Todd Chang, MD

Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics (Educational Scholar)

Vice Chair of Education, Pediatrics

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Overview

Research Career Interest: Educational Technology within the healthcare arena, which includes e-learning / multimedia, simulation, virtual reality, and other technologically augmented methods of teaching. Some clinical research including Emergency Department efficiency, pre-hospital care, and trauma care.

I currently sit on the executive board / steering committee of the INSPIRE Network (http://www.inspireSim.com/), an international pediatric simulation research network, as well as the PEMCRC (http://www.pemnetwork.org/pemcrc), the Pediatric Emergency Medicine Clinical Research Committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Awards

  • FaceBook / Oculus : VR for Good, 2016-2017
  • American Heart Association: Western States Grant-in-Aid, 2015-2017
  • National Board of Medical Examiners: Stemmler Fund, 2015-2017
  • RBaby Foundation: RBaby Foundation Grant, 2013-2014
  • University of Southern California: SC CTSI Research Pilot Grant, 2013-2014
  • University of Southern California: USC Zumberge Individual Research Award, 2012-2013

Publications

  • Validation of a 3-Dimensional-Printed Infant Tibia for Intraosseous Needle Insertion Training Simul Healthc. 2024 Feb 01; 19(1):56-63. . View in PubMed
  • Feasibility of text message follow-up for pediatric asthma care after an emergency department visit J Asthma. 2024 Feb; 61(2):140-147. . View in PubMed
  • A checklist intervention for pediatric emergency department transfer of care sign-outs Am J Emerg Med. 2024 Jan 05. . View in PubMed
  • SIMPEDVR: using VR in teaching pediatric emergencies to undergraduate students-a pilot study Eur J Pediatr. 2024 Jan; 183(1):499-502. . View in PubMed
  • Society for Simulation in Healthcare Guidelines for Simulation Training Simul Healthc. 2024 Jan 01; 19(1S):S4-S22. . View in PubMed
  • Parent Perceptions of a Validated Asthma Questionnaire in the Emergency Department Acad Pediatr. 2024 Jan-Feb; 24(1):124-131. . View in PubMed
  • Parent-Centered Perspectives on a Validated Asthma Questionnaire in the Emergency Department Acad Pediatr. 2024 Jan-Feb; 24(1):132-138. . View in PubMed
  • Advances in Pediatric Surgery Simulation-Based Training Children (Basel). 2023 Dec 28; 11(1). . View in PubMed
  • The Effect of a Plastic Barrier Drape on Resuscitation Performance and Provider Contamination: A Randomized Controlled Simulation-Based Pilot Trial Simul Healthc. 2023 Aug 01; 18(4):240-246. . View in PubMed
  • Quantifying Simulated Contamination Deposition on Healthcare Providers Using Image Analysis Simul Healthc. 2023 Jun 01; 18(3):207-213. . View in PubMed
  • Examining trust between supervisors and trainees in the pediatric emergency department AEM Educ Train. 2023 Apr; 7(2):e10857. . View in PubMed
  • Setting an Agenda: Results of a Consensus Process on Research Directions in Distance Simulation Simul Healthc. 2023 Apr 01; 18(2):100-107. . View in PubMed
  • Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, Augmented Virtuality, or Mixed Reality in cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Which Extended Reality am I using for teaching adult basic life support? Resuscitation. 2023 11; 192:109973.. View in PubMed
  • Optimizing Surgical Performance Using Preoperative Virtual Reality Planning: A Systematic Review World J Surg. 2023 10; 47(10):2367-2377. . View in PubMed
  • Usability study of using interactive 360° video-based virtual reality for teaching adult basic life support Resuscitation. 2023 10; 191:109960. . View in PubMed
  • Electrolyte abnormalities and stress dosing predict illness-related hospitalizations among infants and toddlers with congenital adrenal hyperplasia Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2023 04; 98(4):536-542. . View in PubMed
