Katherine E Lawrence

Assistant Professor Of Research Neurology

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The overarching aim of my research is to improve our understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying neurodevelopmental conditions, with the long-term goal of contributing to personalized medicine approaches for interested individuals. My work leverages large-scale multimodal neuroimaging data — including diffusion-weighted MRI and resting-state functional MRI — together with advanced imaging and statistical methods. My primary line of research characterizes the neurobiological underpinnings of brain-based conditions such as autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In my other main branch of research, I investigate typical brain development and moderating factors in large-scale population-based samples.


  • Sex Differences in the Brain’s White Matter Microstructure during Development assessed using Advanced Diffusion MRI Models bioRxiv. 2024 Feb 04. . View in PubMed
  • Few-Shot Classification of Autism Spectrum Disorder using Site-Agnostic Meta-Learning and Brain MRI ArXiv. 2023 Mar 14. . View in PubMed
  • Associations among prenatal exposure to gestational diabetes mellitus, brain structure, and child adiposity markers Obesity (Silver Spring). 2023 11; 31(11):2699-2708. . View in PubMed
  • Few-Shot Classification of Autism Spectrum Disorder using Site-Agnostic Meta-Learning and Brain MRI Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2023 07; 2023:1-6. . View in PubMed
  • White matter microstructure shows sex differences in late childhood: Evidence from 6797 children Hum Brain Mapp. 2023 02 01; 44(2):535-548. . View in PubMed
  • Impact of autism genetic risk on brain connectivity: a mechanism for the female protective effect Brain. 2022 03 29; 145(1):378-387. . View in PubMed
  • Age and sex effects on advanced white matter microstructure measures in 15,628 older adults: A UK biobank study Brain Imaging Behav. 2021 Dec; 15(6):2813-2823. . View in PubMed
  • Sex Differences in Salience Network Connectivity and its Relationship to Sensory Over-Responsivity in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Res. 2020 09; 13(9):1489-1500. . View in PubMed
  • Neural responsivity to social rewards in autistic female youth Transl Psychiatry. 2020 06 02; 10(1):178. . View in PubMed
  • Imaging-genetics of sex differences in ASD: distinct effects of OXTR variants on brain connectivity Transl Psychiatry. 2020 03 03; 10(1):82. . View in PubMed
  • Sex Differences in Functional Connectivity of the Salience, Default Mode, and Central Executive Networks in Youth with ASD Cereb Cortex. 2020 07 30; 30(9):5107-5120. . View in PubMed
  • Social Attention in Autism: Neural Sensitivity to Speech Over Background Noise Predicts Encoding of Social Information Front Psychiatry. 2020; 11:343. . View in PubMed
  • Atypical longitudinal development of functional connectivity in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder Autism Res. 2019 01; 12(1):53-65. . View in PubMed
  • Distinct Patterns of Neural Habituation and Generalization in Children and Adolescents With Autism With Low and High Sensory Overresponsivity Am J Psychiatry. 2019 12 01; 176(12):1010-1020. . View in PubMed
  • Aberrant Dynamic Connectivity for Fear Processing in Anorexia Nervosa and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Front Psychiatry. 2018; 9:273. . View in PubMed
  • Hemispheric brain asymmetry differences in youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Neuroimage Clin. 2018; 18:744-752. . View in PubMed
  • White matter microstructure in subjects with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and their siblingsJ Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 Apr; 52(4):431-440. e4. . View in PubMed