Keck School Faculty

Kristine Robinson Monroe, PhD
Kristine Robinson Monroe, PhD
Clinical Associate Professor of Preventive Medicine (Part-Time);Data Management Coordinator: GWAS
Preventive Medicine
NRT 1517J 1450 Biggy Street Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
Dr. Monroe studies the role of nutrients, genetics and gene/environment interactions in the causation of breast, prostate, endometrial, and colorectal cancer in multiethnic populations.

In 1989, Dr. Monroe helped establish the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC) with Drs. Henderson, Kolonel, and Hankin. Over the past 21 years, she has been involved with all aspects of this project, including developing study questionnaires, collaborating with SEER cancer registries to update incident cancer cases, validating study questionnaires, initiating the linkage of the MEC with the California Hospital Discharge database, establishing the biospecimen collection from nearly 40,000 participants, and supervising the biological specimen storage and DNA tracking database files in Los Angeles. Dr. Monroe assists in the design of genetic epidemiologic studies of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer and participates in analyses. She is currently a Co-Investigator with the CBCRP Special Research Initiative, California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium (CBCSC) representing MEC’s participation. This study will link detailed individual-level behavioral risk factor data with socioeconomic and built environment data from several California breast cancer studies. These data will be used to investigate the extent that racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer survival can be explained by unequal access to basic health and societal resources.

Diet Quality and Biomarker Profiles Related to Chronic Disease Prevention: The Multiethnic Cohort Study J Am Coll Nutr. 2019 Jul 10; 1-8. . View in PubMed

Interethnic differences in pancreatic cancer incidence and risk factors: The Multiethnic Cohort Cancer Med. 2019 Jul; 8(7):3592-3603. . View in PubMed

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2019 Jun 26. . View in PubMed

Fecal Microbial Diversity and Structure Are Associated with Diet Quality in the Multiethnic Cohort Adiposity Phenotype Study J Nutr. 2019 Jun 12. . View in PubMed

Smoking, Alcohol, and Biliary Tract Cancer Risk: A Pooling Project of 26 Prospective Studies J Natl Cancer Inst. 2019 May 24. . View in PubMed

Anthropometric Risk Factors for Cancers of the Biliary Tract in the Biliary Tract Cancers Pooling Project Cancer Res. 2019 May 21. . View in PubMed

Propensity for Intra-abdominal and Hepatic Adiposity Varies Among Ethnic GroupsGastroenterology. 2019 03; 156(4):966-975. e10. . View in PubMed

Temporal Variability and Stability of the Fecal Microbiome: The Multiethnic Cohort Study Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2019 Jan; 28(1):154-162. . View in PubMed

Pancreatic Cancer Following Incident Diabetes in African Americans and Latinos: The Multiethnic Cohort J Natl Cancer Inst. 2019 Jan 01; 111(1):27-33. . View in PubMed

Alcohol Intake and Colorectal Cancer Risk in the Multiethnic Cohort Study Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Jan 01; 188(1):67-76. . View in PubMed

Propensity for Intra-abdominal and Hepatic Adiposity Varies Among Ethnic Groups Gastroenterology. 2018 Nov 13. . View in PubMed

Alcohol Intake and Colorectal Cancer Risk in the Multiethnic Cohort Study Am J Epidemiol. 2018 Sep 15. . View in PubMed

Temporal variability and stability of the fecal microbiome: the Multiethnic Cohort Study Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2018 Sep 11. . View in PubMed

Portion Sizes from 24-Hour Dietary Recalls Differed by Sex among Those Who Selected the Same Portion Size Category on a Food Frequency Questionnaire J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018 Sep; 118(9):1711-1718. . View in PubMed

Diet quality measured by four a priori-defined diet quality indices is associated with lipid-soluble micronutrients in the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC) Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 Aug 02. . View in PubMed

Pancreatic Cancer Following Incident Diabetes in African Americans and Latinos: The Multiethnic Cohort J Natl Cancer Inst. 2018 Jun 18. . View in PubMed

Self-reported dietary flavonoid intake and serum markers of inflammation: the multiethnic cohort Cancer Causes Control. 2018 Jun; 29(6):601-607. . View in PubMed

Atopic allergic conditions and pancreatic cancer risk: Results from the Multiethnic Cohort Study Int J Cancer. 2018 May 15; 142(10):2019-2027. . View in PubMed

Portion Sizes from 24-Hour Dietary Recalls Differed by Sex among Those Who Selected the Same Portion Size Category on a Food Frequency Questionnaire J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018 May 08. . View in PubMed

Family History of Cancer and Risk of Biliary Tract Cancers: Results from the Biliary Tract Cancers Pooling Project Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2018 Mar; 27(3):348-351. . View in PubMed

Portion Sizes from 24-Hour Dietary Recalls Differed by Sex among Those Who Selected the Same Portion Size Category on a Food Frequency Questionnaire J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018 09; 118(9):1711-1718. . View in PubMed

