Faculty

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Rohit Varma, MD, MPH
Interim Dean of The Keck School of Medicine
Chair and Professor of Ophthalmology
Grace and Emery Beardsley Chair in Ophthalmology
Associate Dean For Faculty Community Partnership Development
Director, USC Eye Institute
Ophthalmology
HC4 4900 1450 San Pablo Street Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 442 6411

Overview

Dr. Varma is chair of the Department of Ophthalmology and professor of Ophthalmology and Preventive Medicine. He also serves as director of the USC Eye Institute and holds the Grace and Emery Beardsley Chair in Ophthalmology. Dr. Varma earned his medical degree at the University of Delhi, India. He also obtained a Masters in Public Health from Johns Hopkins University. He completed his residency at the Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland and two glaucoma fellowships, one at the Wills Eye Hospital in Philadelphia, and the other at the University of Southern California. His primary research focuses on epidemiologic studies of eye disease in children and aging populations. Dr. Varma is the principal investigator of the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES) and the Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Diseases (MEPEDS) Study. He is an expert on changes in the optic nerve in glaucoma, and is also studying new imaging techniques in the early diagnosis of glaucomatous optic nerve damage. More recently, Dr. Varma has been involved in the development of novel implantable IOP sensors and drainage devices. He has over 102 publications in various peer reviewed ophthalmic journals, and co-authored 2 ophthalmic books.

Awards

National Science Talent Award

Indian Council for Medical Research

Goldberg Award

Fight for Sight Post-Doctoral Award

Fight for Sight Post-Doctoral Award

Dana Foundation Award

Topcon Corporation Award

Delta Omega Society Award

Topcon Corporation Award

National Eye Institute Travel Award

National Eye Institute National Research Service Award

Fight for Sight Grant-in Aid Award

Knights Templar Grant Award

Beckman Young Investigators Award

Research to Prevent Blindness Career Development Award

American Academy of Ophthalmology Honor Award

Research to Prevent Blindness Sybil B. Harrington Scholar Award

American Academy of Ophthalmology Achievement Award

Publications

Murakami Y, Wang D, Burkemper B, Lin SC, Varma R. A Population-Based Assessment of the Agreement Between Grading of Goniophotographic Images and Gonioscopy in the Chinese-American Eye Study (CHES). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Aug 1; 57(10):4512-6. View in: PubMed

Richter GM, Zhang X, Tan O, Francis BA, Chopra V, Greenfield DS, Varma R, Schuman JS, Huang D. Regression Analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography Disc Variables for Glaucoma Diagnosis. J Glaucoma. 2016 Aug; 25(8):634-42. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Vajaranant TS, Burkemper B, Wu S, Torres M, Hsu C, Choudhury F, McKean-Cowdin R. Visual Impairment and Blindness in Adults in the United States: Demographic and Geographic Variations From 2015 to 2050. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Jul 1; 134(7):802-9. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Kim JS, Burkemper BS, Wen G, Torres M, Hsu C, Choudhury F, Azen SP, McKean-Cowdin R. Prevalence and Causes of Visual Impairment and Blindness in Chinese American Adults: The Chinese American Eye Study. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Jul 1; 134(7):785-93. View in: PubMed

Choudhury F, Varma R, Klein R, Gauderman WJ, Azen SP, McKean-Cowdin R. Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Quality of Life in Latinos: The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Jun 1; 134(6):683-90. View in: PubMed

Nannini D, Torres M, Chen YD, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R, Gao X. Reply. Ophthalmology. 2016 Apr; 123(4):e31-2. View in: PubMed

Zhang X, Loewen N, Tan O, Greenfield DS, Schuman JS, Varma R, Huang D. Predicting Development of Glaucomatous Visual Field Conversion Using Baseline Fourier-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 Mar; 163:29-37. View in: PubMed

Bressler NM, Varma R, Mitchell P, Suñer IJ, Dolan C, Ward J, Ferreira A, Ehrlich JS, Turpcu A. Effect of Ranibizumab on the Decision to Drive and Vision Function Relevant to Driving in Patients With Diabetic Macular Edema: Report From RESTORE, RIDE, and RISE Trials. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Feb 1; 134(2):160-6. View in: PubMed

Nannini D, Torres M, Chen YD, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R, Gao X. African Ancestry Is Associated with Higher Intraocular Pressure in Latinos. Ophthalmology. 2016 Jan; 123(1):102-8. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Haller JA, Kaiser PK. Improvement in Patient-Reported Visual Function After Ocriplasmin for Vitreomacular Adhesion: Results of the Microplasmin for Intravitreous Injection-Traction Release Without Surgical Treatment (MIVI-TRUST) Trials. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep 1; 133(9):997-1004. View in: PubMed

Loewen NA, Zhang X, Tan O, Francis BA, Greenfield DS, Schuman JS, Varma R, Huang D. Combining measurements from three anatomical areas for glaucoma diagnosis using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep; 99(9):1224-9. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Bressler NM, Doan QV, Danese M, Dolan CM, Lee A, Turpcu A. Visual Impairment and Blindness Avoided with Ranibizumab in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Whites with Diabetic Macular Edema in the United States. Ophthalmology. 2015 May; 122(5):982-9. View in: PubMed

