Department of Surgery faculty members, both physicians and scientists, are world-renown in their subspecialties. Faculty members are passionate in their clinical care and research practices, as well as being mentors for medical students and trainees. The department also invests significant funds to provide protected time and lab space for junior faculty to perform research.

Vaughn Alden Starnes

Vaughn Alden Starnes

Chair and Distinguished Professor of Surgery;H. Russell Smith Foundation Chair for Stem Cell and Cardiovascular Thoracic Research
1520 San Pablo St. Health Sciences Campus Los Angeles

U.S. News and World Report: Children's Hospital Los Angeles Cardiac Program, #3, 2015

Pasadena Magazine: Top Doctor, 2014

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill: Distinguished Medical Alumnus Award, 2013

Pasadena Magazine: Top Doctor, 2011

Castle Connolly Medical Ltd: List of America's Top Doctors, 2011

USC: Presidential Medallion, 2008

Castle Connolly Medical Ltd: America's Top Doctors - New York, 2004

Anatomic considerations in the management of complete atrioventricular canal Cardiol Young. 2023 Oct 10; 1-5. . View in PubMed


Severe Ebstein's anomaly in a premature, low-weight neonate J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2023 May 05. . View in PubMed

Contemporary outcomes of mitral valve repair for degenerative disease in the era of increased penetrance of percutaneous mitral valve technology JTCVS Open. 2023 Mar; 13:106-116. . View in PubMed

Reply: Wrapped pulmonary autograft or homograft: Still the way to go! J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2023 07; 166(1):e3-e4. . View in PubMed

Five-year Outcomes of the COMMENCE Trial Investigating Aortic Valve Replacement With RESILIA Tissue Ann Thorac Surg. 2023 06; 115(6):1429-1436. . View in PubMed

Stabilization of the Annulus Through a Supported Ross Technique Is Redemonstrated as Beneficial to Older Patients but Should Be Used Cautiously in the Pediatric Population Ann Thorac Surg. 2023 02; 115(2):460-461. . View in PubMed

Long-term outcomes with the pulmonary autograft inclusion technique in adults with bicuspid aortic valves undergoing the Ross procedureJ Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2023 01; 165(1):43-52. e2. . View in PubMed

Commentary: The Ross Procedure is the Most Suitable Aortic Valve Operation in Young Adults Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2023; 35(1):125-126. . View in PubMed

Fate of the Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Following Valve-Sparing Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 Dec 23. . View in PubMed

Surgical Outcomes after Reconstruction of the Aortomitral Curtain Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 Dec 05. . View in PubMed

Effect of UNOS policy change and exception status request on outcomes in patients bridged to heart transplant with an intra-aortic balloon pump Artif Organs. 2022 May; 46(5):838-849. . View in PubMed

Ross procedure in neonates and infants: A valuable operation with defined limits J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 Apr 25. . View in PubMed

Surgical Resection of a Symptomatic Ascending Aortic Mural Thrombus Ann Thorac Surg. 2022 10; 114(4):e279-e282. . View in PubMed

Commentary: Expanding the utility of the Ross procedure-proceed with caution J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 09; 164(3):847-848. . View in PubMed

Lack of Awareness of Reimbursement and Compensation Models Among Cardiothoracic Surgery Trainees Ann Thorac Surg. 2022 06; 113(6):2085-2091. . View in PubMed

Resident education in congenital heart surgery does not compromise outcomes J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 01; 163(1):251-260. . View in PubMed

Evaluation of Fontan-associated Liver Disease and Ethnic Disparities in Long-term Survivors of the Fontan Procedure: A Population-based Study Ann Surg. 2022 09 01; 276(3):482-490. . View in PubMed

Simple, reproducible, and consistent physiology: The argument for single-ventricle repair in critically ill neonates with Ebstein anomaly JTCVS Tech. 2021 Dec; 10:428-432. . View in PubMed

Intercostal Cryo Nerve Block in Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: The Prospective Randomized FROST Trial Pain Ther. 2021 Dec; 10(2):1579-1592. . View in PubMed

Non-invasive biomarkers of Fontan-associated liver disease JHEP Rep. 2021 Dec; 3(6):100362. . View in PubMed

The Ross procedure utilizing the pulmonary autograft inclusion technique in adults JTCVS Tech. 2021 Dec; 10:372-376. . View in PubMed

Early onset of deep sternal wound infection after cardiac surgery is associated with decreased survival: A propensity weighted analysis J Card Surg. 2021 Dec; 36(12):4509-4518. . View in PubMed

Commentary: The heart of symptomatic neonatal Ebstein anomaly: Negative interventricular interaction and ventricular myopathy JTCVS Tech. 2021 Oct; 9:135-136. . View in PubMed

Equivalent outcomes with minimally invasive and sternotomy mitral valve repair for degenerative mitral valve disease J Card Surg. 2021 Aug; 36(8):2636-2643. . View in PubMed

Thoracic surgical education in a changing paradigm J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 Mar; 161(3):713-722. . View in PubMed

Gender representation among leadership at national and regional cardiothoracic surgery organizational annual meetings J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 Mar; 161(3):733-744. . View in PubMed

