Sanjay Arora, MD

Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine

Vice Chair of Academic Affairs

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Sanjay Arora, MD is an Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. He completed his clinical training at the University of California, Los Angeles in 2005 and joined the faculty at USC where he currently serves as the Chief of the Research Division in Emergency Medicine. He is also a clinical fellow at the Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics and is a faculty mentor at the USC Resource Center for Minority Aging Research. Additionally he is the Director of the research fellowship at USC, Director of the research education and dissemination fellowship at USC, and Director of the undergraduate/ medical student emergency medicine research program in his department. His research area of interest is utilizing emerging technology to improve the quality and efficacy of emergency care, and to bridge the gap between an emergency department visit and a stable outpatient medical home for low-income, inner city patients with chronic disease. As chronic disease and its impact on the emergency department is a large topic, he has focused his efforts on diabetes and HIV as model diseases on which to evaluate interventions centered largely around improving appointment and medication adherence. His work has been funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), CAL/ACEP Emergency Medicine Research and Education Foundation (EMREF), the McKesson Foundation, the Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute (SC CTSI), Gilead Sciences, the Office of AIDS Programs and Prevention, and the California HIV/AIDS Research Program (CHRP). In 2015 he was named the top section editor by the Western Journal of Emergency Medicine and the received the Required Scholarly Project Mentor of the Year award from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. In addition to conducting research, he is a prominent educator in his field and received the speaker of the year award at both of the largest national conferences in emergency medicine (the American College of Emergency Physicians Scientific Assembly and the Essentials of Emergency Medicine) in 2011.


  • Implementation and Evaluation of an Automated Text Message-Based Diabetes Prevention Program for Adults With Pre-diabetes J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2023 Mar 22; 19322968231162601. . View in PubMed
  • Characteristics and Outcomes of 360 Consecutive COVID-19 Patients Discharged From the Emergency Department With Supplemental Oxygen Ann Emerg Med. 2023 01; 81(1):14-19. . View in PubMed
  • Technological Proficiencies, Engagement, and Practical Considerations for mHealth Programs at an Urban Safety-Net Hospital Emergency Departments: Data Analysis JMIR Diabetes. 2022 Jun 06; 7(2):e23641. . View in PubMed
  • Cognitive load during training for out-of-department emergency responses AEM Educ Train. 2022 Jun; 6(3):e10742. . View in PubMed
  • Blue light phones as potential locations for deploying public access naloxone kits on a college campus J Am Coll Health. 2022 01; 70(1):18-21. . View in PubMed
  • West J Emerg Med. 2021 Feb 08; 22(2):234-243. . View in PubMed
  • Penalties for Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act Violations Involving Obstetrical Emergencies West J Emerg Med. 2020 Feb 21; 21(2):235-243. . View in PubMed
  • Rubber Meeting the Road: Access to Comprehensive Stroke Care in the Face of Traffic Acad Emerg Med. 2020 06; 27(6):457-460. . View in PubMed
  • Neighborhood-level stroke hot spots within major United States cities Am J Emerg Med. 2020 04; 38(4):794-798. . View in PubMed
  • Adolescents’ Willingness to Commit to Safe Use and Disposal of Prescription Opioids Subst Use Misuse. 2020; 55(6):1031-1033. . View in PubMed
  • Feasibility and Acceptability of a Text Message-Based Intervention to Reduce Overuse of Alcohol in Emergency Department Patients: Controlled Proof-of-Concept Trial JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2020 06 04; 8(6):e17557. . View in PubMed
  • Prescription Opioid Use in General and Pediatric Emergency Departments Pediatrics. 2019 11; 144(5). . View in PubMed
  • Contemp Clin Trials. 2019 05; 80:1-8. . View in PubMed
