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Myles Gordon Cockburn, PhD
Research Professor of Preventive Medicine (Part Time)
Preventive Medicine
SSB 318A 2001 N. Soto Street Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 865 0322


Myles Cockburn is Associate Professor in Preventive Medicine, focusing on cancer etiology and prevention. A native of New Zealand, he came to USC to study melanoma risk factors and to design methods for improved primary prevention and screening. His current research focuses on improving SunSmart attitudes and behaviors in school children throughout Los Angeles, developing skin self examination methods for effective skin cancer screening, and working with clinical dermatologists and oncologists to better understand the complex role of UV in melanogenesis. Incorporating his background in GIS and spatial sciences, he has worked extensively on elucidating the role of pesticide exposures in hormone-related cancers and Parkinson’s Disease with collaborators from UCLA and elsewhere in California. In his role in the Los Angeles Cancer Surveillance Program he is responsible for the development and dissemination of novel methods for improving cancer control, particularly in diverse and underserved populations. Dr. Cockburn mentors a number of PhD students who are trained in all aspects of epidemiologic investigation while participating in, and often taking a leading role in, his ongoing research studies. Dr. Cockburn is a member of the Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, the Southern California Environmental Health Sciences Center, and USC’s Spatial Sciences Institute.


The role of spatially-derived access-to-care characteristics in melanoma prevention and control in Los Angeles county. Health Place. 2017 Apr 05; 45:160-172. View in: PubMed

Early estimates of SEER cancer incidence, 2014. Cancer. 2017 Feb 14. View in: PubMed

Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Impact of Neighborhood Social and Built Environment on Breast Cancer Risk: The Neighborhoods and Breast Cancer Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 Feb 14. View in: PubMed

Maternal Preeclampsia and Odds of Childhood Cancers in Offspring - A California Statewide Case-Control Study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2017 Jan 26. View in: PubMed

Interobserver reliability of teledermatology across all Fitzpatrick skin types. J Telemed Telecare. 2017 Jan; 23(1):68-73. View in: PubMed

Risk of malignant childhood germ cell tumors in relation to demographic, gestational, and perinatal characteristics. Cancer Epidemiol. 2016 Dec 22; 46:42-49. View in: PubMed

Correlates of sun protection behaviors among Hispanic children residing in a high UV environment. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2016 Dec 20. View in: PubMed

Teledermatology as a tool to improve access to care for medically underserved populations: A retrospective descriptive study. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Dec; 75(6):1259-1261. View in: PubMed

Evaluating the use of friend or family controls in epidemiologic case-control studies. Cancer Epidemiol. 2016 Nov 18; 46:9-13. View in: PubMed

Trends in childhood leukemia incidence over two decades from 1992 to 2013. Int J Cancer. 2016 Oct 25. View in: PubMed

Mucosal melanomas in the racially diverse population of California. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Oct 11. View in: PubMed

Maternal pre-pregnancy and gestational diabetes, obesity, gestational weight gain, and risk of cancer in young children: a population-based study in California. Cancer Causes Control. 2016 Oct; 27(10):1273-85. View in: PubMed

Air pollution affects lung cancer survival. Thorax. 2016 Oct; 71(10):891-8. View in: PubMed

A Statewide Nested Case-Control Study of Preterm Birth and Air Pollution by Source and Composition: California, 2001-2008. Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Sep; 124(9):1479-86. View in: PubMed

Correlation of Insurance, Race, and Ethnicity with Pathologic Risk in a Controlled Retinoblastoma Cohort: A Children's Oncology Group Study. Ophthalmology. 2016 Aug; 123(8):1817-23. View in: PubMed

Smoking in pregnancy and risk of cancer among young children: A population-based study. Int J Cancer. 2016 Aug 1; 139(3):613-6. View in: PubMed

Low birth weight and air pollution in California: Which sources and components drive the risk? Environ Int. Low birth weight and air pollution in California: Which sources and components drive the risk? Environ Int. 2016 Jul-Aug; 92-93:471-7. View in: PubMed

In Utero and Early-Life Exposure to Ambient Air Toxics and Childhood Brain Tumors: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in California, USA. Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Jul; 124(7):1093-9. View in: PubMed

