Faculty

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Jae U Jung, PhD
Distinguished Professor and Chair, Molecular Microbiology and Immunology
Fletcher Jones Foundation Chair in Molecular Microbiology and Immunology
Molecular Microbiology and Immunology
HMR 401 2011 Zonal Avenue Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 442 1713

Overview

My laboratory is conducting different areas of research:

Host and Virus Standoff: Co-existence of viruses with their hosts requires a balance between host immune responses and their evasion by viruses. To deal with the sophisticated host immune system, viruses have evolved a myriad of immune evasion mechanisms to avoid elimination by the host's immune response. Herpesvirus: Host immune responses, including cytotoxic T lymphocytes and Natural killer cells, play essential roles in the elimination of virus-infected cells. Additionally, interferon and lymphotoxin and their receptor pathways are critical to the early viral infection, ultimately kick-starting the innate and adaptive immune responses of the host defense. Finally, the host carries various intracellular restriction mechanisms to thwart the spread of pathogens. Gifted with large genetic capacity, herpesviruses encode a wider array of viral immune modulators to avoid these host innate and adaptive immune responses. Understanding herpesvirus-mediated immune evasion tactics is the primary goal of this avenue.

Influenza Virus: The second avenue of this section is focused primarily on interferon (IFN)-mediated anti-virus immunity. Upon viral infection, the major defense mounted by the host immune system is activation of the IFN-mediated anti-viral innate immune pathway. In order to complete their life cycle, viruses that are obligatory intracellular parasites must modulate host IFN-mediated immune response. We study how the host recognizes viral infection with a specific focus on the RIG-I, TRIMs and IRF genes, and how influenza virus escapes host IFN-mediated anti-viral response with a specific focus on the Influenza virus NS1 gene. Genetically altered mice are used to demonstrate the in vivo roles of host and viral IFN regulatory genes.

Virus-Induced Cancer: This section is focused on understanding the molecular mechanisms of lymphoproliferative diseases induced by the gamma-2 herpesviruses and on developing animal models for human diseases. The gamma 2 herpesviruses include murine herpesvirus 68 (MHV68), herpesvirus saimiri (HVS), and Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV). KSHV is consistently associated with Kaposi's sarcoma, which is a multifocal vascular tumor of mixed cellular composition and is the most common tumor in patients with AIDS. Infection of New World primates with HVS results in rapidly progressing malignant T cell lymphomas. Finally, MHV68 provides a small animal model to study viral persistent infection. Biochemical and immunological analyses of individual viral genes in cell culture and experimental infection of mouse or primate with recombinant herpesviruses are used to define their roles in the onset of disease.

Programmed Cell Death (PCD): Apoptosis has been a primary PCD mechanism to respond viral infection by participating in its own death. Autophagy (Greek, "to eat oneself") is a new, emerging cellular pathway in which subcellular membranes undergo dynamic morphological changes that lead to the degradation of cellular proteins, cytoplasmic organelles, and invading pathogens. Thus, apoptotic and autophagic PCDs are important innate safeguard mechanisms to protect the organism against harmful microbes and unwanted cancerous cells. Viruses, in turn, have evolved elaborate mechanisms to subvert apoptotic and autophagic processes. This avenue is to understand how host initiates apoptosis and autophagy responses upon viral infection and how virus escapes host intracellular PCD-mediated innate immune controls to establish persistent infection and pathogenesis.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) and Prostate Cancer: We utilize genetically engineered mouse models and chemical inhibitors to investigate the molecular details of ALL and prostate cancer and to develop therapeutic strategies against these cancers.

