Faculty

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Karen Christine Johnson, PhD
Associate Professor of Clinical Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Otolaryngology
JTC 806 W. Adams Boulevard Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles
+1 213 764 2809

Publications

. View in: PubMed

Effect of Intensive Blood Pressure Treatment on Heart Failure Events in the Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction Intervention Trial. Circ Heart Fail. 2017 Apr; 10(4). View in: PubMed

A Longitudinal Investigation of the Home Literacy Environment and Shared Book Reading in Young Children With Hearing Loss. Ear Hear. 2017 Feb 23. View in: PubMed

Effect of Intensive Blood Pressure Control on Gait Speed and Mobility Limitation in Adults 75 Years or Older: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Feb 06. View in: PubMed

Theoretical Effects of Substituting Butter with Margarine on Risk of Cardiovascular Disease. Epidemiology. 2017 Jan; 28(1):145-156. View in: PubMed

Let's Not SPRINT to Judgment About New Blood Pressure Goals. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Dec 20; 165(12):889. View in: PubMed

Smoking Habits and Body Weight Over the Adult Lifespan in Postmenopausal Women. Am J Prev Med. 2016 Dec 06. View in: PubMed

The cross-sectional association between vasomotor symptoms and hemostatic parameter levels in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2016 Dec 05. View in: PubMed

Effects of Calcium, Vitamin D, and Hormone Therapy on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in the Women's Health Initiative: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Dec 02. View in: PubMed

Four-Year Physical Activity Levels among Intervention Participants with Type 2 Diabetes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 Dec; 48(12):2437-2445. View in: PubMed

Risk Factors for Incident Hospitalized Heart Failure With Preserved Versus Reduced Ejection Fraction in a Multiracial Cohort of Postmenopausal Women. Circ Heart Fail. 2016 Oct; 9(10). View in: PubMed

Effects of Longitudinal Glucose Exposure on Cognitive and Physical Function: Results from the Action for Health in Diabetes Movement and Memory Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Sep 27. View in: PubMed

Changes in regional body composition over 8 years in a randomized lifestyle trial: The look AHEAD study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Sep; 24(9):1899-905. View in: PubMed

Duration of Adulthood Overweight, Obesity, and Cancer Risk in the Women's Health Initiative: A Longitudinal Study from the United States. PLoS Med. 2016 Aug; 13(8):e1002081. View in: PubMed

Patterns of change over time and history of the inflammatory potential of diet and risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2016 Aug; 159(1):139-49. View in: PubMed

Recruitment strategies and challenges in a large intervention trial: Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial. Clin Trials. 2016 Jun; 13(3):319-30. View in: PubMed

Reproductive Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Circulation. 2016 May 31; 133(22):2149-58. View in: PubMed

Sodium Intake and Osteoporosis. Findings From the Women's Health Initiative. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Apr; 101(4):1414-21. View in: PubMed

Identification of Risk Factors for Mortality and Poor-Quality-of-Life Survival in Frail Older Women Participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Apr; 64(4):831-7. View in: PubMed

Aging Well: Observations From the Women's Health Initiative Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Mar; 71 Suppl 1:S3-S12. View in: PubMed

The Relationship of Cardiovascular Disease to Physical Functioning in Women Surviving to Age 80 and Above in the Women's Health Initiative. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Mar; 71 Suppl 1:S42-53. View in: PubMed

Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor, Activated Protein C Resistance, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease Due To Combined Estrogen Plus Progestin Therapy. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2016 Feb; 36(2):418-24. View in: PubMed

Sentence Recognition in Quiet and Noise by Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users: Relationships to Spoken Language. Otol Neurotol. 2016 Feb; 37(2):e75-81. View in: PubMed

Sleep duration, cognitive decline, and dementia risk in older women. Alzheimers Dement. 2016 Jan; 12(1):21-33. View in: PubMed