Childhood leukaemia and distance from power lines in California: a population-based case-control study. Br J Cancer. 2016 Jun 28; 115(1):122-8. View in: PubMed

Tanning bed use and melanoma: Establishing risk and improving prevention interventions. Prev Med Rep. 2016 Jun; 3:139-44. View in: PubMed

Preliminary estimates of SEER cancer incidence for 2013. Cancer. 2016 May 15; 122(10):1579-87. View in: PubMed

Organophosphate Pesticide Exposures, Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene Variants, and Gene-Pesticide Interactions in a Case-Control Study of Parkinson's Disease, California (USA). Environ Health Perspect. 2016 May; 124(5):570-7. View in: PubMed

Patterns of sun protective behaviors among Hispanic children in a skin cancer prevention intervention. Prev Med. 2015 Dec; 81:303-8. View in: PubMed

Genetic variability in ABCB1, occupational pesticide exposure, and Parkinson's disease. Environ Res. 2015 Nov; 143(Pt A):98-106. View in: PubMed

Modeling spatial effects of PM2. 5 on term low birth weight in Los Angeles County. Environ Res. 2015 Oct; 142:354-64. View in: PubMed

Race/ethnicity and the risk of childhood leukaemia: a case-control study in California. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015 Aug; 69(8):795-802. View in: PubMed

Prevalence and predictors of recent skin examination in a population-based twin cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 May 20. View in: PubMed

Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and Parkinson's disease in a population with high ultraviolet radiation exposure. J Neurol Sci. 2015 May 15; 352(1-2):88-93. View in: PubMed

Rising rates of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Hispanic children: trends in incidence from 1992 to 2011. Blood. 2015 May 7; 125(19):3033-4. View in: PubMed

Retinoblastoma and ambient exposure to air toxics in the perinatal period. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2015 Mar; 25(2):182-6. View in: PubMed

Epidemiologic study of residential proximity to transmission lines and childhood cancer in California: description of design, epidemiologic methods and study population. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2015 Jan; 25(1):45-52. View in: PubMed

In utero exposure to toxic air pollutants and risk of childhood autism. Epidemiology. 2014 Nov; 25(6):851-8. View in: PubMed

Sources and contents of air pollution affecting term low birth weight in Los Angeles County, California, 2001-2008. Environ Res. 2014 Oct; 134:488-95. View in: PubMed

The effect of neighborhood and individual characteristics on pediatric critical illness. J Community Health. 2014 Aug; 39(4):753-9. View in: PubMed

Exposure to infections and risk of leukemia in young children. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014 Jul; 23(7):1195-203. View in: PubMed

Risk of leukemia in relation to exposure to ambient air toxics in pregnancy and early childhood. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2014 Jul; 217(6):662-8. View in: PubMed

Prenatal exposure to air toxics and risk of wilms' tumor in 0- to 5-year-old children. J Occup Environ Med. 2014 Jun; 56(6):573-8. View in: PubMed

Impact of neighborhood and individual socioeconomic status on survival after breast cancer varies by race/ethnicity: the neighborhood and breast cancer study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014 May; 23(5):793-811. View in: PubMed

The association between ambient exposure to organophosphates and Parkinson's disease risk. Occup Environ Med. 2014 Apr; 71(4):275-81. View in: PubMed

Molecular characteristics of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in human immunodeficiency virus-infected and -uninfected patients in the pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy and pre-rituximab era. Leuk Lymphoma. 2014 Mar; 55(3):551-7. View in: PubMed

Aldehyde dehydrogenase variation enhances effect of pesticides associated with Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2014 Feb 4; 82(5):419-26. View in: PubMed

Birth characteristics and risk of lymphoma in young children. Cancer Epidemiol. 2014 Feb; 38(1):48-55. View in: PubMed

Epstein-Barr virus patterns in US Burkitt lymphoma tumors from the SEER residual tissue repository during 1979-2009. APMIS. 2014 Jan; 122(1):5-15. View in: PubMed

Trends in childhood brain tumor incidence, 1973-2009. J Neurooncol. 2013 Nov; 115(2):153-60. View in: PubMed

An exploratory study of ambient air toxics exposure in pregnancy and the risk of neuroblastoma in offspring. Environ Res. 2013 Nov; 127:1-6. View in: PubMed