Self-reported dietary flavonoid intake and serum markers of inflammation: the multiethnic cohort Cancer Causes Control. 2018 06; 29(6):601-607. . View in PubMed

Trans-ethnic analysis of metabochip data identifies two new loci associated with BMI Int J Obes (Lond). 2018 03; 42(3):384-390. . View in PubMed

Family History of Cancer and Risk of Biliary Tract Cancers: Results from the Biliary Tract Cancers Pooling Project Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2018 03; 27(3):348-351. . View in PubMed

Erratum: Diet Quality Predicts Visceral Adiposity and Liver Fatness: The Multiethnic Cohort Study Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018 01; 26(1):239. . View in PubMed

Characterizing the neighborhood obesogenic environment in the Multiethnic Cohort: a multi-level infrastructure for cancer health disparities research Cancer Causes Control. 2018 01; 29(1):167-183. . View in PubMed

Plasma lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and colorectal cancer risk: a nested case-control study in the Multiethnic Cohort Cancer Causes Control. 2018 01; 29(1):115-123. . View in PubMed

Characterizing the neighborhood obesogenic environment in the Multiethnic Cohort: a multi-level infrastructure for cancer health disparities research Cancer Causes Control. 2018 Jan; 29(1):167-183. . View in PubMed

Erratum: Diet Quality Predicts Visceral Adiposity and Liver Fatness: The Multiethnic Cohort Study Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018 Jan; 26(1):239. . View in PubMed

Plasma lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and colorectal cancer risk: a nested case-control study in the Multiethnic Cohort Cancer Causes Control. 2018 Jan; 29(1):115-123. . View in PubMed

Atopic allergic conditions and pancreatic cancer risk: Results from the Multiethnic Cohort Study Int J Cancer. 2018 05 15; 142(10):2019-2027. . View in PubMed

Diet Quality in Midadulthood Predicts Visceral Adiposity and Liver Fatness in Older Ages: The Multiethnic Cohort Study Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 Aug; 25(8):1442-1450. . View in PubMed

A priori-defined diet quality indices, biomarkers and risk for type 2 diabetes in five ethnic groups: the Multiethnic Cohort Br J Nutr. 2017 Aug; 118(4):312-320. . View in PubMed

Reply Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Jul; 15(7):1139. . View in PubMed

Dietary Patterns Derived by Reduced Rank Regression Are Inversely Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Risk across 5 Ethnic Groups in the Multiethnic Cohort Curr Dev Nutr. 2017 May; 1(5):e000620. . View in PubMed

Association between the neighborhood obesogenic environment and colorectal cancer risk in the Multiethnic Cohort Cancer Epidemiol. 2017 10; 50(Pt A):99-106. . View in PubMed

Diet Quality in Midadulthood Predicts Visceral Adiposity and Liver Fatness in Older Ages: The Multiethnic Cohort Study Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 08; 25(8):1442-1450. . View in PubMed

Reply Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 07; 15(7):1139. . View in PubMed

Contextual Impact of Neighborhood Obesogenic Factors on Postmenopausal Breast Cancer: The Multiethnic Cohort Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 04; 26(4):480-489. . View in PubMed

Exploring Differences in the Aspirin-Colorectal Cancer Association by Sex and Race/Ethnicity: The Multiethnic Cohort Study Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 02; 26(2):162-169. . View in PubMed

Dietary Factors Reduce Risk of Acute Pancreatitis in a Large Multiethnic CohortClin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 02; 15(2):257-265. e3. . View in PubMed

Reply to High hepatocellular carcinoma risk among US-born Hispanics Cancer. 2017 01 01; 123(2):358-359. . View in PubMed

Uniting Epidemiology and Experimental Disease Models for Alcohol-Related Pancreatic Disease Alcohol Res. 2017; 38(2):173-182. . View in PubMed

Characterization of the gut microbiome in epidemiologic studies: the multiethnic cohort experience Ann Epidemiol. 2016 May; 26(5):373-9. . View in PubMed

Validation of self-reported comorbidity status of breast cancer patients with medical records: the California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium (CBCSC) Cancer Causes Control. 2016 Mar; 27(3):391-401. . View in PubMed

Among 4 Diet Quality Indexes, Only the Alternate Mediterranean Diet Score Is Associated with Better Colorectal Cancer Survival and Only in African American Women in the Multiethnic Cohort J Nutr. 2016 09; 146(9):1746-55. . View in PubMed

Prospective Study of Alcohol Drinking, Smoking, and Pancreatitis: The Multiethnic Cohort Pancreas. 2016 07; 45(6):819-25. . View in PubMed

The Effect of Patient and Contextual Characteristics on Racial/Ethnic Disparity in Breast Cancer Mortality Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2016 07; 25(7):1064-72. . View in PubMed

