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Todd Chang, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics (Educational Scholar)
CHL Mail Stop 113 Off Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 361 2109


Research Career Interest: Educational Technology within the healthcare arena, which includes e-learning / multimedia, simulation, virtual reality, and other technologically augmented methods of teaching. Some clinical research including Emergency Department efficiency, pre-hospital care, and trauma care.

I currently sit on the executive board / steering committee of the INSPIRE Network (http://www.inspireSim.com/), an international pediatric simulation research network, as well as the PEMCRC (http://www.pemnetwork.org/pemcrc), the Pediatric Emergency Medicine Clinical Research Committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics.


University of Southern California: USC Zumberge Individual Research Award, 2012-2013

RBaby Foundation: RBaby Foundation Grant, 2013-2014

University of Southern California: SC CTSI Research Pilot Grant, 2013-2014

National Board of Medical Examiners: Stemmler Fund, 2015-2017

American Heart Association: Western States Grant-in-Aid, 2015-2017

FaceBook / Oculus : VR for Good, 2016-2017


Cosimini MJ, Mackintosh L, Chang TP. Number needed to eat: pizza and resident conference attendance. Med Educ. 2016 Dec; 50(12):1204-1207. View in: PubMed

Burke RV, Demeter NE, Goodhue CJ, Roesly H, Rake A, Young LC, Chang TP, Cleek E, Morton I, Upperman JS, Jensen AR. Qualitative assessment of simulation-based training for pediatric trauma resuscitation. Surgery. 2016 Nov 11. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Schrager SM, Rake AJ, Chan MW, Pham PK, Christman G. The effect of multimedia replacing text in resident clinical decision-making assessment. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2016 Oct 17. View in: PubMed

Auerbach MA, White ML, Bhargava S, Zaveri P, Seelbach EB, Burns RA, Mehta R, McAninch B, Fein D, Chang TP, Kessler DO. Are Graduating Pediatric Residents Prepared to Perform Infant Lumbar Punctures?: A Multi-Institutional Descriptive Study. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Oct 6. View in: PubMed

Cheng A, Nadkarni VM, Chang TP, Auerbach M. Highlighting Instructional Design Features in Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research. Simul Healthc. 2016 Oct; 11(5):363-364. View in: PubMed

Chime NO, Pusic MV, Auerbach M, Mehta R, Scherzer DJ, Van Ittersum W, McAninch B, Fein DM, Seelbach E, Zaveri P, Jackson JM, Kessler D, Chang TP. Script Concordance Testing to Determine Infant Lumbar Puncture Practice Variation. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Sep 23. View in: PubMed

Pasternack JR, Dadiz R, McBeth R, Gerard JM, Scherzer D, Tiyyagura G, Zaveri P, Chang TP, Auerbach M, Kessler D. Qualitative Study Exploring Implementation of a Point-of-Care Competency-Based Lumbar Puncture Program Across Institutions. Acad Pediatr. 2016 Sep-Oct; 16(7):621-9. View in: PubMed

Cheng A, Kessler D, Mackinnon R, Chang TP, Nadkarni VM, Hunt EA, Duval-Arnould J, Lin Y, Cook DA, Pusic M, Hui J, Moher D, Egger M, Auerbach M. Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research: Extensions to the CONSORT and STROBE Statements. Simul Healthc. 2016 Aug; 11(4):238-48. View in: PubMed

Lumba-Brown A, Tat S, Auerbach MA, Kessler DO, Alletag M, Grover P, Schnadower D, Macias CG, Chang TP. PEMNetwork: Barriers and Enablers to Collaboration and Multimedia Education in the Digital Age. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Aug; 32(8):565-9. View in: PubMed

Hsu D, Nypaver M, Fein DM, McAneney C, Santen S, Nagler J, Zuckerbraun N, Roskind CG, Reynolds S, Zaveri P, Stankovic C, House JB, Langhan M, Titus MO, Dahl-Grove D, Klasner AE, Ramirez J, Chang T, Jacobs E, Chapman J, Lumba-Brown A, Thompson T, Mittiga M, Eldridge C, Heffner V, Herman BE, Kennedy C, Madhok M, Kou M. Essentials of PEM Fellowship Part 2: The Profession in Entrustable Professional Activities. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Jun; 32(6):410-8. View in: PubMed

Auerbach M, Fein DM, Chang TP, Gerard J, Zaveri P, Grossman D, Van Ittersum W, Rocker J, Whitfill T, Pusic M, Kessler DO. The Correlation of Workplace Simulation-Based Assessments With Interns' Infant Lumbar Puncture Success: A Prospective, Multicenter, Observational Study. Simul Healthc. 2016 Apr; 11(2):126-33. View in: PubMed

Mallory LA, Calaman S, Lee White M, Doughty C, Mangold K, Lopreiato J, Auerbach M, Chang TP. Targeting Simulation-Based Assessment for the Pediatric Milestones: A Survey of Simulation Experts and Program Directors. Acad Pediatr. 2016 Apr; 16(3):290-7. View in: PubMed