Brave New World: Virtual conferencing and surgical education in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 era J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 03; 161(3):748-752. . View in PubMed

Biventricular Repair in Interrupted Aortic Arch and Ventricular Septal Defect With a Small Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Ann Thorac Surg. 2021 02; 111(2):637-644. . View in PubMed

Clinical Importance of Concomitant Cleft Lip/Palate in the Surgical Management of Patients With Congenital Heart Disease World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2021 Jan; 12(1):35-42. . View in PubMed

2021; 24:62-66. . View in PubMed

Cardiovascular computed tomographic angiography as a patient avatar for virtual surgical planning: Repair of a Raghib syndrome variant in middle adulthood J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2020 Nov - Dec; 14(6):e175-e176. . View in PubMed

Impact of prior diaphragm plication on subsequent stages of single ventricle palliationJ Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Nov; 160(5):1291-1296. e1. . View in PubMed

Penetrating injury to the cardiac box J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020 09; 89(3):482-487. . View in PubMed

American Association for Thoracic Surgery: Maintaining the mission during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 09; 160(3):737-739. . View in PubMed

Successful rescue therapy with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for re-expansion pulmonary oedema in a patient with one lung Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2019 Mar 01; 55(3):582-584. . View in PubMed

Invited Commentary Ann Thorac Surg. 2019 11; 108(5):1381-1382. . View in PubMed

Cardiovascular Computed Tomographic Angiography as a Virtual Patient Avatar for Individualized Surgical Planning of Complex Anomalous Coronary Artery Anatomy World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2019 07; 10(4):502-503. . View in PubMed

The ring of fire: Nuances in the surgical management of mitral annular calcification J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 02; 157(2):570-571. . View in PubMed

Late onset cardiac cirrhosis and portal hypertensive ascites after atrial fibrillation ablation Pulm Circ. 2019 Jan-Mar; 9(1):2045894018813559. . View in PubMed

Simultaneous Systemic to Pulmonary Shunt and Pulmonary Artery Banding is a Viable Option for Neonatal Palliation of Single Ventricle Physiology Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019; 31(2):234-241. . View in PubMed

Selective Aortic Arch and Root Replacement in Repair of Acute Type A Aortic Dissection Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 Feb; 105(2):505-512. . View in PubMed

Arch Augmentation via Median Sternotomy for Coarctation of Aorta With Proximal Arch Hypoplasia Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 10; 106(4):1214-1219. . View in PubMed

Eating well at your first job J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 10; 156(4):1585-1586. . View in PubMed

Surgical Management and Outcomes of Ebstein Anomaly in Neonates and Infants: A Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database Analysis Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 09; 106(3):785-791. . View in PubMed

Liberal Use of Delayed Sternal Closure in Children Is Not Associated With Increased Morbidity Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 08; 106(2):581-586. . View in PubMed

Need for Pulmonary Arterioplasty During Glenn Independently Predicts Inferior Surgical Outcome Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 07; 106(1):156-164. . View in PubMed

Optimal Approach for Repair of Left Atrial-Esophageal Fistula Complicating Radiofrequency Ablation Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 05; 105(5):e229-e231. . View in PubMed

Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery From the Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA): CCTA Demonstration of Anatomy Relevant to Adult Ischemic Cardiomyopathy Presentation and Utilization of Images for Virtual Surgical Planning World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2018 05; 9(3):347-349. . View in PubMed

Resection of Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma in the Ventricular Septum Causing Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 03; 105(3):e107-e108. . View in PubMed

Landmark lecture on surgery: paediatric cardiothoracic surgery - training the next generation of congenital heart surgeons Cardiol Young. 2017 Dec; 27(10):1986-1990. . View in PubMed

The COMMENCE trial: 2-year outcomes with an aortic bioprosthesis with RESILIA tissue Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2017 Sep 01; 52(3):432-439. . View in PubMed

The Utility of Nurse-Managed Extracorporeal Life Support in an Adult Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Aug; 104(2):510-514. . View in PubMed

Evaluation of Hemodynamic Performance of Aortic Valve Bioprostheses in a Model of Oversizing Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Jun; 103(6):1866-1876. . View in PubMed

Outcomes after mitral valve repair: A single-center 16-year experienceJ Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 09; 154(3):822-830. e2. . View in PubMed

Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance of the Ross II Procedure: Long-Term Postoperative Imaging World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2017 05; 8(3):398-399. . View in PubMed

Virtual 3-Dimensional Computed Tomographic Surgical Planning for Severe Aortic Coarctation/Aneurysm in the Setting of Bicuspid Aortic Valve World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2017 01; 8(1):99-100. . View in PubMed

2017 Jan; 20:77-78. . View in PubMed

Type A Aortic Dissection Repair: How I Teach It Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Jan; 103(1):14-17. . View in PubMed

The Ross procedure: an excellent option in the right hands Ann Transl Med. 2016 Dec; 4(23):471. . View in PubMed

Outcomes of Reintervention on the Autograft After Ross Procedure Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Nov; 102(5):1517-1521. . View in PubMed

Single-Ventricle Outcomes After Neonatal Palliation of Severe Ebstein Anomaly With Modified Starnes Procedure Circulation. 2016 Oct 25; 134(17):1257-1264. . View in PubMed

