooper RS, Ding J, Duggan D, Evans MK, Fox C, Garvey WT, Bradfield JP, Hakonarson H, Grant SF, Hsing A, Chu L, Hu JJ, Huo D, Ingles SA, John EM, Jordan JM, Kabagambe EK, Kardia SL, Kittles RA, Goodman PJ, Klein EA, Kolonel LN, Le Marchand L, Liu S, McKnight B, Millikan RC, Mosley TH, Padhukasahasram B, Williams LK, Patel SR, Peters U, Pettaway CA, Peyser PA, Psaty BM, Redline S, Rotimi CN, Rybicki BA, Sale MM, Schreiner PJ, Signorello LB, Singleton AB, Stanford JL, Strom SS, Thun MJ, Vitolins M, Zheng W, Moore JH, Williams SM, Ketkar S, Zhu X, Zonderman AB. A meta-analysis identifies new loci associated with body mass index in individuals of African ancestry. Nat Genet. 2013 Jun; 45(6):690-6. View in: PubMed

Rossom RC, Espeland MA, Manson JE, Dysken MW, Johnson KC, Lane DS, LeBlanc ES, Lederle FA, Masaki KH, Margolis KL. Response to Annweiler and Beauchet. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun; 61(6):1050-1. View in: PubMed

Espeland MA, Rejeski WJ, West DS, Bray GA, Clark JM, Peters AL, Chen H, Johnson KC, Horton ES, Hazuda HP. Intensive weight loss intervention in older individuals: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun; 61(6):912-22. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Cirillo DJ, Eaton CB, Stefanick ML, Pettinger M, Carbone LD, Johnson KC, Simon MS, Woods NF, Wactawski-Wende J. Estrogen alone and joint symptoms in the Women's Health Initiative randomized trial. Menopause. 2013 Jun; 20(6):600-8. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Anderson GL, Cauley JA, Aragaki AK, Stefanick ML, Lane DS, Johnson KC, Wactawski-Wende J, Chen C, Qi L, Yasmeen S, Newcomb PA, Prentice RL. Estrogen plus progestin and breast cancer incidence and mortality in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Apr 17; 105(8):526-35. View in: PubMed

Neuhouser ML, Di C, Tinker LF, Thomson C, Sternfeld B, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Stefanick ML, Sims S, Curb JD, Lamonte M, Seguin R, Johnson KC, Prentice RL. Physical activity assessment: biomarkers and self-report of activity-related energy expenditure in the WHI. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Mar 15; 177(6):576-85. View in: PubMed

Taylor KC, Carty CL, Dumitrescu L, Bužková P, Cole SA, Hindorff L, Schumacher FR, Wilkens LR, Shohet RV, Quibrera PM, Johnson KC, Henderson BE, Haessler J, Franceschini N, Eaton CB, Duggan DJ, Cochran B, Cheng I, Carlson CS, Brown-Gentry K, Anderson G, Ambite JL, Haiman C, Le Marchand L, Kooperberg C, Crawford DC, Buyske S, North KE, Fornage M. Investigation of gene-by-sex interactions for lipid traits in diverse populations from the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology study. BMC Genet. 2013; 14:33. View in: PubMed

Liu CT, Monda KL, Taylor KC, Lange L, Demerath EW, Palmas W, Wojczynski MK, Ellis JC, Vitolins MZ, Liu S, Papanicolaou GJ, Irvin MR, Xue L, Griffin PJ, Nalls MA, Adeyemo A, Liu J, Li G, Ruiz-Narvaez EA, Chen WM, Chen F, Henderson BE, Millikan RC, Ambrosone CB, Strom SS, Guo X, Andrews JS, Sun YV, Mosley TH, Yanek LR, Shriner D, Haritunians T, Rotter JI, Speliotes EK, Smith M, Rosenberg L, Mychaleckyj J, Nayak U, Spruill I, Garvey WT, Pettaway C, Nyante S, Bandera EV, Britton AF, Zonderman AB, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Chen YD, Ding J, Lohman K, Kritchevsky SB, Zhao W, Peyser PA, Kardia SL, Kabagambe E, Broeckel U, Chen G, Zhou J, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Neuhouser ML, Rampersaud E, Psaty B, Kooperberg C, Manson JE, Kuller LH, Ochs-Balcom HM, Johnson KC, Sucheston L, Ordovas JM, Palmer JR, Haiman CA, McKnight B, Howard BV, Becker DM, Bielak LF, Liu Y, Allison MA, Grant SF, Burke GL, Patel SR, Schreiner PJ, Borecki IB, Evans MK, Taylor H, Sale MM, Howard V, Carlson CS, Rotimi CN, Cushman M, Harris TB, Reiner AP, Cupples LA, North KE, Fox CS. Genome-wide association of body fat distribution in African ancestry populations suggests new loci. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(8):e1003681. View in: PubMed