Impact of Type 2 Diabetes and Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy on Incidence of Cognitive Impairment in Older Women. Diabetes Care. 2015 Dec; 38(12):2316-24. View in: PubMed

Benefit/risk for adjuvant breast cancer therapy with tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitor use by age, and race/ethnicity. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2015 Dec; 154(3):609-16. View in: PubMed

Effect of an intensive lifestyle intervention on atrial fibrillation risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes: the Look AHEAD randomized trial. Am Heart J. 2015 Oct; 170(4):770-777. e5. View in: PubMed

Body Weight Dynamics Following Intentional Weight Loss and Physical Performance: The Look AHEAD Movement and Memory Study. Obes Sci Pract. 2015 Oct; 1(1):12-22. View in: PubMed

Effects of self-reported age at nonsurgical menopause on time to first fracture and bone mineral density in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Menopause. 2015 Oct; 22(10):1035-44. View in: PubMed

Ankle-brachial index and inter-artery blood pressure differences as predictors of cognitive function in overweight and obese older adults with diabetes: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes movement and memory study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 Oct; 30(10):999-1007. View in: PubMed

Residential proximity to major roadways and incident hypertension in post-menopausal women. Environ Res. 2015 Oct; 142:522-8. View in: PubMed

Systolic Blood Pressure Control Among Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis of Three Interventions. Am J Hypertens. 2015 Aug; 28(8):995-1009. View in: PubMed

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation do not influence menopause-related symptoms: Results of the Women's Health Initiative Trial. Maturitas. 2015 Jul; 81(3):377-83. View in: PubMed

A Prospective Longitudinal Study of U. S. Children Unable to Achieve Open-Set Speech Recognition 5 Years After Cochlear Implantation. Otol Neurotol. 2015 Jul; 36(6):985-92. View in: PubMed

Baseline age and time to major fracture in younger postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2015 Jun; 22(6):589-97. View in: PubMed

Breast Cancer After Use of Estrogen Plus Progestin and Estrogen Alone: Analyses of Data From 2 Women's Health Initiative Randomized Clinical Trials. JAMA Oncol. 2015 Jun 1; 1(3):296-305. View in: PubMed

The effect of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation on the risk of venous thromboembolism. From the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Trial. Thromb Haemost. 2015 Apr 29; 113(5):999-1009. View in: PubMed

Diet Drink Consumption and the Risk of Cardiovascular Events: A Report from the Women's Health Initiative. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Apr; 30(4):462-8. View in: PubMed

Changes in body composition over 8 years in a randomized trial of a lifestyle intervention: the look AHEAD study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Mar; 23(3):565-72. View in: PubMed

Aging and physical function in type 2 diabetes: 8 years of an intensive lifestyle intervention. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015 Mar; 70(3):345-53. View in: PubMed

The association between dietary inflammatory index and risk of colorectal cancer among postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Causes Control. 2015 Mar; 26(3):399-408. View in: PubMed

Circulating Autoantibodies in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Recognize Human Macular Tissue Antigens Implicated in Autophagy, Immunomodulation, and Protection from Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0145323. View in: PubMed

Dissemination of the Look AHEAD intensive lifestyle intervention in the United States Air Force: Study rationale, design and methods. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015 Jan; 40:232-9. View in: PubMed

A long-term intensive lifestyle intervention and physical function: The look AHEAD Movement and Memory Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Jan; 23(1):77-84. View in: PubMed

Statin use and risk of haemorrhagic stroke in a community-based cohort of postmenopausal women: an observational study from the Women's Health Initiative. BMJ Open. 2015; 5(2):e007075. View in: PubMed

Postmenopausal weight change and incidence of fracture: post hoc findings from Women's Health Initiative Observational Study and Clinical Trials. BMJ. 2015; 350:h25. View in: PubMed

Developmental outcomes of early-identified children who are hard of hearing at 12 to 18months of age. Early Hum Dev. 2015 Jan; 91(1):47-55. View in: PubMed