Publications

. Autophagy during viral infection - a double-edged sword Nat Rev Microbiol. 2018 Jun; 16(6):341-354. View in: PubMed

. Repurposing Cytarabine for Treating Primary Effusion Lymphoma by Targeting Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Latent and Lytic Replications MBio. 2018 May 08; 9(3). View in: PubMed

. A Talented Duo: IFIT1 and IFIT3 Patrol Viral RNA Caps Immunity. 2018 Mar 20; 48(3):474-476. View in: PubMed

. Deregulation of HDAC5 by Viral Interferon Regulatory Factor 3 Plays an Essential Role in Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus-Induced Lymphangiogenesis MBio. 2018 Jan 16; 9(1). View in: PubMed

. TRIM56-mediated monoubiquitination of cGAS for cytosolic DNA sensing Nat Commun. 2018 02 09; 9(1):613. View in: PubMed

. Novel Role of vBcl2 in the Virion Assembly of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus J Virol. 2018 02 15; 92(4). View in: PubMed

. Suppression of Zika Virus Infection and Replication in Endothelial Cells and Astrocytes by PKA Inhibitor PKI 14-22 J Virol. 2018 02 15; 92(4). View in: PubMed

. Asian Zika virus strains target CD14+ blood monocytes and induce M2-skewed immunosuppression during pregnancy Nat Microbiol. 2017 Nov; 2(11):1558-1570. View in: PubMed

. Unexpected Alliance of WHIP-TRIM14-PPP6C to Combat Viruses Mol Cell. 2017 Oct 19; 68(2):259-261. View in: PubMed

. Chloroquine, a FDA-approved Drug, Prevents Zika Virus Infection and its Associated Congenital Microcephaly in Mice EBioMedicine. 2017 Oct; 24:189-194. View in: PubMed

. Architecture of the type IV coupling protein complex of Legionella pneumophila Nat Microbiol. 2017 Jul 17; 2:17114. View in: PubMed

. Double the Trouble When Herpesviruses Join Hands Cell Host Microbe. 2017 Jul 12; 22(1):5-7. View in: PubMed

. Inhibition of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus by a peptide derived from vFLIP through its direct destabilization of viruses Sci Rep. 2017 Jul 07; 7(1):4875. View in: PubMed

. FAS-associated factor-1 positively regulates type I interferon response to RNA virus infection by targeting NLRX1 PLoS Pathog. 2017 May; 13(5):e1006398. View in: PubMed

. Reply J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Feb; 139(2):712-713. View in: PubMed

. Hepatitis C virus has a genetically determined lymphotropism through co-receptor B72. Nat Commun. 2017 Jan 09; 8:13882. View in: PubMed

. MBio. 2017 08 15; 8(4). View in: PubMed

. KSHV-encoded viral interferon regulatory factor 4 (vIRF4) interacts with IRF7 and inhibits interferon alpha production Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 05 06; 486(3):700-705. View in: PubMed

. Viral Inhibition of PRR-Mediated Innate Immune Response: Learning from KSHV Evasion Strategies Mol Cells. 2016 Nov 30; 39(11):777-782. View in: PubMed

. Infection-specific phosphorylation of glutamyl-prolyl tRNA synthetase induces antiviral immunity Nat Immunol. 2016 Nov; 17(11):1252-1262. View in: PubMed

. CD95 Signaling Inhibits B Cell Receptor-Mediated Gammaherpesvirus Replication in Apoptosis-Resistant B Lymphoma Cells J Virol. 2016 Nov 01; 90(21):9782-9796. View in: PubMed

. LANA-Mediated Recruitment of Host Polycomb Repressive Complexes onto the KSHV Genome during De Novo Infection PLoS Pathog. 2016 Sep; 12(9):e1005878. View in: PubMed

. Lack of autophagy induces steroid-resistant airway inflammationJ Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 May; 137(5):1382-1389. e9. View in: PubMed

. An Oncogenic Virus Promotes Cell Survival and Cellular Transformation by Suppressing Glycolysis PLoS Pathog. 2016 May; 12(5):e1005648. View in: PubMed

. Primary B Lymphocytes Infected with Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Can Be Expanded In Vitro and Are Recognized by LANA-Specific CD4+ T Cells J Virol. 2016 Apr; 90(8):3849-3859. View in: PubMed