Espeland MA, Pettinger M, Falkner KL, Shumaker SA, Limacher M, Thomas F, Weaver KE, Stefanick ML, McQuellon C, Hunt JR, Johnson KC. Demographic and health factors associated with enrollment in posttrial studies: the Women's Health Initiative Hormone Therapy Trials. Clin Trials. 2013; 10(3):463-72. View in: PubMed

Bertoia ML, Allison MA, Manson JE, Freiberg MS, Kuller LH, Solomon AJ, Limacher MC, Johnson KC, Curb JD, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Eaton CB. Risk factors for sudden cardiac death in post-menopausal women. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Dec 25; 60(25):2674-82. View in: PubMed

Rossom RC, Espeland MA, Manson JE, Dysken MW, Johnson KC, Lane DS, LeBlanc ES, Lederle FA, Masaki KH, Margolis KL. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation and cognitive impairment in the women's health initiative. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Dec; 60(12):2197-205. View in: PubMed

Neiberg RH, Wing RR, Bray GA, Reboussin DM, Rickman AD, Johnson KC, Kitabchi AE, Faulconbridge LF, Kitzman DW, Espeland MA. Patterns of weight change associated with long-term weight change and cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Look AHEAD Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Oct; 20(10):2048-56. View in: PubMed

Rossouw JE, Prentice RL, Manson JE, Aragaki AK, Hsia J, Martin LW, Kuller L, Johnson KC, Eaton C, Jackson R, Trevisan M, Allison M, Hoogeveen RC. Relationships of coronary heart disease with 27-hydroxycholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and menopausal hormone therapy. Circulation. 2012 Sep 25; 126(13):1577-86. View in: PubMed

Kroenke CH, Caan BJ, Stefanick ML, Anderson G, Brzyski R, Johnson KC, LeBlanc E, Lee C, La Croix AZ, Park HL, Sims ST, Vitolins M, Wallace R. Effects of a dietary intervention and weight change on vasomotor symptoms in the Women's Health Initiative. Menopause. 2012 Sep; 19(9):980-8. View in: PubMed

Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Martinez AS, Visser-Dumont L, Ganguly DH, Still JF. Studies in pediatric hearing loss at the House Research Institute. J Am Acad Audiol. 2012 Jun; 23(6):412-21. View in: PubMed

Huang AJ, Hess R, Arya LA, Richter HE, Subak LL, Bradley CS, Rogers RG, Myers DL, Johnson KC, Gregory WT, Kraus SR, Schembri M, Brown JS. Pharmacologic treatment for urgency-predominant urinary incontinence in women diagnosed using a simplified algorithm: a randomized trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 May; 206(5):444. e1-11. View in: PubMed

Rossouw JE, Johnson KC, Pettinger M, Cushman M, Sandset PM, Kuller L, Rosendaal F, Rosing J, Wasserthal-Smoller S, Martin LW, Manson JE, Lakshminarayan K, Merino JG, Lynch J. Tissue factor pathway inhibitor, activated protein C resistance, and risk of ischemic stroke due to postmenopausal hormone therapy. Stroke. 2012 Apr; 43(4):952-7. View in: PubMed

Neuhouser ML, Manson JE, Millen A, Pettinger M, Margolis K, Jacobs ET, Shikany JM, Vitolins M, Adams-Campbell L, Liu S, LeBlanc E, Johnson KC, Wactawski-Wende J. The influence of health and lifestyle characteristics on the relation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D with risk of colorectal and breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Apr 1; 175(7):673-84. View in: PubMed