A comparison of aortic valve replacement via an anterior right minithoracotomy with standard sternotomy: a propensity score analysis of 492 patients Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2016 Feb; 49(2):456-63. . View in PubMed

Reduced pleural drainage, length of stay, and readmissions using a modified Fontan management protocol J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Sep; 150(3):481-7. . View in PubMed

Arterioplasty for Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction After Arterial Switch Is a Durable Procedure Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jul; 100(1):122-7; discussion 127-8. . View in PubMed

Survival and quality of life for children with end-stage heart failure who are not candidates for cardiac transplant J Heart Lung Transplant. 2015 Jul; 34(7):906-11. . View in PubMed

Age-Related Outcomes of the Ross Procedure Over 20 Years Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jun; 99(6):2077-83; discussion 2084-5. . View in PubMed

Concurrent aortic valvular disease and pulmonary sequestration: clinical implications Tex Heart Inst J. 2014 Dec; 41(6):649-52. . View in PubMed

Outcomes after pregnancy in living lobar lung transplantation Transplantation. 2014 Oct 15; 98(7):692-4. . View in PubMed

Contemporary use of balloon aortic valvuloplasty in the era of transcatheter aortic valve implantation Tex Heart Inst J. 2014 Oct; 41(5):469-76. . View in PubMed

Exercise Hemodynamics and Quality of Life after Aortic Valve Replacement for Aortic Stenosis in the Elderly Using the Hancock II Bioprosthesis Cardiol Res Pract. 2014; 2014:151282. . View in PubMed

Anomalous coronary arteries: cardiovascular computed tomographic angiography for surgical decisions and planning World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2013 Apr; 4(2):142-54. . View in PubMed

Heart repair and regeneration: recent insights from zebrafish studies Wound Repair Regen. 2012 Sep-Oct; 20(5):638-46. . View in PubMed

Breast implants and minimally invasive cardiac surgery: a case series Ann Plast Surg. 2012 Jul; 69(1):10-3. . View in PubMed

A novel reconstruction of the left superior vena cava J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Apr; 143(4):981-2. . View in PubMed

Modified Starnes procedure in a neonate with severe tricuspid regurgitation Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Feb; 93(2):658-9. . View in PubMed

2012 Jan 01; 3(1):123-9. . View in PubMed

Is transthoracic minimally invasive aortic valve replacement too time-consuming for the busy cardiac surgeon? Innovations (Phila). 2011 Jan; 6(1):10-4.. View in PubMed

PDGF signaling is required for epicardial function and blood vessel formation in regenerating zebrafish hearts Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Oct 05; 107(40):17206-10. . View in PubMed

Pulmonary homograft monocusp reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract: outcomes to the intermediate term Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jul; 90(1):42-9. . View in PubMed

Reducing the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with the introduction of an enteral feed protocol Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 May; 11(3):373-7. . View in PubMed

Ascending aortitis and aortic valve endocarditis in an infant J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Apr; 139(4):e90-1. . View in PubMed

Obstruction of lateral tunnel fontan by an adjustable occluder device J Card Surg. 2009 Nov-Dec; 24(6):750-2. . View in PubMed

All cardiac right ventricular outpouches are not created equal Pediatr Cardiol. 2009 Oct; 30(7):954-7. . View in PubMed

Can the Kawashima procedure be performed in younger patients? Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Aug; 88(2):581-6; discussion 586-7.. View in PubMed

Differential branch pulmonary artery growth after the Norwood procedure with right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in hypoplastic left heart syndrome J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Jun; 137(6):1342-8. . View in PubMed

Cardiovascular magnetics resonance diagnosis of cystic tumor of the atrioventricular node J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2009 Apr 30; 11:13. . View in PubMed

A novel surgical approach to left main coronary artery giant aneurysm thrombosis in a child with a history of Kawasaki disease J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Apr; 137(4):1030-2. . View in PubMed

Right ventricular exclusion procedure with total cavopulmonary connection: an alternative operative approach in adults with severe Ebstein anomaly J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 May; 135(5):1182-3. . View in PubMed

Resection of giant coronary artery aneurysms in a Takayasu's arteritis patient Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 May; 85(5):1795-6. . View in PubMed

Hemidiaphragm plication after repair of congenital heart defects in children: quantitative return of diaphragm function over time J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Jan; 135(1):56-61. . View in PubMed

Fate of the right ventricle after fenestrated right ventricular exclusion for severe neonatal Ebstein anomaly J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Dec; 134(6):1406-10; discussion 1410-2. . View in PubMed

Stage I palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome: Norwood versus Sano modification Curr Opin Cardiol. 2007 Mar; 22(2):60-5. . View in PubMed

The xenoantibody response and immunoglobulin gene expression profile of cynomolgus monkeys transplanted with hDAF-transgenic porcine hearts Xenotransplantation. 2007 Mar; 14(2):135-44. . View in PubMed

A novel approach to the surgical correction of scimitar syndrome J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Feb; 133(2):573-4. . View in PubMed

Rat chemokine CXCL11: structure, tissue distribution, function and expression in cardiac transplantation models Mol Cell Biochem. 2007 Feb; 296(1-2):1-9. . View in PubMed