. HDAC6 regulates cellular viral RNA sensing by deacetylation of RIG-I EMBO J. 2016 Feb 15; 35(4):429-42. View in: PubMed

. Herpes simplex virus downregulation of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor enhances human papillomavirus type 16 infection J Gen Virol. 2016 Feb; 97(2):422-34. View in: PubMed

. Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells of Diverse Origins Support Persistent Infection with Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus and Manifest Distinct Angiogenic, Invasive, and Transforming Phenotypes MBio. 2016 Jan 26; 7(1):e02109-15. View in: PubMed

. Peptide inhibition of p22phox and Rubicon interaction as a therapeutic strategy for septic shock Biomaterials. 2016 09; 101:47-59. View in: PubMed

. Zika Virus NS4A and NS4B Proteins Deregulate Akt-mTOR Signaling in Human Fetal Neural Stem Cells to Inhibit Neurogenesis and Induce Autophagy Cell Stem Cell. 2016 11 03; 19(5):663-671. View in: PubMed

. Corrigendum: Signalling thresholds and negative B-cell selection in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia Nature. 2016 06 02; 534(7605):138. View in: PubMed

. No TRIFling Matter on STING Cell Host Microbe. 2016 09 14; 20(3):277-278. View in: PubMed

. Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition) Autophagy. 2016; 12(1):1-222. View in: PubMed

. TPL2 Is an Oncogenic Driver in Keratocanthoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cancer Res. 2016 11 15; 76(22):6712-6722. View in: PubMed

. Genomic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease in five families with multiple affected individuals Hum Genome Var. 2016; 3:15060. View in: PubMed

. Suppression of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Infection and Replication by 5'-AMP-Activated Protein Kinase J Virol. 2016 07 15; 90(14):6515-6525. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Viral Interferon Regulatory Factor 4 (vIRF4) Perturbs the G1-S Cell Cycle Progression via Deregulation of the cyclin D1 Gene J Virol. 2016 01 15; 90(2):1139-43. View in: PubMed

. Posttranslational Modification of HOIP Blocks Toll-Like Receptor 4-Mediated Linear-Ubiquitin-Chain Formation MBio. 2015 Nov 17; 6(6):e01777-15. View in: PubMed

. Multi-step regulation of innate immune signaling by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus Virus Res. 2015 Nov 02; 209:39-44. View in: PubMed

. Akt Kinase-Mediated Checkpoint of cGAS DNA Sensing Pathway Cell Rep. 2015 Oct 13; 13(2):440-9. View in: PubMed

. Immune control of oncogenic? -herpesviruses. Curr Opin Virol. 2015 Oct; 14:79-86. View in: PubMed

. Screening of the Human Kinome Identifies MSK1/2-CREB1 as an Essential Pathway Mediating Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Lytic Replication during Primary Infection J Virol. 2015 Sep; 89(18):9262-80. View in: PubMed

. The mitochondrial ubiquitin ligase MARCH5 resolves MAVS aggregates during antiviral signalling Nat Commun. 2015 Aug 06; 6:7910. View in: PubMed

. Association of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus ORF31 with ORF34 and ORF24 Is Critical for Late Gene Expression J Virol. 2015 Jun; 89(11):6148-54. View in: PubMed

. Signalling thresholds and negative B-cell selection in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia Nature. 2015 May 21; 521(7552):357-61. View in: PubMed

. Identification of the Essential Role of Viral Bcl-2 for Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Lytic Replication J Virol. 2015 May; 89(10):5308-17. View in: PubMed

. Viral Bcl-2 Encoded by the Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Is Vital for Virus Reactivation J Virol. 2015 May; 89(10):5298-307. View in: PubMed

. Viral pseudo-enzymes activate RIG-I via deamidation to evade cytokine production Mol Cell. 2015 Apr 02; 58(1):134-46. View in: PubMed