Characterization of the gut microbiome in epidemiologic studies: the multiethnic cohort experience Ann Epidemiol. 2016 05; 26(5):373-9. . View in PubMed

Disparity in liver cancer incidence and chronic liver disease mortality by nativity in Hispanics: The Multiethnic Cohort Cancer. 2016 05 01; 122(9):1444-52. . View in PubMed

Intersection of Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status in Mortality After Breast Cancer J Community Health. 2015 Dec; 40(6):1287-99. . View in PubMed

Contribution of the neighborhood environment and obesity to breast cancer survival: the California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 Aug; 24(8):1282-90. . View in PubMed

History of Recreational Physical Activity and Survival After Breast Cancer: The California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Jun 15; 181(12):944-55. . View in PubMed

Linking data from the Multiethnic Cohort Study to Medicare data: linkage results and application to chronic disease research Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Jun 01; 181(11):917-9. . View in PubMed

Methodological Considerations in Estimation of Phenotype Heritability Using Genome-Wide SNP Data, Illustrated by an Analysis of the Heritability of Height in a Large Sample of African Ancestry Adults PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0131106. . View in PubMed

Pleiotropic effects of genetic risk variants for other cancers on colorectal cancer risk: PAGE, GECCO and CCFR consortia Gut. 2014 May; 63(5):800-7. . View in PubMed

A pooled analysis of body mass index and mortality among African Americans PLoS One. 2014; 9(11):e111980. . View in PubMed

Obesity and mortality after breast cancer by race/ethnicity: The California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Jan 01; 179(1):95-111. . View in PubMed

The California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium (CBCSC): prognostic factors associated with racial/ethnic differences in breast cancer survival Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Oct; 24(10):1821-36. . View in PubMed

Genetic variants associated with fasting glucose and insulin concentrations in an ethnically diverse population: results from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study BMC Med Genet. 2013 Sep 25; 14:98. . View in PubMed

Association of the FTO obesity risk variant rs8050136 with percentage of energy intake from fat in multiple racial/ethnic populations: the PAGE study Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Sep 01; 178(5):780-90. . View in PubMed

Association between various sedentary behaviours and all-cause, cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality: the Multiethnic Cohort Study Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Aug; 42(4):1040-56. . View in PubMed

A meta-analysis identifies new loci associated with body mass index in individuals of African ancestry Nat Genet. 2013 Jun; 45(6):690-6. . View in PubMed

The influence of obesity-related single nucleotide polymorphisms on BMI across the life course: the PAGE study Diabetes. 2013 May; 62(5):1763-7. . View in PubMed

Genetic risk factors for BMI and obesity in an ethnically diverse population: results from the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology (PAGE) study Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Apr; 21(4):835-46. . View in PubMed

Effects of smoking on the genetic risk of obesity: the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology study BMC Med Genet. 2013 Jan 11; 14:6. . View in PubMed

The effect of grapefruit intake on endogenous serum estrogen levels in postmenopausal women Nutr Cancer. 2013; 65(5):644-52. . View in PubMed

Phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) for detection of pleiotropy within the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Network PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(1):e1003087. . View in PubMed

A meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of breast cancer identifies two novel susceptibility loci at 6q14 and 20q11 Hum Mol Genet. 2012 Dec 15; 21(24):5373-84. . View in PubMed

Evaluating genetic risk for prostate cancer among Japanese and Latinos Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Nov; 21(11):2048-58. . View in PubMed

Susceptibility variants for obesity and colorectal cancer risk: the multiethnic cohort and PAGE studies Int J Cancer. 2012 Sep 15; 131(6):E1038-43. . View in PubMed

Differences by race/ethnicity in older adults' beliefs about the relative importance of dietary supplements vs prescription medications: results from the SURE Study J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 Aug; 112(8):1223-9. . View in PubMed

Body mass index and mortality in an ethnically diverse population: the Multiethnic Cohort Study Eur J Epidemiol. 2012 Jul; 27(7):489-97. . View in PubMed

Consistent directions of effect for established type 2 diabetes risk variants across populations: the population architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Consortium Diabetes. 2012 Jun; 61(6):1642-7. . View in PubMed

Detectable clonal mosaicism from birth to old age and its relationship to cancer Nat Genet. 2012 May 06; 44(6):642-50. . View in PubMed

Admixture mapping identifies a locus on 6q25 associated with breast cancer risk in US Latinas Hum Mol Genet. 2012 Apr 15; 21(8):1907-17. . View in PubMed

A review of cancer in US. Hispanic populations. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2012 Feb; 5(2):150-63. . View in PubMed

Type 2 diabetes risk variants and colorectal cancer risk: the Multiethnic Cohort and PAGE studies Gut. 2011 Dec; 60(12):1703-11. . View in PubMed

