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Winfield John Wells, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery
GNH 9900 Off Campus Los Angeles
+1 323 361 4148


Winfield J. Wells, M.D., is Associate Professor of Clinical Cardiothoracic Surgery and Associate Director of the Cardiothoracic Surgery Training Program. He earned his medical degree from USC, and completed his General and Cardiovascular Surgical Training at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York. He came to Los Angeles in 1977 where he practiced at Childrens Hospital and the Good Samaritan Hospital as part of the teaching faculty for the Good Samaritan based residency-training program. In 1992, Dr. Wells joined Dr. Starnes to form the full-time Academic Cardiothoracic Surgical service at USC.

The author of numerous peer-reviewed articles, Dr. Wells' major areas of research interest include congenital heart disease, thoracic transplantation in children, and cryopreserved allograft tissues in congenital heart repair. He is also interested in complex tracheal reconstruction in infants and children.


Kumar SR, Bansal N, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Outcomes of Reintervention on the Autograft After Ross Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Nov; 102(5):1517-1521. View in: PubMed

Kumar SR, Kung G, Noh N, Castillo N, Fagan B, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Single-Ventricle Outcomes After Neonatal Palliation of Severe Ebstein Anomaly With Modified Starnes Procedure. Circulation. 2016 Oct 25; 134(17):1257-1264. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ, Kumar SR. Aortopulmonary collaterals: Angiogenesis, or a whole lot more? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Apr; 151(4):1135-6. View in: PubMed

Pike NA, Okuhara CA, Toyama J, Gross BP, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Reduced pleural drainage, length of stay, and readmissions using a modified Fontan management protocol. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Sep; 150(3):481-7. View in: PubMed

Shashidharan S, Wells WJ, Detterich J, Wong J, Kumar SR. Giant Pseudoaneurysm of Reconstructed Right Ventricular Outflow Tract. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Aug; 100(2):734. View in: PubMed

Wiggins LM, Kumar SR, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Arterioplasty for Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction After Arterial Switch Is a Durable Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jul; 100(1):122-8. View in: PubMed

Bansal N, Kumar SR, Baker CJ, Lemus R, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Age-Related Outcomes of the Ross Procedure Over 20 Years. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jun; 99(6):2077-85. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ. "The times they are a-changin'". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Jan; 149(1):265-6. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ. Responsible innovation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Nov; 148(5):2225-6. View in: PubMed

Wells W. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Sep; 96(3):942. View in: PubMed

Papillon S, Goodhue CJ, Zmora O, Sharma SS, Wells WJ, Ford HR, Upperman JS, Wang KS, Bushman GA, Kim R, Pierce JR. Congenital heart disease and heterotaxy: upper gastrointestinal fluoroscopy can be misleading and surgery in an asymptomatic patient is not beneficial. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Jan; 48(1):164-9. View in: PubMed

Wells W. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Nov; 94(5):1617-8. View in: PubMed

Pasquali SK, Ohye RG, Lu M, Kaltman J, Caldarone CA, Pizarro C, Dunbar-Masterson C, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Kaza AK, Newburger J, Rhodes JF, Scheurer M, Silver E, Sleeper LA, Tabbutt S, Tweddell J, Uzark K, Wells W, Mahle WT, Pearson GD. Variation in perioperative care across centers for infants undergoing the Norwood procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Oct; 144(4):915-21. View in: PubMed

Kane LC, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. A novel reconstruction of the left superior vena cava. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Apr; 143(4):981-2. View in: PubMed

Nath DS, Nussbaum DP, Yurko C, Ragab OM, Shin AJ, Kumar SR, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Pulmonary homograft monocusp reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract: outcomes to the intermediate term. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jul; 90(1):42-9. View in: PubMed

del Castillo SL, McCulley ME, Khemani RG, Jeffries HE, Thomas DW, Peregrine J, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Moromisato DY. Reducing the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with the introduction of an enteral feed protocol. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 May; 11(3):373-7. View in: PubMed

Nath DS, Shin AJ, Nussbaum DP, Berman D, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Ascending aortitis and aortic valve endocarditis in an infant. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Apr; 139(4):e90-1. View in: PubMed