Current surgical therapy for Ebstein anomaly in neonates J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Dec; 132(6):1285-90. . View in PubMed

Perioperative cyclooxygenase 2 inhibition to reduce tumor cell adhesion and metastatic potential of circulating tumor cells in non-small cell lung cancer J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Aug; 132(2):297-303. . View in PubMed

Tolerance induction by lentiviral gene therapy with a nonmyeloablative regimen Blood. 2006 Mar 15; 107(6):2286-93. . View in PubMed

Gastrointestinal morbidity after Norwood palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Mar; 81(3):982-7. . View in PubMed

Mesenteric blood flow velocities in the newborn with single-ventricle physiology: modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Mar; 7(2):132-7. . View in PubMed

Pleural space problems after living lobar transplantation J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Dec; 24(12):2086-90. . View in PubMed

Transforming growth factor-beta/interleukin-2-induced regulatory CD4+ T cells prolong cardiac allograft survival in rats J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Dec; 24(12):2153-9. . View in PubMed

Dimethyl celecoxib as a novel non-cyclooxygenase 2 therapy in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Nov; 130(5):1406-12. . View in PubMed

Living donor lobar lung transplantation: current status and future directions Transplant Proc. 2005 Nov; 37(9):3983-6. . View in PubMed

Proximal conduit obstruction after Sano modified Norwood procedure Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Nov; 80(5):1924-8. . View in PubMed

Ascending aortic extension for enlargement of the aortopulmonary space in children with pulmonary artery stenosis Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Nov; 80(5):1647-51. . View in PubMed

Identification of the V genes encoding xenoantibodies in non-immunosuppressed rhesus monkeys Immunology. 2005 Sep; 116(1):89-102. . View in PubMed

Evaluation of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition in an orthotopic murine model of lung cancer for dose-dependent effect J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Jun; 129(6):1242-9. . View in PubMed

Robotic mitral valve surgery: a United States multicenter trial J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Jun; 129(6):1395-404. . View in PubMed

Obstruction in modified Blalock shunts: a quantitative analysis with clinical correlation Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jun; 79(6):2072-6. . View in PubMed

Presidential address: an evolving discipline J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Mar; 129(3):483-7. . View in PubMed

Does the site of insertion of a systemic-pulmonary shunt influence growth of the pulmonary arteries? Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Feb; 79(2):636-40.. View in PubMed

Long-term pulmonary function after living-donor lobar lung transplantation in adults Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Feb; 79(2):418-25. . View in PubMed

The Ross procedure is an ideal aortic valve replacement operation for the teen patient Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2005; 173-5. . View in PubMed

Human leukocyte antigen-DR expression on peripheral blood monocytes and the risk of pneumonia in pediatric lung transplant recipients Transpl Infect Dis. 2004 Dec; 6(4):147-55. . View in PubMed

Previous thoracic surgery does not increase peri-operative mortality in pediatric heart-lung transplant recipients J Heart Lung Transplant. 2004 Nov; 23(11):1228-30. . View in PubMed

A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: perioperative complications after 253 donor lobectomies Am J Transplant. 2004 Aug; 4(8):1283-8. . View in PubMed

Use of lentiviral vectors to induce long-term tolerance to gal(+) heart grafts Transplantation. 2004 Jun 15; 77(11):1748-54. . View in PubMed

Risk factors for persistent pleural effusions after the extracardiac Fontan procedure J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jun; 127(6):1664-9. . View in PubMed

Identification, functional analysis and expression in a heterotopic heart transplant model of CXCL9 in the rat Immunology. 2004 May; 112(1):87-93. . View in PubMed

Neochordal repair of the posterior mitral leaflet J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Feb; 127(2):440-7. . View in PubMed

A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: recipient outcomes J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jan; 127(1):114-22. . View in PubMed

Potential role for antiangiogenic proteins in the myocardial infarction repair process J Surg Res. 2004 Jan; 116(1):156-64. . View in PubMed

Lobar transplantation J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Dec; 126(6):2106; author reply 2106. . View in PubMed

Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition decreases primary and metastatic tumor burden in a murine model of orthotopic lung adenocarcinoma J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Oct; 126(4):1129-33. . View in PubMed

Bordetella bronchiseptica infection in pediatric lung transplant recipients Pediatr Transplant. 2003 Oct; 7(5):413-7. . View in PubMed

Evidence for recipient derived fibroblast recruitment and activation during the development of chronic cardiac allograft rejection Transplantation. 2003 Aug 15; 76(3):609-14. . View in PubMed

Living lobar transplantation Chest Surg Clin N Am. 2003 Aug; 13(3):505-24. . View in PubMed

What are the best pulmonary function test parameters for early detection of post-lung transplant bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in children? Pediatr Transplant. 2003 Jun; 7(3):200-3.. View in PubMed

Migration of mesenchymal stem cells to heart allografts during chronic rejection Transplantation. 2003 Mar 15; 75(5):679-85. . View in PubMed

Homograft conduit failure in infants is not due to somatic outgrowth J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jul; 124(1):88-96. . View in PubMed

Pediatric recipients of living donor lobar lung transplants: postoperative care Prog Transplant. 2002 Jun; 12(2):81-5. . View in PubMed