  • Access to care, nativity and disease management among Latinos with diabetes in a safety-net healthcare setting AIMS Public Health. 2019; 6(4):488-501. . View in PubMed
  • Perceptions of Family Among Low-Income Patients With Diabetes in a Text-Based Mobile Health Intervention J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2018 11; 12(6):1203-1210. . View in PubMed
  • Using Mobile Health to Improve Social Support for Low-Income Latino Patients with Diabetes: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of the Feasibility Trial of TExT-MED? FANS. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2018 01; 20(1):39-48.. View in PubMed
  • HIV Prevention and Treatment: The Evolving Role of the Emergency DepartmentAnn Emerg Med. 2017 Oct; 70(4):562-572. e3. . View in PubMed
  • The price may not be right: the value of comparison shopping for prescription drugs Am J Manag Care. 2017 Jul; 23(7):410-415. . View in PubMed
  • Reply: “The Time Is Now to Use Clinical Outcomes as Quality Indicators for Effective Leadership in Trauma” West J Emerg Med. 2017 Apr; 18(3):333-4. . View in PubMed
  • Enforcement of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act, 2005 to 2014Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Feb; 69(2):155-162. e1. . View in PubMed
  • Blood Product Transfusions and Reactions Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2017 12; 31(6):1159-1170. . View in PubMed
  • Oncologic Metabolic Emergencies Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2017 12; 31(6):941-957. . View in PubMed
  • Exposure to and Use of Electronic Cigarettes: Does Language Matter? Ethn Dis. 2017; 27(3):217-222.. View in PubMed
  • Leadership and Teamwork in Trauma and Resuscitation West J Emerg Med. 2016 Sep; 17(5):549-56. . View in PubMed
  • Increased 30-Day Emergency Department Revisits Among Homeless Patients with Mental Health Conditions West J Emerg Med. 2016 Sep; 17(5):607-12. . View in PubMed
  • Describing the evolution of mobile technology usage for Latino patients and comparing findings to national mHealth estimates J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 09; 23(5):979-83. . View in PubMed
  • High Feasibility of Empiric HIV Treatment for Patients With Suspected Acute HIV in an Emergency Department J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 07 01; 72(3):242-5. . View in PubMed
  • Hot off the press: post-emergency department automated messaging to improve follow-up compliance–what is the number needed to text? Acad Emerg Med. 2015 May; 22(5):639-41.. View in PubMed
  • Images in emergency medicineMale with throat pain and neck swelling. Necrotizing fasciitis in association with Ludwig’s angina. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Apr; 65(4):e5-6. . View in PubMed
  • Improving attendance at post-emergency department follow-up via automated text message appointment reminders: a randomized controlled trial Acad Emerg Med. 2015 Jan; 22(1):31-7. . View in PubMed
  • Oncologic metabolic emergencies Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2014 Aug; 32(3):509-25. . View in PubMed
  • Blood product transfusions and reactions Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2014 Aug; 32(3):727-38. . View in PubMed
  • Trial to examine text message-based mHealth in emergency department patients with diabetes (TExT-MED): a randomized controlled trialAnn Emerg Med. 2014 Jun; 63(6):745-54. e6. . View in PubMed
  • A randomized, controlled trial of oral versus intravenous fluids for lowering blood glucose in emergency department patients with hyperglycemia CJEM. 2014 May; 16(3):214-9. . View in PubMed
  • Patient impression and satisfaction of a self-administered, automated medical history-taking device in the Emergency Department West J Emerg Med. 2014 Feb; 15(1):35-40. . View in PubMed
  • Perceptions of successful cues to action and opportunities to augment behavioral triggers in diabetes self-management: qualitative analysis of a mobile intervention for low-income Latinos with diabetes J Med Internet Res. 2014 Jan 29; 16(1):e25. . View in PubMed
  • Improving telephone follow-up for patients discharged from the emergency department: results of a randomized controlled trial Acad Emerg Med. 2013 May; 20(5):456-62. . View in PubMed