Claudius I, Kaji AH, Santillanes G, Cicero MX, Donofrio JJ, Gausche-Hill M, Srinivasan S, Chang TP. Accuracy, Efficiency, and Inappropriate Actions Using JumpSTART Triage in MCI Simulations. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Oct; 30(5):457-60. View in: PubMed

Claudius I, Kaji A, Santillanes G, Cicero M, Donofrio JJ, Gausche-Hill M, Srinivasan S, Chang TP. Comparison of Computerized Patients versus Live Moulaged Actors for a Mass-casualty Drill. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Oct; 30(5):438-42. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Kwan KY, Liberman D, Song E, Dao EH, Chung D, Morton I, Festekjian A. Introducing Teamwork Challenges in Simulation Using Game Cards. Simul Healthc. 2015 Aug; 10(4):223-6. View in: PubMed

Kessler D, Pusic M, Chang TP, Fein DM, Grossman D, Mehta R, White M, Jang J, Whitfill T, Auerbach M. Impact of Just-in-Time and Just-in-Place Simulation on Intern Success With Infant Lumbar Puncture. Pediatrics. 2015 May; 135(5):e1237-46. View in: PubMed

Heilbrunn BR, Chang TP, Liu DR. A retrospective comparison of ketamine dosing regimens for pediatric procedural sedation. Eur J Emerg Med. 2015 Apr; 22(2):111-6. View in: PubMed

Tiyyagura G, Balmer D, Chaudoin L, Kessler D, Khanna K, Srivastava G, Chang TP, Auerbach M. The greater good: how supervising physicians make entrustment decisions in the pediatric emergency department. Acad Pediatr. 2014 Nov-Dec; 14(6):597-602. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Pham PK, Sobolewski B, Doughty CB, Jamal N, Kwan KY, Little K, Brenkert TE, Mathison DJ. Pediatric emergency medicine asynchronous e-learning: a multicenter randomized controlled Solomon four-group study. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Aug; 21(8):912-9. View in: PubMed

Cheng A, Auerbach M, Hunt EA, Chang TP, Pusic M, Nadkarni V, Kessler D. Designing and conducting simulation-based research. Pediatrics. 2014 Jun; 133(6):1091-101. View in: PubMed

Marconi GP, Chang T, Pham PK, Grajower DN, Nager AL. Traditional nurse triage vs physician telepresence in a pediatric ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2014 Apr; 32(4):325-9. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Kessler D, McAninch B, Fein DM, Scherzer DJ, Seelbach E, Zaveri P, Jackson JM, Auerbach M, Mehta R, Van Ittersum W, Pusic MV. Script concordance testing: assessing residents' clinical decision-making skills for infant lumbar punctures. Acad Med. 2014 Jan; 89(1):128-35. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Kriengsoontorkij W, Chan LS, Wang VJ. Clinical factors and incidence of acute chest syndrome or pneumonia among children with sickle cell disease presenting with a fever: a 17-year review. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Jul; 29(7):781-6. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Kriengsoontorkij W, Chan LS, Wang VJ. Predictors for bacteremia in febrile sickle cell disease children in the post-7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine era. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2013 Jul; 35(5):377-82. View in: PubMed

Auerbach M, Chang TP, Reid J, Quinones C, Krantz A, Pratt A, Gerard JM, Mehta R, Pusic M, Kessler DO. Are pediatric interns prepared to perform infant lumbar punctures? A multi-institutional descriptive study. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Apr; 29(4):453-7. View in: PubMed

Kessler DO, Arteaga G, Ching K, Haubner L, Kamdar G, Krantz A, Lindower J, Miller M, Petrescu M, Pusic MV, Rocker J, Shah N, Strother C, Tilt L, Weinberg ER, Chang TP, Fein DM, Auerbach M. Interns' success with clinical procedures in infants after simulation training. Pediatrics. 2013 Mar; 131(3):e811-20. View in: PubMed

Kamdar G, Kessler DO, Tilt L, Srivastava G, Khanna K, Chang TP, Balmer D, Auerbach M. Qualitative Evaluation of Just-in-Time Simulation-Based Learning: The Learners' Perspective. Simul Healthc. 2013 Feb; 8(1):43-48. View in: PubMed

Kharbanda AB, Dudley NC, Bajaj L, Stevenson MD, Macias CG, Mittal MK, Bachur RG, Bennett JE, Sinclair K, Huang C, Dayan PS. Validation and refinement of a prediction rule to identify children at low risk for acute appendicitis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Aug; 166(8):738-44. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Rangan C. Iron poisoning: a literature-based review of epidemiology, diagnosis, and management. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Oct; 27(10):978-85. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Russell SA. Perforated appendicitis and appendicolith in a child presenting as intussusception: a case report. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Jul; 27(7):635-8. View in: PubMed

Chang TP, Nager AL. Pediatric traumatic brain injury: the utility of beta-natriuretic peptide. J Trauma. 2010 Jun; 68(6):1401-5. View in: PubMed

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