Genevieve Santillanes, MD

Associate Professor Of Clinical Emergency Medicine

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Genevieve Santillanes grew up in Albuquerque, New Mexico. She attended Occidental College in Los Angeles for her undergraduate education and then attended medical school at the University of New Mexico. She then returned to Southern California to complete her residency in Pediatrics at Harbor-UCLA. She continued at Harbor-UCLA for a chief residency year and Pediatric Emergency Medicine fellowship. Dr. Santillanes joined the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine at USC in 2009 and currently holds an appointment as an Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine at the Keck School of Medicine. Her research interests include pediatric mental health emergencies and pre-hospital emergency medical services for children.


  • The Management of Children and Youth With Pediatric Mental and Behavioral Health Emergencies Ann Emerg Med. 2023 09; 82(3):e97-e105. . View in PubMed
  • Inter-Rater Reliability and Agreement Among Mass-Casualty Incident Algorithms Using a Pediatric Trauma Dataset: A Pilot Study Prehosp Disaster Med. 2022 Jun; 37(3):306-313. . View in PubMed
  • Comparison of Outcome Tools Used to Test Mass-Casualty Algorithms in the Pediatric Population Prehosp Disaster Med. 2021 Dec; 36(6):719-723. . View in PubMed
  • Prehospital Disaster Triage Does Not Predict Pediatric Outcomes: Comparing the Criteria Outcomes Tool to Three Mass-Casualty Incident Triage Algorithms Prehosp Disaster Med. 2021 Oct; 36(5):503-510. . View in PubMed
  • Occult Pneumothorax Identification on Extended Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma Examination in Children Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021 Oct 01; 37(10):e599-e601. . View in PubMed
  • Decline in Pediatric Emergency Department Behavioral Team Activations After Institution of an Agitation Protocol Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021 Apr 01; 37(4):e170-e173. . View in PubMed
  • Tabletop Application of SALT Triage to 10, 100, and 1000 Pediatric Victims Prehosp Disaster Med. 2020 Apr; 35(2):165-169. . View in PubMed
  • National trends in mental health-related emergency department visits by children and adults, 2009-2015 Am J Emerg Med. 2020 12; 38(12):2536-2544. . View in PubMed
  • Discontinuing involuntary mental health holds for children: Does psychiatrist specialty matter? A pilot study. Am J Emerg Med. 2020 04; 38(4):702-708.. View in PubMed
  • Anaphylaxis in pediatric patients:early recognition and treatment are critical for best outcomes Pediatr Emerg Med Pract. 2019 Jun; 16(6):1-24. . View in PubMed
  • Points & pearls: Anaphylaxis in pediatric patients: early recognition and treatment are critical for best outcomes Pediatr Emerg Med Pract 2019 06 01; 16(6):e1-e2. . View in PubMed
  • Evaluation and Management of Dehydration in Children Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2018 May; 36(2):259-273. . View in PubMed
  • Review of Interventions and Radiation Exposure from Chest Computed Tomography in Children with Blunt Trauma J Pediatr. 2018 07; 198:220-225. . View in PubMed
  • Involuntary Psychiatric Holds in Preadolescent Children West J Emerg Med. 2017 Oct; 18(6):1159-1165. . View in PubMed
  • Use of a Novel, Portable, LED-Based Capillary Refill Time Simulator within a Disaster Triage Context Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017 Aug; 32(4):451-456. . View in PubMed
  • Special Considerations in the Pediatric Psychiatric Population Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2017 09; 40(3):463-473. . View in PubMed
  • Development of a Pediatric Mass Casualty Triage Algorithm Validation Tool Prehosp Emerg Care. 2016 May-Jun; 20(3):343-53. . View in PubMed
  • Does Right Lower Quadrant Abdominal Ultrasound Accurately Identify Perforation in Pediatric Acute Appendicitis? J Emerg Med. 2016 Apr; 50(4):638-42.. View in PubMed
  • Accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Ultrasound for Appendicitis in Diagnostic and Nondiagnostic Studies Acad Emerg Med. 2016 Feb; 23(2):179-85. . View in PubMed
  • Comparison of Computerized Patients versus Live Moulaged Actors for a Mass-casualty Drill Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Oct; 30(5):438-42. . View in PubMed
  • Accuracy, Efficiency, and Inappropriate Actions Using JumpSTART Triage in MCI Simulations Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Oct; 30(5):457-60. . View in PubMed
  • Most routine laboratory testing of pediatric psychiatric patients in the emergency department is not medically necessary Health Aff (Millwood). 2015 May; 34(5):812-8. . View in PubMed
  • Emergency department management of seizures in pediatric patients Pediatr Emerg Med Pract. 2015 Mar; 12(3):1-25; quiz 26-7. . View in PubMed
  • Clinical utility of screening laboratory tests in pediatric psychiatric patients presenting to the emergency department for medical clearanceAnn Emerg Med. 2014 Jun; 63(6):666-75. e3. . View in PubMed
  • Treating psychiatric emergencies in incarcerated minors in the emergency department: what is the cost and what is their disposition? Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014 Jun; 30(6):403-8.. View in PubMed
  • Is medical clearance necessary for pediatric psychiatric patients? J Emerg Med. 2014 Jun; 46(6):800-7.. View in PubMed
  • Impact of boarding pediatric psychiatric patients on a medical ward Hosp Pediatr. 2014 May; 4(3):125-32. . View in PubMed
  • Should infants presenting with an apparent life-threatening event undergo evaluation for serious bacterial infections and respiratory pathogens? J Pediatr. 2014 May; 164(5):1231-1233.e1.. View in PubMed
  • Risk factors for apnea in pediatric patients transported by paramedics for out-of-hospital seizureAnn Emerg Med. 2014 Mar; 63(3):302-8. e1. . View in PubMed
  • Do infants less than 12 months of age with an apparent life-threatening event need transport to a pediatric critical care center? Prehosp Emerg Care. 2013 Jul-Sep; 17(3):304-11.. View in PubMed
  • Apparent life-threatening event: multicenter prospective cohort study to develop a clinical decision rule for admission to the hospitalAnn Emerg Med. 2013 Apr; 61(4):379-387. e4. . View in PubMed
  • Prospective evaluation of a clinical practice guideline for diagnosis of appendicitis in children Acad Emerg Med. 2012 Aug; 19(8):886-93. . View in PubMed
  • Are antibiotics necessary for pediatric epididymitis? Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Mar; 27(3):174-8.. View in PubMed
  • Pediatric airway management Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2008 Nov; 26(4):961-75ix. . View in PubMed
  • Preparedness of selected pediatric offices to respond to critical emergencies in children Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 Nov; 22(11):694-8. . View in PubMed