No association of type 2 diabetes risk variants and prostate cancer risk: the multiethnic cohort and PAGE Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2011 Sep; 20(9):1979-81. . View in PubMed

The use of phenome-wide association studies (PheWAS) for exploration of novel genotype-phenotype relationships and pleiotropy discovery Genet Epidemiol. 2011 Jul; 35(5):410-22. . View in PubMed

Dietary supplement use within a multiethnic population as measured by a unique inventory method J Am Diet Assoc. 2011 Jul; 111(7):1065-72. . View in PubMed

Genome-wide association study of prostate cancer in men of African ancestry identifies a susceptibility locus at 17q21 Nat Genet. 2011 Jun; 43(6):570-3. . View in PubMed

Characterizing genetic risk at known prostate cancer susceptibility loci in African Americans PLoS Genet. 2011 May; 7(5):e1001387. . View in PubMed

No association of risk variants for diabetes and obesity with breast cancer: the Multiethnic Cohort and PAGE studies Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2011 May; 20(5):1039-42. . View in PubMed

Phenotype harmonization and cross-study collaboration in GWAS consortia: the GENEVA experience Genet Epidemiol. 2011 Apr; 35(3):159-73. . View in PubMed

Caution in generalizing known genetic risk markers for breast cancer across all ethnic/racial populations Eur J Hum Genet. 2011 Feb; 19(2):243-5. . View in PubMed

Consistent association of type 2 diabetes risk variants found in europeans in diverse racial and ethnic groups PLoS Genet. 2010 Aug 26; 6(8). . View in PubMed

Breast cancer risk factors defined by estrogen and progesterone receptor status: the multiethnic cohort study Am J Epidemiol. 2009 May 15; 169(10):1251-9. . View in PubMed

Generalizability of associations from prostate cancer genome-wide association studies in multiple populations Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Apr; 18(4):1285-9. . View in PubMed

Alcohol consumption and endometrial cancer risk: the multiethnic cohort Int J Cancer. 2008 Feb 01; 122(3):634-8. . View in PubMed

The effect of multiple mailings on recruitment: the Multiethnic Cohort Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Feb; 17(2):447-54. . View in PubMed

Dietary fiber and colorectal cancer risk: the multiethnic cohort study Cancer Causes Control. 2007 Sep; 18(7):753-64. . View in PubMed

Prospective study of grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women: the Multiethnic Cohort Study Br J Cancer. 2007 Aug 06; 97(3):440-5. . View in PubMed

Dietary fiber intake and endogenous serum hormone levels in naturally postmenopausal Mexican American women: the Multiethnic Cohort Study Nutr Cancer. 2007; 58(2):127-35. . View in PubMed

Adherence to the food guide pyramid recommendations among African Americans and Latinos: results from the Multiethnic Cohort J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Dec; 104(12):1873-7. . View in PubMed

Residential magnetic field exposure and breast cancer risk: a nested case-control study from a multiethnic cohort in Los Angeles County, California Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Nov 15; 158(10):969-80. . View in PubMed

Correlation of dietary intake and colorectal cancer incidence among Mexican-American migrants: the multiethnic cohort study Nutr Cancer. 2003; 45(2):133-47. . View in PubMed

Comparison of two instruments for quantifying intake of vitamin and mineral supplements: a brief questionnaire versus three 24-hour recalls Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Oct 01; 156(7):669-75. . View in PubMed

Do urinary estrogen metabolites reflect the differences in breast cancer risk between Singapore Chinese and United States African-American and white women? Cancer Res. 2001 Apr 15; 61(8):3326-9.. View in PubMed

A multiethnic cohort in Hawaii and Los Angeles: baseline characteristics Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Feb 15; 151(4):346-57. . View in PubMed

Calibration of the dietary questionnaire for a multiethnic cohort in Hawaii and Los Angeles Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Feb 15; 151(4):358-70. . View in PubMed

Cancer incidence among Filipinos in Los Angeles County, 1972-1991 Int J Cancer. 1995 Nov 03; 63(3):345-8. . View in PubMed

A case-control study of maternal risk factors for thyroid cancer in young women (California, United States) Cancer Causes Control. 1995 Sep; 6(5):389-97. . View in PubMed

Evidence of an X-linked or recessive genetic component to prostate cancer risk Nat Med. 1995 Aug; 1(8):827-9. . View in PubMed

Spinal meningiomas in women in Los Angeles County: investigation of an etiological hypothesis Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1995 Jun; 4(4):333-9. . View in PubMed

Oral contraceptive use and adenocarcinoma of cervix Lancet. 1994 Nov 19; 344(8934):1390-4. . View in PubMed

Physiologic and pathologic evaluation of chronic extra-aortic counterpulsation with latissimus dorsi flapPreliminary results. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 1991 Jul-Aug; 32(4):485-90. . View in PubMed

Powered by SC CTSI
Go to Top