Palmer ND, Goodarzi MO, Langefeld CD, Wang N, Guo X, Taylor KD, Fingerlin TE, Norris JM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH, Haritunians T, Ziegler JT, Williams AH, Stefanovski D, Cui J, Mackay AW, Henkin LF, Bergman RN, Gao X, Gauderman J, Varma R, Hanis CL, Cox NJ, Highland HM, Below JE, Williams AL, Burtt NP, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Huerta-Chagoya A, Gonzalez-Villalpando C, Orozco L, Haiman CA, Tsai MY, Johnson WC, Yao J, Rasmussen-Torvik L, Pankow J, Snively B, Jackson RD, Liu S, Nadler JL, Kandeel F, Chen YD, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Raffel LJ, Rotter JI, Watanabe RM, Wagenknecht LE. Genetic Variants Associated With Quantitative Glucose Homeostasis Traits Translate to Type 2 Diabetes in Mexican Americans: The GUARDIAN (Genetics Underlying Diabetes in Hispanics) Consortium. Diabetes. 2015 May; 64(5):1853-66. View in: PubMed

Charlson ES, Sankar PS, Miller-Ellis E, Regina M, Fertig R, Salinas J, Pistilli M, Salowe RJ, Rhodes AL, Merritt WT, Chua M, Trachtman BT, Gudiseva HV, Collins DW, Chavali VR, Nichols C, Henderer J, Ying GS, Varma R, Jorgenson E, O'Brien JM. The primary open-angle african american glaucoma genetics study: baseline demographics. Ophthalmology. 2015 Apr; 122(4):711-20. View in: PubMed

Le PV, Zhang X, Francis BA, Varma R, Greenfield DS, Schuman JS, Loewen N, Huang D. Advanced Imaging for Glaucoma Study: Design, Baseline Characteristics, and Inter-site Comparison. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Feb; 159(2):393-403. e2. View in: PubMed

Otilingam PG, Gatz M, Tello E, Escobar AJ, Goldstein A, Torres M, Varma R. Buenos hábitos alimenticios para una buena salud : evaluation of a nutrition education program to improve heart health and brain health in latinas. J Aging Health. 2015 Feb; 27(1):177-92. View in: PubMed

Wessel J, Chu AY, Willems SM, Wang S, Yaghootkar H, Brody JA, Dauriz M, Hivert MF, Raghavan S, Lipovich L, Hidalgo B, Fox K, Huffman JE, An P, Lu Y, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Grarup N, Ehm MG, Li L, Baldridge AS, Stancáková A, Abrol R, Besse C, Boland A, Bork-Jensen J, Fornage M, Freitag DF, Garcia ME, Guo X, Hara K, Isaacs A, Jakobsdottir J, Lange LA, Layton JC, Li M, Hua Zhao J, Meidtner K, Morrison AC, Nalls MA, Peters MJ, Sabater-Lleal M, Schurmann C, Silveira A, Smith AV, Southam L, Stoiber MH, Strawbridge RJ, Taylor KD, Varga TV, Allin KH, Amin N, Aponte JL, Aung T, Barbieri C, Bihlmeyer NA, Boehnke M, Bombieri C, Bowden DW, Burns SM, Chen Y, Chen YD, Cheng CY, Correa A, Czajkowski J, Dehghan A, Ehret GB, Eiriksdottir G, Escher SA, Farmaki AE, Frånberg M, Gambaro G, Giulianini F, Goddard WA, Goel A, Gottesman O, Grove ML, Gustafsson S, Hai Y, Hallmans G, Heo J, Hoffmann P, Ikram MK, Jensen RA, Jørgensen ME, Jørgensen T, Karaleftheri M, Khor CC, Kirkpatrick A, Kraja AT, Kuusisto J, Lange EM, Lee IT, Lee WJ, Leong A, Liao J, Liu C, Liu Y, Lindgren CM, Linneberg A, Malerba G, Mamakou V, Marouli E, Maruthur NM, Matchan A, McKean-Cowdin R, McLeod O, Metcalf GA, Mohlke KL, Muzny DM, Ntalla I, Palmer ND, Pasko D, Peter A, Rayner NW, Renström F, Rice K, Sala CF, Sennblad B, Serafetinidis I, Smith JA, Soranzo N, Speliotes EK, Stahl EA, Stirrups K, Tentolouris N, Thanopoulou A, Torres M, Traglia M, Tsafantakis E, Javad S, Yanek LR, Zengini E, Becker DM, Bis JC, Brown JB, Adrienne Cupples L, Hansen T, Ingelsson E, Karter AJ, Lorenzo C, Mathias RA, Norris JM, Peloso GM, Sheu WH, Toniolo D, Vaidya D, Varma R, Wagenknecht LE, Boeing H, Bottinger EP, Dedoussis G, Deloukas P, Ferrannini E, Franco OH, Franks PW, Gibbs RA, Gudnason V, Hamsten A, Harris TB, Hattersley AT, Hayward C, Hofman A, Jansson JH, Langenberg C, Launer LJ, Levy D, Oostra BA, O'Donnell CJ, O'Rahilly S, Padmanabhan S, Pankow JS, Polasek O, Province MA, Rich SS, Ridker PM, Rudan I, Schulze MB, Smith BH, Uitterlinden AG, Walker M, Watkins H, Wong TY, Zeggini E. Low-frequency and rare exome chip variants associate with fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes susceptibility. Nat Commun. 2015; 6:5897. View in: PubMed

Srinivas S, Tan O, Wu S, Nittala MG, Huang D, Varma R, Sadda SR. Measurement of retinal blood flow in normal chinese-american subjects by Doppler fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015; 56(3):1569-74. View in: PubMed

Kempen JH, Sugar EA, Varma R, Dunn JP, Heinemann MH, Jabs DA, Lyon AT, Lewis RA. Risk of Cataract among Subjects with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Free of Ocular Opportunistic Infections. Ophthalmology. 2014 Dec; 121(12):2317-24. View in: PubMed