Cancer Incidence and Mortality during the Intervention and Postintervention Periods of the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014 Dec; 23(12):2924-35. View in: PubMed

Vitamin D levels and menopause-related symptoms. Menopause. 2014 Nov; 21(11):1197-203. View in: PubMed

The design and rationale of a multicenter clinical trial comparing two strategies for control of systolic blood pressure: the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). Clin Trials. 2014 Oct; 11(5):532-46. View in: PubMed

The Look AHEAD Trial: Bone Loss at 4-Year Follow-up in Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014 Oct; 37(10):2822-9. View in: PubMed

Long-term impact of behavioral weight loss intervention on cognitive function. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Sep; 69(9):1101-8. View in: PubMed

Impact of an intensive lifestyle intervention on use and cost of medical services among overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes: the action for health in diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014 Sep; 37(9):2548-56. View in: PubMed

The EARLY trials: a consortium of studies targeting weight control in young adults. Transl Behav Med. 2014 Sep; 4(3):304-13. View in: PubMed

Trajectories of positive aging: observations from the women's health initiative study. Int Psychogeriatr. 2014 Aug; 26(8):1351-62. View in: PubMed

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cardiovascular outcomes in women: results from the women's health initiative. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Jul; 7(4):603-10. View in: PubMed

Impact of intensive lifestyle intervention on depression and health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetes: the Look AHEAD Trial. Diabetes Care. 2014 Jun; 37(6):1544-53. View in: PubMed

Economic return from the Women's Health Initiative estrogen plus progestin clinical trial: a modeling study. Ann Intern Med. 2014 May 6; 160(9):594-602. View in: PubMed

Biomarker-calibrated protein intake and bone health in the Women's Health Initiative clinical trials and observational study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Apr; 99(4):934-40. View in: PubMed

Impact of weight loss on ankle-brachial index and interartery blood pressures. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Apr; 22(4):1032-41. View in: PubMed

Severe obesity, heart disease, and death among white, African American, and Hispanic postmenopausal women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Mar; 22(3):801-10. View in: PubMed

Do weight loss and adherence cluster within behavioral treatment groups? Obesity (Silver Spring). Do weight loss and adherence cluster within behavioral treatment groups? Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Mar; 22(3):638-44. View in: PubMed

Women's Health Initiative clinical trials: interaction of calcium and vitamin D with hormone therapy. Menopause. 2014 Feb; 21(2):116-23. View in: PubMed

Prospective Associations of Coronary Heart Disease Loci in African Americans Using the MetaboChip: The PAGE Study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e113203. View in: PubMed

Use of Medicare data to identify coronary heart disease outcomes in the Women's Health Initiative. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Jan; 7(1):157-62. View in: PubMed

No evidence of interaction between known lipid-associated genetic variants and smoking in the multi-ethnic PAGE population. Hum Genet. 2013 Dec; 132(12):1427-31. View in: PubMed

Cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline in postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Dec; 2(6):e000369. View in: PubMed

All-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality rates in postmenopausal white, black, Hispanic, and Asian women with and without diabetes in the United States: the Women's Health Initiative, 1993-2009. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Nov 15; 178(10):1533-41. View in: PubMed

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and health outcomes five years after active intervention ended: the Women's Health Initiative. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2013 Nov; 22(11):915-29. View in: PubMed

Menopausal hormone therapy and health outcomes during the intervention and extended poststopping phases of the Women's Health Initiative randomized trials. JAMA. 2013 Oct 2; 310(13):1353-68. View in: PubMed

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and joint symptoms in postmenopausal women in the women's health initiative randomized trial. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Oct; 113(10):1302-10. View in: PubMed

Post-Genome-Wide Association Study Challenges for Lipid Traits: Describing Age as a Modifier of Gene-Lipid Associations in the Population Architecture Using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Study. Ann Hum Genet. 2013 Sep; 77(5):416-25. View in: PubMed

