Michael William Fong, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine (Part-Time)

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Dr. Fong completed his undergraduate degree in Biology at the University of Toronto, and his medical degree at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. He completed his internship and residency in Internal Medicine at Case Western University, and fellowship in Cardiovascular Disease at the University of Rochester Medical Center. Dr. Fong then served as Assistant Professor of Medicine and Imaging Sciences in the Program for Heart Failure and Transplantation, and Co-Director of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging at the University of Rochester before joining the faculty at USC as Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine in 2011.

Dr. Fong helped build and expand the offerings for advanced healthcare to cardiac patients serviced by Keck Medical Center of USC. He established the Advanced Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathy Program and served as Co-Director until 2019. He is also active in the Mechanical Circulatory Support Program, caring for patients with surgically implanted ventricular assist devices, and established the Ventricular Assist Device Clinic in 2011. Dr. Fong established a dedicated Heart Failure Clinic at Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center in 2015, where he currently serves as Director of Heart Failure. He is also active in the Department of Radiology doing research and interpreting cardiac MRI.

Dr. Fong has been active in several medical center committees including the Electronic Health Records Committee and Medical Records Committee. He was instrumental to Cardiology in the transition from paper-based documentation. He served as an Associate Program Director in the Cardiovascular Medicine Fellowship Program from 2016 to 2018 and has been the site director for the USC Physician Assistant Program’s Internal Medicine rotation at Keck Hospital since 2013. Lastly, he currently serves as West Region Co-Chair for the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Foundation Global Steering Committee.

Dr. Fong’s research interests include heart failure, cardiac amyloidosis, cardiogenic shock, cardiac imaging, severe hypertension and mobile technology in healthcare. He has been awarded grants by Proteus Digital Health and the Coulter Foundation, and helped design and study mobile apps with Moving Analytics and Medable Inc. He is also studying the use of a novel digital scale with Bodyport, to reduce heart failure hospital readmissions.


  • Super Doctors: Southern California Super Doctors, 2022
  • Centric Health, State of California Senate: Physician of the Year, 2018
  • Consumer’s Research Council of America: America’s Top Cardiologists, 2017
  • Pasadena Magazine: Top Doctors, 2016
  • Super Doctors: Southern California Rising Stars, 2015
  • Super Doctors: Southern California Rising Stars, 2014
  • International Society for HealthCare Professionals: Leading Physicians of the World, 2013
  • Strong Memorial Hospital: Strong Star Appreciation Award, 2007
  • Case Western Reserve University Internal Medicine : Resident Teacher Award, 2004
  • Golden Key National Honor Society, 1997