Bressler NM, Varma R, Suñer IJ, Dolan CM, Ward J, Ehrlich JS, Colman S, Turpcu A. Vision-Related Function after Ranibizumab Treatment for Diabetic Macular Edema: Results from RIDE and RISE. Ophthalmology. 2014 Dec; 121(12):2461-72. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Bressler NM, Doan QV, Gleeson M, Danese M, Bower JK, Selvin E, Dolan C, Fine J, Colman S, Turpcu A. Prevalence of and risk factors for diabetic macular edema in the United States. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014 Nov 1; 132(11):1334-40. View in: PubMed

Gao X, Gauderman WJ, Marjoram P, Torres M, Chen YD, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R. Native american ancestry is associated with severe diabetic retinopathy in latinos. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Sep; 55(9):6041-5. View in: PubMed

Kashani AH, Lopez Jaime GR, Saati S, Martin G, Varma R, Humayun MS. NONINVASIVE ASSESSMENT OF RETINAL VASCULAR OXYGEN CONTENT AMONG NORMAL AND DIABETIC HUMAN SUBJECTS: A Study Using Hyperspectral Computed Tomographic Imaging Spectroscopy. Retina. 2014 Sep; 34(9):1854-60. View in: PubMed

Bressler NM, Varma R, Doan Q. Vulnerable Populations in the Underuse of the US Health Care System by Persons With Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetic Macular Edema-Reply. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014 Aug 1; 132(8):1030-1. View in: PubMed

Xie JZ, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Lin J, Cotter SA, Torres M, Varma R. Color vision deficiency in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jul; 121(7):1469-74. View in: PubMed

Wang M, Lu AT, Varma R, Schuman JS, Greenfield DS, Huang D. Combining information from 3 anatomic regions in the diagnosis of glaucoma with time-domain optical coherence tomography. J Glaucoma. 2014 Mar; 23(3):129-35. View in: PubMed

Bressler NM, Varma R, Doan QV, Gleeson M, Danese M, Bower JK, Selvin E, Dolan C, Fine J, Colman S, Turpcu A. Underuse of the health care system by persons with diabetes mellitus and diabetic macular edema in the United States. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb 1; 132(2):168-73. View in: PubMed

He M, Abdou A, Ellwein LB, Naidoo KS, Sapkota YD, Thulasiraj RD, Varma R, Zhao J, Kocur I, Congdon NG. Age-related Prevalence and Met Need for Correctable and Uncorrectable Near Vision Impairment in a Multi-country Study. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jan; 121(1):417-22. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Hsu C, Wang D, Torres M, Azen SP. The chinese american eye study: design and methods. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2013 Dec; 20(6):335-47. View in: PubMed

Paz SH, Slotkin J, McKean-Cowdin R, Lee P, Owsley C, Vitale S, Varma R, Gershon R, Hays RD. Development of a vision-targeted health-related quality of life item measure. Qual Life Res. 2013 Nov; 22(9):2477-87. View in: PubMed

Wen G, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Cotter SA, Borchert M, Lin J, Kim J, Varma R. Prevalence of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism in non-Hispanic white and Asian children: multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Oct; 120(10):2109-16. View in: PubMed

McKean-Cowdin R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Wen G, Kim J, Borchert M, Varma R. Prevalence of amblyopia or strabismus in asian and non-Hispanic white preschool children: multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Oct; 120(10):2117-24. View in: PubMed

Varma R. Author reply: To PMID 22771048. Ophthalmology. 2013 Jul; 120(7):e45. View in: PubMed

Suñer IJ, Bressler NM, Varma R, Lee P, Dolan CM, Ward J, Colman S, Rubio RG. Reading speed improvements in retinal vein occlusion after ranibizumab treatment. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013 Jul; 131(7):851-6. View in: PubMed

Le PV, Tan O, Chopra V, Francis BA, Ragab O, Varma R, Huang D. Regional correlation among ganglion cell complex, nerve fiber layer, and visual field loss in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Jun; 54(6):4287-95. View in: PubMed

Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Borchert M, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin J, Wen G, Kim J, Varma R. Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in Asian and non-Hispanic white preschool children: Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Jun; 120(6):1220-6. View in: PubMed

Gao X, Gauderman WJ, Liu Y, Marjoram P, Torres M, Haritunians T, Kuo JZ, Chen YD, Allingham RR, Hauser MA, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R. A genome-wide association study of central corneal thickness in Latinos. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Apr; 54(4):2435-43. View in: PubMed

Varma R, McKean-Cowdin R, Vitale S, Slotkin J, Hays RD. Vision assessment using the NIH Toolbox. Neurology. 2013 Mar 12; 80(11 Suppl 3):S37-40. View in: PubMed

Sehi M, Zhang X, Greenfield DS, Chung Y, Wollstein G, Francis BA, Schuman JS, Varma R, Huang D. Retinal nerve fiber layer atrophy is associated with visual field loss over time in glaucoma suspect and glaucomatous eyes. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan; 155(1):73-82. e1. View in: PubMed

Bressler NM, Chang TS, Varma R, Suñer I, Lee P, Dolan CM, Ward J, Ianchulev T, Fine J. Driving ability reported by neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients after treatment with ranibizumab. Ophthalmology. 2013 Jan; 120(1):160-8. View in: PubMed

Jiang X, Varma R, Wu S, Torres M, Azen SP, Francis BA, Chopra V, Nguyen BB. Baseline risk factors that predict the development of open-angle glaucoma in a population: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Nov; 119(11):2245-53. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Bressler NM, Suñer I, Lee P, Dolan CM, Ward J, Colman S, Rubio RG. Improved Vision-Related Function after Ranibizumab for Macular Edema after Retinal Vein Occlusion: Results from the BRAVO and CRUISE Trials. Ophthalmology. 2012 Oct; 119(10):2108-18. View in: PubMed