The utility of preoperative routine carotid artery duplex scanning in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement Ann Vasc Surg. 2002 Mar; 16(2):163-7. . View in PubMed

Dyspnea lusoria: compression of the pulmonary artery by a Kommerell's diverticulum Ann Thorac Surg. 2002 Jan; 73(1):312-3. . View in PubMed

The effect of pleural adhesions on pediatric cystic fibrosis patients undergoing lung transplantation Am Surg. 2001 Dec; 67(12):1136-9. . View in PubMed

Living donor lung transplantation: selection, technique, and outcome Transplant Proc. 2001 Nov-Dec; 33(7-8):3527-32. . View in PubMed

Maturation of xenoantibody gene expression during the humoral immune response of rats to hamster xenografts Xenotransplantation. 2001 Nov; 8(4):291-302. . View in PubMed

Regional topical hypothermia of the beating heart: preservation of function and tissue Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 Sep; 72(3):804-9. . View in PubMed

Characteristics of immunoglobulin gene usage of the xenoantibody binding to gal-alpha(1,3)gal target antigens in the gal knockout mouse Transplantation. 2001 Jul 15; 72(1):147-55. . View in PubMed

Bronchiolitis obliterans is not the primary cause of death in pediatric living donor lobar lung transplant recipients J Heart Lung Transplant. 2001 May; 20(5):491-6. . View in PubMed

Building a clinical cardiothoracic surgical program: a multi-institutional model J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001 Apr; 121(4 Suppl):S8-11. . View in PubMed

Psychosocial responses of adolescent cystic fibrosis patients to lung transplantation Pediatr Transplant. 2001 Feb; 5(1):27-31. . View in PubMed

Living donor lung transplantation World J Surg. 2001 Feb; 25(2):244-50. . View in PubMed

Consensus statement on the live organ donor JAMA. 2000 Dec 13; 284(22):2919-26. . View in PubMed

Isolated right ventricular outflow tract mass presenting as hemoptysis Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Dec; 70(6):2158-9. . View in PubMed

Predictors of left ventricular outflow obstruction following single-stage repair of interrupted aortic arch and ventricular septal defect Am J Cardiol. 2000 Nov 01; 86(9):1044-7A11. . View in PubMed

Modulation of pulmonary NA+ pump gene expression during cold storage and reperfusion Transplantation. 2000 Oct 15; 70(7):1016-20. . View in PubMed

Platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase decreases lung reperfusion injury Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Aug; 70(2):423-8. . View in PubMed

Endothelial monocyte activating polypeptide II inhibits lung neovascularization and airway epithelial morphogenesis Mech Dev. 2000 Jul; 95(1-2):123-32. . View in PubMed

Angiogenesis and morphogenesis of murine fetal distal lung in an allograft model Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2000 May; 278(5):L1000-7. . View in PubMed

Prophylactic photopheresis and chronic rejection: effects on graft intimal hyperplasia in cardiac transplantation Clin Transplant. 2000 Apr; 14(2):162-6. . View in PubMed

Angiotensin II has multiple profibrotic effects in human cardiac fibroblasts Circulation. 2000 Mar 14; 101(10):1130-7. . View in PubMed

Comparison of outcomes between living donor and cadaveric lung transplantation in children Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Dec; 68(6):2279-83; discussion 2283-4. . View in PubMed

The human antibody response to porcine xenoantigens is encoded by IGHV3-11 and IGHV3-74 IgVH germline progenitors J Immunol. 1999 Oct 15; 163(8):4399-412. . View in PubMed

Impact of respiratory syncytial virus infection on surgery for congenital heart disease: postoperative course and outcome Crit Care Med. 1999 Sep; 27(9):1974-81. . View in PubMed

Indwelling catheter-induced right ventricular rupture Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Sep; 68(3):1085-6. . View in PubMed

Addition of a water-soluble alpha-tocopherol analogue to University of Wisconsin solution improves endothelial viability and decreases lung reperfusion injury J Surg Res. 1999 Sep; 86(1):145-9. . View in PubMed

Sirolimus (rapamycin) potentiates cyclosporine in prevention of acute lung rejection J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999 Apr; 117(4):714-8. . View in PubMed

RNA antisense abrogation of MAT1 induces G1 phase arrest and triggers apoptosis in aortic smooth muscle cells J Biol Chem. 1999 Feb 26; 274(9):5564-72. . View in PubMed

A comparison of the new preservation solution Celsior to Euro-Collins and University of Wisconsin solutions in lung reperfusion injury Transplantation. 1999 Jan 15; 67(1):152-5. . View in PubMed

EMAP II: a modulator of neovascularization in the developing lung Am J Physiol. 1999 02; 276(2):L365-75. . View in PubMed

Aortic intramural hematoma presenting as angina J Clin Anesth. 1998 Nov; 10(7):603-5. . View in PubMed

Combined carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting in asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis Am Surg. 1998 Oct; 64(10):993-7. . View in PubMed

Recipient and donor outcomes in living related and unrelated lobar transplantation Transplant Proc. 1998 Aug; 30(5):2261-3. . View in PubMed

