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Vernon T. Tolo, MD
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
CHL Mail Stop 69 Off Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 361 4658


Barrett KK, Andras LM, Tolo VT, Choi PD, Skaggs DL. Measurement Variability in the Evaluation of the Proximal Junction in Distraction-based Growing Rods Patients. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Sep; 35(6):624-7. View in: PubMed

Swiontkowski MF, Tolo VT. Retraction. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jun 17; 97(12):1011. View in: PubMed

Buckwalter JA, Tolo VT, O'Keefe RJ. How do you know it is true? Integrity in research and publications: AOA critical issues. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jan 7; 97(1):e2. View in: PubMed

James MA, Tolo VT. Studying and reporting sex and race differences in musculoskeletal health. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Jan 15; 96(2):89. View in: PubMed

Myung KS, Glassman DM, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Simple steps to minimize spine infections in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Jan; 34(1):29-33. View in: PubMed

Thompson SR, Tolo VT. Now Showing-Video Expansion at JBJS. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Dec 18; 95(24):2169. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. An expression of concern. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Nov 20; 95(22):2057. View in: PubMed

Einhorn TA, Tolo VT. Welcome to JBJS Reviews! JBJS Rev. 2013 Nov 19; 1(1). View in: PubMed

Swiontkowski MF, Tolo VT. The case report redefined with JBJS Case Connector. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Jan 16; 95(2):97. View in: PubMed

Andras L, Yamaguchi KT, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. Surgical technique for balancing posterior spinal fusions to the pelvis using the T square of Tolo. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Dec; 32(8):e63-6. View in: PubMed

Wright JG, Swiontkowski MF, Tolo VT. Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews: New Guidelines for JBJS. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Sep 5; 94(17):1537. View in: PubMed

Wright JG, Tolo VT. JBJS and Evidence-based Orthopaedics. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Sep; 32 Suppl 2:S101-3. View in: PubMed

Arkader A, Yang CH, Tolo VT. High Long-term Local Control with Sacrectomy for Primary High-grade Bone Sarcoma in Children. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012 May; 470(5):1491-7. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. Stability and change in 2012. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Jan 4; 94(1):1. View in: PubMed

Sucato DJ, Micheli LJ, Estes AR, Tolo VT. Spine problems in young athletes. Instr Course Lect. 2012; 61:499-511. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. Orthopaedic journals and conflict of interest. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Dec 7; 93(23):2145. View in: PubMed

Arkader A, Warner WC, Tolo VT, Sponseller PD, Skaggs DL. Pediatric chance fractures: a multicenter perspective. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Oct-Nov; 31(7):741-4. View in: PubMed

Reider B, Poehling GG, Lubowitz JH, Provencher MT, Brand RA, Crenshaw AH, Thordarson DB, Fischgrund JS, Rothman RH, Tolo VT, Sanders R, Hensinger RN, Thompson GH, Koman LA, Mallon WJ, Zdeblick T, Grana WA, D'Ambrosia R, Weinstein JN, Carragee EJ, Wojtys EM. Disclosure of conflict of interest. Arthroscopy. 2011 Sep; 27(9):1167. View in: PubMed

Krieger MD, Falkinstein Y, Bowen IE, Tolo VT, McComb JG. Scoliosis and Chiari malformation Type I in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Jan; 7(1):25-9. View in: PubMed

Kasimian S, Skaggs DL, Sankar WN, Farlo J, Goodarzi M, Tolo VT. Aprotinin in pediatric neuromuscular scoliosis surgery. Eur Spine J. 2008 Dec; 17(12):1671-5. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Bushman G, Grunander T, Wong PC, Sankar WN, Tolo VT. Shortening of growing-rod spinal instrumentation reverses cardiac failure in child with Marfan syndrome and scoliosis. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Dec; 90(12):2745-50. View in: PubMed

Weiss JM, Tolo V. Femoral nerve palsy following iliacus hematoma. Orthopedics. 2008 Feb; 31(2):178. View in: PubMed

Sankar WN, Albrektson J, Lerman L, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Scoliosis in-brace curve correction and patient preference of CAD/CAM versus plaster molded TLSOs. J Child Orthop. 2007 Dec; 1(6):345-9. View in: PubMed

Albrektson J, Kay RM, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Abduction pillow immobilization following hip surgery: a welcome alternative for selected patients. J Child Orthop. 2007 Nov; 1(5):299-305. View in: PubMed

Weiss JM, Skaggs D, Tanner J, Tolo V. Cell Saver: is it beneficial in scoliosis surgery? J Child Orthop. 2007 Oct; 1(4):221-7. View in: PubMed

Leitch KK, Kay RM, Femino JD, Tolo VT, Storer SK, Skaggs DL. Treatment of multidirectionally unstable supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A modified Gartland type-IV fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 May; 88(5):980-5. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Early SD, D'Ambra P, Tolo VT, Kay RM. Back pain and backpacks in school children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 May-Jun; 26(3):358-63. View in: PubMed