Bar-Cohen Y, Takao CM, Wells WJ, Saxon LA, Cesario DA, Silka MJ. Novel use of a vascular plug to anchor an azygous vein ICD lead. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010 Jan; 21(1):99-102. View in: PubMed

Biniwale RM, Wells WJ, Herrington CS, Starnes VA. Obstruction of lateral tunnel fontan by an adjustable occluder device. J Card Surg. 2009 Nov-Dec; 24(6):750-2. View in: PubMed

Nath DS, Carden AJ, Nussbaum DP, Shin AJ, Khemani RG, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Can the Kawashima procedure be performed in younger patients? Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Aug; 88(2):581-6; discussion 586-7. View in: PubMed

Nath DS, Savla J, Khemani RG, Nussbaum DP, Greene CL, Wells WJ. Thoracic duct ligation for persistent chylothorax after pediatric cardiothoracic surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Jul; 88(1):246-51; discussion 251-2. View in: PubMed

McLean MK, Kung GC, Polimenakos A, Wells WJ, Reemtsen BL. Cor triatriatum associated with ASD and common atrium in 7-month-old with tachypnea and failure to thrive. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Dec; 86(6):1999. View in: PubMed

Tabbutt S, Nicolson SC, Dominguez TE, Wells W, Backer CL, Tweddell JS, Bokesch P, Schreiner M. Perioperative course in 118 infants and children undergoing coarctation repair via a thoracotomy: a prospective, multicenter experience. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Nov; 136(5):1229-36. View in: PubMed

Lodge AJ, Wells WJ, Backer CL, O'Brien JE, Austin EH, Bacha EA, Yeh T, Decampli WM, Lavin PT, Weinstein S. A novel bioresorbable film reduces postoperative adhesions after infant cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Aug; 86(2):614-21. View in: PubMed

Tabbutt S, Nicolson SC, Adamson PC, Zhang X, Hoffman ML, Wells W, Backer CL, McGowan FX, Tweddell JS, Bokesch P, Schreiner M. The safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of esmolol for blood pressure control immediately after repair of coarctation of the aorta in infants and children: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Aug; 136(2):321-8. View in: PubMed

Greene CL, Reemtsen B, Polimenakos A, Horn M, Wells W. Role of clinically indicated transbronchial lung biopsies in the management of pediatric post-lung transplant patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Jul; 86(1):198-203. View in: PubMed

Polimenakos AC, Reemtsen BL, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Right ventricular exclusion procedure with total cavopulmonary connection: an alternative operative approach in adults with severe Ebstein anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 May; 135(5):1182-3. View in: PubMed

Nath DS, Wells WJ, Reemtsen BL. Mechanical occlusion of the inferior vena cava: an unusual complication after repair of pectus excavatum using the nuss procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 May; 85(5):1796-8. View in: PubMed

Baker CJ, Boulom V, Reemtsen BL, Rollins RC, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Hemidiaphragm plication after repair of congenital heart defects in children: quantitative return of diaphragm function over time. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Jan; 135(1):56-61. View in: PubMed

Reemtsen BL, Polimenakos AC, Fagan BT, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Fate of the right ventricle after fenestrated right ventricular exclusion for severe neonatal Ebstein anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Dec; 134(6):1406-10; discussion 1410-2. View in: PubMed

Lam TT, Reemtsen BL, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. A novel approach to the surgical correction of scimitar syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Feb; 133(2):573-4. View in: PubMed

Reemtsen BL, Fagan BT, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Current surgical therapy for Ebstein anomaly in neonates. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Dec; 132(6):1285-90. View in: PubMed

del Castillo SL, Moromisato DY, Dorey F, Ludwick J, Starnes VA, Wells WJ, Jeffries HE, Wong PC. Mesenteric blood flow velocities in the newborn with single-ventricle physiology: modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Mar; 7(2):132-7. View in: PubMed

Jeffries HE, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Wetzel RC, Moromisato DY. Gastrointestinal morbidity after Norwood palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Mar; 81(3):982-7. View in: PubMed

Baker CJ, Wells WJ, Derby CA, Rizi S, Starnes VA. Ascending aortic extension for enlargement of the aortopulmonary space in children with pulmonary artery stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Nov; 80(5):1647-51. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ, Barr ML. The ethics of living donor lung transplantation. Thorac Surg Clin. 2005 Nov; 15(4):519-25. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ, Yu RJ, Batra AS, Monforte H, Sintek C, Starnes VA. Obstruction in modified Blalock shunts: a quantitative analysis with clinical correlation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jun; 79(6):2072-6. View in: PubMed