  • Gender differences in diabetes self-management: a mixed-methods analysis of a mobile health intervention for inner-city Latino patients J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2013 Jan 01; 7(1):111-8. . View in PubMed
  • Fragile health status of Latino patients with diabetes seen in the emergency department of an urban, safety-net hospital Ethn Dis. 2013; 23(1):49-55. . View in PubMed
  • Trends in diabetes-related visits to US EDs from 1997 to 2007 Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Jun; 30(5):754-8. . View in PubMed
  • A mobile health intervention for inner city patients with poorly controlled diabetes: proof-of-concept of the TExT-MED program Diabetes Technol Ther. 2012 Jun; 14(6):492-6. . View in PubMed
  • Prevalence of hypokalemia in ED patients with diabetic ketoacidosis Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Mar; 30(3):481-4. . View in PubMed
  • Point-of-care beta-hydroxybutyrate testing for assessing diabetic ketoacidosis severity prior to treatment in the emergency department Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2011 Dec; 94(3):e86-8. . View in PubMed
  • Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Oct; 58(4):383-94. . View in PubMed
  • Diagnostic accuracy of venous blood gas electrolytes for identifying diabetic ketoacidosis in the emergency department Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Oct; 18(10):1105-8. . View in PubMed
  • Test characteristics of urine dipstick for identifying renal insufficiency in patients with diabetes West J Emerg Med. 2011 May; 12(2):250-3. . View in PubMed
  • Procedural sedation: is two better than one? Ann Emerg Med. 2011 May; 57(5):442-3.. View in PubMed
  • Diagnostic accuracy of point-of-care testing for diabetic ketoacidosis at emergency-department triage: {beta}-hydroxybutyrate versus the urine dipstick Diabetes Care. 2011 Apr; 34(4):852-4. . View in PubMed
  • Prevalence of undiagnosed and suboptimally controlled diabetes by point-of-care HbA1C in unselected emergency department patients Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Mar; 18(3):326-9. . View in PubMed
  • Diabetes knowledge in predominantly Latino patients and family caregivers in an urban emergency department Ethn Dis. 2011; 21(1):1-6. . View in PubMed
  • Prevalence, health and demographics of emergency department patients with diabetes West J Emerg Med. 2010 Dec; 11(5):419-22. . View in PubMed
  • Evaluating the sensitivity of visual xanthochromia in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage J Emerg Med. 2010 Jul; 39(1):13-6. . View in PubMed
  • Annals of emergency medicine journal club: frequent fliers, internal and external validity, and problems with making continuous variables binary answers to the may 2009 journal club questions Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Oct; 54(4):628-34. . View in PubMed
  • Annals of Emergency Medicine Journal ClubJournal club: Frequent fliers, internal and external validity, and the problem with making continuous variables binary. Ann Emerg Med. 2009 May; 53(5):594-5. . View in PubMed
  • Myth: glucagon is an effective first-line therapy for esophageal foreign body impaction CJEM. 2009 Mar; 11(2):169-71. . View in PubMed
  • Images in emergency medicine: pacemaker extrusion causing chest pain West J Emerg Med. 2008 May; 9(2):126. . View in PubMed
  • Combining ketamine and propofol (“ketofol”) for emergency department procedural sedation and analgesia: a review West J Emerg Med. 2008 Jan; 9(1):20-3. . View in PubMed
  • Media reporting and emergency room testing trends Virtual Mentor. 2007 Mar 01; 9(3):193-6. . View in PubMed
  • Myth: parenteral ketorolac provides more effective analgesia than oral ibuprofen CJEM. 2007 Jan; 9(1):30-2. . View in PubMed
  • The content of medical journal Instructions for authorsAnn Emerg Med. 2006 Dec; 48(6):743-9749. e1-4. . View in PubMed
  • Myth: interpretation of a single ammonia level in patients with chronic liver disease can confirm or rule out hepatic encephalopathy CJEM. 2006 Nov; 8(6):433-5. . View in PubMed
  • Diagnosis and treatment of hypothermia Am Fam Physician. 2004 Dec 15; 70(12):2325-32. . View in PubMed
  • The role of point-of-care ß-hydroxybutyrate testing in the diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis: a review Hosp Pract (1995). 2012 Apr; 40(2):73-8. . View in PubMed