Richter GM, Choudhury F, Torres M, Azen SP, Varma R. Risk factors for incident cortical, nuclear, posterior subcapsular, and mixed lens opacities: the los angeles latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Oct; 119(10):2040-7. View in: PubMed

Patty L, Wu C, Torres M, Azen S, Varma R. Validity of Self-reported Eye Disease and Treatment in a Population-based Study: The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Sep; 119(9):1725-30. View in: PubMed

Kymes S, Varma R, Coleman AL. The economics of the initial preventive physical examination in medicare. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012 Sep 1; 130(9):1232-4. View in: PubMed

Vajaranant TS, Wu S, Torres M, Varma R. The changing face of primary open-angle glaucoma in the United States: demographic and geographic changes from 2011 to 2050. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Aug; 154(2):303-314. e3. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Wang D, Wu C, Francis BA, Nguyen BB, Chopra V, Memarzadeh F, Torres M, Azen SP. Four-year incidence of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension: the los angeles latino eye study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Aug; 154(2):315-325. e1. View in: PubMed

He M, Abdou A, Naidoo KS, Sapkota YD, Thulasiraj RD, Varma R, Zhao J, Ellwein LB. Prevalence and correction of near vision impairment at seven sites in china, India, Nepal, niger, South Africa, and the United States. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jul; 154(1):107-116. e1. View in: PubMed

Gatto NM, Varma R, Torres M, Wong TY, Johnson PL, Segal-Gidan F, Mack WJ. Retinal microvascular abnormalities and cognitive function in latino adults in los angeles. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2012 Jun; 19(3):127-36. View in: PubMed

Chabi A, Varma R, Tsai JC, Lupinacci R, Pigeon J, Baranak C, Noble L, Lines C, Ho TW. Randomized Clinical Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Preservative-free Tafluprost and Timolol in Patients With Open-Angle Glaucoma or Ocular Hypertension. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jun; 153(6):1187-96. View in: PubMed

Pai AS, Rose KA, Samarawickrama C, Fotedar R, Burlutsky G, Varma R, Mitchell P. Testability of refraction, stereopsis, and other ocular measures in preschool children: The Sydney Paediatric Eye Disease Study. J AAPOS. 2012 Apr; 16(2):185-92. View in: PubMed

Rine RM, Roberts D, Corbin BA, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Beaumont J, Slotkin J, Schubert MC. New portable tool to screen vestibular and visual function-National Institutes of Health Toolbox initiative. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012 Apr; 49(2):209-20. View in: PubMed

Yau JW, Rogers SL, Kawasaki R, Lamoureux EL, Kowalski JW, Bek T, Chen SJ, Dekker JM, Fletcher A, Grauslund J, Haffner S, Hamman RF, Ikram MK, Kayama T, Klein BE, Klein R, Krishnaiah S, Mayurasakorn K, O'Hare JP, Orchard TJ, Porta M, Rema M, Roy MS, Sharma T, Shaw J, Taylor H, Tielsch JM, Varma R, Wang JJ, Wang N, West S, Xu L, Yasuda M, Zhang X, Mitchell P, Wong TY. Global prevalence and major risk factors of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes Care. 2012 Mar; 35(3):556-64. View in: PubMed

Richter GM, Torres M, Choudhury F, Azen SP, Varma R. Risk factors for cortical, nuclear, posterior subcapsular, and mixed lens opacities: the los angeles latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Mar; 119(3):547-54. View in: PubMed

Huang D, Chopra V, Lu AT, Tan O, Francis B, Varma R. Does optic nerve head size variation affect circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurement by optical coherence tomography? Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012; 53(8):4990-7. View in: PubMed

Hwang JC, Konduru R, Zhang X, Tan O, Francis BA, Varma R, Sehi M, Greenfield DS, Sadda SR, Huang D. Relationship among Visual Field, Blood Flow, and Neural Structure Measurements in Glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012; 53(6):3020-6. View in: PubMed

Pai AS, Rose KA, Leone JF, Sharbini S, Burlutsky G, Varma R, Wong TY, Mitchell P. Amblyopia prevalence and risk factors in Australian preschool children. Ophthalmology. 2012 Jan; 119(1):138-44. View in: PubMed

Vajaranant TS, Wu S, Torres M, Varma R. A 40-year forecast of the demographic shift in primary open-angle glaucoma in the United States. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012; 53(5):2464-6. View in: PubMed

Gao X, Haritunians T, Marjoram P, McKean-Cowdin R, Torres M, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Gauderman WJ, Varma R. Genotype Imputation for Latinos Using the HapMap and 1000 Genomes Project Reference Panels. Front Genet. 2012; 3:117. View in: PubMed

Zheng L, Teng EL, Varma R, Mack WJ, Mungas D, Lu PH, Chui HC. Chinese-language montreal cognitive assessment for cantonese or mandarin speakers: age, education, and gender effects. Int J Alzheimers Dis. 2012; 2012:204623. View in: PubMed

Girkin CA, McGwin G, Sinai MJ, Sekhar GC, Fingeret M, Wollstein G, Varma R, Greenfield D, Liebmann J, Araie M, Tomita G, Maeda N, Garway-Heath DF. Variation in optic nerve and macular structure with age and race with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2011 Dec; 118(12):2403-8. View in: PubMed

Cotter SA, Varma R, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin J, Wen G, Wei J, Borchert M, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors associated with childhood strabismus: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Nov; 118(11):2251-61. View in: PubMed