Cardiovascular effects of intensive lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jul 11; 369(2):145-54. View in: PubMed

Relationship of sedentary behavior and physical activity to incident cardiovascular disease: results from the Women's Health Initiative. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Jun 11; 61(23):2346-54. View in: PubMed

Response to Annweiler and Beauchet. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun; 61(6):1050-1. View in: PubMed

Intensive weight loss intervention in older individuals: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun; 61(6):912-22. View in: PubMed

Estrogen alone and joint symptoms in the Women's Health Initiative randomized trial. Menopause. 2013 Jun; 20(6):600-8. View in: PubMed

A meta-analysis identifies new loci associated with body mass index in individuals of African ancestry. Nat Genet. 2013 Jun; 45(6):690-6. View in: PubMed

Estrogen plus progestin and breast cancer incidence and mortality in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Apr 17; 105(8):526-35. View in: PubMed

Physical activity assessment: biomarkers and self-report of activity-related energy expenditure in the WHI. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Mar 15; 177(6):576-85. View in: PubMed

Genome-wide association of body fat distribution in African ancestry populations suggests new loci. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(8):e1003681. View in: PubMed

Demographic and health factors associated with enrollment in posttrial studies: the Women's Health Initiative Hormone Therapy Trials. Clin Trials. 2013; 10(3):463-72. View in: PubMed

Investigation of gene-by-sex interactions for lipid traits in diverse populations from the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology study. BMC Genet. 2013; 14:33. View in: PubMed

Generalization of adiposity genetic loci to US Hispanic women. Nutr Diabetes. 2013; 3:e85. View in: PubMed

Risk factors for sudden cardiac death in post-menopausal women. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Dec 25; 60(25):2674-82. View in: PubMed

Association of an intensive lifestyle intervention with remission of type 2 diabetes. JAMA. 2012 Dec 19; 308(23):2489-96. View in: PubMed

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation and cognitive impairment in the women's health initiative. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Dec; 60(12):2197-205. View in: PubMed

Estrogen plus progestin and colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Nov 10; 30(32):3983-90. View in: PubMed

Patterns of weight change associated with long-term weight change and cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Look AHEAD Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Oct; 20(10):2048-56. View in: PubMed

Relationships of coronary heart disease with 27-hydroxycholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and menopausal hormone therapy. Circulation. 2012 Sep 25; 126(13):1577-86. View in: PubMed

Effects of a dietary intervention and weight change on vasomotor symptoms in the Women's Health Initiative. Menopause. 2012 Sep; 19(9):980-8. View in: PubMed

Studies in pediatric hearing loss at the House Research Institute. J Am Acad Audiol. 2012 Jun; 23(6):412-21. View in: PubMed

Pharmacologic treatment for urgency-predominant urinary incontinence in women diagnosed using a simplified algorithm: a randomized trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 May; 206(5):444. e1-11. View in: PubMed

Tissue factor pathway inhibitor, activated protein C resistance, and risk of ischemic stroke due to postmenopausal hormone therapy. Stroke. 2012 Apr; 43(4):952-7. View in: PubMed

The influence of health and lifestyle characteristics on the relation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D with risk of colorectal and breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Apr 1; 175(7):673-84. View in: PubMed

Vitamin D and calcium supplementation and one-year change in mammographic density in the women's health initiative calcium and vitamin D trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Mar; 21(3):462-73. View in: PubMed

Effect of 1 year of an intentional weight loss intervention on bone mineral density in type 2 diabetes: results from the Look AHEAD randomized trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Mar; 27(3):619-27. View in: PubMed

Factors influencing enrollment of African Americans in the Look AHEAD trial. Clin Trials. 2012 Feb; 9(1):80-9. View in: PubMed

Physical activity and body mass: changes in younger versus older postmenopausal women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Jan; 44(1):89-97. View in: PubMed

Prospective association of vitamin D concentrations with mortality in postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec; 94(6):1471-8. View in: PubMed