Living donor lobar lung transplantation: the pediatric experience Pediatr Transplant. 1998 Aug; 2(3):185-90. . View in PubMed

Addition of aprotinin to organ preservation solutions decreases lung reperfusion injury Ann Thorac Surg. 1998 Jul; 66(1):225-30. . View in PubMed

Elective transplant pneumonectomy J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Apr; 33(4):655-6. . View in PubMed

Addition of a mast cell stabilizing compound to organ preservation solutions decreases lung reperfusion injury J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Mar; 115(3):631-6; discussion 636-7. . View in PubMed

Pulmonary autograft after repair of interrupted aortic arch, ventricular septal defect, and subaortic stenosis J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Jan; 115(1):266-7. . View in PubMed

Targeting retroviral vectors to vascular lesions by genetic engineering of the MoMLV gp70 envelope protein Hum Gene Ther. 1997 Dec 10; 8(18):2183-92. . View in PubMed

Experience with living-donor lobar transplantation for indications other than cystic fibrosis J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Dec; 114(6):917-21; discussion 921-2. . View in PubMed

Continuous versus intermittent furosemide infusion in critically ill infants after open heart operations Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Oct; 64(4):1133-9. . View in PubMed

Downregulation of cyclin G1 expression by retrovirus-mediated antisense gene transfer inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and neointima formation Circulation. 1997 Jul 15; 96(2):628-35. . View in PubMed

The clamshell incision for bilateral pulmonary artery reconstruction in tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Mar; 113(3):443-52. . View in PubMed

Living donor lobar lung transplants and HLA matching: a preliminary report Transplant Proc. 1997 Feb-Mar; 29(1-2):1418-9. . View in PubMed

A new organ preservation solution, Celsior, is superior to Euro-Collins and University of Wisconsin solutions in decreasing lung reperfusion injury Transplant Proc. 1997 Feb-Mar; 29(1-2):1357-8. . View in PubMed

The clamshell approach for the surgical treatment of complex cardiopulmonary pathology in infants and children Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1997 Feb; 11(2):298-306. . View in PubMed

Living-donor lobar lung transplantation experience: intermediate results J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Nov; 112(5):1284-90; discussion 1290-1. . View in PubMed

Bilateral lobar transplantation utilizing living related donors Artif Organs. 1996 Oct; 20(10):1110-1. . View in PubMed

Clamshell for pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and aortopulmonary collaterals Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Oct; 62(4):1247-8. . View in PubMed

Talc pleurodesis: talc slurry versus thoracoscopic talc insufflation in a porcine model Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Oct; 62(4):1000-2; discussion 1003-4. . View in PubMed

Aortic root replacement with the pulmonary autograft in children with complex left heart obstruction Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Aug; 62(2):442-8; discussion 448-9. . View in PubMed

Pediatric lobar lung transplantation Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Jul; 8(3):313-25. . View in PubMed

Laparoscopic fundoplication 1 month prior to lung transplantation Surg Endosc. 1996 Jun; 10(6):668-70. . View in PubMed

Whole-lung vs lobe transplantation for adults Arch Intern Med. 1996 Apr 22; 156(8):908. . View in PubMed

Repair of coarctation of the aorta in adults: the fate of systolic hypertension Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Apr; 61(4):1168-71. . View in PubMed

Surgical repair of transposition of the great arteries in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Mar; 61(3):800-5. . View in PubMed

One-stage repair of interrupted aortic arch, ventricular septal defect, and subaortic obstruction in the neonate: a novel approach J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Feb; 111(2):348-58. . View in PubMed

Safe application of diagnostic laparoscopy during biventricular assistance Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Feb; 61(2):735-7. . View in PubMed

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Pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and major aortopulmonary collaterals: morphogenetic and surgical implications J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1995 Sep; 110(3):853-4. . View in PubMed

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Blood loss and transfusion requirements in cystic fibrosis patients undergoing heart-lung or lung transplantation J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1995 Feb; 9(1):59-62. . View in PubMed

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Recovery of the right ventricle after single-lung transplantation in pulmonary hypertension Am J Cardiol. 1994 Mar 01; 73(7):494-500. . View in PubMed

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Distribution of TCR alpha beta+ and TCR gamma delta+ lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage from human lung transplant recipients Transplantation. 1993 Oct; 56(4):1031-4. . View in PubMed

Infectious complications in heart-lung transplantationAnalysis of 200 episodes. Arch Intern Med. 1993 Sep 13; 153(17):2010-6. . View in PubMed

Can a few good cells now mend a broken heart? J Clin Invest. 1993 Sep; 92(3):1115-6.. View in PubMed

The diagnosis of obliterative bronchiolitis after heart-lung and lung transplantation: low yield of transbronchial lung biopsy J Heart Lung Transplant. 1993 Jul-Aug; 12(4):675-81. . View in PubMed

The role of transbronchial biopsies in the management of lung transplant recipients J Heart Lung Transplant. 1993 Mar-Apr; 12(2):308-24. . View in PubMed

Cellular mechanisms underlying differential rejection of sequential heart and lung allografts in rats Transplantation. 1993 Mar; 55(3):650-5. . View in PubMed

