Faculty

Genevieve Dunton, PhD, MPH
Genevieve Dunton, PhD, MPH
Associate Professor of Preventive Medicine & Psychology
Institute for Health Promotion & Disease Prevention
SSB 302E 2001 N. Soto Street Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
Genevieve Dunton, Ph.D, MPH is an Assistant Professor of Research in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the University of Southern California. She earned a doctorate in Health Psychology from the University of California, Irvine and a Master of Public Health from the University of Southern California.

Dr. Dunton received post-doctoral training in physical activity, nutrition, and cancer prevention from the Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program at the National Cancer Institution, where she worked in the Health Promotion Research Branch.

The objectives of her research are to explain and promote participation in physical activity and healthy dietary behaviors in children, adults, and families. This work is guided by a social-ecological perspective of behavior change, which takes into account the interplay between environmental, social, and individual variables. Her research considers how policy, community, neighborhood, and school contexts can influence physical activity either independently or through their impact on more proximal social and psychological factors.

Dr. Dunton uses real-time data capture strategies such as Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) and Ecological Momentary Intervention (EMI) to investigate and influence activity and healthy eating. Mobile phones or PDA devices provide feedback or elicit responses through electronic texts accompanied by auditory signals that are programmed to occur at predetermined intervals throughout the day. She is currently the Principal Investigator on a study funded by the Active Living Research program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to examine the effects of the built environment on children's physical activity contexts using EMA.

She is also a co-investigator on a 5-year study funded by the National Cancer Institute to determine the effects of a smart growth community on family obesity risk.

How intensive longitudinal data can stimulate advances in health behavior maintenance theories and interventions Transl Behav Med. 2019 Nov 15. . View in PubMed

Emotional disorder symptoms, anhedonia, and negative urgency as predictors of hedonic hunger in adolescents Eat Behav. 2019 Nov 07; 36:101343. . View in PubMed

Dual-process model of older adults' sedentary behavior: an ecological momentary assessment study Psychol Health. 2019 Sep 24; 1-19. . View in PubMed

Ecological momentary assessment of eating and dietary intake behaviors in children and adolescents: A systematic review of the literature Appetite. 2019 Sep 18; 144:104465. . View in PubMed

Strategies to Improve Physical Activity Surveillance among Youth in the United States J Pediatr. 2019 Jul; 210:226-231. . View in PubMed

Methodology Used in Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies About Sedentary Behavior in Children, Adolescents, and Adults: Systematic Review Using the Checklist for Reporting Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies J Med Internet Res. 2019 May 15; 21(5):e11967. . View in PubMed

Dual Versus Single Parental Households and Differences in Maternal Mental Health and Child's Overweight/Obesity Matern Child Health J. 2019 Apr; 23(4):547-556. . View in PubMed

Do fluctuations in positive affective and physical feeling states predict physical activity and sedentary time? Psychol Sport Exerc. 2019 Mar; 41:153-161.. View in PubMed

Momentary affect, stress coping, and food intake in mother-child dyads Health Psychol. 2019 Mar; 38(3):238-247. . View in PubMed

Investigating Health Risk Environments in Housing Programs for Young Adults: Protocol for a Geographically Explicit Ecological Momentary Assessment Study JMIR Res Protoc. 2019 Jan 10; 8(1):e12112. . View in PubMed

Los Angeles Housing Models and Neighborhoods' Role in Supportive Housing Residents' Social Integration Hous Stud. 2019; 34(4):609-635. . View in PubMed

Mobile Ecological Momentary Diet Assessment Methods for Behavioral Research: Systematic Review JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018 Nov 20; 6(11):e11170. . View in PubMed

Affective response during physical activity: Within-subject differences across phases of behavior change Health Psychol. 2018 Oct; 37(10):915-923. . View in PubMed

Relationships among affective states, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in children: Moderation by perceived stress Health Psychol. 2018 Oct; 37(10):904-914. . View in PubMed

Mean level of positive affect moderates associations between volatility in positive affect, mental health, and alcohol consumption among mothers J Abnorm Psychol. 2018 Oct; 127(7):639-649. . View in PubMed

Association Between Self-Reported and Objective Activity Levels by Demographic Factors: Ecological Momentary Assessment Study in Children JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018 Jun 28; 6(6):e150. . View in PubMed

"Wellness Champions for Change," a multi-level intervention to improve school-level implementation of local wellness policies: Study protocol for a cluster randomized trial Contemp Clin Trials. 2018 12; 75:29-39. . View in PubMed