Evaluation and comparison of food records, recalls, and frequencies for energy and protein assessment by using recovery biomarkers. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Sep 1; 174(5):591-603. View in: PubMed

Exemestane for breast-cancer prevention in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jun 23; 364(25):2381-91. View in: PubMed

Genetic determinants of lipid traits in diverse populations from the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology (PAGE) study. PLoS Genet. 2011 Jun; 7(6):e1002138. View in: PubMed

Vasomotor symptoms and cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2011 Jun; 18(6):603-10. View in: PubMed

Application of machine learning methods to describe the effects of conjugated equine estrogens therapy on region-specific brain volumes. Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 May; 29(4):546-53. View in: PubMed

Health outcomes after stopping conjugated equine estrogens among postmenopausal women with prior hysterectomy: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2011 Apr 6; 305(13):1305-14. View in: PubMed

Lack of association between 25(OH)D levels and incident type 2 diabetes in older women. Diabetes Care. 2011 Mar; 34(3):628-34. View in: PubMed

Biomarker-calibrated energy and protein consumption and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women. Epidemiology. 2011 Mar; 22(2):170-9. View in: PubMed

25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, vitamin D intake and joint symptoms in postmenopausal women. Maturitas. 2011 Jan; 68(1):73-8. View in: PubMed

Vasomotor symptoms and coronary artery calcium in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2010 Nov-Dec; 17(6):1136-45. View in: PubMed

Estrogen plus progestin and breast cancer incidence and mortality in postmenopausal women. JAMA. 2010 Oct 20; 304(15):1684-92. View in: PubMed

Osteoporosis care in the United States after declines in reimbursements for DXA. J Clin Densitom. 2010 Oct-Dec; 13(4):352-60. View in: PubMed

Alcohol consumption and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer by subtype: the women's health initiative observational study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010 Sep 22; 102(18):1422-31. View in: PubMed

Lung cancer among postmenopausal women treated with estrogen alone in the women's health initiative randomized trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010 Sep 22; 102(18):1413-21. View in: PubMed

Antiepileptic drug use, falls, fractures, and BMD in postmenopausal women: findings from the women's health initiative (WHI). J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Apr; 25(4):873-81. View in: PubMed

The relationship between cognitive function and physical performance in older women: results from the women's health initiative memory study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2010 Mar; 65(3):300-6. View in: PubMed

Conjugated equine estrogen influence on mammographic density in postmenopausal women in a substudy of the women's health initiative randomized trial. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Dec 20; 27(36):6135-43. View in: PubMed

Fetuin-A and change in body composition in older persons. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Nov; 94(11):4492-8. View in: PubMed

Family history of myocardial infarction predicts incident coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women with diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2009 Nov; 25(8):725-32. View in: PubMed

Oestrogen plus progestin and lung cancer in postmenopausal women (Women's Health Initiative trial): a post-hoc analysis of a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2009 Oct 10; 374(9697):1243-51. View in: PubMed

Benefits and risks of postmenopausal hormone therapy when it is initiated soon after menopause. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Jul 1; 170(1):12-23. View in: PubMed

MF101, a selective estrogen receptor beta modulator for the treatment of menopausal hot flushes: a phase II clinical trial. Menopause. 2009 May-Jun; 16(3):458-65. View in: PubMed

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and mortality in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative calcium-vitamin D randomized controlled trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009 May; 64(5):559-67. View in: PubMed

One-year weight losses in the Look AHEAD study: factors associated with success. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Apr; 17(4):713-22. View in: PubMed

Loop diuretic use and fracture in postmenopausal women: findings from the Women's Health Initiative. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Jan 26; 169(2):132-40. View in: PubMed

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2008 Nov 19; 100(22):1581-91. View in: PubMed

Inflammation and hemostasis biomarkers for predicting stroke in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008 Nov-Dec; 17(6):344-55. View in: PubMed