Tarczy-Hornoch K, Varma R, Cotter SA, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin JH, Borchert MS, Torres M, Wen G, Azen SP, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for decreased visual acuity in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Nov; 118(11):2262-73. View in: PubMed

McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Borchert MS, Lin JH, Wen G, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for astigmatism in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Oct; 118(10):1974-81. View in: PubMed

Borchert MS, Varma R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin JH, Wen G, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for hyperopia and myopia in preschool children the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Oct; 118(10):1966-73. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Lee PP, Goldberg I, Kotak S. An assessment of the health and economic burdens of glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Oct; 152(4):515-22. View in: PubMed

Choudhury F, Varma R, McKean-Cowdin R, Klein R, Azen SP. Risk factors for four-year incidence and progression of age-related macular degeneration: the los angeles latino eye study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep; 152(3):385-95. View in: PubMed

Caprioli J, Varma R. Intraocular pressure: modulation as treatment for glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep; 152(3):340-344. e2. View in: PubMed

Musch DC, Gillespie BW, Niziol LM, Lichter PR, Varma R. Intraocular pressure control and long-term visual field loss in the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Sep; 118(9):1766-73. View in: PubMed

Yonekawa Y, Varma R, Choudhury F, Torres M, Azen SP. Risk factors for four-year incident visual impairment and blindness: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Sep; 118(9):1790-7. View in: PubMed

Francis BA, Varma R, Vigen C, Lai MY, Winarko J, Nguyen B, Azen S. Population and high-risk group screening for glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Aug; 52(9):6257-64. View in: PubMed

Pai AS, Wang JJ, Samarawickrama C, Burlutsky G, Rose KA, Varma R, Wong TY, Mitchell P. Prevalence and risk factors for visual impairment in preschool children the sydney paediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Aug; 118(8):1495-500. View in: PubMed

Li LJ, Cheung CY, Liu Y, Chia A, Selvaraj P, Lin XY, Chan YM, Varma R, Mitchell P, Wong TY, Saw SM. Influence of blood pressure on retinal vascular caliber in young children. Ophthalmology. 2011 Jul; 118(7):1459-65. View in: PubMed

Patino CM, Varma R, Azen SP, Conti DV, Nichol MB, McKean-Cowdin R. The impact of change in visual field on health-related quality of life the los angeles latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Jul; 118(7):1310-7. View in: PubMed

Bressler NM, Doan QV, Varma R, Lee PP, Suñer IJ, Dolan C, Danese MD, Yu E, Tran I, Colman S. Estimated cases of legal blindness and visual impairment avoided using ranibizumab for choroidal neovascularization: non-Hispanic white population in the United States with age-related macular degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol. 2011 Jun; 129(6):709-17. View in: PubMed

Mazhar K, Varma R, Choudhury F, McKean-Cowdin R, Shtir CJ, Azen SP. Severity of diabetic retinopathy and health-related quality of life: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Apr; 118(4):649-55. View in: PubMed

Feuer WJ, Budenz DL, Anderson DR, Cantor L, Greenfield DS, Savell J, Schuman JS, Varma R. Topographic differences in the age-related changes in the retinal nerve fiber layer of normal eyes measured by Stratus optical coherence tomography. J Glaucoma. 2011 Mar; 20(3):133-8. View in: PubMed

Wen G, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Borchert M, Azen S. General health-related quality of life in preschool children with strabismus or amblyopia. Ophthalmology. 2011 Mar; 118(3):574-80. View in: PubMed

Wang Y, Fawzi AA, Varma R, Sadun AA, Zhang X, Tan O, Izatt JA, Huang D. Pilot study of optical coherence tomography measurement of retinal blood flow in retinal and optic nerve diseases. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Feb; 52(2):840-5. View in: PubMed

Fozailoff A, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter S, Wen G, Lin J, Borchert M, Azen S, Varma R. Prevalence of astigmatism in 6- to 72-month-old African American and Hispanic children: the Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Feb; 118(2):284-93. View in: PubMed

Pan Y, Varma R. Natural history of glaucoma. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2011 Jan; 59 Suppl:S19-23. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Richman EA, Ferris FL, Bressler NM. Use of patient-reported outcomes in medical product development: a report from the 2009 NEI/FDA Clinical Trial Endpoints Symposium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Dec; 51(12):6095-103. View in: PubMed

McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Hays RD, Wu J, Choudhury F, Azen SP. Longitudinal changes in visual acuity and health-related quality of life: the Los Angeles Latino Eye study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Oct; 117(10):1900-7, 1907. e1. View in: PubMed

Kuzin AA, Varma R, Reddy HS, Torres M, Azen SP. Ocular biometry and open-angle glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Sep; 117(9):1713-9. View in: PubMed

Chia A, Dirani M, Chan YH, Gazzard G, Au Eong KG, Selvaraj P, Ling Y, Quah BL, Young TL, Mitchell P, Varma R, Wong TY, Saw SM. Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in young singaporean chinese children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jul; 51(7):3411-7. View in: PubMed

Marsh BC, Cantor LB, WuDunn D, Hoop J, Lipyanik J, Patella VM, Budenz DL, Greenfield DS, Savell J, Schuman JS, Varma R. Optic nerve head (ONH) topographic analysis by stratus OCT in normal subjects: correlation to disc size, age, and ethnicity. J Glaucoma. 2010 Jun-Jul; 19(5):310-8. View in: PubMed