Schwartz AV, Johnson KC, Kahn SE, Shepherd JA, Nevitt MC, Peters AL, Walkup MP, Hodges A, Williams CC, Bray GA. Effect of 1 year of an intentional weight loss intervention on bone mineral density in type 2 diabetes: results from the Look AHEAD randomized trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Mar; 27(3):619-27. View in: PubMed

Bertone-Johnson ER, McTiernan A, Thomson CA, Wactawski-Wende J, Aragaki AK, Rohan TE, Vitolins MZ, Tamimi RM, Johnson KC, Lane D, Rexrode KM, Peck JD, Chlebowski RT, Sarto G, Manson JE. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation and one-year change in mammographic density in the women's health initiative calcium and vitamin D trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Mar; 21(3):462-73. View in: PubMed

Mount DL, Davis C, Kennedy B, Raatz S, Dotson K, Gary-Webb TL, Thomas S, Johnson KC, Espeland MA. Factors influencing enrollment of African Americans in the Look AHEAD trial. Clin Trials. 2012 Feb; 9(1):80-9. View in: PubMed

Sims ST, Larson JC, Lamonte MJ, Michael YL, Martin LW, Johnson KC, Sarto GE, Stefanick ML. Physical activity and body mass: changes in younger versus older postmenopausal women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Jan; 44(1):89-97. View in: PubMed

Eaton CB, Young A, Allison MA, Robinson J, Martin LW, Kuller LH, Johnson KC, Curb JD, Van Horn L, McTiernan A, Liu S, Manson JE. Prospective association of vitamin D concentrations with mortality in postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec; 94(6):1471-8. View in: PubMed

Prentice RL, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Huang Y, Van Horn L, Beresford SA, Caan B, Tinker L, Schoeller D, Bingham S, Eaton CB, Thomson C, Johnson KC, Ockene J, Sarto G, Heiss G, Neuhouser ML. Evaluation and comparison of food records, recalls, and frequencies for energy and protein assessment by using recovery biomarkers. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Sep 1; 174(5):591-603. View in: PubMed

Goss PE, Ingle JN, Alés-Martínez JE, Cheung AM, Chlebowski RT, Wactawski-Wende J, McTiernan A, Robbins J, Johnson KC, Martin LW, Winquist E, Sarto GE, Garber JE, Fabian CJ, Pujol P, Maunsell E, Farmer P, Gelmon KA, Tu D, Richardson H. Exemestane for breast-cancer prevention in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jun 23; 364(25):2381-91. View in: PubMed

Dumitrescu L, Carty CL, Taylor K, Schumacher FR, Hindorff LA, Ambite JL, Anderson G, Best LG, Brown-Gentry K, Bužková P, Carlson CS, Cochran B, Cole SA, Devereux RB, Duggan D, Eaton CB, Fornage M, Franceschini N, Haessler J, Howard BV, Johnson KC, Laston S, Kolonel LN, Lee ET, MacCluer JW, Manolio TA, Pendergrass SA, Quibrera M, Shohet RV, Wilkens LR, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L, Buyske S, Kooperberg C, North KE, Crawford DC. Genetic determinants of lipid traits in diverse populations from the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology (PAGE) study. PLoS Genet. 2011 Jun; 7(6):e1002138. View in: PubMed

Szmuilowicz ED, Manson JE, Rossouw JE, Howard BV, Margolis KL, Greep NC, Brzyski RG, Stefanick ML, O'Sullivan MJ, Wu C, Allison M, Grobbee DE, Johnson KC, Ockene JK, Rodriguez BL, Sarto GE, Vitolins MZ, Seely EW. Vasomotor symptoms and cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2011 Jun; 18(6):603-10. View in: PubMed

Casanova R, Espeland MA, Goveas JS, Davatzikos C, Gaussoin SA, Maldjian JA, Brunner RL, Kuller LH, Johnson KC, Mysiw WJ, Wagner B, Resnick SM. Application of machine learning methods to describe the effects of conjugated equine estrogens therapy on region-specific brain volumes. Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 May; 29(4):546-53. View in: PubMed