A prospective study of the effect of hypertension and baseline blood pressure on cognitive decline and dementia in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Aug; 56(8):1449-58. View in: PubMed

Fetuin-A and incident diabetes mellitus in older persons. JAMA. 2008 Jul 9; 300(2):182-8. View in: PubMed

Oophorectomy, hormone therapy, and subclinical coronary artery disease in women with hysterectomy: the Women's Health Initiative coronary artery calcium study. Menopause. 2008 Jul-Aug; 15(4 Pt 1):639-47. View in: PubMed

Evidence secondhand smoke causes breast cancer in 2005 stronger than for lung cancer in 1986. Prev Med. 2008 Jun; 46(6):492-6. View in: PubMed

Comprehensive evaluation of a child with an auditory brainstem implant. Otol Neurotol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):251-7. View in: PubMed

Assessing joint attention and symbolic play in children with cochlear implants and multiple disabilities: two case studies. Otol Neurotol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):246-50. View in: PubMed

Tracking development of speech recognition: longitudinal data from hierarchical assessments in the Childhood Development after Cochlear Implantation Study. Otol Neurotol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):240-5. View in: PubMed

Fitness, fatness, and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: look ahead study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Dec; 39(12):2107-16. View in: PubMed

Endogenous estrogen levels and the effects of ultra-low-dose transdermal estradiol therapy on bone turnover and BMD in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Nov; 22(11):1791-7. View in: PubMed

Reduction in weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes: one-year results of the look AHEAD trial. Diabetes Care. 2007 Jun; 30(6):1374-83. View in: PubMed

Cigarette smoking and risk of benign proliferative epithelial disorders of the breast in the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Causes Control. 2007 May; 18(4):431-8. View in: PubMed

Macular pigment optical density in the elderly: findings in a large biracial Midsouth population sample. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Apr; 48(4):1458-65. View in: PubMed

Estimation of macular pigment optical density in the elderly: test-retest variability and effect of optical blur in pseudophakic subjects. Vision Res. 2007 Apr; 47(9):1253-9. View in: PubMed

Cardiovascular disease, its risk factors and treatment, and age-related macular degeneration: Women's Health Initiative Sight Exam ancillary study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Mar; 143(3):473-83. View in: PubMed

Calcium/vitamin D supplementation and cardiovascular events. Circulation. 2007 Feb 20; 115(7):846-54. View in: PubMed

Can biomarkers identify women at increased stroke risk? The Women's Health Initiative Hormone Trials. PLoS Clin Trials. 2007; 2(6):e28. View in: PubMed

Risk of fracture in women with type 2 diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 91(9):3404-10. View in: PubMed

Volumetric and areal bone mineral density measures are associated with cardiovascular disease in older men and women: the health, aging, and body composition study. Calcif Tissue Int. 2006 Aug; 79(2):102-11. View in: PubMed

Effects of ultra-low-dose transdermal estradiol on cognition and health-related quality of life. Arch Neurol. 2006 Jul; 63(7):945-50. View in: PubMed

Effects of conjugated equine estrogen on stroke in the Women's Health Initiative. Circulation. 2006 May 23; 113(20):2425-34. View in: PubMed

Association of inflammatory markers with socioeconomic status. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Mar; 61(3):284-90. View in: PubMed

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med. 2006 Feb 16; 354(7):684-96. View in: PubMed

Conjugated equine estrogens and coronary heart disease: the Women's Health Initiative. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Feb 13; 166(3):357-65. View in: PubMed

Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of colorectal cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):643-54. View in: PubMed

Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of invasive breast cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):629-42. View in: PubMed

Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):655-66. View in: PubMed

Cross-sectional correlates of fasting hyperinsulinaemia in post-menopausal women of different ethnic origin. Diabet Med. 2006 Jan; 23(1):77-85. View in: PubMed