  • Impact of Race and Ethnicity on Emergency Medical Services Administration of Opioid Pain Medications for Injured Children J Emerg Med. 2023 01; 64(1):55-61. . View in PubMed
  • Mental Health Revisits at US Pediatric Emergency Departments JAMA Pediatr. 2023 02 01; 177(2):168-176. . View in PubMed
  • Enhancing cardiopulmonary resuscitation education through game-based augmented reality face filters Resuscitation. 2022 Nov; 180:108-110. . View in PubMed
  • Inter-Rater Reliability and Agreement Among Mass-Casualty Incident Algorithms Using a Pediatric Trauma Dataset: A Pilot Study Prehosp Disaster Med. 2022 Jun; 37(3):306-313. . View in PubMed
  • The P2Network-Advancing Pediatric Emergency Care With Point-of-Care Ultrasound Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 Feb 01; 38(2):e1014-e1018. . View in PubMed
  • Use of a validated asthma questionnaire to increase inhaled corticosteroid prescribing in the pediatric emergency department J Asthma. 2022 Feb; 59(2):378-385. . View in PubMed
  • Children with under-diagnosed asthma presenting to a pediatric emergency department J Asthma. 2022 07; 59(7):1353-1359. . View in PubMed
  • Healthcare Provider Characteristics and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality During Infant Resuscitation: A Simulation Study Simul Healthc. 2022 04 01; 17(2):88-95. . View in PubMed
  • Characterizing preferred terms for geographically distant simulations: distance, remote and telesimulation Int J Healthc Simul. 2022; 1(3):55-65. . View in PubMed
  • Teaching Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation to Caregivers in the Emergency Department Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021 Dec 01; 37(12):e1204-e1208. . View in PubMed
  • Comparison of Outcome Tools Used to Test Mass-Casualty Algorithms in the Pediatric Population Prehosp Disaster Med. 2021 Dec; 36(6):719-723. . View in PubMed
  • Impact of Environmental Noise Levels on Endotracheal Intubation Performance Among Pediatric Emergency Providers: A Simulation Study Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021 Dec 01; 37(12):e944-e949. . View in PubMed
  • Development and Considerations for Virtual Reality Simulations for Resuscitation Training and Stress Inoculation Simul Healthc. 2021 Dec 01; 16(6):e219-e226. . View in PubMed
  • Augmented Reality in Pediatric Septic Shock Simulation: Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial JMIR Med Educ. 2021 Oct 06; 7(4):e29899. . View in PubMed
  • Healthcare Provider Stress and Virtual Reality Simulation: A Scoping Review Simul Healthc. 2021 Aug 01; 16(4):268-274. . View in PubMed
  • Research environment and resources to support pediatric emergency medicine fellow research AEM Educ Train. 2021 Jul; 5(3):e10585. . View in PubMed
  • Pediatric emergency department shift experiences and moods: An exploratory sequential mixed-methods study AEM Educ Train. 2021 Jul; 5(3):e10572. . View in PubMed
  • Use of Virtual Reality for Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Simulation Cureus. 2021 Jun; 13(6):e15856. . View in PubMed
  • The assessment of a manikin-based low-dose, high-frequency cardiac resuscitation quality improvement program in early UK adopter hospitals Adv Simul (Lond). 2021 Apr 21; 6(1):14. . View in PubMed
  • The use of virtual reality and augmented reality to enhance cardio-pulmonary resuscitation: a scoping review Adv Simul (Lond). 2021 Apr 12; 6(1):11. . View in PubMed
  • The Pediatric Emergency Research Network (PERN): A decade of global research cooperation in paediatric emergency care Emerg Med Australas. 2021 10; 33(5):900-910. . View in PubMed
  • Inhaled corticosteroid beliefs, complementary and alternative medicine in children presenting to the emergency department for asthma J Asthma. 2021 10; 58(10):1359-1366. . View in PubMed