LaCroix AZ, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Aragaki AK, Johnson KC, Martin L, Margolis KL, Stefanick ML, Brzyski R, Curb JD, Howard BV, Lewis CE, Wactawski-Wende J. Health outcomes after stopping conjugated equine estrogens among postmenopausal women with prior hysterectomy: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2011 Apr 6; 305(13):1305-14. View in: PubMed

Robinson JG, Manson JE, Larson J, Liu S, Song Y, Howard BV, Phillips L, Shikany JM, Allison M, Curb JD, Johnson KC, Watts N. Lack of association between 25(OH)D levels and incident type 2 diabetes in older women. Diabetes Care. 2011 Mar; 34(3):628-34. View in: PubMed

Prentice RL, Huang Y, Kuller LH, Tinker LF, Horn LV, Stefanick ML, Sarto G, Ockene J, Johnson KC. Biomarker-calibrated energy and protein consumption and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women. Epidemiology. 2011 Mar; 22(2):170-9. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Johnson KC, Lane D, Pettinger M, Kooperberg CL, Wactawski-Wende J, Rohan T, O'Sullivan MJ, Yasmeen S, Hiatt RA, Shikany JM, Vitolins M, Khandekar J, Hubbell FA. 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, vitamin D intake and joint symptoms in postmenopausal women. Maturitas. 2011 Jan; 68(1):73-8. View in: PubMed

Allison MA, Manson JE, Aragaki A, Langer RD, Rossouw J, Curb D, Martin LW, Phillips L, Stefanick ML, Cochrane BB, Sarto G, Barnhart J, O'Sullivan MJ, Johnson KC, Gass M, Trevisan M, Woods NF. Vasomotor symptoms and coronary artery calcium in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2010 Nov-Dec; 17(6):1136-45. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Anderson GL, Gass M, Lane DS, Aragaki AK, Kuller LH, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Ockene J, Sarto GE, Johnson KC, Wactawski-Wende J, Ravdin PM, Schenken R, Hendrix SL, Rajkovic A, Rohan TE, Yasmeen S, Prentice RL. Estrogen plus progestin and breast cancer incidence and mortality in postmenopausal women. JAMA. 2010 Oct 20; 304(15):1684-92. View in: PubMed

Hayes BL, Curtis JR, Laster A, Saag K, Tanner SB, Liu C, Womack C, Johnson KC, Khaliq F, Carbone LD. Osteoporosis care in the United States after declines in reimbursements for DXA. J Clin Densitom. 2010 Oct-Dec; 13(4):352-60. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Anderson GL, Manson JE, Schwartz AG, Wakelee H, Gass M, Rodabough RJ, Johnson KC, Wactawski-Wende J, Kotchen JM, Ockene JK, O'Sullivan MJ, Hubbell FA, Chien JW, Chen C, Stefanick ML. Lung cancer among postmenopausal women treated with estrogen alone in the women's health initiative randomized trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010 Sep 22; 102(18):1413-21. View in: PubMed

Li CI, Chlebowski RT, Freiberg M, Johnson KC, Kuller L, Lane D, Lessin L, O'Sullivan MJ, Wactawski-Wende J, Yasmeen S, Prentice R. Alcohol consumption and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer by subtype: the women's health initiative observational study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010 Sep 22; 102(18):1422-31. View in: PubMed

Carbone LD, Johnson KC, Robbins J, Larson JC, Curb JD, Watson K, Gass M, Lacroix AZ. Antiepileptic drug use, falls, fractures, and BMD in postmenopausal women: findings from the women's health initiative (WHI). J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Apr; 25(4):873-81. View in: PubMed

Atkinson HH, Rapp SR, Williamson JD, Lovato J, Absher JR, Gass M, Henderson VW, Johnson KC, Kostis JB, Sink KM, Mouton CP, Ockene JK, Stefanick ML, Lane DS, Espeland MA. The relationship between cognitive function and physical performance in older women: results from the women's health initiative memory study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2010 Mar; 65(3):300-6. View in: PubMed