. Herpesviral G protein-coupled receptors activate NFAT to induce tumor formation via inhibiting the SERCA calcium ATPase PLoS Pathog. 2015 Mar; 11(3):e1004768. View in: PubMed

. Lpg0393 of Legionella pneumophila is a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor for Rab5, Rab21 and Rab22 PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0118683. View in: PubMed

. Novel functions of viral anti-apoptotic factors Nat Rev Microbiol. 2015 Jan; 13(1):7-12. View in: PubMed

. Fluorescent tagging and cellular distribution of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ORF45 tegument protein J Virol. 2014 Nov; 88(21):12839-52. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ORF18 and ORF30 are essential for late gene expression during lytic replication J Virol. 2014 Oct; 88(19):11369-82. View in: PubMed

. Interplay between Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and the innate immune system Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2014 Oct; 25(5):597-609. View in: PubMed

. Nat Commun. 2014 Sep 05; 5:4820. View in: PubMed

. Exploitation of the complement system by oncogenic Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus for cell survival and persistent infection PLoS Pathog. 2014 Sep; 10(9):e1004412. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K3 and K5 ubiquitin E3 ligases have stage-specific immune evasion roles during lytic replication J Virol. 2014 Aug; 88(16):9335-49. View in: PubMed

. Viral miRNA targeting of bicistronic and polycistronic transcripts Curr Opin Virol. 2014 Aug; 7:66-72. View in: PubMed

. The linear ubiquitin assembly complex (LUBAC) is essential for NLRP3 inflammasome activation J Exp Med. 2014 Jun 30; 211(7):1333-47. View in: PubMed

. Reinitiation after translation of two upstream open reading frames (ORF) governs expression of the ORF35-37 Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus polycistronic mRNA J Virol. 2014 Jun; 88(11):6512-8. View in: PubMed

. Autophagy side of MB21D1/cGAS DNA sensor Autophagy. 2014 Jun; 10(6):1146-7. View in: PubMed

. Crosstalk between the cGAS DNA sensor and Beclin-1 autophagy protein shapes innate antimicrobial immune responses Cell Host Microbe. 2014 Feb 12; 15(2):228-38. View in: PubMed

. USP21 negatively regulates antiviral response by acting as a RIG-I deubiquitinase J Exp Med. 2014 Feb 10; 211(2):313-28. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus viral interferon regulatory factor 4 (vIRF4) targets expression of cellular IRF4 and the Myc gene to facilitate lytic replication J Virol. 2014 Feb; 88(4):2183-94. View in: PubMed

. Regulation where autophagy intersects the inflammasome Antioxid Redox Signal. 2014 Jan 20; 20(3):495-506. View in: PubMed

. J Virol. 2014 Jan; 88(1):444-55. View in: PubMed

. c-FLIP-Short reduces type I interferon production and increases viremia with coxsackievirus B3 PLoS One. 2014; 9(5):e96156. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus tegument protein ORF75 is essential for viral lytic replication and plays a critical role in the antagonization of ND10-instituted intrinsic immunity PLoS Pathog. 2014 Jan; 10(1):e1003863. View in: PubMed

. Genomewide mapping and screening of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) 3' untranslated regions identify bicistronic and polycistronic viral transcripts as frequent targets of KSHV microRNAs J Virol. 2014 Jan; 88(1):377-92. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K7 modulates Rubicon-mediated inhibition of autophagosome maturation J Virol. 2013 Nov; 87(22):12499-503. View in: PubMed

. The product of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus immediate early gene K42 regulates immunoglobulin secretion and calcium homeostasis by interacting with and inhibiting pERP1. J Virol. 2013 Nov; 87(22):12069-79. View in: PubMed

. Modulation of the autophagy pathway by human tumor viruses Semin Cancer Biol. 2013 Oct; 23(5):323-8. View in: PubMed

. Structural basis of intersubunit recognition in elongin BC-cullin 5-SOCS box ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2013 Aug; 69(Pt 8):1587-97. View in: PubMed