  • Parental preferences for survey mode of administration, interview versus self-administered, with an asthma management questionnaire J Asthma. 2021 05; 58(5):665-673. . View in PubMed
  • The Pediatric Emergency Research Network: A Decade of Global Research Cooperation in Pediatric Emergency Care Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021 07 01; 37(7):389-396. . View in PubMed
  • The effects of rudeness, experience, and perspective-taking on challenging premature closure after pediatric ICU physicians receive hand-off with the wrong diagnosis: a randomized controlled simulation trial Diagnosis (Berl). 2021 08 26; 8(3):358-367. . View in PubMed
  • The Pediatric Emergency Research Network: a decade old and growing Eur J Emerg Med. 2021 10 01; 28(5):341-343. . View in PubMed
  • Closing the gap: a call for a common blueprint for remote distance telesimulation BMJ Simul Technol Enhanc Learn. 2021; 7(4):185-187. . View in PubMed
  • Understanding Graduating Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellow Priorities for Career Pathways and Faculty Recruitment for Academic or Community Emergency Departments AEM Educ Train. 2021 Jan; 5(1):12-18. . View in PubMed
  • Validation of a Modified Jefferson Scale of Empathy for Observers to Assess Trainees Acad Pediatr. 2021 Jan-Feb; 21(1):165-169. . View in PubMed
  • Attitudes and Opinions of Adolescent Females Regarding 2 Methods of Bladder Filling for Transabdominal Ultrasound: A Q-Sort Study Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Aug; 36(8):e460-e466. . View in PubMed
  • Saving Lives and Improving the Quality of Pediatric Resuscitation Across the World: A 1-Day Research Accelerator Hosted by the International Network for Simulation-based Pediatric Innovation, Research, and Education and the International Pediatric Simulation Society Simul Healthc. 2020 Aug; 15(4):295-297. . View in PubMed
  • ATS Sch. 2020 Jul 24; 1(3):278-287. . View in PubMed
  • Caregiver Characteristics Associated With Quality of Cardiac Compressions on an Adult Mannequin With Real-Time Visual Feedback: A Simulation-Based Multicenter Study Simul Healthc. 2020 Apr; 15(2):82-88. . View in PubMed
  • Tabletop Application of SALT Triage to 10, 100, and 1000 Pediatric Victims Prehosp Disaster Med. 2020 Apr; 35(2):165-169. . View in PubMed
  • Factors influencing termination of resuscitation in children: a qualitative analysis Int J Emerg Med. 2020 Mar 14; 13(1):12. . View in PubMed
  • Barriers to Effective Teamwork Relating to Pediatric Resuscitations: Perceptions of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Staff Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Mar; 36(3):e146-e150. . View in PubMed
  • The Effect of Rapid Fluid Infusions on Transabdominal Pelvic Ultrasound Timing Among Female Pediatric Patients: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial Acad Emerg Med. 2020 11; 27(11):1191-1193. . View in PubMed
  • Physiological Stress Markers Following Resuscitations Remain Elevated Throughout Physician Shift Hours Acad Emerg Med. 2020 06; 27(6):510-513. . View in PubMed
  • The Addition of Anaerobic Blood Cultures for Pediatric Patients with Concerns for Bloodstream Infections: Prevalence and Time to Positive Cultures J Clin Microbiol. 2020 08 24; 58(9). . View in PubMed
  • A National Patient Safety Curriculum in Pediatric Emergency Medicine Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019 Aug; 35(8):519-521. . View in PubMed
  • Comparisons of Stress Physiology of Providers in Real-Life Resuscitations and Virtual Reality-Simulated Resuscitations Simul Healthc. 2019 Apr; 14(2):104-112. . View in PubMed
  • Games Squared: A Card Game to Learn About Using Games in Medical Education J Grad Med Educ. 2019 06; 11(3):337-339. . View in PubMed
  • The effect of an International competitive leaderboard on self-motivated simulation-based CPR practice among healthcare professionals: A randomized control trial Resuscitation. 2019 05; 138:273-281. . View in PubMed