Speech recognition at 1-year follow-up in the childhood development after cochlear implantation study: Methods and preliminary findings. Audiol Neurootol. 2006; 11(4):259-68. View in: PubMed

Estrogen-plus-progestin use and mammographic density in postmenopausal women: Women's Health Initiative randomized trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Sep 21; 97(18):1366-76. View in: PubMed

Effects of ultralow-dose transdermal estradiol on bone mineral density: a randomized clinical trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Sep; 104(3):443-51. View in: PubMed

Effects of conjugated equine estrogen in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy: the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2004 Apr 14; 291(14):1701-12. View in: PubMed

Access of over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy products to minors. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Mar; 158(3):212-6. View in: PubMed

Outcomes ascertainment and adjudication methods in the Women's Health Initiative. Ann Epidemiol. 2003 Oct; 13(9 Suppl):S122-8. View in: PubMed

Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes): design and methods for a clinical trial of weight loss for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. Control Clin Trials. 2003 Oct; 24(5):610-28. View in: PubMed

Estrogen plus progestin and the risk of coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med. 2003 Aug 7; 349(6):523-34. View in: PubMed

Use of nicotine replacement therapy in adolescent smokers and nonsmokers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Jun; 157(6):517-22. View in: PubMed

Effect of estrogen plus progestin on global cognitive function in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003 May 28; 289(20):2663-72. View in: PubMed

Alcohol, tobacco and breast cancer--collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 53 epidemiological studies, including 58,515 women with breast cancer and 95,067 women without the disease. Br J Cancer. 2002 Nov 18; 87(11):1234-45. View in: PubMed

Association of angiotensin-converting enzyme DD genotype with blood pressure sensitivity to weight loss. Am Heart J. 2002 Oct; 144(4):625-9. View in: PubMed

Audiologic assessment of children with suspected hearing loss. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2002 Aug; 35(4):711-32. View in: PubMed

Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results From the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2002 Jul 17; 288(3):321-33. View in: PubMed

Risk factors for male breast cancer in Canada, 1994-1998. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2002 Jun; 11(3):253-63. View in: PubMed

Fosinopril versus amlodipine comparative treatments study: a randomized trial to assess effects on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29; 105(4):457-61. View in: PubMed

Lifetime residential and workplace exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer in never-smoking women, Canada 1994-97. Int J Cancer. 2001 Sep; 93(6):902-6. View in: PubMed

Smoking cessation in pregnant women. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2001 Jun; 28(2):269-82. View in: PubMed

Do sweat calcium losses affect bone mass during firefighter training? J Occup Environ Med. Do sweat calcium losses affect bone mass during firefighter training? J Occup Environ Med. 2000 Nov; 42(11):1054-9. View in: PubMed

Glycemic control of older adults with type 2 diabetes: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Mar; 48(3):264-7. View in: PubMed

Does syndrome X exist in hypertensive elderly persons with impaired glycemic control? J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. Does syndrome X exist in hypertensive elderly persons with impaired glycemic control? J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1999 Nov; 54(11):M571-6. View in: PubMed

Does withdrawal of antihypertensive medication increase the risk of cardiovascular events? Trial of Nonpharmacologic Interventions in the Elderly (TONE) Cooperative Research Group. Am J Cardiol. 1998 Dec 15; 82(12):1501-8. View in: PubMed

Sodium reduction and weight loss in the treatment of hypertension in older persons: a randomized controlled trial of nonpharmacologic interventions in the elderly (TONE). TONE Collaborative Research Group. JAMA. 1998 Mar 18; 279(11):839-46. View in: PubMed

Plasma renin activity is associated with bone mineral density in premenopausal women. Osteoporos Int. 1998; 8(2):136-40. View in: PubMed

Prevalence of undiagnosed non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in a cohort of older persons with hypertension. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Jun; 45(6):695-700. View in: PubMed

Smoking cessation and the doctor's office. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1995 Apr; 88(4):145-6. View in: PubMed

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