Memarzadeh F, Ying-Lai M, Chung J, Azen SP, Varma R. Blood pressure, perfusion pressure, and open-angle glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jun; 51(6):2872-7. View in: PubMed

Fraser-Bell S, Choudhury F, Klein R, Azen S, Varma R. Ocular risk factors for age-related macular degeneration: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):735-40. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Richter GM, Torres M, Foong AW, Choudhury F, Azen SP. Four-year incidence and progression of lens opacities: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):728-34. e1-2. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Choudhury F, Klein R, Chung J, Torres M, Azen SP. Four-year incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy and macular edema: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):752-61. e1-3. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Foong AW, Lai MY, Choudhury F, Klein R, Azen SP. Four-year incidence and progression of age-related macular degeneration: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):741-51. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Chung J, Foong AW, Torres M, Choudhury F, Azen SP. Four-year incidence and progression of visual impairment in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):713-27. View in: PubMed

Segal-Gidan F, Varma R, Salazar X, Mack WJ. Factors influencing driving status in an older Latino population. J Aging Health. 2010 Apr; 22(3):332-47. View in: PubMed

Saati S, Lo R, Li PY, Meng E, Varma R, Humayun MS. Mini drug pump for ophthalmic use. Curr Eye Res. 2010 Mar; 35(3):192-201. View in: PubMed

Dirani M, Chan YH, Gazzard G, Hornbeak DM, Leo SW, Selvaraj P, Zhou B, Young TL, Mitchell P, Varma R, Wong TY, Saw SM. Prevalence of refractive error in Singaporean Chinese children: the strabismus, amblyopia, and refractive error in young Singaporean Children (STARS) study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Mar; 51(3):1348-55. View in: PubMed

Kim E, Varma R. Glaucoma in Latinos/Hispanics. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2010 Mar; 21(2):100-5. View in: PubMed

Morales LS, Varma R, Paz SH, Lai MY, Mazhar K, Andersen RM, Azen SP. Self-reported use of eye care among Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Feb; 117(2):207-15. e1. View in: PubMed

Patino CM, McKean-Cowdin R, Azen SP, Allison JC, Choudhury F, Varma R. Central and peripheral visual impairment and the risk of falls and falls with injury. Ophthalmology. 2010 Feb; 117(2):199-206. e1. View in: PubMed

Borchert M, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Liu N, Azen SP, Varma R. Anisometropia in Hispanic and african american infants and young children the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Jan; 117(1):148-153. e1. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Hwang LJ, Grunden JW, Bean GW. Using diurnal intraocular pressure fluctuation to assess the efficacy of fixed-combination latanoprost/timolol versus latanoprost or timolol monotherapy. Br J Ophthalmol. 2010 Jan; 94(1):80-4. View in: PubMed

Tan O, Chopra V, Lu AT, Schuman JS, Ishikawa H, Wollstein G, Varma R, Huang D. Detection of macular ganglion cell loss in glaucoma by Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2009 Dec; 116(12):2305-14. e1-2. View in: PubMed

Richter GM, Chung J, Azen SP, Varma R. Prevalence of visually significant cataract and factors associated with unmet need for cataract surgery: Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2009 Dec; 116(12):2327-35. View in: PubMed

Saati S, Lo R, Li PY, Meng E, Varma R, Humayun MS. Mini drug pump for ophthalmic use. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2009 Dec; 107:60-70. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Hwang LJ, Grunden JW, Bean GW, Sultan MB. Assessing the efficacy of latanoprost vs timolol using an alternate efficacy parameter: the intervisit intraocular pressure range. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Aug; 148(2):221-6. View in: PubMed

Trager MJ, Dirani M, Fan Q, Gazzard G, Selvaraj P, Chia A, Wong TY, Young TL, Varma R, Saw SM. Testability of vision and refraction in preschoolers: the strabismus, amblyopia, and refractive error study in singaporean children. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Aug; 148(2):235-241. e6. View in: PubMed

Memarzadeh F, Varma R, Lin LT, Parikh JG, Dustin L, Alcaraz A, Eliott D. Postoperative use of bevacizumab as an antifibrotic agent in glaucoma filtration surgery in the rabbit. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jul; 50(7):3233-7. View in: PubMed

Pan Y, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Wen G, Borchert MS, Azen SP, Varma R. Visual acuity norms in pre-school children: the Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Jun; 86(6):607-12. View in: PubMed

Shtir CJ, Marjoram P, Azen S, Conti DV, Le Marchand L, Haiman CA, Varma R. Variation in genetic admixture and population structure among Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino eye study (LALES). BMC Genet. 2009; 10:71. View in: PubMed

Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Song E, Lin J, Borchert M, Azen SP, Varma R. Fixation preference and visual acuity testing in a population-based cohort of preschool children with amblyopia risk factors. Ophthalmology. 2009 Jan; 116(1):145-53. View in: PubMed

Sanossian N, Wu J, Azen SP, Varma R. Prevalence and risk factors for cerebrovascular disease in community-dwelling Latinos. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2008 Dec; 110(10):985-7. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Wang MY, Ying-Lai M, Donofrio J, Azen SP. The prevalence and risk indicators of uncorrected refractive error and unmet refractive need in Latinos: the Los AngelesLatino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Dec; 49(12):5264-73. View in: PubMed

Varma R. From a population to patients: the Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy. Ophthalmology. 2008 Nov; 115(11):1857-8. View in: PubMed

Francis BA, Varma R, Chopra V, Lai MY, Shtir C, Azen SP. Intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, and prevalence of open-angle glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Nov; 146(5):741-6. View in: PubMed

Borchert M, Wang Y, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter S, Deneen J, Azen S, Varma R. Testability of the Retinomax autorefractor and IOLMaster in preschool children: the Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug; 115(8):1422-5, 1425. e1. View in: PubMed