  • Impact of simulation-based training on perceived provider confidence in acute multidisciplinary pediatric trauma resuscitation Pediatr Surg Int. 2018 Dec; 34(12):1353-1362. . View in PubMed
  • Building a Community of Practice for Researchers: The International Network for Simulation-Based Pediatric Innovation, Research and Education Simul Healthc. 2018 Jun; 13(3S Suppl 1):S28-S34. . View in PubMed
  • Validity Evidence for a Serious Game to Assess Performance on Critical Pediatric Emergency Medicine Scenarios Simul Healthc. 2018 Jun; 13(3):168-180. . View in PubMed
  • Script Concordance Testing to Determine Infant Lumbar Puncture Practice Variation Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Feb; 34(2):84-92. . View in PubMed
  • Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Feb; 34(2):116-120. . View in PubMed
  • Leveraging Quick Response Code Technology to Facilitate Simulation-Based Leaderboard Competition Simul Healthc. 2018 Feb; 13(1):64-71. . View in PubMed
  • Recent Advances in Technology and Its Applications to Pediatric Emergency Care Pediatr Clin North Am. 2018 12; 65(6):1229-1246. . View in PubMed
  • Self-assessment of team performance using T-NOTECHS in simulated pediatric trauma resuscitation is not consistent with expert assessment Am J Surg. 2018 09; 216(3):630-635. . View in PubMed
  • Radiologic discrepancies in children with special healthcare needs in a pediatric emergency department Am J Emerg Med. 2018 08; 36(8):1356-1362. . View in PubMed
  • Gamification in Action: Theoretical and Practical Considerations for Medical Educators Acad Med. 2018 07; 93(7):1014-1020. . View in PubMed
  • Utilization of just-in-time training for nursing education using the LA Phonospirometry asthma tool J Asthma. 2018 07; 55(7):811-815. . View in PubMed
  • Novel Transfer of Care Sign-out Assessment Tool in a Pediatric Emergency Department Acad Pediatr. 2018 Jan – Feb; 18(1):86-93. . View in PubMed
  • The effect of multimedia replacing text in resident clinical decision-making assessment Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2017 Oct; 22(4):901-914. . View in PubMed
  • The Effects of Child Life Specialists on Success Rates of Intravenous Cannulation J Pediatr Nurs. 2017 Sep – Oct; 36:236-240. . View in PubMed
  • Use of a Novel, Portable, LED-Based Capillary Refill Time Simulator within a Disaster Triage Context Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017 Aug; 32(4):451-456. . View in PubMed
  • Qualitative assessment of simulation-based training for pediatric trauma resuscitation Surgery. 2017 05; 161(5):1357-1366. . View in PubMed
  • Screening residents for infant lumbar puncture readiness with just-in-time simulation-based assessments BMJ Simul Technol Enhanc Learn. 2017; 3(1):17-22. . View in PubMed
  • Conducting multicenter research in healthcare simulation: Lessons learned from the INSPIRE network Adv Simul (Lond). 2017; 2:6. . View in PubMed
  • Number needed to eat: pizza and resident conference attendance Med Educ. 2016 Dec; 50(12):1204-1207. . View in PubMed
  • Highlighting Instructional Design Features in Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research Simul Healthc. 2016 Oct; 11(5):363-364. . View in PubMed
  • Qualitative Study Exploring Implementation of a Point-of-Care Competency-Based Lumbar Puncture Program Across Institutions Acad Pediatr. 2016 Sep-Oct; 16(7):621-9. . View in PubMed
  • Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research: Extensions to the CONSORT and STROBE Statements Simul Healthc. 2016 Aug; 11(4):238-48. . View in PubMed
  • PEMNetwork: Barriers and Enablers to Collaboration and Multimedia Education in the Digital Age Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Aug; 32(8):565-9. . View in PubMed
  • Essentials of PEM Fellowship Part 2: The Profession in Entrustable Professional Activities Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Jun; 32(6):410-8. . View in PubMed