. IKK epsilon kinase is crucial for viral G protein-coupled receptor tumorigenesis Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jul 02; 110(27):11139-44. View in: PubMed

. Insights into chronic gamma-herpesvirus infections Curr Opin Virol. 2013 Jun; 3(3):225-6. View in: PubMed

. The chromatin landscape of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus Viruses. 2013 May 23; 5(5):1346-73. View in: PubMed

. The antiviral effector IFITM3 disrupts intracellular cholesterol homeostasis to block viral entry Cell Host Microbe. 2013 Apr 17; 13(4):452-64. View in: PubMed

. Snapshots: chromatin control of viral infection Virology. 2013 Jan 05; 435(1):141-56. View in: PubMed

. Biphasic euchromatin-to-heterochromatin transition on the KSHV genome following de novo infection PLoS Pathog. 2013; 9(12):e1003813. View in: PubMed

. Dual short upstream open reading frames control translation of a herpesviral polycistronic mRNA PLoS Pathog. 2013 Jan; 9(1):e1003156. View in: PubMed

. Lack of PD-L1 expression by iNKT cells improves the course of influenza A infection PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e59599. View in: PubMed

. Lymphatic reprogramming by Kaposi sarcoma herpes virus promotes the oncogenic activity of the virus-encoded G-protein-coupled receptor Cancer Res. 2012 Nov 15; 72(22):5833-42. View in: PubMed

. Novel Phosphorylations of IKK? /NEMO. MBio. 2012 Nov 06; 3(6):e00411-12. View in: PubMed

. Beclin-1-interacting autophagy protein Atg14L targets the SNARE-associated protein Snapin to coordinate endocytic trafficking J Cell Sci. 2012 Oct 15; 125(Pt 20):4740-50. View in: PubMed

. Negative elongation factor-mediated suppression of RNA polymerase II elongation of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus lytic gene expression J Virol. 2012 Sep; 86(18):9696-707. View in: PubMed

. Construction and manipulation of a new Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus bacterial artificial chromosome clone J Virol. 2012 Sep; 86(18):9708-20. View in: PubMed

. Cancer angiogenesis induced by Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus is mediated by EZH2 Cancer Res. 2012 Jul 15; 72(14):3582-92. View in: PubMed

. Replication of hepatitis C virus RNA on autophagosomal membranes J Biol Chem. 2012 May 25; 287(22):18036-43. View in: PubMed

. A2G-Mx1 mice against influenza A virus. Antiviral Res. 2012 Apr; 94(1):98-102. View in: PubMed

. Autophagy protein Rubicon mediates phagocytic NADPH oxidase activation in response to microbial infection or TLR stimulation Cell Host Microbe. 2012 Mar 15; 11(3):264-76. View in: PubMed

. The autophagy regulator Rubicon is a feedback inhibitor of CARD9-mediated host innate immunity Cell Host Microbe. 2012 Mar 15; 11(3):277-89. View in: PubMed

. Protein arginine methyltransferase 1-directed methylation of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus latency-associated nuclear antigen J Biol Chem. 2012 Feb 17; 287(8):5806-18. View in: PubMed

. Modulation of Immune System by Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus: Lessons from Viral Evasion Strategies Front Microbiol. 2012; 3:44. View in: PubMed

. VipD of Legionella pneumophila targets activated Rab5 and Rab22 to interfere with endosomal trafficking in macrophages PLoS Pathog. 2012; 8(12):e1003082. View in: PubMed

. Control of B cell development by the histone H2A deubiquitinase MYSM1 Immunity. 2011 Dec 23; 35(6):883-96. View in: PubMed

. Bilateral inhibition of HAUSP deubiquitinase by a viral interferon regulatory factor protein Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2011 Nov 06; 18(12):1336-44. View in: PubMed