Computer-assisted densitometric analysis for quantification of cell surface antigen expression in monkey cardiac allografts: correspondence to histopathologic grade of rejection Transplant Proc. 1993 Feb; 25(1 Pt 2):924-7. . View in PubMed

The use of granzyme A as a marker of heart transplant rejection in cyclosporine or anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody-treated rats Transplantation. 1993 Jan; 55(1):146-53. . View in PubMed

Current trends in lung transplantationLobar transplantation and expanded use of single lungs. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 Oct; 104(4):1060-5; discussion 1065-6. . View in PubMed

Cytokine gene expression in rejecting cardiac allografts Transplantation. 1992 Aug; 54(2):326-32. . View in PubMed

Lung transplantation West J Med. 1992 Aug; 157(2):173-4. . View in PubMed

Communication between the two pleural cavities after major cardiothoracic surgery: relevance to percutaneous intervention Radiology. 1992 Aug; 184(2):461-2. . View in PubMed

Palliationtransplantationor both? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 Jul; 104(1):189-94; discussion 194-5. . View in PubMed

Cystic fibrosisTarget population for lung transplantation in North America in the 1990s. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 May; 103(5):1008-14. . View in PubMed

A controlled trial of ganciclovir to prevent cytomegalovirus disease after heart transplantation N Engl J Med. 1992 Apr 30; 326(18):1182-6. . View in PubMed

Cardiac growth after pediatric heart transplantation Circulation. 1992 Apr; 85(4):1433-9. . View in PubMed

Anesthesia for bilateral single-lung transplantation J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1992 Apr; 6(2):201-3. . View in PubMed

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii infections in heart-lung and lung transplantation--how effective and for how long? Transplantation. 1992 Mar; 53(3):586-9.. View in PubMed

Assessment of cardiac allograft rejection with electrophysiology of the conduction system and histopathology of the ventricle J Heart Lung Transplant. 1992 Mar-Apr; 11(2 Pt 1):280-8. . View in PubMed

Durability of porcine valves at fifteen years in a representative North American patient population J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 Feb; 103(2):238-51; discussion 251-2. . View in PubMed

Heart, heart-lung, and lung transplantation in the first year of life Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Feb; 53(2):306-10. . View in PubMed

Cardiac function after domino-donor heart transplantation Am J Cardiol. 1992 Jan 01; 69(1):113-6. . View in PubMed

Clinical experience with the Novacor ventricular assist systemBridge to transplantation and the transition to permanent application. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1991 Oct; 102(4):578-86; discussion 586-7. . View in PubMed

Session V: The neonatal immune system: window of opportunity? J Heart Lung Transplant. 1991 Sep-Oct; 10(5 Pt 2):828-40.. View in PubMed

Session IV: Surgical techniques in pediatric heart transplantation J Heart Lung Transplant. 1991 Sep-Oct; 10(5 Pt 2):808-27. . View in PubMed

Pediatric heart transplantation at Stanford: results of a 15-year experience Pediatrics. 1991 Aug; 88(2):203-14. . View in PubMed

Hypercarbic ventilatory responses of human heart-lung transplant recipients Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Jul; 144(1):126-30. . View in PubMed

Ebstein's anomaly appearing in the neonateA new surgical approach. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1991 Jun; 101(6):1082-7. . View in PubMed

Present status of heart transplantation Ann Med. 1991 Apr; 23(2):89-91. . View in PubMed

Heart-lung transplantation in infants, children, and adolescents J Pediatr Surg. 1991 Apr; 26(4):434-8. . View in PubMed

Clinical significance of hyperbilirubinemia in patients with pulmonary hypertension undergoing heart-lung transplantation J Heart Lung Transplant. 1991 Mar-Apr; 10(2):317-21. . View in PubMed

Single lung transplantation: a new therapeutic option for patients with pulmonary hypertension Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1209-10. . View in PubMed

The "natural history" of the transplanted lung: rates of pulmonary functional change in long-term survivors of heart-lung transplantation Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1165-6. . View in PubMed

The distribution of ventilation and perfusion after single-lung transplantation in patients with pulmonary fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1215-6. . View in PubMed

Prospective analysis of serial pulmonary function studies and transbronchial biopsies in single-lung transplant recipients Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1217-9. . View in PubMed

Monoclonal antibodies against intercellular adhesion molecule 1 prolong cardiac allograft survival in cynomolgus monkeys Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 1):533-4. . View in PubMed

Cystic fibrosis patients who have undergone heart-lung transplantation benefit from maxillary sinus antrostomy and repeated sinus lavage Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1207-8. . View in PubMed

Changes in cardiac morphology and function following single-lung transplantation Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1226-7. . View in PubMed

Heart-lung and lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis Clin Rev Allergy. 1991 Spring-Summer; 9(1-2):231-47. . View in PubMed

Selection and evaluation of recipients for heart-lung and lung transplantation Chest. 1990 Dec; 98(6):1488-94. . View in PubMed

Selective T-cell depletion with Ox-38 anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody prevents cardiac allograft rejection in rats J Heart Transplant. 1990 Sep-Oct; 9(5):482-8. . View in PubMed