Vitale MG, Kessler MW, Choe JC, Hwang MW, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Pelvic fractures in children: an exploration of practice patterns and patient outcomes. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Sep-Oct; 25(5):581-7. View in: PubMed

Green DW, Reynolds RA, Khan SN, Tolo V. The delay in diagnosis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis: a review of 102 patients. HSS J. 2005 Sep; 1(1):103-6. View in: PubMed

Gupta N, Kay RM, Leitch K, Femino JD, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Effect of surgical delay on perioperative complications and need for open reduction in supracondylar humerus fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 May-Jun; 24(3):245-8. View in: PubMed

Early SD, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Childhood diskitis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2003 Nov-Dec; 11(6):413-20. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Rethlefsen SA, Hale JM, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. Comparison of proximal and distal rotational femoral osteotomy in children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Mar-Apr; 23(2):150-4. View in: PubMed

Ghanem I, Tolo VT, D'Ambra P, Malogalowkin MH. Langerhans cell histiocytosis of bone in children and adolescents. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Jan-Feb; 23(1):124-30. View in: PubMed

Huang EY, Acosta JM, Gardocki RJ, Danielson PD, Skaggs DL, Reynolds RA, Tolo VT, Stein JE. Thoracoscopic anterior spinal release and fusion: evolution of a faster, improved approach. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Dec; 37(12):1732-5. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Fracture stability after pinning of displaced supracondylar distal humerus fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002 Sep-Oct; 22(5):697; author reply 697-8. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. The challenges of change: is orthopaedics ready? J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2002 Sep; 84-A(9):1707-13. View in: PubMed

Ghanem IB, Tolo VT, Reynolds RA. Rib fixation for humeral lengthening following interscapulothoracic resection for malignant tumor. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2002 Jul; 11(3):245-50. View in: PubMed

Ghanem IB, Tolo VT. "Perthes-like" changes in a free riding untreated congenital dislocated hip. J Med Liban. 2002 Jan-Apr; 50(1-2):63-6. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Hale JM, Bassett J, Kaminsky C, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Operative treatment of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children. The consequences of pin placement. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 May; 83-A(5):735-40. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Rethlefsen SA, Kay RM, Dennis SW, Reynolds RA, Tolo VT. Variability in gait analysis interpretation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Nov-Dec; 20(6):759-64. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. Impact of postoperative gait analysis on orthopaedic care. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 May; (374):259-64. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, DuBois B, Kay RM, Hale JM, Tolo VT. A simplified valgus osteotomy of the proximal femur in children. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2000 Apr; 9(2):114-8. View in: PubMed

Kay RM, Dennis S, Rethlefsen S, Reynolds RA, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT. The effect of preoperative gait analysis on orthopaedic decision making. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 Mar; (372):217-22. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. Orthopaedic treatment of fractures of the long bones and pelvis in children who have multiple injuries. Instr Course Lect. 2000; 49:415-23. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kautz SM, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Effect of delay of surgical treatment on rate of infection in open fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2000 Jan-Feb; 20(1):19-22. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Leet AI, Money MD, Shaw BA, Hale JM, Tolo VT. Secondary fractures associated with external fixation in pediatric femur fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1999 Sep-Oct; 19(5):582-6. View in: PubMed

Rethlefsen S, Tolo VT, Reynolds RA, Kay R. Outcome of hamstring lengthening and distal rectus femoris transfer surgery. J Pediatr Orthop B. 1999 Apr; 8(2):75-9. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kaminsky C, Tolo VT, Kay RM, Reynolds RA. Variability in measurement of acetabular index in normal and dysplastic hips, before and after reduction. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998 Nov-Dec; 18(6):799-801. View in: PubMed

Douté DA, Sponseller PD, Tolo VT, Atkins E, Silberstein CE. Soleus neurectomy for dynamic ankle equinus in children with cerebral palsy. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 1997 Sep; 26(9):613-6. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. Tumor management. J Pediatr Orthop. 1997 Jul-Aug; 17(4):421-3. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Kaminsky CK, Eskander-Rickards E, Reynolds RA, Tolo VT, Bassett GS. Psoas over the brim lengthenings. Anatomic investigation and surgical technique. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Jun; (339):174-9. View in: PubMed

Canale ST, Tolo VT. Fractures of the femur in children. Instr Course Lect. 1995; 44:255-73. View in: PubMed

Bodey B, Williams RT, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Horvath A, Tolo VT, Luck JV, Taylor CR, Hall FL. Immunocytochemical detection of cyclin A and cyclin D in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues: novel, pertinent markers of cell proliferation. Mod Pathol. 1994 Oct; 7(8):846-52. View in: PubMed