Longitudinal Associations Between Anhedonia and Body Mass Index Trajectory Groups Among Adolescents J Adolesc Health. 2018 07; 63(1):81-87. . View in PubMed

An Electronic Ecological Momentary Assessment Study to Examine the Consumption of High-Fat/High-Sugar Foods, Fruits/Vegetables, and Affective States Among Women J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018 06; 50(6):626-631. . View in PubMed

Concordance and predictors of concordance of children's dietary intake as reported via ecological momentary assessment and 24 h recall Public Health Nutr. 2018 04; 21(6):1019-1027. . View in PubMed

Ecological Momentary Assessment Is a Feasible and Valid Methodological Tool to Measure Older Adults' Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Front Psychol. 2018; 9:1485. . View in PubMed

A US/Mexico Study of Joint Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior on Anthropometric Indicators, Migration Status, Country of Birth and Country of Residence Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 06 17; 15(6). . View in PubMed

Parenting styles, food-related parenting practices, and children's healthy eating: A mediation analysis to examine relationships between parenting and child diet Appetite. 2018 09 01; 128:205-213. . View in PubMed

Response patterns and intra-dyadic factors related to compliance with ecological momentary assessment among mothers and children Transl Behav Med. 2018 03 01; 8(2):233-242. . View in PubMed

Objectively-Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Time are Differentially Related to Dietary Fat and Carbohydrate Intake in Children Front Public Health. 2018; 6:198. . View in PubMed

Friendship as a social mechanism influencing body mass index (BMI) among emerging adults PLoS One. 2018; 13(12):e0208894. . View in PubMed

Just-in-Time Feedback in Diet and Physical Activity Interventions: Systematic Review and Practical Design Framework J Med Internet Res. 2018 03 22; 20(3):e106. . View in PubMed

Direct and indirect effects of parent stress on child obesity risk and added sugar intake in a sample of Southern California adolescents Public Health Nutr. 2017 Dec; 20(18):3285-3294. . View in PubMed

Am J Health Promot. 2017 Sep; 31(5):388-390. . View in PubMed

Differences in Mothers' and Children's Dietary Intake during Physical and Sedentary Activities: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017 Aug; 117(8):1265-1271. . View in PubMed

REAL-TIME SUBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS: ASSOCIATIONS WITH OBJECTIVELY-MEASURED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS Psychol Sport Exerc. 2017 Jul; 31:79-87. . View in PubMed

Associations Between Maternal Mental Health and Well-being and Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Children J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2017 Jul/Aug; 38(6):385-394. . View in PubMed

Examining acute bi-directional relationships between affect, physical feeling states, and physical activity in free-living situations using electronic ecological momentary assessment J Behav Med. 2017 Jun; 40(3):445-457. . View in PubMed

Assessing the Exposome with External Measures: Commentary on the State of the Science and Research Recommendations Annu Rev Public Health. 2017 Mar 20; 38:215-239. . View in PubMed

Momentary assessment of physical activity intention-behavior coupling in adults Transl Behav Med. 2017 12; 7(4):709-718. . View in PubMed

Associations of Affective Responses During Free-Living Physical Activity and Future Physical Activity Levels: an Ecological Momentary Assessment Study Int J Behav Med. 2017 08; 24(4):513-519. . View in PubMed

Daily Associations of Stress and Eating in Mother-Child Dyads Health Educ Behav. 2017 06; 44(3):365-369. . View in PubMed

Associations of maternal stress with children's weight-related behaviours: a systematic literature review Obes Rev. 2017 05; 18(5):514-525. . View in PubMed

RE-AIM Analysis of a School-Based Nutrition Education Intervention in Kindergarteners J Sch Health. 2017 01; 87(1):36-46. . View in PubMed

Ecological Momentary Assessment in Physical Activity Research Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2017 01; 45(1):48-54. . View in PubMed

Social contexts of momentary craving to smoke among Korean American emerging adults Addict Behav. 2016 May; 56:23-9. . View in PubMed

Factors influencing food preparation behaviours: findings from focus groups with Mexican-American mothers in southern California Public Health Nutr. 2016 Apr; 19(5):841-50. . View in PubMed

Physical Activity and Variation in Momentary Behavioral Cognitions: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study J Phys Act Health. 2016 Mar; 13(3):344-51. . View in PubMed