Induction of donor-specific unresponsiveness to cardiac allografts in rats by pretransplant anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody therapy Transplantation. 1990 Sep; 50(3):366-73. . View in PubMed

Acute lung rejection after heart-lung transplantation: correlation of findings on chest radiographs with lung biopsy results AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Jul; 155(1):23-7. . View in PubMed

Nontuberculous mycobacterial infections in heart transplant recipients: a seventeen-year experience J Heart Transplant. 1990 Jul-Aug; 9(4):357-63. . View in PubMed

Obliterative bronchiolitis Clin Chest Med. 1990 Jun; 11(2):309-21. . View in PubMed

Fatal postoperative Legionella pneumonia in a newborn J Perinatol. 1990 Jun; 10(2):183-4. . View in PubMed

Eight-year results of cyclosporine-treated patients with cardiac transplants J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1990 Mar; 99(3):500-9. . View in PubMed

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Improved survival after heart-lung transplantation J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1990 Jan; 99(1):54-9; discussion 59-60. . View in PubMed

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Prophylactic OKT3 used as induction therapy for heart transplantation Circulation. 1989 Nov; 80(5 Pt 2):III79-83. . View in PubMed

Pulmonary infiltrates after heart-lung transplantation: evaluation by serial transbronchial biopsies J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 Nov; 98(5 Pt 2):945-50. . View in PubMed

Evaluation of heart-lung transplant recipients with prospective, serial transbronchial biopsies and pulmonary function studies J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 Nov; 98(5 Pt 1):683-90. . View in PubMed

Cardiac retransplantation in the cyclosporine era Ann Thorac Surg. 1989 Sep; 48(3):350-5. . View in PubMed

Cytomegalovirus infection is associated with cardiac allograft rejection and atherosclerosis JAMA. 1989 Jun 23-30; 261(24):3561-6. . View in PubMed

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Comparison of cyclosporin A and G with and without azathioprine regarding immunosuppressive efficacy, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics in Lewis rats J Heart Transplant. 1988 Sep-Oct; 7(5):359-69. . View in PubMed

Isolated left ventricular assist as bridge to cardiac transplantation J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1988 Jul; 96(1):62-71. . View in PubMed

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Comparison of cardiac rejection in heart and heart-lung transplantation J Heart Transplant. 1987 Nov-Dec; 6(6):352-6. . View in PubMed

Distant graft procurement for combined heart and lung transplantation using pulmonary artery flush and simple topical hypothermia for graft preservation Ann Thorac Surg. 1987 Jun; 43(6):670-3. . View in PubMed

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A reconsideration of cerebral perfusion in aortic arch replacement Ann Thorac Surg. 1986 Sep; 42(3):273-81. . View in PubMed

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Effects of pulmonary restriction on hypercapnic responses of heart-lung transplant recipients J Appl Physiol (1985). 1991 Jul; 71(1):322-7. . View in PubMed

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Longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy in chronic relapsing pancreatitis with onset in childhood Ann Surg. 1984 May; 199(5):610-22. . View in PubMed

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Kinetics and imaging of indium-11-labeled autologous platelets in experimental myocardial infarction Circulation. 1983 Jan; 67(1):110-6. . View in PubMed

Administration of prostacyclin prevents ventricular fibrillation following coronary occlusion in conscious dogs J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1982 Sep-Oct; 4(5):765-9. . View in PubMed

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Dr. Starnes is a Distinguished Professor and Chair of the Department of Surgery. As the founding Executive Director of the USC CardioVascular Thoracic Institute, Dr. Starnes has built an interdisciplinary powerhouse comprised of clinicians and basic scientists who are exploring better and more innovative ways of treating heart disease. Under his leadership, USC surgeons have conducted more than 15,000 open heart surgeries to repair and replace valves or create coronary artery bypasses, and more than 10,000 surgeries for diseases of the lungs, esophagus and chest wall.

Dr. Starnes earned his medical degree from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and did his general surgery training at Vanderbilt University, where he also completed two years of research in cardiothoracic physiology and pharmacology. He completed two years at Stanford University as a resident in cardiovascular surgery, and one year as chief resident in cardiac transplantation under the mentorship of cardiothoracic transplant pioneer Dr. Norman Shumway.

Dr. Starnes accepted a fellowship in pediatric cardiovascular surgery at the Hospital for Sick Children in London (Now the Great Ormond Street Hospital) in 1987. When he returned to Stanford, he was appointed director of Stanford's heart-lung transplantation program. He joined USC in July 1992 and was appointed Chairman of the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery in 1997 and Chairman of the Department of Surgery in 2008.

Dr. Starnes pioneered the living-related double lobar lung transplant in 1993. He and his surgical team also performed Southern California's first robotic heart operation in 2001 as part of the clinical trial evaluating the use of a remote surgical system. He has an ongoing interest in congenital heart disease and in minimally invasive repair and replacement of the valves of the heart.

In addition to his clinical work, Dr. Starnes is a distinguished researcher. He is actively involved in exploring stem-cell therapy for heart failure and congenital heart defects and in clinical trials investigating new valve technology, including percutaneous heart valve replacement.

Dr. Starnes is the current Vice President of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery. He will be the 100th president of the AATS in 2019-2020.
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