  • Development of a Pediatric Mass Casualty Triage Algorithm Validation Tool Prehosp Emerg Care. 2016 May-Jun; 20(3):343-53. . View in PubMed
  • Targeting Simulation-Based Assessment for the Pediatric Milestones: A Survey of Simulation Experts and Program Directors Acad Pediatr. 2016 Apr; 16(3):290-7. . View in PubMed
  • The Correlation of Workplace Simulation-Based Assessments With Interns’ Infant Lumbar Puncture Success: A Prospective, Multicenter, Observational Study Simul Healthc. 2016 Apr; 11(2):126-33. . View in PubMed
  • Reporting guidelines for health care simulation research: Extensions to the CONSORT and STROBE statements BMJ Simul Technol Enhanc Learn. 2016; 2(3):51-60. . View in PubMed
  • Accuracy, Efficiency, and Inappropriate Actions Using JumpSTART Triage in MCI Simulations Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Oct; 30(5):457-60. . View in PubMed
  • Comparison of Computerized Patients versus Live Moulaged Actors for a Mass-casualty Drill Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Oct; 30(5):438-42. . View in PubMed
  • Introducing Teamwork Challenges in Simulation Using Game Cards Simul Healthc. 2015 Aug; 10(4):223-6. . View in PubMed
  • Impact of Just-in-Time and Just-in-Place Simulation on Intern Success With Infant Lumbar Puncture Pediatrics. 2015 May; 135(5):e1237-46. . View in PubMed
  • A retrospective comparison of ketamine dosing regimens for pediatric procedural sedation Eur J Emerg Med. 2015 Apr; 22(2):111-6. . View in PubMed
  • The greater good: how supervising physicians make entrustment decisions in the pediatric emergency department Acad Pediatr. 2014 Nov-Dec; 14(6):597-602. . View in PubMed
  • Pediatric emergency medicine asynchronous e-learning: a multicenter randomized controlled Solomon four-group study Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Aug; 21(8):912-9. . View in PubMed
  • Designing and conducting simulation-based research Pediatrics. 2014 Jun; 133(6):1091-101. . View in PubMed
  • Traditional nurse triage vs physician telepresence in a pediatric ED Am J Emerg Med. 2014 Apr; 32(4):325-9. . View in PubMed
  • Script concordance testing: assessing residents’ clinical decision-making skills for infant lumbar punctures Acad Med. 2014 Jan; 89(1):128-35. . View in PubMed
  • Predictors for bacteremia in febrile sickle cell disease children in the post-7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine era J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2013 Jul; 35(5):377-82. . View in PubMed
  • Clinical factors and incidence of acute chest syndrome or pneumonia among children with sickle cell disease presenting with a fever: a 17-year review Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Jul; 29(7):781-6. . View in PubMed
  • Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Apr; 29(4):453-7. . View in PubMed
  • Interns’ success with clinical procedures in infants after simulation training Pediatrics. 2013 Mar; 131(3):e811-20. . View in PubMed
  • Qualitative evaluation of just-in-time simulation-based learning: the learners’ perspective Simul Healthc. 2013 Feb; 8(1):43-8. . View in PubMed
  • Validation and refinement of a prediction rule to identify children at low risk for acute appendicitis Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Aug; 166(8):738-44. . View in PubMed
  • Iron poisoning: a literature-based review of epidemiology, diagnosis, and management Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Oct; 27(10):978-85. . View in PubMed
  • Perforated appendicitis and appendicolith in a child presenting as intussusception: a case report Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Jul; 27(7):635-8. . View in PubMed
  • Pediatric traumatic brain injury: the utility of beta-natriuretic peptide J Trauma. 2010 Jun; 68(6):1401-5. . View in PubMed