Childhood cancer and traffic-related air pollution exposure in pregnancy and early life. Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Nov-Dec; 121(11-12):1385-91. View in: PubMed

Prenatal exposure to traffic-related air pollution and risk of early childhood cancers. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Oct 15; 178(8):1233-9. View in: PubMed

Alterations of DNA methylome in human bladder cancer. Epigenetics. 2013 Oct 1; 8(10):1013-22. View in: PubMed

Pesticides that inhibit the ubiquitin-proteasome system: effect measure modification by genetic variation in SKP1 in Parkinson?s disease. Pesticides that inhibit the ubiquitin-proteasome system: effect measure modification by genetic variation in SKP1 in Parkinson? s disease. Environ Res. 2013 Oct; 126:1-8. View in: PubMed

Childhood infections and adult height in monozygotic twin pairs. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Aug 15; 178(4):551-8. View in: PubMed

Case-control study of birth characteristics and the risk of hepatoblastoma. Cancer Epidemiol. 2013 Aug; 37(4):390-5. View in: PubMed

Solar UV radiation and cancer in young children. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2013 Jun; 22(6):1118-28. View in: PubMed

The joint effects of census tract poverty and geographic access on late-stage breast cancer diagnosis in 10 US States. Health Place. 2013 May; 21:110-21. View in: PubMed

Ambient air pollution and autism in Los Angeles county, California. Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Mar; 121(3):380-6. View in: PubMed

The USC Adult Twin Cohorts: International Twin Study and California Twin Program. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2013 Feb; 16(1):366-70. View in: PubMed

Aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibition as a pathogenic mechanism in Parkinson disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jan 8; 110(2):636-41. View in: PubMed

Treatment and Mortality in Men with Localized Prostate Cancer: A Population-Based Study in California. Open Prost Cancer J. 2013; 6:1-9. View in: PubMed

Comorbidities and endometrial cancer survival in Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites. Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Jan; 24(1):61-9. View in: PubMed

Epidemiology of rhabdoid tumors of early childhood. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Jan; 60(1):77-81. View in: PubMed

A simple intervention to reinforce awareness of tanning bed use and skin cancer in non-medical skin care professionals in Southern California. Int J Dermatol. 2012 Nov; 51(11):1307-12. View in: PubMed

Perinatal characteristics and retinoblastoma. Cancer Causes Control. 2012 Sep; 23(9):1567-75. View in: PubMed

Assessing the Influence of Traffic-related Air Pollution on Risk of Term Low Birth Weight on the Basis of Land-Use-based Regression Models and Measures of Air Toxics. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jun 15; 175(12):1262-74. View in: PubMed

The effect of administrative boundaries and geocoding error on cancer rates in California. Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol. 2012 Apr; 3(1):39-54. View in: PubMed

Traffic-related air toxics and term low birth weight in los angeles county, california. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Jan; 120(1):132-8. View in: PubMed

e-Health Tools for Targeting and Improving Melanoma Screening: A Review. J Skin Cancer. 2012; 2012:437502. View in: PubMed

Breast cancer stage at diagnosis: is travel time important? J Community Health. Breast cancer stage at diagnosis: is travel time important? J Community Health. 2011 Dec; 36(6):933-42. View in: PubMed

Association between cutaneous melanoma incidence rates among white US residents and county-level estimates of solar ultraviolet exposure. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2011 Nov; 65(5 Suppl 1):S50-7. View in: PubMed

Melanoma surveillance in the United States: overview of methods. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2011 Nov; 65(5 Suppl 1):S6-16. View in: PubMed

Challenges in identifying Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders in population-based cancer registries in the U. S. J Immigr Minor Health. 2011 Oct; 13(5):860-6. View in: PubMed

Wavelength dependence of ultraviolet radiation-induced DNA damage as determined by laser irradiation suggests that cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers are the principal DNA lesions produced by terrestrial sunlight. FASEB J. 2011 Sep; 25(9):3079-91. View in: PubMed

Adulthood residential ultraviolet radiation, sun sensitivity, dietary vitamin D, and risk of lymphoid malignancies in the California Teachers Study. Blood. 2011 Aug 11; 118(6):1591-9. View in: PubMed