. Inhibition of RIG-I-mediated signaling by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-encoded deubiquitinase ORF64 J Virol. 2011 Oct; 85(20):10899-904. View in: PubMed

. UVRAG is required for organ rotation by regulating Notch endocytosis in Drosophila Dev Biol. 2011 Aug 15; 356(2):588-97. View in: PubMed

. Evidence that inhibition of BAX activation by BCL-2 involves its tight and preferential interaction with the BH3 domain of BAX Cell Res. 2011 Apr; 21(4):627-41. View in: PubMed

. Linear ubiquitin assembly complex negatively regulates RIG-I- and TRIM25-mediated type I interferon induction Mol Cell. 2011 Feb 04; 41(3):354-65. View in: PubMed

. TPL2/COT/MAP3K8 (TPL2) activation promotes androgen depletion-independent (ADI) prostate cancer growth PLoS One. 2011 Jan 18; 6(1):e16205. View in: PubMed

. When autophagy meets viruses: a double-edged sword with functions in defense and offense Semin Immunopathol. 2010 Dec; 32(4):323-41. View in: PubMed

. Gene therapeutic approach for inhibiting hepatitis C virus replication using a recombinant protein that controls interferon expression Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 Dec; 54(12):5048-56. View in: PubMed

. Immune evasion by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus Future Microbiol. 2010 Sep; 5(9):1349-65. View in: PubMed

. Epigenetic analysis of KSHV latent and lytic genomes PLoS Pathog. 2010 Jul 22; 6(7):e1001013. View in: PubMed

. Induction, regulation, and biologic function of Axl receptor tyrosine kinase in Kaposi sarcoma Blood. 2010 Jul 15; 116(2):297-305. View in: PubMed

. Negative role of RIG-I serine 8 phosphorylation in the regulation of interferon-beta production J Biol Chem. 2010 Jun 25; 285(26):20252-61. View in: PubMed

. Autophagy genes as tumor suppressors Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2010 Apr; 22(2):226-33. View in: PubMed

. Phosphorylation-mediated negative regulation of RIG-I antiviral activity J Virol. 2010 Apr; 84(7):3220-9. View in: PubMed

. KSHV-induced notch components render endothelial and mural cell characteristics and cell survival Blood. 2010 Jan 28; 115(4):887-95. View in: PubMed

. Hyperdopaminergic tone erodes prefrontal long-term potential via a D2 receptor-operated protein phosphatase gate J Neurosci. 2009 Nov 11; 29(45):14086-99. View in: PubMed

. FLIP-mediated autophagy regulation in cell death control Nat Cell Biol. 2009 Nov; 11(11):1355-62. View in: PubMed

. Viral Bcl-2-mediated evasion of autophagy aids chronic infection of gammaherpesvirus 68 PLoS Pathog. 2009 Oct; 5(10):e1000609. View in: PubMed

. Non-human primate model of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection PLoS Pathog. 2009 Oct; 5(10):e1000606. View in: PubMed

. Viral interferon regulatory factors J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2009 Sep; 29(9):621-7. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus viral interferon regulatory factor 4 targets MDM2 to deregulate the p53 tumor suppressor pathway J Virol. 2009 Jul; 83(13):6739-47. View in: PubMed

. Influenza A virus NS1 targets the ubiquitin ligase TRIM25 to evade recognition by the host viral RNA sensor RIG-I Cell Host Microbe. 2009 May 08; 5(5):439-49. View in: PubMed

. The Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus-encoded vIRF-3 Inhibits Cellular IRF-5 J Biol Chem. 2009 Mar 27; 284(13):8525-38. View in: PubMed

. Cytosolic viral sensor RIG-I is a 5'-triphosphate-dependent translocase on double-stranded RNA Science. 2009 Feb 20; 323(5917):1070-4. View in: PubMed

. Arginine deiminase as a novel therapy for prostate cancer induces autophagy and caspase-independent apoptosis Cancer Res. 2009 Jan 15; 69(2):700-8. View in: PubMed