McTiernan A, Chlebowski RT, Martin C, Peck JD, Aragaki A, Pisano ED, Wang CY, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Wallace RB, Vitolins MZ, Heiss G. Conjugated equine estrogen influence on mammographic density in postmenopausal women in a substudy of the women's health initiative randomized trial. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Dec 20; 27(36):6135-43. View in: PubMed

Ix JH, Wassel CL, Chertow GM, Koster A, Johnson KC, Tylavsky FA, Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Harris TB, Shlipak MG. Fetuin-A and change in body composition in older persons. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Nov; 94(11):4492-8. View in: PubMed

Li R, O'Sullivan MJ, Robinson J, Safford MM, Curb D, Johnson KC. Family history of myocardial infarction predicts incident coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women with diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2009 Nov; 25(8):725-32. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Schwartz AG, Wakelee H, Anderson GL, Stefanick ML, Manson JE, Rodabough RJ, Chien JW, Wactawski-Wende J, Gass M, Kotchen JM, Johnson KC, O'Sullivan MJ, Ockene JK, Chen C, Hubbell FA. Oestrogen plus progestin and lung cancer in postmenopausal women (Women's Health Initiative trial): a post-hoc analysis of a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2009 Oct 10; 374(9697):1243-51. View in: PubMed

Prentice RL, Manson JE, Langer RD, Anderson GL, Pettinger M, Jackson RD, Johnson KC, Kuller LH, Lane DS, Wactawski-Wende J, Brzyski R, Allison M, Ockene J, Sarto G, Rossouw JE. Benefits and risks of postmenopausal hormone therapy when it is initiated soon after menopause. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Jul 1; 170(1):12-23. View in: PubMed

LaCroix AZ, Kotchen J, Anderson G, Brzyski R, Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Gass M, Johnson KC, Ko M, Larson J, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and mortality in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative calcium-vitamin D randomized controlled trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009 May; 64(5):559-67. View in: PubMed

Grady D, Sawaya GF, Johnson KC, Koltun W, Hess R, Vittinghoff E, Kristof M, Tagliaferri M, Cohen I, Ensrud KE. MF101, a selective estrogen receptor beta modulator for the treatment of menopausal hot flushes: a phase II clinical trial. Menopause. 2009 May-Jun; 16(3):458-65. View in: PubMed

Carbone LD, Johnson KC, Bush AJ, Robbins J, Larson JC, Thomas A, LaCroix AZ. Loop diuretic use and fracture in postmenopausal women: findings from the Women's Health Initiative. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Jan 26; 169(2):132-40. View in: PubMed

Chlebowski RT, Johnson KC, Kooperberg C, Pettinger M, Wactawski-Wende J, Rohan T, Rossouw J, Lane D, O'Sullivan MJ, Yasmeen S, Hiatt RA, Shikany JM, Vitolins M, Khandekar J, Hubbell FA. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2008 Nov 19; 100(22):1581-91. View in: PubMed

Kaplan RC, McGinn AP, Baird AE, Hendrix SL, Kooperberg C, Lynch J, Rosenbaum DM, Johnson KC, Strickler HD, Wassertheil-Smoller S. Inflammation and hemostasis biomarkers for predicting stroke in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008 Nov-Dec; 17(6):344-55. View in: PubMed

Johnson KC, Margolis KL, Espeland MA, Colenda CC, Fillit H, Manson JE, Masaki KH, Mouton CP, Prineas R, Robinson JG, Wassertheil-Smoller S. A prospective study of the effect of hypertension and baseline blood pressure on cognitive decline and dementia in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Aug; 56(8):1449-58. View in: PubMed

Ix JH, Wassel CL, Kanaya AM, Vittinghoff E, Johnson KC, Koster A, Cauley JA, Harris TB, Cummings SR, Shlipak MG. Fetuin-A and incident diabetes mellitus in older persons. JAMA. 2008 Jul 9; 300(2):182-8. View in: PubMed