Geographic proximity to treatment for early stage breast cancer and likelihood of mastectomy. Breast. 2011 Aug; 20(4):324-8. View in: PubMed

Preliminary evidence for mediation of the association between acculturation and sun-safe behaviors. Arch Dermatol. 2011 Jul; 147(7):814-9. View in: PubMed

Parkinson's disease risk from ambient exposure to pesticides. Eur J Epidemiol. 2011 Jul; 26(7):547-55. View in: PubMed

Increases in melanoma among adolescent girls and young women in California: trends by socioeconomic status and UV radiation exposure. Arch Dermatol. 2011 Jul; 147(7):783-9. View in: PubMed

Prostate cancer and ambient pesticide exposure in agriculturally intensive areas in California. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Jun 1; 173(11):1280-8. View in: PubMed

Cutaneous melanoma and other skin cancer screening among Hispanics in the United States: a review of the evidence, disparities, and need for expanding the intervention and research agendas. Arch Dermatol. 2011 Jun; 147(6):743-5. View in: PubMed

Traffic-related air toxics and preterm birth: a population-based case-control study in Los Angeles County, California. Environ Health. 2011; 10:89. View in: PubMed

The expanding melanoma burden in California hispanics: Importance of socioeconomic distribution, histologic subtype, and anatomic location. Cancer. 2011 Jan 1; 117(1):152-61. View in: PubMed

Interaction of area-level socioeconomic status and UV radiation on melanoma occurrence in California. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Nov; 19(11):2727-33. View in: PubMed

Moderated mediation regarding the sun-safe behaviors of U. S. Latinos: advancing the theory and evidence for acculturation-focused research and interventions. J Immigr Minor Health. 2010 Oct; 12(5):691-8. View in: PubMed

Racial and social class gradients in life expectancy in contemporary California. Soc Sci Med. 2010 May; 70(9):1373-80. View in: PubMed

Hidden breast cancer disparities in Asian women: disaggregating incidence rates by ethnicity and migrant status. Am J Public Health. 2010 Apr 1; 100 Suppl 1:S125-31. View in: PubMed

Efficacy of skin self-examination for the early detection of melanoma. Int J Dermatol. 2010 Feb; 49(2):126-34. View in: PubMed

a-Synuclein gene may interact with environmental factors in increasing risk of Parkinson's disease. Neuroepidemiology. 2010; 35(3):191-5. View in: PubMed

Paraoxonase 1, agricultural organophosphate exposure, and Parkinson disease. Epidemiology. 2010 Jan; 21(1):87-94. View in: PubMed

Well-water consumption and Parkinson's disease in rural California. Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Dec; 117(12):1912-8. View in: PubMed

Socioeconomic status and prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates among the diverse population of California. Cancer Causes Control. 2009 Oct; 20(8):1431-40. View in: PubMed

Neuropeptide Y(1) Receptor NPY1R discovery of naturally occurring human genetic variants governing gene expression in cella as well as pleiotropic effects on autonomic activity and blood pressure in vivo. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Sep 1; 54(10):944-54. View in: PubMed

Increasing burden of melanoma in the United States. J Invest Dermatol. 2009 Jul; 129(7):1666-74. View in: PubMed

Dopamine transporter genetic variants and pesticides in Parkinson's disease. Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Jun; 117(6):964-9. View in: PubMed

Parkinson's disease and residential exposure to maneb and paraquat from agricultural applications in the central valley of California. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Apr 15; 169(8):919-26. View in: PubMed

Associations between selected biomarkers and prognosis in a population-based pancreatic cancer tissue microarray. Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 1; 69(7):2950-5. View in: PubMed

Acculturation and sun-safe behaviors among US Latinos: findings from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey. Am J Public Health. 2009 Apr; 99(4):734-41. View in: PubMed

The relative importance of genetics and environment on mammographic density. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Jan; 18(1):102-12. View in: PubMed

Melanoma underreporting: why does it happen, how big is the problem, and how do we fix it? J Am Acad Dermatol. Melanoma underreporting: why does it happen, how big is the problem, and how do we fix it? J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Dec; 59(6):1081-5. View in: PubMed