A Systematic Review of Methods and Procedures Used in Ecological Momentary Assessments of Diet and Physical Activity Research in Youth: An Adapted STROBE Checklist for Reporting EMA Studies (CREMAS) J Med Internet Res. 2016 06 21; 18(6):e151. . View in PubMed

Momentary Assessment of Psychosocial Stressors, Context, and Asthma Symptoms in Hispanic Adolescents Behav Modif. 2016 Jan; 40(1-2):257-80. . View in PubMed

Feasibility and Performance Test of a Real-Time Sensor-Informed Context-Sensitive Ecological Momentary Assessment to Capture Physical Activity J Med Internet Res. 2016 06 01; 18(6):e106. . View in PubMed

A Mobile Ecological Momentary Assessment Tool (devilSPARC) for Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviors in College Students: A Validation Study J Med Internet Res. 2016 07 27; 18(7):e209. . View in PubMed

Longitudinal social networks impacts on weight and weight-related behaviors assessed using mobile-based ecological momentary assessments: Study Protocols for the SPARC study BMC Public Health. 2016 08 30; 16:901. . View in PubMed

Momentary assessment of contextual influences on affective response during physical activity Health Psychol. 2015 Dec; 34(12):1145-53. . View in PubMed

RE-AIM analysis of a randomized school-based nutrition intervention among fourth-grade classrooms in California Transl Behav Med. 2015 Sep; 5(3):315-26. . View in PubMed

Association of usual self-reported dietary intake with ecological momentary measures of affective and physical feeling states in children Appetite. 2015 Sep; 92:314-21. . View in PubMed

Investigating within-day and longitudinal effects of maternal stress on children's physical activity, dietary intake, and body composition: Protocol for the MATCH study Contemp Clin Trials. 2015 Jul; 43:142-54. . View in PubMed

Four Dietary Items of the School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) Questionnaire Form a Robust Latent Variable Measuring Healthy Eating Patterns J Nutr Educ Behav. 2015 May-Jun; 47(3):253-8. . View in PubMed

Obes Rev. 2015 May; 16(5):351-61. . View in PubMed

Design of a smartphone application to monitor stress, asthma symptoms, and asthma inhaler useAnn Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015 Apr; 114(4):341-342. e2. . View in PubMed

Nutrition self-efficacy is unidirectionally related to outcome expectations in children Appetite. 2015 Jan; 84:166-70. . View in PubMed

Cross-sectional examination of physical and social contexts of episodes of eating and drinking in a national sample of US adults Public Health Nutr. 2014 Dec; 17(12):2721-9. . View in PubMed

Clustering of modifiable biobehavioral risk factors for chronic disease in US adults: a latent class analysis Perspect Public Health. 2014 Nov; 134(6):331-8. . View in PubMed

Momentary negative moods and being with friends precede cigarette use among Korean American emerging adults Nicotine Tob Res. 2014 Sep; 16(9):1248-54. . View in PubMed

Factors predicting the capacity of Los Angeles city-region recreation programs to promote energy expenditure Health Place. 2014 Jul; 28:67-72. . View in PubMed

Momentary assessment of affect, physical feeling states, and physical activity in children Health Psychol. 2014 Mar; 33(3):255-63. . View in PubMed

Neighborhood park use by children: use of accelerometry and global positioning systems Am J Prev Med. 2014 Feb; 46(2):136-42. . View in PubMed

State-wide dissemination of a school-based nutrition education programme: a RE-AIM (Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) analysis Public Health Nutr. 2014 Feb; 17(2):422-30. . View in PubMed

Development of a smartphone application to measure physical activity using sensor-assisted self-report Front Public Health. 2014; 2:12. . View in PubMed

mHealth approaches to child obesity prevention: successes, unique challenges, and next directions Transl Behav Med. 2013 Dec; 3(4):406-15. . View in PubMed

Smart growth community design and physical activity in children Am J Prev Med. 2013 Oct; 45(4):386-92. . View in PubMed

Factors influencing whether children walk to school Health Place. 2013 Jul; 22:153-61. . View in PubMed

Locations of joint physical activity in parent-child pairs based on accelerometer and GPS monitoring Ann Behav Med. 2013 Feb; 45 Suppl 1:S162-72. . View in PubMed

Differences in the intensity and duration of adolescents' sports and exercise across physical and social environments Res Q Exerc Sport. 2012 Sep; 83(3):376-82. . View in PubMed

Organized physical activity in young school children and subsequent 4-year change in body mass index Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Aug; 166(8):713-8. . View in PubMed

Joint physical activity and sedentary behavior in parent-child pairs Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Aug; 44(8):1473-80. . View in PubMed