Allison MA, Manson JE, Langer RD, Carr JJ, Rossouw JE, Pettinger MB, Phillips L, Cochrane BB, Eaton CB, Greenland P, Hendrix S, Hsia J, Hunt JR, Jackson RD, Johnson KC, Kuller LH, Robinson J. Oophorectomy, hormone therapy, and subclinical coronary artery disease in women with hysterectomy: the Women's Health Initiative coronary artery calcium study. Menopause. 2008 Jul-Aug; 15(4 Pt 1):639-47. View in: PubMed

Johnson KC, DesJardin JL, Barker DH, Quittner AL, Winter ME. Assessing joint attention and symbolic play in children with cochlear implants and multiple disabilities: two case studies. Otol Neurotol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):246-50. View in: PubMed

Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Martinez AS, DesJardin JL, Stika CJ, Dzubak D, Mahalak ML, Rector EP. Comprehensive evaluation of a child with an auditory brainstem implant. Otol Neurotol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):251-7. View in: PubMed

Wang NY, Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Fink NE, Tobey EA, Quittner AL, Niparko JK. Tracking development of speech recognition: longitudinal data from hierarchical assessments in the Childhood Development after Cochlear Implantation Study. Otol Neurotol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):240-5. View in: PubMed

Wing RR, Jakicic J, Neiberg R, Lang W, Blair SN, Cooper L, Hill JO, Johnson KC, Lewis CE. Fitness, fatness, and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: look ahead study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Dec; 39(12):2107-16. View in: PubMed

Huang AJ, Ettinger B, Vittinghoff E, Ensrud KE, Johnson KC, Cummings SR. Endogenous estrogen levels and the effects of ultra-low-dose transdermal estradiol therapy on bone turnover and BMD in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Nov; 22(11):1791-7. View in: PubMed

Reduction in weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes: one-year results of the look AHEAD trial. Diabetes Care. 2007 Jun; 30(6):1374-83. View in: PubMed

Cui Y, Page DL, Chlebowski RT, Hsia J, Allan Hubbell F, Johnson KC, Rohan TE. Cigarette smoking and risk of benign proliferative epithelial disorders of the breast in the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Causes Control. 2007 May; 18(4):431-8. View in: PubMed

Gallaher KT, Mura M, Todd WA, Harris TL, Kenyon E, Harris T, Johnson KC, Satterfield S, Kritchevsky SB, Iannaccone A. Estimation of macular pigment optical density in the elderly: test-retest variability and effect of optical blur in pseudophakic subjects. Vision Res. 2007 Apr; 47(9):1253-9. View in: PubMed

Iannaccone A, Mura M, Gallaher KT, Johnson EJ, Todd WA, Kenyon E, Harris TL, Harris T, Satterfield S, Johnson KC, Kritchevsky SB. Macular pigment optical density in the elderly: findings in a large biracial Midsouth population sample. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Apr; 48(4):1458-65. View in: PubMed

Klein R, Deng Y, Klein BE, Hyman L, Seddon J, Frank RN, Wallace RB, Hendrix SL, Kuppermann BD, Langer RD, Kuller L, Brunner R, Johnson KC, Thomas AM, Haan M. Cardiovascular disease, its risk factors and treatment, and age-related macular degeneration: Women's Health Initiative Sight Exam ancillary study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Mar; 143(3):473-83. View in: PubMed

Hsia J, Heiss G, Ren H, Allison M, Dolan NC, Greenland P, Heckbert SR, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Sidney S, Trevisan M. Calcium/vitamin D supplementation and cardiovascular events. Circulation. 2007 Feb 20; 115(7):846-54. View in: PubMed

Kooperberg C, Cushman M, Hsia J, Robinson JG, Aragaki AK, Lynch JK, Baird AE, Johnson KC, Kuller LH, Beresford SA, Rodriguez B. Can biomarkers identify women at increased stroke risk? The Women's Health Initiative Hormone Trials. PLoS Clin Trials. 2007; 2(6):e28. View in: PubMed

Bonds DE, Larson JC, Schwartz AV, Strotmeyer ES, Robbins J, Rodriguez BL, Johnson KC, Margolis KL. Risk of fracture in women with type 2 diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 91(9):3404-10. View in: PubMed