Gupta A, Daggett C, Ludwick J, Wells W, Lewis A. Ketorolac after congenital heart surgery: does it increase the risk of significant bleeding complications? Paediatr Anaesth. 2005 Feb; 15(2):139-42. View in: PubMed

Batra AS, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Does the site of insertion of a systemic-pulmonary shunt influence growth of the pulmonary arteries? Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Feb; 79(2):636-40. View in: PubMed

Koulouri S, Woo MS, Horn MV, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Szmuszkovicz JR. Previous thoracic surgery does not increase peri-operative mortality in pediatric heart-lung transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2004 Nov; 23(11):1228-30. View in: PubMed

Ley EJ, Roth JJ, Kim KA, Vincent WR, Muenchow SK, Wells WJ, Downey SE. Successful repair of ectopia cordis using alloplastic materials: 10-year follow-up. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Nov; 114(6):1519-22. View in: PubMed

Geller KA, Wells WJ, Koempel JA, St John MA. Use of the Palmaz stent in the treatment of severe tracheomalacia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2004 Aug; 113(8):641-7. View in: PubMed

Bowdish ME, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Woo MS, Bremner RM, Horn MV, Baker CJ, Barbers RG, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: perioperative complications after 253 donor lobectomies. Am J Transplant. 2004 Aug; 4(8):1283-8. View in: PubMed

Gupta A, Daggett C, Behera S, Ferraro M, Wells W, Starnes V. Risk factors for persistent pleural effusions after the extracardiac Fontan procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jun; 127(6):1664-9. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ, Hussain NS, Wood JC. Stenting of the mainstem bronchus in children: a word of caution. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Apr; 77(4):1420-2. View in: PubMed

Ashburn DA, Blackstone EH, Wells WJ, Jonas RA, Pigula FA, Manning PB, Lofland GK, Williams WG, McCrindle BW. Determinants of mortality and type of repair in neonates with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Apr; 127(4):1000-7; discussion 1007-8. View in: PubMed

Baker CJ, Nigro JJ, Daggett CW, Wells WJ. Needle embolism to the heart. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Mar; 77(3):1102. View in: PubMed

Nigro JJ, Schwartz DS, Bart RD, Bart CW, Lopez BM, Cunningham MJ, Barr ML, Bremner RM, Haddy SM, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Neochordal repair of the posterior mitral leaflet. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Feb; 127(2):440-7. View in: PubMed

Starnes VA, Bowdish ME, Woo MS, Barbers RG, Schenkel FA, Horn MV, Pessotto R, Sievers EM, Baker CJ, Cohen RG, Bremner RM, Wells WJ, Barr ML. A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: recipient outcomes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jan; 127(1):114-22. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ, Batra AS. Management of phrenic nerve stimulation caused by epicardial pacemaker leads in children. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Nov; 76(5):1757-8. View in: PubMed

Wells W, Malas M, Baker CJ, Quardt SM, Barr ML. Depopulated vena caval homograft: a new venous conduit. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Aug; 126(2):498-503. View in: PubMed

Batra AS, Wells WJ, Hinoki KW, Stanton RA, Silka MJ. Late recovery of atrioventricular conduction after pacemaker implantation for complete heart block associated with surgery for congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Jun; 125(6):1291-3. View in: PubMed

Sritippayawan S, Margetis MF, MacLaughlin EF, Achermann R, Wells WJ, Davidson Ward SL. Cor triatriatum: a cause of hemoptysis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2002 Nov; 34(5):405-8. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ, Arroyo H, Bremner RM, Wood J, Starnes VA. Homograft conduit failure in infants is not due to somatic outgrowth. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jul; 124(1):88-96. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ, Castro LJ. Arm ischemia after subclavian flap angioplasty: repair by carotid-subclavian bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 May; 69(5):1574-6. View in: PubMed

Wells WJ, Blackstone E. Intermediate outcome after Mustard and Senning procedures: A study by the Congenital Heart Surgeons Society. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2000; 3:186-197. View in: PubMed

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