Keck School Faculty

Todd Chang
Todd Chang
Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics and Medical Education (Educational Scholar)
CHL 4650 Sunset Blvd Off Campus Los Angeles
Research Career Interest: Educational Technology within the healthcare arena, which includes e-learning / multimedia, simulation, virtual reality, and other technologically augmented methods of teaching. Some clinical research including Emergency Department efficiency, pre-hospital care, and trauma care.\n\nI currently sit on the executive board / steering committee of the INSPIRE Network (, an international pediatric simulation research network, as well as the PEMCRC (, the Pediatric Emergency Medicine Clinical Research Committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics. \n\n

FaceBook / Oculus : VR for Good, 2016-2017

American Heart Association: Western States Grant-in-Aid, 2015-2017

National Board of Medical Examiners: Stemmler Fund, 2015-2017

RBaby Foundation: RBaby Foundation Grant, 2013-2014

University of Southern California: SC CTSI Research Pilot Grant, 2013-2014

University of Southern California: USC Zumberge Individual Research Award, 2012-2013

Saving Lives and Improving the Quality of Pediatric Resuscitation Across the World: A 1-Day Research Accelerator Hosted by the International Network for Simulation-based Pediatric Innovation, Research, and Education and the International Pediatric Simulation Society Simul Healthc. 2020 Aug; 15(4):295-297. . View in PubMed

Attitudes and Opinions of Adolescent Females Regarding 2 Methods of Bladder Filling for Transabdominal Ultrasound: A Q-Sort Study Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Aug; 36(8):e460-e466. . View in PubMed

Inhaled corticosteroid beliefs, complementary and alternative medicine in children presenting to the emergency department for asthma J Asthma. 2020 Jul 09; 1-11. . View in PubMed

The addition of anaerobic blood cultures to pediatric patients with concerns for bloodstream infections: prevalence and time to positive cultures J Clin Microbiol. 2020 Jul 08. . View in PubMed

Validation of a Modified Jefferson Scale of Empathy for Observers to Assess Trainees Acad Pediatr. 2020 Jun 12. . View in PubMed

Tabletop Application of SALT Triage to 10, 100, and 1000 Pediatric Victims Prehosp Disaster Med. 2020 Apr; 35(2):165-169. . View in PubMed

Caregiver Characteristics Associated With Quality of Cardiac Compressions on an Adult Mannequin With Real-Time Visual Feedback: A Simulation-Based Multicenter Study Simul Healthc. 2020 Apr; 15(2):82-88. . View in PubMed

Factors influencing termination of resuscitation in children: a qualitative analysis Int J Emerg Med. 2020 Mar 14; 13(1):12. . View in PubMed

Barriers to Effective Teamwork Relating to Pediatric Resuscitations: Perceptions of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Staff Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Mar; 36(3):e146-e150. . View in PubMed

Parental preferences for survey mode of administration, interview versus self-administered, with an asthma management questionnaire J Asthma. 2020 Feb 23; 1-9. . View in PubMed

The Effect of Rapid Fluid Infusions on Transabdominal Pelvic Ultrasound Timing Among Female Pediatric Patients: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial Acad Emerg Med. 2020 Feb 19. . View in PubMed

Parent-Centered Perspectives on a Validated Asthma Questionnaire in the Emergency Department Acad Pediatr. 2020 Feb 10. . View in PubMed

Teaching Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation to Caregivers in the Emergency Department Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Jan 06. . View in PubMed

Physiological Stress Markers Following Resuscitations Remain Elevated Throughout Physician Shift Hours Acad Emerg Med. 2020 06; 27(6):510-513. . View in PubMed

Parent Perceptions of a Validated Asthma Questionnaire in the Emergency Department Acad Pediatr. 2019 Nov 27. . View in PubMed

A National Patient Safety Curriculum in Pediatric Emergency Medicine Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019 Aug; 35(8):519-521. . View in PubMed