Yaffe K, Vittinghoff E, Ensrud KE, Johnson KC, Diem S, Hanes V, Grady D. Effects of ultra-low-dose transdermal estradiol on cognition and health-related quality of life. Arch Neurol. 2006 Jul; 63(7):945-50. View in: PubMed

Hendrix SL, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Johnson KC, Howard BV, Kooperberg C, Rossouw JE, Trevisan M, Aragaki A, Baird AE, Bray PF, Buring JE, Criqui MH, Herrington D, Lynch JK, Rapp SR, Torner J. Effects of conjugated equine estrogen on stroke in the Women's Health Initiative. Circulation. 2006 May 23; 113(20):2425-34. View in: PubMed

Koster A, Bosma H, Penninx BW, Newman AB, Harris TB, van Eijk JT, Kempen GI, Simonsick EM, Johnson KC, Rooks RN, Ayonayon HN, Rubin SM, Kritchevsky SB. Association of inflammatory markers with socioeconomic status. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Mar; 61(3):284-90. View in: PubMed

Wactawski-Wende J, Kotchen JM, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Brunner RL, O'Sullivan MJ, Margolis KL, Ockene JK, Phillips L, Pottern L, Prentice RL, Robbins J, Rohan TE, Sarto GE, Sharma S, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Wallace RB, Whitlock E, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black HR, Bonds DE, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Cochrane B, Garland C, Gass M, Hays J, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Jackson RD, Johnson KC, Judd H, Kooperberg CL, Kuller LH, LaCroix AZ, Lane DS, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Lewis CE, Limacher MC, Manson JE. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med. 2006 Feb 16; 354(7):684-96. View in: PubMed

Hsia J, Langer RD, Manson JE, Kuller L, Johnson KC, Hendrix SL, Pettinger M, Heckbert SR, Greep N, Crawford S, Eaton CB, Kostis JB, Caralis P, Prentice R. Conjugated equine estrogens and coronary heart disease: the Women's Health Initiative. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Feb 13; 166(3):357-65. View in: PubMed

Prentice RL, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Patterson R, Kuller LH, Ockene JK, Margolis KL, Limacher MC, Manson JE, Parker LM, Paskett E, Phillips L, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto GE, Shikany JM, Stefanick ML, Thomson CA, Van Horn L, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Wallace RB, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Whitlock E, Yano K, Adams-Campbell L, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Beresford SA, Black HR, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Ford L, Gass M, Hays J, Heber D, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Jackson RD, Johnson KC, Kotchen JM, LaCroix AZ, Lane DS, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Henderson MM. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of invasive breast cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):629-42. View in: PubMed

Howard BV, Van Horn L, Hsia J, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Kuller LH, LaCroix AZ, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Lewis CE, Limacher MC, Margolis KL, Mysiw WJ, Ockene JK, Parker LM, Perri MG, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto GE, Schatz IJ, Snetselaar LG, Stevens VJ, Tinker LF, Trevisan M, Vitolins MZ, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black HR, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Gass M, Granek I, Greenland P, Hays J, Heber D, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Hubbell FA, Johnson KC, Kotchen JM. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):655-66. View in: PubMed

Beresford SA, Johnson KC, Ritenbaugh C, Lasser NL, Snetselaar LG, Black HR, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Bassford T, Bowen D, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Gass M, Harrigan RC, Hays J, Heber D, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Jackson RD, Kotchen JM, Kuller LH, LaCroix AZ, Lane DS, Langer RD, Lewis CE, Manson JE, Margolis KL, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Ockene JK, Parker LM, Perri MG, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto GE, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Wallace RB, Whitlock E. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of colorectal cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):643-54. View in: PubMed

Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Martinez AS, Cokely CG, Tobey EA, Quittner AL, Fink NE, Wang NY, Niparko JK. Speech recognition at 1-year follow-up in the childhood development after cochlear implantation study: Methods and preliminary findings. Audiol Neurootol. 2006; 11(4):259-68. View in: PubMed