  • Accuracy and correlation of bed and standing scale weights in monitoring volume status in heart failure patients Future Cardiol. 2024 May 06. . View in PubMed
  • A retrospective analysis of rates of dermatology follow-up and new skin cancer diagnosis among solid organ transplant recipients during the COVID-19 pandemic JAAD Int. 2023 Mar; 10:53-54. . View in PubMed
  • New UNOS allocation system associated with no added benefit in waitlist outcomes and worse post-transplant survival in heart-kidney patients J Heart Lung Transplant. 2023 11; 42(11):1529-1542. . View in PubMed
  • Effect of the UNOS policy change on rates of rejection, infection, and hospital readmission following heart transplantation J Heart Lung Transplant. 2023 10; 42(10):1415-1424. . View in PubMed
  • MR Multitasking-based multi-dimensional assessment of cardiovascular system (MT-MACS) with extended spatial coverage and water-fat separation Magn Reson Med. 2023 04; 89(4):1496-1505. . View in PubMed
  • Use of liver stiffness measurements in acute decompensated heart failure: new applications of a non-invasive technique ESC Heart Fail. 2022 Oct; 9(5):2800-2807. . View in PubMed
  • Effect of UNOS policy change and exception status request on outcomes in patients bridged to heart transplant with an intra-aortic balloon pump Artif Organs. 2022 May; 46(5):838-849. . View in PubMed
  • Geographic variation in the use of continuous outpatient inotrope infusion therapy and beta blockers Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc. 2022 Apr; 39:100948. . View in PubMed
  • UNOS policy change benefits high-priority patients without harming those at low priority Am J Transplant. 2022 12; 22(12):2931-2941. . View in PubMed
  • Examining low rates of dermatology visits in solid organ transplant recipients J Am Acad Dermatol. 2022 06; 86(6):1369-1372. . View in PubMed
  • Tranexamic Acid in the Treatment of Refractory Gastrointestinal Arteriovenous Malformation Bleeding in Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients Circ Heart Fail. 2022 01; 15(1):e008669. . View in PubMed
  • The SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: a multicenter randomized trial Nat Med. 2021 11; 27(11):1954-1960. . View in PubMed
  • Dapagliflozin effects on lung fluid volumes in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction: Results from the DEFINE-HF trial Diabetes Obes Metab. 2021 06; 23(6):1426-1430. . View in PubMed
  • Acute pulmonary pressure change after transition to sacubitril/valsartan in patients with heart failure reduced ejection fraction ESC Heart Fail. 2021 04; 8(2):1706-1710. . View in PubMed
  • Skin cancer and dermatoses in a majority-Hispanic population of solid organ transplant recipients J Am Acad Dermatol. 2020 Aug; 83(2):607-610. . View in PubMed
  • Tolvaptan vsfurosemide-based diuretic regimens in patients hospitalized for heart failure with hyponatremia (AQUA-AHF). ESC Heart Fail. 2020 08; 7(4):1927-1934. . View in PubMed
  • Churg-Strauss Syndrome Presenting as Acute Necrotizing Eosinophilic Myocarditis: Concise Review of the Literature Curr Hypertens Rev. 2019; 15(1):8-12. . View in PubMed
  • Myxedema Heart Disease: A Rare Disease Entity: Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature Curr Hypertens Rev. 2019; 15(1):13-16. . View in PubMed
  • Late onset cardiac cirrhosis and portal hypertensive ascites after atrial fibrillation ablation Pulm Circ. 2019 Jan-Mar; 9(1):2045894018813559. . View in PubMed
  • Dapagliflozin Effects on Biomarkers, Symptoms, and Functional Status in Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: The DEFINE-HF Trial Circulation. 2019 10 29; 140(18):1463-1476. . View in PubMed
  • Chronic heart failure management and remote haemodynamic monitoring Heart. 2018 12; 104(23):1910-1919. . View in PubMed
  • Noninvasive iPhone Measurement of Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Using Intrinsic Frequency Methodology Crit Care Med. 2017 Jul; 45(7):1115-1120. . View in PubMed
  • Effects of pressure variation and atrial fibrillation on CardioMEMS™ HF measured pulmonary artery diastolic pressure: comparison of device-averaged and visually inspected waveforms Physiol Meas. 2017 Jun; 38(6):1094-1103. . View in PubMed
  • Heart Failure-Induced Brain Injury J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Mar 28; 69(12):1609-1616. . View in PubMed
  • The authors reply Crit Care Med. 2017 11; 45(11):e1201-e1202. . View in PubMed
  • Assessment of segmental myocardial blood flow and myocardial perfusion reserve by adenosine-stress myocardial arterial spin labeling perfusion imaging J Magn Reson Imaging. 2017 08; 46(2):413-420. . View in PubMed
  • Double-gated myocardial ASL perfusion imaging is robust to heart rate variation Magn Reson Med. 2017 05; 77(5):1975-1980. . View in PubMed
  • Breathing Intolerance Index and Control of Ventilation, a Non-invasive Method for Evaluating Inspiratory Muscle Endurance at Rest and Exercise, in Patients with Cardiomyopathy: One Year Follow-up Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine. 2017; 7(6). . View in PubMed
  • Pan-Cardiac Cycle Fixed Mitral Valve Opening in an LVAD Patient Presenting with Hemorrhagic Shock Echocardiography. 2016 Apr; 33(4):644-6. . View in PubMed
  • Fulminant eosinophilic myocarditis following ICD implantation in a patient with undisclosed nickel allergy Int J Cardiol. 2016 Jan 15; 203:1018-9. . View in PubMed
  • Breathing Intolerance Index (BIT) and its Relation to Exercise Data: Noninvasive Assessment of Inspiratory Muscle Endurance during Rest and Exercise in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Cardiovascular Disorders Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 2016. . View in PubMed
  • Renal Denervation in Heart Failure Curr Hypertens Rep. 2015 Mar; 17(3):17. . View in PubMed
  • Modern day management of giant cell myocarditis Int J Cardiol. 2015 Jan 15; 178:82-4. . View in PubMed
  • Bevacizumab Induced Cardiomyopathy in a Patient with Adult Congenital Heart Disease: A Case Report and Brief Review Journal of Cancer Treatment and Research. 2015; 3(3):32-36. . View in PubMed
  • Review of ambulatory pulmonary artery catheterization in the management of advanced heart failure Congest Heart Fail. 2012 May-Jun; 18(3):173-8. . View in PubMed
  • Cardiac imaging: Part 1, MR pulse sequences, imaging planes, and basic anatomy AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Oct; 197(4):808-15. . View in PubMed
  • Treatment of ventricular tachycardia in patients with heart failure Curr Cardiol Rep. 2011 Jun; 13(3):203-9. . View in PubMed
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with features of left ventricular non-compaction: how many diseases? Int J Cardiol. 2011 May 05; 148(3):364-6.. View in PubMed
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  • Clinical treatment of psychosomatic symptoms Int J Psychoanal. 2010 Oct; 91(5):1213-5. . View in PubMed
  • Cardiac arteriovenous malformation J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Apr 20; 55(16):e133. . View in PubMed
  • Manual of Heart Failure Managment, Bisognano JD, Baker ML, and Early M 2009; 59-71. . View in PubMed
  • Cardiac amyloid J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Dec 16; 52(25):2210. . View in PubMed
  • Right ventricular tumor and thrombus J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Nov 04; 52(19):1598. . View in PubMed
  • Stress echocardiography testing: is submaximal good enough? Cardiol J. 2008; 15(3):207-8.. View in PubMed
  • Hypertension Primer, Izzo JL and Black HR 2008; 553-556. . View in PubMed
  • Endocarditis with aortic root pseudoaneurysm rupture Cardiol J. 2007; 14(2):202-4. . View in PubMed
  • Improving care in resistant hypertension: medication trends and nonpharmacologic strategies in a specialty clinic Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2007; 7(6):449-52. . View in PubMed
  • Evaluation and treatment of resistant hypertension Cardiol J. 2007; 14(4):329-30. . View in PubMed
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