Children's perceptions of physical activity environments captured through ecological momentary assessment: a validation study Prev Med. 2012 Aug; 55(2):119-21. . View in PubMed

Does community type moderate the relationship between parent perceptions of the neighborhood and physical activity in children? Am J Health Promot. 2012 Jul-Aug; 26(6):371-80.. View in PubMed

Assessing the social and physical contexts of children's leisure-time physical activity: an ecological momentary assessment study Am J Health Promot. 2012 Jan-Feb; 26(3):135-42. . View in PubMed

Investigating the impact of a smart growth community on the contexts of children's physical activity using Ecological Momentary Assessment Health Place. 2012 Jan; 18(1):76-84. . View in PubMed

Momentary assessment of adults' physical activity and sedentary behavior: feasibility and validity Front Psychol. 2012; 3:260. . View in PubMed

Are daily fluctuations in perceived environment associated with walking? Psychol Health. 2012; 27(9):1009-20.. View in PubMed

A study of community design, greenness, and physical activity in children using satellite, GPS and accelerometer data Health Place. 2012 Jan; 18(1):46-54. . View in PubMed

Investigating children's physical activity and sedentary behavior using ecological momentary assessment with mobile phones Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Jun; 19(6):1205-12. . View in PubMed

A systematic review of built environment factors related to physical activity and obesity risk: implications for smart growth urban planning Obes Rev. 2011 May; 12(5):e173-82. . View in PubMed

Identifying combinations of risk and protective factors predicting physical activity change in high school students Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2011 Feb; 23(1):106-21. . View in PubMed

Physical and social contextual influences on children's leisure-time physical activity: an ecological momentary assessment study J Phys Act Health. 2011 Jan; 8 Suppl 1:S103-8. . View in PubMed

Adolescents' sports and exercise environments in a US. time use survey. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Aug; 39(2):122-9. . View in PubMed

Joint associations of physical activity and sedentary behaviors with body mass index: results from a time use survey of US adults Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Dec; 33(12):1427-36. . View in PubMed

Environmental influences on exercise intensity and duration in a US. time use study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Sep; 41(9):1698-705. . View in PubMed

Reasons for urban trail use predict levels of trail-related physical activity J Phys Act Health. 2009 Jul; 6(4):426-34. . View in PubMed

Physical environmental correlates of childhood obesity: a systematic review Obes Rev. 2009 Jul; 10(4):393-402. . View in PubMed

Factorial validity and gender invariance of the physical activity enjoyment scale (PACES) in older adolescents Res Q Exerc Sport. 2009 Mar; 80(1):117-21. . View in PubMed

A tailored Internet-plus-email intervention for increasing physical activity among ethnically-diverse women Prev Med. 2008 Dec; 47(6):605-11. . View in PubMed

Anticipated affective consequences of physical activity adoption and maintenance Health Psychol. 2008 Nov; 27(6):703-10. . View in PubMed

Social and physical environments of sports and exercise reported among adults in the American Time Use Survey Prev Med. 2008 Nov; 47(5):519-24. . View in PubMed

Physical Activity and Physical Self-Concept among Sedentary Adolescent Females; An Intervention Study Psychol Sport Exerc. 2008 Jan; 9(1):1-14. . View in PubMed

Mapping the social and physical contexts of physical activity across adolescence using ecological momentary assessment Ann Behav Med. 2007 Oct; 34(2):144-53. . View in PubMed

Media use and obesity in adolescent females Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007 Sep; 15(9):2328-35. . View in PubMed

Factors predicting behavioral response to a physical activity intervention among adolescent females Am J Health Behav. 2007 Jul-Aug; 31(4):411-22. . View in PubMed

Physical activity, growth, and inflammatory mediators in BMI-matched female adolescents Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Jul; 39(7):1131-8. . View in PubMed

Impact of a school-based physical activity intervention on fitness and bone in adolescent females J Phys Act Health. 2007 Jan; 4(1):17-29. . View in PubMed

Perceived barriers to walking for physical activity Prev Chronic Dis. 2006 Oct; 3(4):A116. . View in PubMed

Physical self-concept in adolescent girls: behavioral and physiological correlates Res Q Exerc Sport. 2003 Sep; 74(3):360-5. . View in PubMed

Assessing the perceived environment among minimally active adolescent girls: validity and relations to physical activity outcomes Am J Health Promot. 2003 Sep-Oct; 18(1):70-3. . View in PubMed

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