. Epstein-Barr virus LF2: an antagonist to type I interferon J Virol. 2009 Jan; 83(2):1140-6. View in: PubMed

. Immune evasion in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus associated oncogenesis Semin Cancer Biol. 2008 Dec; 18(6):423-36. View in: PubMed

. Roles of RIG-I N-terminal tandem CARD and splice variant in TRIM25-mediated antiviral signal transduction Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Oct 28; 105(43):16743-8. View in: PubMed

. Perturbation of autophagic pathway by hepatitis C virus Autophagy. 2008 Aug; 4(6):830-1. View in: PubMed

. Beyond autophagy: the role of UVRAG in membrane trafficking Autophagy. 2008 Aug; 4(6):817-20. View in: PubMed

. Beclin1-binding UVRAG targets the class C Vps complex to coordinate autophagosome maturation and endocytic trafficking Nat Cell Biol. 2008 Jul; 10(7):776-87. View in: PubMed

. An insight into the mechanistic role of Beclin 1 and its inhibition by prosurvival Bcl-2 family proteins Autophagy. 2008 May; 4(4):519-20. View in: PubMed

. Downregulation of autophagy by herpesvirus Bcl-2 homologs Autophagy. 2008 Apr; 4(3):268-72. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus viral IFN regulatory factor 3 stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha to induce vascular endothelial growth factor expression Cancer Res. 2008 Mar 15; 68(6):1751-9. View in: PubMed

. Structural and biochemical bases for the inhibition of autophagy and apoptosis by viral BCL-2 of murine gamma-herpesvirus 68 PLoS Pathog. 2008 Feb 08; 4(2):e25. View in: PubMed

. Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy in higher eukaryotes Autophagy. 2008 Feb; 4(2):151-75. View in: PubMed

. A novel inhibitory mechanism of mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis by a herpesviral protein PLoS Pathog. 2007 Dec; 3(12):e174. View in: PubMed

. Bif-1 interacts with Beclin 1 through UVRAG and regulates autophagy and tumorigenesis Nat Cell Biol. 2007 Oct; 9(10):1142-51. View in: PubMed

. Inhibition of interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7)-mediated interferon signal transduction by the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus viral IRF homolog vIRF3 J Virol. 2007 Aug; 81(15):8282-92. View in: PubMed

. The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K5 E3 ubiquitin ligase modulates targets by multiple molecular mechanisms J Virol. 2007 Jun; 81(12):6573-83. View in: PubMed

. TRIM25 RING-finger E3 ubiquitin ligase is essential for RIG-I-mediated antiviral activity Nature. 2007 Apr 19; 446(7138):916-920. View in: PubMed

. Activation of non-canonical NF-kappaB pathway mediated by STP-A11, an oncoprotein of Herpesvirus saimiri Virology. 2007 Mar 01; 359(1):37-45. View in: PubMed

. Downregulation of gamma interferon receptor 1 by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K3 and K5 J Virol. 2007 Mar; 81(5):2117-27. View in: PubMed

. Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein utilizes Src family protein tyrosine kinase and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors to elicit cellular signal transduction J Virol. 2007 Mar; 81(6):2663-74. View in: PubMed

. UVRAG: a new player in autophagy and tumor cell growth Autophagy. 2007 Jan-Feb; 3(1):69-71. View in: PubMed

. Autophagic and tumour suppressor activity of a novel Beclin1-binding protein UVRAG Nat Cell Biol. 2006 Jul; 8(7):688-99. View in: PubMed

. Deregulation of DNA damage signal transduction by herpesvirus latency-associated M2 J Virol. 2006 Jun; 80(12):5862-74. View in: PubMed

. Inhibition of the ATM/p53 signal transduction pathway by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus interferon regulatory factor 1 J Virol. 2006 Mar; 80(5):2257-66. View in: PubMed

