Past Laureates 2018-02-20T12:12:20+00:00

Past Laureates

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Massry Prize Winners ( 1996 – Present )

Name, Position and Affiliation Discipline Scientific Contribution
2017 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Discovery of the microbiomes
Norman R. Pace, PhD
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
University of Colorado
Distinguished Professor “Into the Natural Microbial World”
Rob Knight, PhD
Departments of Pediatrics and Computer Science & Engineering
University of California, San Diego
Professor Tools to Link the Human and Environmental Microbiome for Health
Jeffrey I. Gordon, MD
Director, Center for Genome Sciences and Systems Biology
Dr. Robert J. Glaser Distinguished University Professor The Gut Microbiota and Childhood Undernutrition: Looking at Human Development from a Microbial Perspective
2016 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Optogenetics
Gero Miesenböck, MD
Department of Physiology
Director
Center for Neural Circuits & Behavior
Oxford, United Kingdom
Waynflete Professor Lighting Up the Brain
Peter Hegemann, PhD
Department of Experimental Physics
Humboldt University
Berlin, Germany
Professor The Cunning of Uncertainty
Karl Deisseroth, MD, PhD
Department of Bioengineering and of
Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
Stanford University
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
D.H. Chen Professor Integrated brainwide structural and functional analysis
2015 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – CRISPR-Cas9
Philippe Horvath, PhD
DuPont Nutrition and Health
France
Senior Scientist Discovery of CRISPR-Cas, the bacterial immune system: from fundamental research to industrial applications
Emmanuelle Charpentier, PhD
Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology
Berlin, Germany
Scientific Member and Director The CRISPR-Cas9 revolution in genome engineering: lessons learned from bacteria
Jennifer Doudna, PhD
Molecular & Cell Biology and Chemistry
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator
University of California, Berkeley
Professor The CRISPR-Cas9 Genome Engineering Revolution
2014 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Immunotherapies for Cancer Patients
Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD
Chief of Surgery, National Cancer Institute
Surgery The Curative Potential of T Cell Transfer Therapy for Human Cancer
Zelig Eshhar, PhD
Professor of Immunology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Immunology Chimeric Antigen Receptor for Adoptive T cell Therapy of Cancer: Emergence of the CAR Strategy
James P. Allison, PhD
Professor and Chair, Department of Immunology University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Immunology Targeting Immune Checkpoints in Cancer Therapy
2013 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Molecular Mechanisms of Intracellular Motility
Michael Sheetz, Ph.D
Director, Mechanobiology Institute, National University of Singapore; William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Biological Sciences, Columbia University
Cell Biology, Bioengineering Mechanosensing by Controlled Myosin Contractions
James A. Spudich, Ph.D
Douglass M. and Nola Leishman Professor of Cardiovascular Disease Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University
Biochemistry The Myosin Family of Molecular Motors: Nature’s Exquisite Nanomachines
Ronald D. Vale, Ph.D
Professor of the Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco; Investigator in the Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Biology, Chemistry Mechanisms of Microtubule-Based Motors
2012 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Genetics of Circadian Rythms
Jeffrey C. Hall, Ph.D
Professor Emeritus of Biology – Brandeis University
Molecular Neuorgenetics Genetics of Drosphila, function of the nervous system; molecular neurogenetics of courtship and molecular neurogenetics of biological rhythms
Michael Rosbash, Ph.D
Professor of Biology and HHMI Investigator – Brandeis University
Behavioral Genomics RNA processing and the genes and mechanisms that underlie circadian rhythms
Michael W. Young, Ph.D
Richard and Jeanne Fisher Professor Head, Laboratory of Genetics Vice President for Academic Affairs – The Rockefeller University
Genetics Genetics of Sleep and the Circadian Rhythms; Cloed the clock gene period
2011 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Protein Folding
F. Ulrich Hartl, M.D.
Professor of Cellular Bio Chemistry – Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry
Cell Biology Chaperone-assisted protein folding
Arthur Horwich, M.D
Sterling Professor of Genetics – Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University
Genetics Chaperonin-mediated protein folding
2010 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Membrane Fusion
James E. Rothman, Ph.D. (*)
Fergus F. Wallace Professor of Biomedical Sciences; Chair, Department of Cell Biology – Yale University(*) 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with Randy Schekman and Thomas Sudhof)
Cell Biology Membrane fusion
Randy Schekman, Ph.D. (*)
Professor and Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute – Univeristy of California, Berkeley(*) 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with James Rothman and Thomas Sudhof)
Molecular and Cell Biology Cellular memranes
2009 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – MicroRNA
Gary Ruvkun, Ph.D.
Professor of Genetics – Simches Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School
Molecular Genetics Co-discovery of microRNA
Victor Ambros, Ph.D.
Silverman Professor of Natural Sciences, Program in Molecular Medicine – University of Massachusetts Medical School
Molecular Genetics Co-discovery of microRNA
2008 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Shinya Yamanaka, Ph.D. (*)
Professor & Director, Center for iPS Cell Research & Application, Institute for Integrated Cell – Material Sciences; Senior Investigator & Professor of Anatomy – Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; J. David Gladstone Institutes, University of California at San Francisco(*) 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with Sir John Gurdon)
Cell Biology Contributions to stem cell science that led to the 2007 discovery of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells
Rudolf Jaenisch, M.D.