McTiernan A, Martin CF, Peck JD, Aragaki AK, Chlebowski RT, Pisano ED, Wang CY, Brunner RL, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Lewis CE, Kotchen JM, Hulka BS. Estrogen-plus-progestin use and mammographic density in postmenopausal women: Women's Health Initiative randomized trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Sep 21; 97(18):1366-76. View in: PubMed

Ettinger B, Ensrud KE, Wallace R, Johnson KC, Cummings SR, Yankov V, Vittinghoff E, Grady D. Effects of ultralow-dose transdermal estradiol on bone mineral density: a randomized clinical trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Sep; 104(3):443-51. View in: PubMed

Anderson GL, Limacher M, Assaf AR, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black H, Bonds D, Brunner R, Brzyski R, Caan B, Chlebowski R, Curb D, Gass M, Hays J, Heiss G, Hendrix S, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell A, Jackson R, Johnson KC, Judd H, Kotchen JM, Kuller L, LaCroix AZ, Lane D, Langer RD, Lasser N, Lewis CE, Manson J, Margolis K, Ockene J, O'Sullivan MJ, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Ritenbaugh C, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto G, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Wactawski-Wende J, Wallace R, Wassertheil-Smoller S. Effects of conjugated equine estrogen in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy: the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2004 Apr 14; 291(14):1701-12. View in: PubMed

Johnson KC, Klesges LM, Somes GW, Coday MC, DeBon M. Access of over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy products to minors. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Mar; 158(3):212-6. View in: PubMed

Ryan DH, Espeland MA, Foster GD, Haffner SM, Hubbard VS, Johnson KC, Kahn SE, Knowler WC, Yanovski SZ. Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes): design and methods for a clinical trial of weight loss for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. Control Clin Trials. 2003 Oct; 24(5):610-28. View in: PubMed

Curb JD, McTiernan A, Heckbert SR, Kooperberg C, Stanford J, Nevitt M, Johnson KC, Proulx-Burns L, Pastore L, Criqui M, Daugherty S. Outcomes ascertainment and adjudication methods in the Women's Health Initiative. Ann Epidemiol. 2003 Oct; 13(9 Suppl):S122-8. View in: PubMed

Manson JE, Hsia J, Johnson KC, Rossouw JE, Assaf AR, Lasser NL, Trevisan M, Black HR, Heckbert SR, Detrano R, Strickland OL, Wong ND, Crouse JR, Stein E, Cushman M. Estrogen plus progestin and the risk of coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med. 2003 Aug 7; 349(6):523-34. View in: PubMed

Klesges LM, Johnson KC, Somes G, Zbikowski S, Robinson L. Use of nicotine replacement therapy in adolescent smokers and nonsmokers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Jun; 157(6):517-22. View in: PubMed

Rapp SR, Espeland MA, Shumaker SA, Henderson VW, Brunner RL, Manson JE, Gass ML, Stefanick ML, Lane DS, Hays J, Johnson KC, Coker LH, Dailey M, Bowen D. Effect of estrogen plus progestin on global cognitive function in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003 May 28; 289(20):2663-72. View in: PubMed

Kostis JB, Wilson AC, Hooper WC, Harrison KW, Philipp CS, Appel LJ, Espeland MA, Folmar S, Johnson KC. Association of angiotensin-converting enzyme DD genotype with blood pressure sensitivity to weight loss. Am Heart J. 2002 Oct; 144(4):625-9. View in: PubMed

Johnson KC. Audiologic assessment of children with suspected hearing loss. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2002 Aug; 35(4):711-32. View in: PubMed

Rossouw JE, Anderson GL, Prentice RL, LaCroix AZ, Kooperberg C, Stefanick ML, Jackson RD, Beresford SA, Howard BV, Johnson KC, Kotchen JM, Ockene J. Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results From the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2002 Jul 17; 288(3):321-33. View in: PubMed

Pahor M, Franse LV, Deitcher SR, Cushman WC, Johnson KC, Shorr RI, Kottke-Marchant K, Tracy RP, Somes GW, Applegate WB. Fosinopril versus amlodipine comparative treatments study: a randomized trial to assess effects on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29; 105(4):457-61. View in: PubMed

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