. Role of Notch signal transduction in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus gene expression J Virol. 2005 Nov; 79(22):14371-82. View in: PubMed

. Characterization of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K1 signalosome J Virol. 2005 Oct; 79(19):12173-84. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K-bZIP represses gene transcription via SUMO modification J Virol. 2005 Aug; 79(15):9912-25. View in: PubMed

. Molecular epidemiology and KSHV K1 subtypes in a Cuban AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma population AIDS. 2005 Jun 10; 19(9):984-7. View in: PubMed

. Nef induces apoptosis by activating JNK signaling pathway and inhibits NF-kappaB-dependent immune responses in Drosophila J Cell Sci. 2005 May 01; 118(Pt 9):1851-9. View in: PubMed

. Activation of CD21 and CD23 gene expression by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus RTA J Virol. 2005 Apr; 79(8):4651-63. View in: PubMed

. Inhibition of interferon-mediated antiviral activity by murine gammaherpesvirus 68 latency-associated M2 protein J Virol. 2004 Nov; 78(22):12416-27. View in: PubMed

. Inhibition of T cell receptor signal transduction by tyrosine kinase-interacting protein of Herpesvirus saimiri J Exp Med. 2004 Sep 06; 200(5):681-7. View in: PubMed

. Activation of Stat3 transcription factor by Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein J Virol. 2004 Jun; 78(12):6489-97. View in: PubMed

. Modulation of T-cell receptor signal transduction by herpesvirus signaling adaptor protein Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jun; 24(12):5369-82. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K7 protein targets a ubiquitin-like/ubiquitin-associated domain-containing protein to promote protein degradation Mol Cell Biol. 2004 May; 24(9):3938-48. View in: PubMed

. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 and Ste20-like kinase hKFC act as transcriptional repressors for gamma-2 herpesvirus lytic replication Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Nov; 23(22):8282-94. View in: PubMed

. 'Complementing' viral infection: mechanisms for evading innate immunity Trends Microbiol. 2003 Oct; 11(10):449-52. View in: PubMed

. Distinct roles of cellular Lck and p80 proteins in herpesvirus saimiri Tip function on lipid rafts J Virol. 2003 Aug; 77(16):9041-51. View in: PubMed

. Structural analysis of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K1 protein J Virol. 2003 Jul; 77(14):8072-86. View in: PubMed

. Global changes in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated virus gene expression patterns following expression of a tetracycline-inducible Rta transactivator J Virol. 2003 Apr; 77(7):4205-20. View in: PubMed

. Principal role of TRAP/mediator and SWI/SNF complexes in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus RTA-mediated lytic reactivation Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Mar; 23(6):2055-67. View in: PubMed

. Suppression of tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate-induced lytic reactivation of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus by K1 signal transduction J Virol. 2002 Dec; 76(23):12185-99. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus mitochondrial K7 protein targets a cellular calcium-modulating cyclophilin ligand to modulate intracellular calcium concentration and inhibit apoptosis J Virol. 2002 Nov; 76(22):11491-504. View in: PubMed

. Herpesviral protein targets a cellular WD repeat endosomal protein to downregulate T lymphocyte receptor expression Immunity. 2002 Aug; 17(2):221-33. View in: PubMed

. Identification of the bZIP and Rta homologues in the genome of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus Virology. 2002 Jul 05; 298(2):181-8. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K3 utilizes the ubiquitin-proteasome system in routing class major histocompatibility complexes to late endocytic compartments J Virol. 2002 Jun; 76(11):5522-31. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus immune evasion strategies Front Biosci. 2002 May 01; 7:e185-203. View in: PubMed

. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus OX2 glycoprotein activates myeloid-lineage cells to induce inflammatory cytokine production J Virol. 2002 May; 76(10):4688-98. View in: PubMed

. Multiple endocytic trafficking pathways of MHC class I molecules induced by a Herpesvirus protein EMBO J. 2002 Apr 02; 21(7):1638-49. View in: PubMed

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