Lu AT, Wang M, Varma R, Schuman JS, Greenfield DS, Smith SD, Huang D. Combining nerve fiber layer parameters to optimize glaucoma diagnosis with optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug; 115(8):1352-7, 1357. e1-2. View in: PubMed

Memarzadeh F, Ying-Lai M, Azen SP, Varma R. Associations with intraocular pressure in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jul; 146(1):69-76. View in: PubMed

Tan O, Li G, Lu AT, Varma R, Huang D. Mapping of macular substructures with optical coherence tomography for glaucoma diagnosis. Ophthalmology. 2008 Jun; 115(6):949-56. View in: PubMed

McKean-Cowdin R, Wang Y, Wu J, Azen SP, Varma R. Impact of visual field loss on health-related quality of life in glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Jun; 115(6):941-948. e1. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Mohanty SA, Deneen J, Wu J, Azen SP. Burden and predictors of undetected eye disease in Mexican-Americans: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Med Care. 2008 May; 46(5):497-506. View in: PubMed

Barañano AE, Wu J, Mazhar K, Azen SP, Varma R. Visual acuity outcomes after cataract extraction in adult latinos. The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 May; 115(5):815-21. View in: PubMed

Doshi V, Ying-Lai M, Azen SP, Varma R. Sociodemographic, family history, and lifestyle risk factors for open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Apr; 115(4):639-647. e2. View in: PubMed

Tarczy-Hornoch K, Lin J, Deneen J, Cotter SA, Azen SP, Borchert MS, Wang Y, Varma R. Stereoacuity testability in African-American and Hispanic pre-school children. Optom Vis Sci. 2008 Mar; 85(3):158-63. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Peeples P, Walt JG, Bramley TJ. Disease progression and the need for neuroprotection in glaucoma management. Am J Manag Care. 2008 Feb; 14(1 Suppl):S15-9. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Hwang LJ, Grunden JW, Bean GW. Inter-visit intraocular pressure range: an alternative parameter for assessing intraocular pressure control in clinical trials. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb; 145(2):336-42. View in: PubMed

Fraser-Bell S, Wu J, Klein R, Azen SP, Hooper C, Foong AW, Varma R. Cardiovascular risk factors and age-related macular degeneration: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb; 145(2):308-16. View in: PubMed

Chopra V, Varma R, Francis BA, Wu J, Torres M, Azen SP. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the risk of open-angle glaucoma the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Feb; 115(2):227-232. e1. View in: PubMed

Hoki SL, Varma R, Lai MY, Azen SP, Klein R. Prevalence and associations of asymptomatic retinal emboli in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES). Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jan; 145(1):143-8. View in: PubMed

Broman AT, Quigley HA, West SK, Katz J, Munoz B, Bandeen-Roche K, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Crowston J, Taylor HR, Varma R, Leske MC, Bengtsson B, Heijl A, He M, Foster PJ. Estimating the rate of progressive visual field damage in those with open-angle glaucoma, from cross-sectional data. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Jan; 49(1):66-76. View in: PubMed

Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Wang Y, Azen SP, Dilauro A, Borchert M, Varma R. Visual acuity testability in African-American and Hispanic children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Nov; 144(5):663-7. View in: PubMed

Ip JM, Huynh SC, Kifley A, Rose KA, Morgan IG, Varma R, Mitchell P. Variation of the contribution from axial length and other oculometric parameters to refraction by age and ethnicity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Oct; 48(10):4846-53. View in: PubMed

Chao JR, Lai MY, Azen SP, Klein R, Varma R. Retinopathy in persons without diabetes: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Sep; 48(9):4019-25. View in: PubMed

Wu Z, Vazeen M, Varma R, Chopra V, Walsh AC, LaBree LD, Sadda SR. Factors associated with variability in retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements obtained by optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2007 Aug; 114(8):1505-12. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Macias GL, Torres M, Klein R, Peña FY, Azen SP. Biologic risk factors associated with diabetic retinopathy: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jul; 114(7):1332-40. View in: PubMed

McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Wu J, Hays RD, Azen SP. Severity of visual field loss and health-related quality of life. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Jun; 143(6):1013-23. View in: PubMed

Budenz DL, Anderson DR, Varma R, Schuman J, Cantor L, Savell J, Greenfield DS, Patella VM, Quigley HA, Tielsch J. Determinants of normal retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measured by Stratus OCT. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jun; 114(6):1046-52. View in: PubMed

Memarzadeh F, Li Y, Chopra V, Varma R, Francis BA, Huang D. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography for imaging the anterior chamber after laser peripheral iridotomy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 May; 143(5):877-9. View in: PubMed

Francis BA, Hsieh A, Lai MY, Chopra V, Pena F, Azen S, Varma R. Effects of corneal thickness, corneal curvature, and intraocular pressure level on Goldmann applanation tonometry and dynamic contour tonometry. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan; 114(1):20-6. View in: PubMed

Tedeschi-Blok N, Buckley J, Varma R, Triche TJ, Hinton DR. Population-based study of early age-related macular degeneration: role of the complement factor H Y402H polymorphism in bilateral but not unilateral disease. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan; 114(1):99-103. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Wu J, Chong K, Azen SP, Hays RD. Impact of severity and bilaterality of visual impairment on health-related quality of life. Ophthalmology. 2006 Oct; 113(10):1846-53. View in: PubMed

Cotter SA, Varma R, Ying-Lai M, Azen SP, Klein R. Causes of low vision and blindness in adult Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2006 Sep; 113(9):1574-82. View in: PubMed