Wu L, Yee A, Liu L, Carbonaro-Hall D, Venkatesan N, Tolo VT, Hall FL. Molecular cloning of the human CAK1 gene encoding a cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase. Oncogene. 1994 Jul; 9(7):2089-96. View in: PubMed

Townsend DJ, Tolo VT. Congenital dislocation of the hip. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1994 Mar; 6(2):183-6. View in: PubMed

Williams RT, Wu L, Carbonaro-Hall DA, Tolo VT, Hall FL. Identification of a novel cyclin-like protein in human tumor cells. J Biol Chem. 1993 Apr 25; 268(12):8871-80. View in: PubMed

Bassett GS, Apel DM, Wintersteen VG, Tolo VT. Measurement of femoral head microcirculation by laser Doppler flowmetry. J Pediatr Orthop. 1991 May-Jun; 11(3):307-13. View in: PubMed

Bhatnagar M, Sponseller PD, Carroll C, Tolo VT. Pediatric atlantoaxial instability presenting as cerebral and cerebellar infarcts. J Pediatr Orthop. 1991 Jan-Feb; 11(1):103-7. View in: PubMed

Bassett GS, Tolo VT. The incidence and natural history of scoliosis in Rett syndrome. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1990 Nov; 32(11):963-6. View in: PubMed

Weiland AJ, Weiss AP, Moore JR, Tolo VT. Vascularized fibular grafts in the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1990 Jun; 72(5):654-62. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Instr Course Lect. 1989; 38:143-56. View in: PubMed

Gilsanz V, Gibbens DT, Carlson M, Boechat MI, Tolo VT. The effect of limping on vertebral bone density: a study of children with tarsal coalition. J Pediatr Orthop. 1989 Jan-Feb; 9(1):33-6. View in: PubMed

Mandelbaum BR, Tolo VT, McAfee PC, Burest P. Nutritional deficiencies after staged anterior and posterior spinal reconstructive surgery. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1988 Sep; (234):5-11. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. Surgical treatment of kyphosis in achondroplasia. Basic Life Sci. 1988; 48:257-9. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. External skeletal fixation in children's fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1983 Sep; 3(4):435-42. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. Congenital absence of the menisci and cruciate ligaments of the knee. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981 Jul; 63(6):1022-4. View in: PubMed

Weiland AJ, Meyer S, Tolo VT, Berg HL, Mueller J. Surgical treatment of displaced supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children. Analysis of fifty-two cases followed for five to fifteen years. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1978 Jul; 60(5):657-61. View in: PubMed

Apel DM, Marrero G, King J, Tolo VT, Bassett GS. Avoiding paraplegia during anterior spinal surgery. The role of somatosensory evoked potential monitoring with temporary occlusion of segmental spinal arteries. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1991 Aug; 16(8 Suppl):S365-70. View in: PubMed

Yuan N, Fraire JA, Margetis MM, Skaggs DL, Tolo VT, Keens TG. The effect of scoliosis surgery on lung function in the immediate postoperative period. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Oct 1; 30(19):2182-5. View in: PubMed

Tolo VT. Treatment, follow-up, or discharge. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1988 Oct; 13(10):1189-90. View in: PubMed

Limpaphayom N, Skaggs DL, McComb G, Krieger M, Tolo VT. Complications of halo use in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Apr 15; 34(8):779-84. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Lerman LD, Albrektson J, Lerman M, Stewart DG, Tolo VT. Use of a noninvasive halo in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Jul 1; 33(15):1650-4. View in: PubMed

Ross PA, Smith BM, Tolo VT, Khemani RG. Continuous infusion of bupivacaine reduces postoperative morphine use in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis after posterior spine fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Aug 15; 36(18):1478-83. View in: PubMed

Ho C, Skaggs DL, Weiss JM, Tolo VT. Management of infection after instrumented posterior spine fusion in pediatric scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Nov 15; 32(24):2739-44. View in: PubMed

Skaggs DL, Samuelson MA, Hale JM, Kay RM, Tolo VT. Complications of posterior iliac crest bone grafting in spine surgery in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Sep 15; 25(18):2400-2. View in: PubMed

Watkins RG, Reynolds RA, McComb JG, Tolo VT. Lymphangiomatosis of the spine: two cases requiring surgical intervention. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Feb 1; 28(3):E45-50. View in: PubMed

Sanders AE, Andras LM, Choi PD, Tolo VT, Skaggs DL. Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Palsy After Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Oct 1; 41(19):E1164-7. View in: PubMed

Jeng CL, Sponseller PD, Tolo VT. Outcome of Wisconsin instrumentation in idiopathic scoliosis. Minimum 5-year follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Sep 15; 18(12):1584-90. View in: PubMed

Herndon JH, Tolo VT, Lanoue AM, Deffer PA. Management of fractured femora in acute amputees. Results of early ambulation in a cast-brace and pylon. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1973 Dec; 55(8):1600-13. View in: PubMed

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