Impact of Environmental Noise Levels on Endotracheal Intubation Performance Among Pediatric Emergency Providers: A Simulation Study Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019 Apr 04. . View in PubMed

Comparisons of Stress Physiology of Providers in Real-Life Resuscitations and Virtual Reality-Simulated Resuscitations Simul Healthc. 2019 Apr; 14(2):104-112. . View in PubMed

Games Squared: A Card Game to Learn About Using Games in Medical Education J Grad Med Educ. 2019 06; 11(3):337-339. . View in PubMed

The effect of an International competitive leaderboard on self-motivated simulation-based CPR practice among healthcare professionals: A randomized control trial Resuscitation. 2019 05; 138:273-281. . View in PubMed

Impact of simulation-based training on perceived provider confidence in acute multidisciplinary pediatric trauma resuscitation Pediatr Surg Int. 2018 Dec; 34(12):1353-1362. . View in PubMed

Building a Community of Practice for Researchers: The International Network for Simulation-Based Pediatric Innovation, Research and Education Simul Healthc. 2018 Jun; 13(3S Suppl 1):S28-S34. . View in PubMed

Validity Evidence for a Serious Game to Assess Performance on Critical Pediatric Emergency Medicine Scenarios Simul Healthc. 2018 Jun; 13(3):168-180. . View in PubMed

Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Feb; 34(2):116-120. . View in PubMed

Script Concordance Testing to Determine Infant Lumbar Puncture Practice Variation Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Feb; 34(2):84-92. . View in PubMed

Leveraging Quick Response Code Technology to Facilitate Simulation-Based Leaderboard Competition Simul Healthc. 2018 Feb; 13(1):64-71. . View in PubMed

Recent Advances in Technology and Its Applications to Pediatric Emergency Care Pediatr Clin North Am. 2018 12; 65(6):1229-1246. . View in PubMed

Self-assessment of team performance using T-NOTECHS in simulated pediatric trauma resuscitation is not consistent with expert assessment Am J Surg. 2018 09; 216(3):630-635. . View in PubMed

Radiologic discrepancies in children with special healthcare needs in a pediatric emergency department Am J Emerg Med. 2018 08; 36(8):1356-1362. . View in PubMed

Utilization of just-in-time training for nursing education using the LA Phonospirometry asthma tool J Asthma. 2018 07; 55(7):811-815. . View in PubMed

Gamification in Action: Theoretical and Practical Considerations for Medical Educators Acad Med. 2018 07; 93(7):1014-1020. . View in PubMed

Novel Transfer of Care Sign-out Assessment Tool in a Pediatric Emergency Department Acad Pediatr. 2018 Jan - Feb; 18(1):86-93. . View in PubMed

The effect of multimedia replacing text in resident clinical decision-making assessment Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2017 Oct; 22(4):901-914. . View in PubMed

The Effects of Child Life Specialists on Success Rates of Intravenous Cannulation J Pediatr Nurs. 2017 Sep - Oct; 36:236-240. . View in PubMed

Use of a Novel, Portable, LED-Based Capillary Refill Time Simulator within a Disaster Triage Context Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017 Aug; 32(4):451-456. . View in PubMed

Qualitative assessment of simulation-based training for pediatric trauma resuscitation Surgery. 2017 05; 161(5):1357-1366. . View in PubMed

Conducting multicenter research in healthcare simulation: Lessons learned from the INSPIRE network Adv Simul (Lond). 2017; 2:6. . View in PubMed

Number needed to eat: pizza and resident conference attendance Med Educ. 2016 Dec; 50(12):1204-1207. . View in PubMed

Highlighting Instructional Design Features in Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research Simul Healthc. 2016 Oct; 11(5):363-364. . View in PubMed

Qualitative Study Exploring Implementation of a Point-of-Care Competency-Based Lumbar Puncture Program Across Institutions Acad Pediatr. 2016 Sep-Oct; 16(7):621-9. . View in PubMed

Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research: Extensions to the CONSORT and STROBE Statements Simul Healthc. 2016 Aug; 11(4):238-48. . View in PubMed

PEMNetwork: Barriers and Enablers to Collaboration and Multimedia Education in the Digital Age Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Aug; 32(8):565-9. . View in PubMed

Essentials of PEM Fellowship Part 2: The Profession in Entrustable Professional Activities Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Jun; 32(6):410-8. . View in PubMed

Development of a Pediatric Mass Casualty Triage Algorithm Validation Tool Prehosp Emerg Care. 2016 May-Jun; 20(3):343-53. . View in PubMed

Targeting Simulation-Based Assessment for the Pediatric Milestones: A Survey of Simulation Experts and Program Directors Acad Pediatr. 2016 Apr; 16(3):290-7. . View in PubMed

The Correlation of Workplace Simulation-Based Assessments With Interns' Infant Lumbar Puncture Success: A Prospective, Multicenter, Observational Study Simul Healthc. 2016 Apr; 11(2):126-33. . View in PubMed

Accuracy, Efficiency, and Inappropriate Actions Using JumpSTART Triage in MCI Simulations Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Oct; 30(5):457-60. . View in PubMed

Comparison of Computerized Patients versus Live Moulaged Actors for a Mass-casualty Drill Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 Oct; 30(5):438-42. . View in PubMed

Introducing Teamwork Challenges in Simulation Using Game Cards Simul Healthc. 2015 Aug; 10(4):223-6. . View in PubMed

Impact of Just-in-Time and Just-in-Place Simulation on Intern Success With Infant Lumbar Puncture Pediatrics. 2015 May; 135(5):e1237-46. . View in PubMed

A retrospective comparison of ketamine dosing regimens for pediatric procedural sedation Eur J Emerg Med. 2015 Apr; 22(2):111-6. . View in PubMed

The greater good: how supervising physicians make entrustment decisions in the pediatric emergency department Acad Pediatr. 2014 Nov-Dec; 14(6):597-602. . View in PubMed

Pediatric emergency medicine asynchronous e-learning: a multicenter randomized controlled Solomon four-group study Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Aug; 21(8):912-9. . View in PubMed

Designing and conducting simulation-based research Pediatrics. 2014 Jun; 133(6):1091-101. . View in PubMed

Traditional nurse triage vs physician telepresence in a pediatric ED Am J Emerg Med. 2014 Apr; 32(4):325-9. . View in PubMed

Script concordance testing: assessing residents' clinical decision-making skills for infant lumbar punctures Acad Med. 2014 Jan; 89(1):128-35. . View in PubMed

Clinical factors and incidence of acute chest syndrome or pneumonia among children with sickle cell disease presenting with a fever: a 17-year review Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Jul; 29(7):781-6. . View in PubMed

Predictors for bacteremia in febrile sickle cell disease children in the post-7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine era J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2013 Jul; 35(5):377-82. . View in PubMed

Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Apr; 29(4):453-7. . View in PubMed

Interns' success with clinical procedures in infants after simulation training Pediatrics. 2013 Mar; 131(3):e811-20. . View in PubMed

Qualitative evaluation of just-in-time simulation-based learning: the learners' perspective Simul Healthc. 2013 Feb; 8(1):43-8. . View in PubMed

Validation and refinement of a prediction rule to identify children at low risk for acute appendicitis Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Aug; 166(8):738-44. . View in PubMed

Iron poisoning: a literature-based review of epidemiology, diagnosis, and management Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Oct; 27(10):978-85. . View in PubMed

Perforated appendicitis and appendicolith in a child presenting as intussusception: a case report Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Jul; 27(7):635-8. . View in PubMed

Pediatric traumatic brain injury: the utility of beta-natriuretic peptide J Trauma. 2010 Jun; 68(6):1401-5. . View in PubMed

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