Measurement of ultraviolet exposure in epidemiological studies of skin and skin cancers. Photochem Photobiol. 2008 Nov-Dec; 84(6):1462-72. View in: PubMed

Naturally occurring human genetic variation in the 3'-untranslated region of the secretory protein chromogranin A is associated with autonomic blood pressure regulation and hypertension in a sex-dependent fashion. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Oct 28; 52(18):1468-81. View in: PubMed

Prevalence and predictors of skin self-examination: prospects for melanoma prevention and early detection. Int J Dermatol. 2008 Oct; 47(10):993-1003. View in: PubMed

Heritability and genome-wide linkage in US and australian twins identify novel genomic regions controlling chromogranin a: implications for secretion and blood pressure. Circulation. 2008 Jul 15; 118(3):247-57. View in: PubMed

Use of an electrostatic dust cloth for self-administered home allergen collection. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2008 Apr; 11(2):150-5. View in: PubMed

Interleukin-2, interleukin-12, and interferon-gamma levels and risk of young adult Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood. 2008 Apr 1; 111(7):3377-82. View in: PubMed

An effective and efficient approach for manually improving geocoded data. Int J Health Geogr. 2008; 7:60. View in: PubMed

Population-based linkage of AIDS and cancer registries: importance of linkage algorithm. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Aug; 33(2):134-6. View in: PubMed

Heredity of endothelin secretion: human twin studies reveal the influence of polymorphism at the chromogranin A locus, a novel determinant of endothelial function. Circulation. 2007 May 1; 115(17):2282-91. View in: PubMed

The simultaneous assessment of constitutional, behavioral, and environmental factors in the development of large nevi. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007 Feb; 16(2):200-6. View in: PubMed

Twins as willing research participants: successes from studies nested within the California Twin Program. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2006 Dec; 9(6):927-32. View in: PubMed

The objective assessment of lifetime cumulative ultraviolet exposure for determining melanoma risk. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2006 Dec 1; 85(3):198-204. View in: PubMed

Gender differences in determinants of smoking initiation and persistence in California twins. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006 Jun; 15(6):1189-97. View in: PubMed

Developing epidemic of melanoma in the Hispanic population of California. Cancer. 2006 Mar 1; 106(5):1162-8. View in: PubMed

Control selection and pesticide exposure assessment via GIS in prostate cancer studies. Am J Prev Med. 2006 Feb; 30(2 Suppl):S109-16. View in: PubMed

A population-based description of glioblastoma multiforme in Los Angeles County, 1974-1999. Cancer. 2005 Dec 15; 104(12):2798-806. View in: PubMed

Etiologic clues from the similarity of histology-specific trends in esophageal and lung cancers. Cancer Causes Control. 2005 Nov; 16(9):1065-74. View in: PubMed

Functional allelic heterogeneity and pleiotropy of a repeat polymorphism in tyrosine hydroxylase: prediction of catecholamines and response to stress in twins. Physiol Genomics. 2004 Nov 17; 19(3):277-91. View in: PubMed

Th1 and Th2 cytokines and IgE levels in identical twins with varying levels of cigarette consumption. J Clin Immunol. 2004 Nov; 24(6):617-22. View in: PubMed

IL-6 levels and genotype are associated with risk of young adult Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood. 2004 Apr 15; 103(8):3216-21. View in: PubMed

An estimate of physical activity prevalence in a large population-based cohort. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Feb; 36(2):253-60. View in: PubMed

Role of Helicobacter pylori CagA+ strains and risk of adenocarcinoma of the stomach and esophagus. Int J Cancer. 2003 Mar 1; 103(6):815-21. View in: PubMed

The occurrence of chronic disease and other conditions in a large population-based cohort of native Californian twins. Twin Res. 2002 Oct; 5(5):460-7. View in: PubMed

Determinants of melanoma in a case-control study of twins (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2001 Sep; 12(7):615-25. View in: PubMed

Development and representativeness of a large population-based cohort of native Californian twins. Twin Res. 2001 Aug; 4(4):242-50. View in: PubMed

Recall bias in self-reported melanoma risk factors. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 May 15; 153(10):1021-6. View in: PubMed

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