Paz SH, Varma R, Klein R, Wu J, Azen SP. Noncompliance with vision care guidelines in Latinos with type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2006 Aug; 113(8):1372-7. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Deneen J, Cotter S, Paz SH, Azen SP, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Zhao P. The multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study: design and methods. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2006 Aug; 13(4):253-62. View in: PubMed

Sadda SR, Tan O, Walsh AC, Schuman JS, Varma R, Huang D. Automated detection of clinically significant macular edema by grid scanning optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2006 Jul; 113(7):1187. e1-12. View in: PubMed

Tarczy-Hornoch K, Ying-Lai M, Varma R. Myopic refractive error in adult Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 May; 47(5):1845-52. View in: PubMed

Varma R. Diabetic retinopathy: challenges and future directions. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Mar; 141(3):539-41. View in: PubMed

Fraser-Bell S, Wu J, Klein R, Azen SP, Varma R. Smoking, alcohol intake, estrogen use, and age-related macular degeneration in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Jan; 141(1):79-87. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Winarko J, Kiat-Winarko T, Winarko B. Concentration of latanoprost ophthalmic solution after 4 to 6 weeks' use in an eye clinic setting. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jan; 47(1):222-5. View in: PubMed

Torres M, Azen S, Varma R. Prevalence of obesity and associated co-morbid conditions in a population-based sample of primarily urban Mexican Americans. Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(2):362-9. View in: PubMed

Shufelt C, Fraser-Bell S, Ying-Lai M, Torres M, Varma R. Refractive error, ocular biometry, and lens opalescence in an adult population: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Dec; 46(12):4450-60. View in: PubMed

Mack WJ, Teng E, Zheng L, Paz S, Chui H, Varma R. Category fluency in a latino sample: associations with age, education, gender, and language. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2005 Jul; 27(5):591-8. View in: PubMed

Globe DR, Varma R, Torres M, Wu J, Klein R, Azen SP. Self-reported comorbidities and visual function in a population-based study: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun; 123(6):815-21. View in: PubMed

Rolim de Moura C, Fraser-Bell S, Stout A, Labree L, Nilfors M, Varma R. Experience with the baerveldt glaucoma implant in the management of pediatric glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 May; 139(5):847-54. View in: PubMed

Jonas J, Heatley G, Spaide R, Varma R. Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide and secondary ocular hypertension. J Glaucoma. 2005 Apr; 14(2):168-71. View in: PubMed

Fraser-Bell S, Donofrio J, Wu J, Klein R, Azen SP, Varma R. Sociodemographic factors and age-related macular degeneration in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 Jan; 139(1):30-8. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Torres M. Prevalence of lens opacities in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Aug; 111(8):1449-56. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Ying-Lai M, Francis BA, Nguyen BB, Deneen J, Wilson MR, Azen SP. Prevalence of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Aug; 111(8):1439-48. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Fraser-Bell S, Tan S, Klein R, Azen SP. Prevalence of age-related macular degeneration in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jul; 111(7):1288-97. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Torres M, Peña F, Klein R, Azen SP. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in adult Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jul; 111(7):1298-306. View in: PubMed

Fraser-Bell S, Ying-Lai M, Klein R, Varma R. Prevalence and associations of epiretinal membranes in latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Jun; 45(6):1732-6. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Paz SH, Azen SP, Klein R, Globe D, Torres M, Shufelt C, Preston-Martin S. The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study: design, methods, and baseline data. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jun; 111(6):1121-31. View in: PubMed

Globe DR, Wu J, Azen SP, Varma R. The impact of visual impairment on self-reported visual functioning in Latinos: The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jun; 111(6):1141-9. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Ying-Lai M, Klein R, Azen SP. Prevalence and risk indicators of visual impairment and blindness in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jun; 111(6):1132-40. View in: PubMed

Unzueta M, Globe D, Wu J, Paz S, Azen S, Varma R. Compliance with recommendations for follow-up care in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ethn Dis. 2004; 14(2):285-91. View in: PubMed

Varma R, Bazzaz S, Lai M. Optical tomography-measured retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in normal latinos. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Aug; 44(8):3369-73. View in: PubMed

Paz SH, Globe DR, Wu J, Azen SP, Varma R. Relationship between self-reported depression and self-reported visual function in Latinos. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003 Jul; 121(7):1021-7. View in: PubMed

Hahn S, Azen S, Ying-Lai M, Varma R. Central corneal thickness in Latinos. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Apr; 44(4):1508-12. View in: PubMed

Globe D, Varma R, Azen SP, Paz S, Yu E, Preston-Martin S. Psychometric performance of the NEI VFQ-25 in visually normal Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Apr; 44(4):1470-8. View in: PubMed

Tong L, Frazao K, LaBree L, Varma R. Intraocular pressure control and complications with two-stage insertion of the Baerveldt implant. Ophthalmology. 2003 Feb; 110(2):353-8. View in: PubMed

Fraser-Bell S, Varma R. Eye disease in Latinos. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2003; 43(4):79-89. View in: PubMed

Azen SP, Varma R, Preston-Martin S, Ying-Lai M, Globe D, Hahn S. Binocular visual acuity summation and inhibition in an ocular epidemiological study: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Jun; 43(6):1742-8. View in: PubMed

Globe DR, Schoua-Glusberg A, Paz S, Yu E, Preston-Martin S, Azen S, Varma R. Using focus groups to develop a culturally sensitive methodology for epidemiological surveys in a Latino population: findings from the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES). Ethn Dis. 2002; 12(2):259-66. View in: PubMed

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