Professor of Biology – Whitehead Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Molecular and Cell Biology Contributions to stem cell science that led to the 2007 discovery of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells
James Thomson, Ph.D.
Director of Regenerative Biology and John D. MacArthur Professor; Adjunct Professor of Molecular, Cellular, & Developmental Biology – Morgridge Institute for Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine
Cell biology – stem cells Groundbreaking discovery made a decade before of human embryonic stem (ES) cells and subsequent work in developing induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells
2007 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – PET Scan; Its Clinical Applications
Michael Phelps, Ph.D.
Norton Simon Professor & Chair, Molecular & Medical Pharmacology; Director, Crump Institute for Molecular Imaging – University of California at Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine
Pharmacology The Invention of Positron Emission Tomography
2006 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Novel Therapeutics
Akira Endo, Ph.D.
President – Biopharm Research Laboratories, Tokyo
Biochemistry The Discovery of Statin Drugs
2005 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – RNA Interference
Andrew Fire, Ph.D. (*)
Professor of pathology and genetics – Stanford University School of Medicine(*) Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with Craig Mello)
Molecular Genetics Co-discovery of RNA interference
Craig Mello, Ph.D. (*)
Blais University Chair in Molecular Medicine and Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator – University of Massachusetts Medical School(*) 2006 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with Andrew Fire)
Molecular Genetics Co-discovery of RNA interference
David Baulcombe, Ph.D.
Professor of Botany at Cambridge University – The Sainsbury Laboratory, University of East Anglia
Plant Scientist and Geneticist Work in plants leading to the discovery of RNA interference
2004 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Ribosomal Structure
Harry Noller, Ph.D.
Director, Center for Molecular Biology of RNA, Sinsheimer Professor of Molecular Biology – University of California at Santa Cruz
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Groundbreaking research on the structure and function of the ribosome
Ada Yonath, Ph.D. (*)
Director, Helen & Milton A. Kimmelman Center for Biomolecular Structure & Assembly; Martin S. & Helen Kimmel Professorial Chair – Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovat, Israel(*) 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas Steitz)
Crystallography Groundbreaking research on the structure and function of the ribosome
2003 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Nuclear Chromation
C. David Allis, Ph.D.
Head, Laboratory of Chromatin Biology and Epigenetics; Joy & Jack Fishman Professor – Rockefeller University
Molecular Biology Deciphering and translating the histone code
Roger Kornberg, Ph.D. (*)
Professor of structural biology – Stanford University Medical School(*) 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Studies of the process by which genetic information from DNA is copied to RNA, “the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription”. Deciphering and translating the histone code
Michael Grunstein, Ph.D. D
Distinguished Professor of Biological Chemistry – UCLA Geffen School of Medicine
Molecular Genetics Deciphering and translating the histone code
2002 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Transgenics
Mario Capecchi, Ph.D. (*)
Distinguished professor of human genetics & biology – University of Utah(*) 2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with Oliver Smithies and Martin Evans)
Molecular Genetics The discovery of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells
Oliver Smithies, Ph.D. (*)
Excellence Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine – University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill(*) 2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with Mario Capecchi and Martin Evans)
Molecular Genetics Discovery of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells
2001 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – The Ubiquitin System
Alexander Varshavsky, Ph.D.
Smits Professor of Cell Biology – California Institute for Technology
Molecular biology The discovery of the role of ubiquitin in protein degradation
Avram Hershko, M.D., Ph.D. (*)
Distinguished Professor – Rappaport Faculty of Medicine at the Technion, Haifa, Israel(*) 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (with Aaron Ciechanover and Irwin Rose)
Biochemistry The discovery of the role of ubiquitin in protein degradation
2000 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Cell Cycle
Lee Hartwell, Ph.D. (*)
President & Director; Professor of Genetics – Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington(*) 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Molecular Genetics The discovery of more than 50 genes crucial to controlling the cell cycle, cell growth, and cell development
1999 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Protein Traficking
Gunter Blobel, Ph.D. (*)
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Professor – Rockefeller University(*) 1999 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Cell Biology The discovery that proteins have signals that govern their movement and position in the cell
1998 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Growth Factors
Judah Folkman, M.D. (deceased)
Director, Vascular Biology Program; Julia Dyckman Andrus Professor of Pediatric Surgery – Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School
Surgery and Cell Biology Mechanisms of angiogenesis. This work founded the anti-angiogenic approach to cancer therapy.
1997 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Regulation of Transcription
Mark Ptashne, Ph.D.
Ludwig Chair of Molecular Biology – Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Molecular biology Discoveries leading to the understanding of how regulatory proteins control the transcription of genes
1996 Massry Prize Co-Recipients – Signal Transduction
Michael J. Berridge, Ph.D.
Emeritus Babraham Fellow, Signalling Programme Department; Honorary Professor of Cell Signalling – Babraham Institute, University of Cambridge
Physiology and biochemistry The discovery that inositol triphosphate acts as second messenger, linking events at the plasma membrane with the release of Ca2+ within the cell